Abstract

Silver has unique optical properties for topical applications such as plasmonics. The two most widely used silver optical data sets are the Palik handbook compilation and that determined by Johnson and Christy. Unfortunately these are inconsistent making realistic modelling of the likely performance of silver in optical applications difficult, with modelling producing either highly optimistic or very pessimistic results, depending on application. By critical examination and duplication of the original experiments leading to the widely accepted literature values, we show that both data sets have drawbacks and conclude that there is a need for an improved data set for realistic simulation of experimentally obtainable properties.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

T. W. H. Oates, M. Losurdo, S. Noda, and K. Hinrichs, “The effect of atmospheric tarnishing on the optical and structural properties of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. D 46(14), 145308 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

S. T. Sundari, S. Dash, and A. K. Tyagi, “Thermal dependence of optical properties of silver thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Solid State Phys. 1447, 673–674 (2012).

M. A. Green and S. Pillai, “Harnessing plasmonics for solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 130–132 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. J. Mohr, B. N. Taylor, and D. B. Newell, “CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 41(4), 043109 (2012).

2010 (1)

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

2007 (2)

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Y. P. Bliokh, R. Vander, S. G. Lipson, and J. Felsteiner, “Visualization of the complex refractive index of a conductor by frustrated total internal reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 10 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

H. Savaloni and A. R. Khakpour, “Substrate temperature dependence on the optical properties of Cu and Ag thin films,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 31(2), 101–112 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Dionne, L. Sweatlock, H. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

A. Masten and P. Wissmann, “Ellipsometric studies on thin silver films epitaxially grown on Si(111),” Thin Solid Films 343, 187–190 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Simultaneous observation of surface plasmons on both sides of thin silver films,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(12), 1793–1800 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 81–91 (1996).

M. Quinten, “Optical constants of gold and silver clusters in the spectral range between 1.5 eV and 4.5 eV,” Z. Phys. B Condens. Matter 101(2), 211–217 (1996).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

G. Leveque, C. G. Olson, and D. W. Lynch, “Reflectance spectra and dielectric functions for Ag in the region of interband-transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 27(8), 4654–4660 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

1977 (1)

T. Hollstein, U. Kreibig, and F. Leis, “Optical-properties of Cu and Ag in intermediate region between pure Drude and interband absorption,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 82(2), 545–556 (1977).
[Crossref]

1975 (2)

H. J. Hagemann, W. Gudat, and C. Kunz, “Optical constants from far infrared to X-Ray region - Mg, Al, Cu, Ag, Au, Bi, C, and Al2O3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65(6), 742–744 (1975).
[Crossref]

P. Winsemius, H. P. Lengkeek, and F. F. Vankampen, “Structure dependence of optical-properties of Cu, Ag and Au,” J. Phys. F 79, 529–546 (1975).

1972 (2)

1970 (1)

C. Reale, “Optical constants of vacuum deposited thin metal films in near infrared,” Infrared Phys. 10(3), 175 (1970).
[Crossref]

1969 (4)

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, “Formation and growth of tarnish on evaporated silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

D. K. Burge, J. M. Bennett, R. L. Peck, and H. E. Bennett, “Growth of surface films on silver,” Surf. Sci. 16, 303–320 (1969).
[Crossref]

H. E. Bennett, D. K. Burge, R. L. Peck, and J. M. Bennett, “Validity of ellipsometry for determining average thickness of thin discontinuous absorbing films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59(6), 675 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. M. Bennett, J. L. Stanford, and E. J. Ashley, “Optical constants of Silver sulfide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 499 (1969).

1965 (1)

B. Dold and R. Mecke, “Optische eigenschaften von edelmetallen ubergangsmetallen und deren legierungen im infrarot. 1,” Optik (Stuttg.) 22, 435 (1965).

1964 (1)

1963 (1)

1962 (1)

H. Ehrenreich and H. Philipp, “Optical properties of Ag and Cu,” Phys. Rev. 128(4), 1622–1629 (1962).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

E. Taft and H. Philipp, “Optical constants of silver,” Phys. Rev. 121(4), 1100–1103 (1961).
[Crossref]

1959 (1)

H. Philipp and E. Taft, “Optical constants of germanium in the region 1 to 10 ev,” Phys. Rev. 113(4), 1002–1005 (1959).
[Crossref]

1955 (1)

J. R. Beattie and G. K. T. Conn, “Optical constants of metals in the infra-red conductivity of silver, copper and nickel,” Philos. Mag. 46(380), 989–1001 (1955).
[Crossref]

1954 (3)

1950 (1)

1900 (1)

P. Drude, “On the electron theory of metals,” Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 1(3), 566–613 (1900).
[Crossref]

Altermatt, P. P.

P. P. Altermatt, Y. Yang, J. Wang, R. Reineke-Koch, and F. Giovannetti, “Optical modeling of nanostructured films for selective coatings,” Proc. SPIE 7046, 704607 (2008).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, E. T.

Ashley, E. J.

J. M. Bennett, J. L. Stanford, and E. J. Ashley, “Optical constants of Silver sulfide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 499 (1969).

Atwater, H.

J. Dionne, L. Sweatlock, H. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

Beattie, J. R.

J. R. Beattie and G. K. T. Conn, “Optical constants of metals in the infra-red conductivity of silver, copper and nickel,” Philos. Mag. 46(380), 989–1001 (1955).
[Crossref]

Bennett, H. E.

H. E. Bennett, D. K. Burge, R. L. Peck, and J. M. Bennett, “Validity of ellipsometry for determining average thickness of thin discontinuous absorbing films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59(6), 675 (1969).
[Crossref]

D. K. Burge, J. M. Bennett, R. L. Peck, and H. E. Bennett, “Growth of surface films on silver,” Surf. Sci. 16, 303–320 (1969).
[Crossref]

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, “Formation and growth of tarnish on evaporated silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

Bennett, J. M.

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, “Formation and growth of tarnish on evaporated silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

D. K. Burge, J. M. Bennett, R. L. Peck, and H. E. Bennett, “Growth of surface films on silver,” Surf. Sci. 16, 303–320 (1969).
[Crossref]

H. E. Bennett, D. K. Burge, R. L. Peck, and J. M. Bennett, “Validity of ellipsometry for determining average thickness of thin discontinuous absorbing films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59(6), 675 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. M. Bennett, J. L. Stanford, and E. J. Ashley, “Optical constants of Silver sulfide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 499 (1969).

Bilek, M. M. M.

Bliokh, Y. P.

Y. P. Bliokh, R. Vander, S. G. Lipson, and J. Felsteiner, “Visualization of the complex refractive index of a conductor by frustrated total internal reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 10 (2006).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

Burge, D. K.

H. E. Bennett, D. K. Burge, R. L. Peck, and J. M. Bennett, “Validity of ellipsometry for determining average thickness of thin discontinuous absorbing films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59(6), 675 (1969).
[Crossref]

D. K. Burge, J. M. Bennett, R. L. Peck, and H. E. Bennett, “Growth of surface films on silver,” Surf. Sci. 16, 303–320 (1969).
[Crossref]

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, “Formation and growth of tarnish on evaporated silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

Cai, W. S.

Chen, J. M.

Chen, W. P.

Chettiar, U. K.

Christy, R. W.

Conn, G. K. T.

J. R. Beattie and G. K. T. Conn, “Optical constants of metals in the infra-red conductivity of silver, copper and nickel,” Philos. Mag. 46(380), 989–1001 (1955).
[Crossref]

Dash, S.

S. T. Sundari, S. Dash, and A. K. Tyagi, “Thermal dependence of optical properties of silver thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Solid State Phys. 1447, 673–674 (2012).

de Vries, A. J.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dionne, J.

J. Dionne, L. Sweatlock, H. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[Crossref]

Djurisic, A. B.

Dold, B.

B. Dold and R. Mecke, “Optische eigenschaften von edelmetallen ubergangsmetallen und deren legierungen im infrarot. 1,” Optik (Stuttg.) 22, 435 (1965).

Drachev, V. P.

Drude, P.

P. Drude, “On the electron theory of metals,” Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 1(3), 566–613 (1900).
[Crossref]

Ehrenreich, H.

H. Ehrenreich and H. Philipp, “Optical properties of Ag and Cu,” Phys. Rev. 128(4), 1622–1629 (1962).
[Crossref]

Elazar, J. M.

Emani, N. K.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Esser, N.

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

Felsteiner, J.

Y. P. Bliokh, R. Vander, S. G. Lipson, and J. Felsteiner, “Visualization of the complex refractive index of a conductor by frustrated total internal reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 10 (2006).
[Crossref]

Firouzi-Arani, M.

H. Savaloni and M. Firouzi-Arani, “Dependence of the optical properties of UHV deposited silver thin films on the deposition parameters and their relation to the nanostructure of the films,” Philos. Mag. 88(5), 711–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Giovannetti, F.

P. P. Altermatt, Y. Yang, J. Wang, R. Reineke-Koch, and F. Giovannetti, “Optical modeling of nanostructured films for selective coatings,” Proc. SPIE 7046, 704607 (2008).
[Crossref]

Green, M. A.

M. A. Green and S. Pillai, “Harnessing plasmonics for solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 130–132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gudat, W.

Hagemann, H. J.

Hamm, R. N.

Herrmann, T.

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hinrichs, K.

T. W. H. Oates, M. Losurdo, S. Noda, and K. Hinrichs, “The effect of atmospheric tarnishing on the optical and structural properties of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. D 46(14), 145308 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hollstein, T.

T. Hollstein, U. Kreibig, and F. Leis, “Optical-properties of Cu and Ag in intermediate region between pure Drude and interband absorption,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 82(2), 545–556 (1977).
[Crossref]

Huebner, R. H.

Ishii, S.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Iwata, T.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Khakpour, A. R.

H. Savaloni and A. R. Khakpour, “Substrate temperature dependence on the optical properties of Cu and Ag thin films,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 31(2), 101–112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kildishev, A. V.

Kim, K. S.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[Crossref]

Koel, B. E.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

Komoda, G.

Kooij, E. S.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kreibig, U.

T. Hollstein, U. Kreibig, and F. Leis, “Optical-properties of Cu and Ag in intermediate region between pure Drude and interband absorption,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 82(2), 545–556 (1977).
[Crossref]

Kunz, C.

Lee, M. J. G.

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

Leis, F.

T. Hollstein, U. Kreibig, and F. Leis, “Optical-properties of Cu and Ag in intermediate region between pure Drude and interband absorption,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 82(2), 545–556 (1977).
[Crossref]

Lengkeek, H. P.

P. Winsemius, H. P. Lengkeek, and F. F. Vankampen, “Structure dependence of optical-properties of Cu, Ag and Au,” J. Phys. F 79, 529–546 (1975).

Leveque, G.

G. Leveque, C. G. Olson, and D. W. Lynch, “Reflectance spectra and dielectric functions for Ag in the region of interband-transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 27(8), 4654–4660 (1983).
[Crossref]

Lipson, S. G.

Y. P. Bliokh, R. Vander, S. G. Lipson, and J. Felsteiner, “Visualization of the complex refractive index of a conductor by frustrated total internal reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 10 (2006).
[Crossref]

Losurdo, M.

T. W. H. Oates, M. Losurdo, S. Noda, and K. Hinrichs, “The effect of atmospheric tarnishing on the optical and structural properties of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. D 46(14), 145308 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lynch, D. W.

G. Leveque, C. G. Olson, and D. W. Lynch, “Reflectance spectra and dielectric functions for Ag in the region of interband-transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 27(8), 4654–4660 (1983).
[Crossref]

Macrae, R. A.

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

Majewski, M. L.

Masten, A.

A. Masten and P. Wissmann, “Ellipsometric studies on thin silver films epitaxially grown on Si(111),” Thin Solid Films 343, 187–190 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mecke, R.

B. Dold and R. Mecke, “Optische eigenschaften von edelmetallen ubergangsmetallen und deren legierungen im infrarot. 1,” Optik (Stuttg.) 22, 435 (1965).

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mewe, A. A.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Min, B. I.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mohr, P. J.

P. J. Mohr, B. N. Taylor, and D. B. Newell, “CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 41(4), 043109 (2012).

Naik, G. V.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nash, D. J.

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Simultaneous observation of surface plasmons on both sides of thin silver films,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(12), 1793–1800 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 81–91 (1996).

Nestell, J. E.

Newell, D. B.

P. J. Mohr, B. N. Taylor, and D. B. Newell, “CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 41(4), 043109 (2012).

Noda, S.

T. W. H. Oates, M. Losurdo, S. Noda, and K. Hinrichs, “The effect of atmospheric tarnishing on the optical and structural properties of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. D 46(14), 145308 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oates, T. W. H.

T. W. H. Oates, M. Losurdo, S. Noda, and K. Hinrichs, “The effect of atmospheric tarnishing on the optical and structural properties of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. D 46(14), 145308 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. W. H. Oates, L. Ryves, and M. M. M. Bilek, “Dielectric functions of a growing silver film determined using dynamic in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2302–2314 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olson, C. G.

G. Leveque, C. G. Olson, and D. W. Lynch, “Reflectance spectra and dielectric functions for Ag in the region of interband-transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 27(8), 4654–4660 (1983).
[Crossref]

Peck, R. L.

H. E. Bennett, D. K. Burge, R. L. Peck, and J. M. Bennett, “Validity of ellipsometry for determining average thickness of thin discontinuous absorbing films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59(6), 675 (1969).
[Crossref]

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, “Formation and growth of tarnish on evaporated silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

D. K. Burge, J. M. Bennett, R. L. Peck, and H. E. Bennett, “Growth of surface films on silver,” Surf. Sci. 16, 303–320 (1969).
[Crossref]

Philipp, H.

H. Ehrenreich and H. Philipp, “Optical properties of Ag and Cu,” Phys. Rev. 128(4), 1622–1629 (1962).
[Crossref]

E. Taft and H. Philipp, “Optical constants of silver,” Phys. Rev. 121(4), 1100–1103 (1961).
[Crossref]

H. Philipp and E. Taft, “Optical constants of germanium in the region 1 to 10 ev,” Phys. Rev. 113(4), 1002–1005 (1959).
[Crossref]

Pillai, S.

M. A. Green and S. Pillai, “Harnessing plasmonics for solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 130–132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Poelsema, B.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

J. Dionne, L. Sweatlock, H. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[Crossref]

Quinten, M.

M. Quinten, “Optical constants of gold and silver clusters in the spectral range between 1.5 eV and 4.5 eV,” Z. Phys. B Condens. Matter 101(2), 211–217 (1996).
[Crossref]

Rakic, A. D.

Rasigni, G.

Reale, C.

C. Reale, “Optical constants of vacuum deposited thin metal films in near infrared,” Infrared Phys. 10(3), 175 (1970).
[Crossref]

Reineke-Koch, R.

P. P. Altermatt, Y. Yang, J. Wang, R. Reineke-Koch, and F. Giovannetti, “Optical modeling of nanostructured films for selective coatings,” Proc. SPIE 7046, 704607 (2008).
[Crossref]

Requicha, A. A. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rho, T. H.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[Crossref]

Richter, W.

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rouard, P.

Ryves, L.

Sambles, J. R.

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Simultaneous observation of surface plasmons on both sides of thin silver films,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(12), 1793–1800 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 81–91 (1996).

Savaloni, H.

H. Savaloni and M. Firouzi-Arani, “Dependence of the optical properties of UHV deposited silver thin films on the deposition parameters and their relation to the nanostructure of the films,” Philos. Mag. 88(5), 711–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Savaloni and A. R. Khakpour, “Substrate temperature dependence on the optical properties of Cu and Ag thin films,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 31(2), 101–112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schulz, L. G.

Scott, G. D.

Sennett, R. S.

Shalaev, V. M.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. P. Drachev, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H. K. Yuan, W. S. Cai, and V. M. Shalaev, “The Ag dielectric function in plasmonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1186–1195 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stahrenberg, K.

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

Stanford, J. L.

J. M. Bennett, J. L. Stanford, and E. J. Ashley, “Optical constants of Silver sulfide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 499 (1969).

Sundari, S. T.

S. T. Sundari, S. Dash, and A. K. Tyagi, “Thermal dependence of optical properties of silver thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Solid State Phys. 1447, 673–674 (2012).

Sweatlock, L.

J. Dionne, L. Sweatlock, H. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[Crossref]

Taft, E.

E. Taft and H. Philipp, “Optical constants of silver,” Phys. Rev. 121(4), 1100–1103 (1961).
[Crossref]

H. Philipp and E. Taft, “Optical constants of germanium in the region 1 to 10 ev,” Phys. Rev. 113(4), 1002–1005 (1959).
[Crossref]

Tangherlini, F. R.

Taylor, B. N.

P. J. Mohr, B. N. Taylor, and D. B. Newell, “CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 41(4), 043109 (2012).

Tyagi, A. K.

S. T. Sundari, S. Dash, and A. K. Tyagi, “Thermal dependence of optical properties of silver thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Solid State Phys. 1447, 673–674 (2012).

Vander, R.

Y. P. Bliokh, R. Vander, S. G. Lipson, and J. Felsteiner, “Visualization of the complex refractive index of a conductor by frustrated total internal reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 10 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vankampen, F. F.

P. Winsemius, H. P. Lengkeek, and F. F. Vankampen, “Structure dependence of optical-properties of Cu, Ag and Au,” J. Phys. F 79, 529–546 (1975).

Wang, J.

P. P. Altermatt, Y. Yang, J. Wang, R. Reineke-Koch, and F. Giovannetti, “Optical modeling of nanostructured films for selective coatings,” Proc. SPIE 7046, 704607 (2008).
[Crossref]

West, P. R.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wilmers, K.

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

Winsemius, P.

P. Winsemius, H. P. Lengkeek, and F. F. Vankampen, “Structure dependence of optical-properties of Cu, Ag and Au,” J. Phys. F 79, 529–546 (1975).

Wissmann, P.

A. Masten and P. Wissmann, “Ellipsometric studies on thin silver films epitaxially grown on Si(111),” Thin Solid Films 343, 187–190 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wormeester, H.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

P. P. Altermatt, Y. Yang, J. Wang, R. Reineke-Koch, and F. Giovannetti, “Optical modeling of nanostructured films for selective coatings,” Proc. SPIE 7046, 704607 (2008).
[Crossref]

Youn, S. J.

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H. K.

Ann. Phys. (Berlin) (1)

P. Drude, “On the electron theory of metals,” Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 1(3), 566–613 (1900).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. P. Bliokh, R. Vander, S. G. Lipson, and J. Felsteiner, “Visualization of the complex refractive index of a conductor by frustrated total internal reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 10 (2006).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Savaloni and A. R. Khakpour, “Substrate temperature dependence on the optical properties of Cu and Ag thin films,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 31(2), 101–112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Infrared Phys. (1)

C. Reale, “Optical constants of vacuum deposited thin metal films in near infrared,” Infrared Phys. 10(3), 175 (1970).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

H. E. Bennett, R. L. Peck, D. K. Burge, and J. M. Bennett, “Formation and growth of tarnish on evaporated silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3351 (1969).
[Crossref]

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 81–91 (1996).

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Simultaneous observation of surface plasmons on both sides of thin silver films,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(12), 1793–1800 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (10)

J. M. Bennett, J. L. Stanford, and E. J. Ashley, “Optical constants of Silver sulfide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 499 (1969).

H. J. Hagemann, W. Gudat, and C. Kunz, “Optical constants from far infrared to X-Ray region - Mg, Al, Cu, Ag, Au, Bi, C, and Al2O3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65(6), 742–744 (1975).
[Crossref]

G. Rasigni and P. Rouard, “On variation with wavelength of optical constants of thin metallic films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53(5), 604 (1963).
[Crossref]

R. S. Sennett and G. D. Scott, “The structure of evaporated metal films and their optical properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40(4), 203–211 (1950).
[Crossref]

L. G. Schulz, “The optical constants of Silver, Gold, Copper, and Aluminum. 1. The absorption coefficient-K,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44(5), 357–362 (1954).
[Crossref]

L. G. Schulz and F. R. Tangherlini, “Optical constants of Silver, Gold, Copper, and Aluminum. 2. The index of refraction-N,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44(5), 362–368 (1954).
[Crossref]

L. G. Schulz, “An experimental confirmation of the Drude free electron theory of the optical properties of metals for silver, gold, and copper in the near infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44(7), 540–545 (1954).
[Crossref]

R. H. Huebner, R. N. Hamm, R. A. Macrae, and E. T. Arakawa, “Optical constants of vacuum-evaporated Silver films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54(12), 1434 (1964).
[Crossref]

H. E. Bennett, D. K. Burge, R. L. Peck, and J. M. Bennett, “Validity of ellipsometry for determining average thickness of thin discontinuous absorbing films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59(6), 675 (1969).
[Crossref]

W. P. Chen and J. M. Chen, “Use of surface plasma-waves for determination of the thickness and optical-constants of thin metallic-films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71(2), 189–191 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

P. J. Mohr, B. N. Taylor, and D. B. Newell, “CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 41(4), 043109 (2012).

J. Phys. D (1)

T. W. H. Oates, M. Losurdo, S. Noda, and K. Hinrichs, “The effect of atmospheric tarnishing on the optical and structural properties of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. D 46(14), 145308 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. F (1)

P. Winsemius, H. P. Lengkeek, and F. F. Vankampen, “Structure dependence of optical-properties of Cu, Ag and Au,” J. Phys. F 79, 529–546 (1975).

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. A. Green and S. Pillai, “Harnessing plasmonics for solar cells,” Nat. Photonics 6(3), 130–132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

B. Dold and R. Mecke, “Optische eigenschaften von edelmetallen ubergangsmetallen und deren legierungen im infrarot. 1,” Optik (Stuttg.) 22, 435 (1965).

Philos. Mag. (2)

J. R. Beattie and G. K. T. Conn, “Optical constants of metals in the infra-red conductivity of silver, copper and nickel,” Philos. Mag. 46(380), 989–1001 (1955).
[Crossref]

H. Savaloni and M. Firouzi-Arani, “Dependence of the optical properties of UHV deposited silver thin films on the deposition parameters and their relation to the nanostructure of the films,” Philos. Mag. 88(5), 711–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (3)

H. Philipp and E. Taft, “Optical constants of germanium in the region 1 to 10 ev,” Phys. Rev. 113(4), 1002–1005 (1959).
[Crossref]

H. Ehrenreich and H. Philipp, “Optical properties of Ag and Cu,” Phys. Rev. 128(4), 1622–1629 (1962).
[Crossref]

E. Taft and H. Philipp, “Optical constants of silver,” Phys. Rev. 121(4), 1100–1103 (1961).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

J. Dionne, L. Sweatlock, H. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagation, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Leveque, C. G. Olson, and D. W. Lynch, “Reflectance spectra and dielectric functions for Ag in the region of interband-transitions,” Phys. Rev. B 27(8), 4654–4660 (1983).
[Crossref]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

K. Stahrenberg, T. Herrmann, K. Wilmers, N. Esser, W. Richter, and M. J. G. Lee, “Optical properties of copper and silver in the energy range 2.5–9.0 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 64(11), 115111 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Stat. Solidi B (2)

S. J. Youn, T. H. Rho, B. I. Min, and K. S. Kim, “Extended Drude model analysis of noble metals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 244(4), 1354–1362 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Hollstein, U. Kreibig, and F. Leis, “Optical-properties of Cu and Ag in intermediate region between pure Drude and interband absorption,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 82(2), 545–556 (1977).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, M. L. Brongersma, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and B. E. Koel, “Observation of coupled plasmon-polariton modes of plasmon waveguides for electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit,” Proc. SPIE 4810, 71–81 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. P. Altermatt, Y. Yang, J. Wang, R. Reineke-Koch, and F. Giovannetti, “Optical modeling of nanostructured films for selective coatings,” Proc. SPIE 7046, 704607 (2008).
[Crossref]

Solid State Phys. (1)

S. T. Sundari, S. Dash, and A. K. Tyagi, “Thermal dependence of optical properties of silver thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Solid State Phys. 1447, 673–674 (2012).

Surf. Sci. (1)

D. K. Burge, J. M. Bennett, R. L. Peck, and H. E. Bennett, “Growth of surface films on silver,” Surf. Sci. 16, 303–320 (1969).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

A. Masten and P. Wissmann, “Ellipsometric studies on thin silver films epitaxially grown on Si(111),” Thin Solid Films 343, 187–190 (1999).
[Crossref]

Z. Phys. B Condens. Matter (1)

M. Quinten, “Optical constants of gold and silver clusters in the spectral range between 1.5 eV and 4.5 eV,” Z. Phys. B Condens. Matter 101(2), 211–217 (1996).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

J. A. Woollam Co., Inc. Guide to using WVASE® 32.

O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Dover, 1991).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids. (Academic, 1985).

N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid state physics (Saunders College, 1976).

U. Bovensiepen, H. Petek, and M. Wolf, Dynamics at Solid State Surfaces and Interfaces: Volume 2: Fundamentals (Wiley, 2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Comparison of the optical constants of silver published by Palik [33] (restricted to region of interest), J&C with originally published uncertainty estimates [15] and N&S [27].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Difference in quality factors for the three published silver optical constants from Palik, J&C and N&S for (a) localized surface plasmon resonances, and (b) surface plasmon polaritons.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Comparison of generated data (Palik - black solid and J&C - red dash dot) based on published data sets, experimental (green solid) and refitted (purple dash) data. The refitted curves are our results by fitting to the experimental data. (a) (b) Reflectance, (c) (d) Amplitude component Ψ and (e) (f) the Phase difference Δ. The insets (b) (d) (f) show data in higher resolution for regions of (a) (c) and (e) respectively. The refitted results are only shown in insets (b) (d) (f).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison of generated (red dash dot), experimental (green solid) and refitted (purple dash) data based on a film with similar characteristics to that reported by J&C. The ellipsometry data are collected from three incident angles 45°, 50° and 55°. (a) (b) show reflectance R, (c) (d) show transmission T, (e) (f) show the amplitude component Ψ and (g) (h) the phase difference Δ. The insets (b) (d) (f) (h) are the zoomed in sections of figs. (a) (c) (e) and (g) respectively. The refitted results are only shown in insets (b) (d) (f) (h).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Comparison of the optical constants of silver: (a) real part n (b) imaginary part k. (i) refitted optical constants by reproducing J&C’s experiment; (ii) extracted optical constants of opaque silver film; (iii) J&C’s data with error bars and (iv) extracted optical constants of single crystalline bulk silver.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Silver relaxation time calculated by different methods comparing different optical constant data sets: (a) Relaxation time τ plotted by Drude model expression τ = (1 ε r )/ ε i ω .(b) Scattering rate (1/τ) vs. ω2 of silver by EDM.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Calculated values for AC relaxation times at 2000nm by Drude model and EDM, together with the DC relaxation times determined by EDM for Palik, J&C and N&S’ work. Also shown are corresponding values for single crystalline silver. All values are in femtoseconds.

Equations (9)

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ε( ω )= ε r ( ω )+i ε i ( ω )
ε( ω )= n ' ( ω ) 2 = ( n( ω )+ik( ω ) ) 2
ε r ( ω )=1 ω p 2 τ ( ω ) 2 1+ ω 2 τ ( ω ) 2
ε i ( ω )= ω p 2 τ( ω ) ω(1+ ω 2 τ ( ω ) 2 )
τ( ω )= 1 ε r ( ω ) ε i ( ω )ω
τ 0 = σ 0 m N e 2
σ( ω )= σ 0 1iωτ(ω)
1 τ(ω) = ω p ( ω ) 2 4π Re( 1 σ( ω ) )
ω p = 4πN e 2 m

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