Abstract

High harmonic radiation is meanwhile nearly extensively used for the spectroscopic investigation of electron dynamics with ultimate time resolution. The majority of high harmonic beamlines provide linearly polarized radiation created in a gas target. However, circular polarization greatly extends the spectroscopic possibilities for high harmonics, especially in the analysis of samples with chirality or prominent spin polarization. We produced a free-standing multilayer foil as a transmission EUV quarter waveplate and applied it for the first time to high harmonic radiation. We measured a broadband (4.6 eV FWHM) ellipticity of 75% at 66 eV photon energy with a transmission efficiency of 5%. The helicity is switchable and the ellipticity can be adjusted to lower values by angle tuning. As a single element it can be easily integrated in any existing harmonic beamline without major changes.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Polarization control of high order harmonics in the EUV photon energy range

Boris Vodungbo, Anna Barszczak Sardinha, Julien Gautier, Guillaume Lambert, Constance Valentin, Magali Lozano, Grégory Iaquaniello, Franck Delmotte, Stéphane Sebban, Jan Lüning, and Philippe Zeitoun
Opt. Express 19(5) 4346-4356 (2011)

Optical anisotropy of non-perturbative high-order harmonic generation in gapless graphene

Óscar Zurrón-Cifuentes, Roberto Boyero-García, Carlos Hernández-García, Antonio Picón, and Luis Plaja
Opt. Express 27(5) 7776-7786 (2019)

High harmonics with spatially varying ellipticity

Jennifer L. Ellis, Kevin M. Dorney, Daniel D. Hickstein, Nathan J. Brooks, Christian Gentry, Carlos Hernández-García, Dmitriy Zusin, Justin M. Shaw, Quynh L. Nguyen, Christopher A. Mancuso, G. S. Matthijs Jansen, Stefan Witte, Henry C. Kapteyn, and Margaret M. Murnane
Optica 5(4) 479-485 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)
  5. A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamics of short-pulse excitation, ionization and harmonic conversion,” in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, edited by B. Piraux, A. L’Huillier, and K. Rzazewski (Plenum, 1993)
  12. K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with ellitptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3418 (1995).
    [PubMed]
  14. N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. G. Schütz, M. Knüllet, and H. Ebert, “Magnetic circular x-ray dichroism and its relation to local moments,” Phys. Scr. T 49, 302–306 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  19. N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Liu, G. Bian, T. Miller, and T.-C. Chiang, “Visualizing electronic chirality and Berry phases in graphene systems using photoemission with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 166803 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. C.-H. Park and S. G. Louie, “Spin polarization of photoelectrons from topological insulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 097601 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Wang and N. Gedik, “Circular dichroism in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of topological insulators,” Phys. Status Solidi Rapid Res. Lett. 7(1-2), 64–71 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).
  24. S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. P. Antoine, B. Carré, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Polarization of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), 1314–1324 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  29. X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. B. Vodungbo, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, C. Valentin, M. Lozano, G. Iaquaniello, F. Delmotte, S. Sebban, J. Lüning, and P. Zeitoun, “Polarization control of high order harmonics in the EUV photon energy range,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4346–4356 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. J. B. Kortright and J. H. Underwood, “Multilayer optical elements for generation and analysis of circularly polarized x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 291(1-2), 272–277 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  33. F. Schäfers, H.-Ch. Mertins, A. Gaupp, W. Gudat, M. Mertin, I. Packe, F. Schmolla, S. Di Fonzo, G. Soullié, W. Jark, R. Walker, X. Le Cann, R. Nyholm, and M. Eriksson, “Soft-x-ray polarimeter with multilayer optics: complete analysis of the polarization state of light,” Appl. Opt. 38(19), 4074–4088 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  35. C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. J. B. Kortright and A. Fischer Colbrie, “Standing wave enhanced scattering in multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 61(3), 1130 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  37. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission and reflection at E = 50–30000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  38. A. L. Aquila, F. Salmassi, F. Dollar, Y. Liu, and E. Gullikson, “Developments in realistic design for aperiodic Mo/Si multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10073–10078 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. A. Guggenmos, S. Radünz, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Venkatesan, A. Wochnik, E. M. Gullikson, S. Fischer, B. Nickel, C. Scheu, and U. Kleineberg, “Ion polished Cr/Sc attosecond multilayer mirrors for high water window reflectivity,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26526–26536 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. A. Guggenmos, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Hertrich, B. Nickel, J. Schmidt, E. M. Gullikson, M. Seibald, W. Schnick, and U. Kleineberg, “Aperiodic CrSc multilayer mirrors for attosecond water window pulses,” Opt. Express 21(19), 21728–21740 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. K. Rabinovitch, L. R. Canfield, and R. P. Madden, “A method for measuring polarization in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Appl. Opt. 4(8), 1005–1010 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  43. P. Dhez, “Polarizers and polarimeters in the X-UV range,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 261(1-2), 66–71 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  44. W. B. Westerveld, K. Becker, P. W. Zetner, J. J. Corr, and J. W. McConkey, “Production and measurement of circular polarization in the VUV,” Appl. Opt. 24(14), 2256–2262 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  45. M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  46. E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Guggenmos, S. Radünz, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Venkatesan, A. Wochnik, E. M. Gullikson, S. Fischer, B. Nickel, C. Scheu, and U. Kleineberg, “Ion polished Cr/Sc attosecond multilayer mirrors for high water window reflectivity,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26526–26536 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

C.-H. Park and S. G. Louie, “Spin polarization of photoelectrons from topological insulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 097601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

Y. Liu, G. Bian, T. Miller, and T.-C. Chiang, “Visualizing electronic chirality and Berry phases in graphene systems using photoemission with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 166803 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Vodungbo, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, C. Valentin, M. Lozano, G. Iaquaniello, F. Delmotte, S. Sebban, J. Lüning, and P. Zeitoun, “Polarization control of high order harmonics in the EUV photon energy range,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4346–4356 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

2007 (3)

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

P. Antoine, B. Carré, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Polarization of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), 1314–1324 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with ellitptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3418 (1995).
[PubMed]

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (5)

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

G. Schütz, M. Knüllet, and H. Ebert, “Magnetic circular x-ray dichroism and its relation to local moments,” Phys. Scr. T 49, 302–306 (1993).
[Crossref]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission and reflection at E = 50–30000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

J. B. Kortright and J. H. Underwood, “Multilayer optical elements for generation and analysis of circularly polarized x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 291(1-2), 272–277 (1990).
[Crossref]

1987 (2)

J. B. Kortright and A. Fischer Colbrie, “Standing wave enhanced scattering in multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 61(3), 1130 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. Dhez, “Polarizers and polarimeters in the X-UV range,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 261(1-2), 66–71 (1987).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

1965 (1)

Adam, R.

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aeschlimann, M.

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amirbekian, B.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, B. Carré, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Polarization of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), 1314–1324 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aquila, A. L.

Azzeer, A. M.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bahrdt, J.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balzer, A.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barszczak Sardinha, A.

Barth, J. V.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beaurepaire, E.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, K.

Bian, G.

Y. Liu, G. Bian, T. Miller, and T.-C. Chiang, “Visualizing electronic chirality and Berry phases in graphene systems using photoemission with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 166803 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bigot, J.-Y.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blümel, L.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boeglin, C.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bothschafter, E. M.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bovensiepen, U.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Böwering, N.

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brzhezinskaya, M.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budil, K. S.

K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burgdörfer, J.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burnett, N. H.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with ellitptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3418 (1995).
[PubMed]

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Canfield, L. R.

Carré, B.

P. Antoine, B. Carré, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Polarization of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), 1314–1324 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cavalieri, A. L.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cebollada, A.

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chew, S. H.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chiang, T.-C.

Y. Liu, G. Bian, T. Miller, and T.-C. Chiang, “Visualizing electronic chirality and Berry phases in graphene systems using photoemission with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 166803 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with ellitptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3418 (1995).
[PubMed]

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corr, J. J.

Dakovski, G. L.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission and reflection at E = 50–30000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Delmotte, F.

Dennhardt, B.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dhez, P.

P. Dhez, “Polarizers and polarimeters in the X-UV range,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 261(1-2), 66–71 (1987).
[Crossref]

Di Fonzo, S.

Dietrich, P.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with ellitptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3418 (1995).
[PubMed]

Ditmire, T.

K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dollar, F.

Drescher, M.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunham, D.

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Dürr, H. A.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberhardt, W.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebert, H.

G. Schütz, M. Knüllet, and H. Ebert, “Magnetic circular x-ray dichroism and its relation to local moments,” Phys. Scr. T 49, 302–306 (1993).
[Crossref]

Echenique, P. M.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eisebitt, S.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eriksson, M.

Erko, A.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ernstorfer, R.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eschenlohr, A.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feulner, P.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fieß, M.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Firsov, A.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, S.

Fischer Colbrie, A.

J. B. Kortright and A. Fischer Colbrie, “Standing wave enhanced scattering in multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 61(3), 1130 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fleischer, A.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Föhlisch, A.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Follath, R.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frentrup, W.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gagnon, J.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaudiosi, D. M.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaupp, A.

Gautier, J.

Gedik, N.

Y. Wang and N. Gedik, “Circular dichroism in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of topological insulators,” Phys. Status Solidi Rapid Res. Lett. 7(1-2), 64–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gel’mukhanov, F.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gliserin, A.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Goto, Y.

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

Goulielmakis, E.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grychtol, P.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gudat, W.

Guggenmos, A.

Gullikson, E.

Gullikson, E. M.

Hädrich, S.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halté, V.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hammond, M. S.

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harp, G. R.

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Heimann, P.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hellwig, O.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hendel, S.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission and reflection at E = 50–30000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hermsmeier, B. D.

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Hertrich, S.

Hofstetter, M.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guggenmos, S. Radünz, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Venkatesan, A. Wochnik, E. M. Gullikson, S. Fischer, B. Nickel, C. Scheu, and U. Kleineberg, “Ion polished Cr/Sc attosecond multilayer mirrors for high water window reflectivity,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26526–26536 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guggenmos, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Hertrich, B. Nickel, J. Schmidt, E. M. Gullikson, M. Seibald, W. Schnick, and U. Kleineberg, “Aperiodic CrSc multilayer mirrors for attosecond water window pulses,” Opt. Express 21(19), 21728–21740 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holldack, K.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holmes, M.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holtsnider, J.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horvath, B.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iaquaniello, G.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with ellitptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3418 (1995).
[PubMed]

Jark, W.

Jobst, M.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kachel, T.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kan, C.

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kapaldo, J.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H. C.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kfir, O.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khalil, T.

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimberg, V.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimura, H.

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kirschner, J.

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guggenmos, S. Radünz, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Venkatesan, A. Wochnik, E. M. Gullikson, S. Fischer, B. Nickel, C. Scheu, and U. Kleineberg, “Ion polished Cr/Sc attosecond multilayer mirrors for high water window reflectivity,” Opt. Express 22(22), 26526–26536 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Guggenmos, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Hertrich, B. Nickel, J. Schmidt, E. M. Gullikson, M. Seibald, W. Schnick, and U. Kleineberg, “Aperiodic CrSc multilayer mirrors for attosecond water window pulses,” Opt. Express 21(19), 21728–21740 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kling, M. F.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knüllet, M.

G. Schütz, M. Knüllet, and H. Ebert, “Magnetic circular x-ray dichroism and its relation to local moments,” Phys. Scr. T 49, 302–306 (1993).
[Crossref]

Knut, R.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koranda, S.

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Kortright, J. B.

J. B. Kortright and J. H. Underwood, “Multilayer optical elements for generation and analysis of circularly polarized x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 291(1-2), 272–277 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. B. Kortright and A. Fischer Colbrie, “Standing wave enhanced scattering in multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 61(3), 1130 (1987).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krupin, O.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuske, P.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Antoine, B. Carré, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Polarization of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), 1314–1324 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lambert, G.

La-O-Vorakiat, C.

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Le Cann, X.

Le Guyader, L.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, E.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Lemell, C.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leone, S. R.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antoine, B. Carré, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Polarization of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), 1314–1324 (1997).
[Crossref]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindblad, A.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lischke, T.

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.-C.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, G. Bian, T. Miller, and T.-C. Chiang, “Visualizing electronic chirality and Berry phases in graphene systems using photoemission with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 166803 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Aquila, F. Salmassi, F. Dollar, Y. Liu, and E. Gullikson, “Developments in realistic design for aperiodic Mo/Si multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10073–10078 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lock, R.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loh, Z.-H.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

López-Flores, V.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lörgen, M.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Louie, S. G.

C.-H. Park and S. G. Louie, “Spin polarization of photoelectrons from topological insulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 097601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lozano, M.

Lüning, J.

B. Vodungbo, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, C. Valentin, M. Lozano, G. Iaquaniello, F. Delmotte, S. Sebban, J. Lüning, and P. Zeitoun, “Polarization control of high order harmonics in the EUV photon energy range,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4346–4356 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madden, R. P.

Magerl, E.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marconi, M. C.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Mathias, S.

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mayama, K.

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

McConkey, J. W.

Menoni, C. S.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Menzel, D.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mertin, M.

Mertins, H.-Ch.

Miao, J.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, T.

Y. Liu, G. Bian, T. Miller, and T.-C. Chiang, “Visualizing electronic chirality and Berry phases in graphene systems using photoemission with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 166803 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minitti, M. P.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miranda, R.

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miron, C.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitra, A.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitzner, R.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyahara, T.

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

Moeller, S.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, N.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, R.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M. M.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nembach, H.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neppl, S.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nickel, B.

Nicolas, C.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nyholm, R.

Oelsner, A.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Packe, I.

Park, C.-H.

C.-H. Park and S. G. Louie, “Spin polarization of photoelectrons from topological insulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 097601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paul, A.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perry, M. D.

K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pontius, N.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, D.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Popmintchev, T.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Quast, T.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rabinovitch, K.

Radu, I.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radünz, S.

Rauhut, R.

Raymondson, D. A.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rocca, J. J.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Rohringer, N.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rowen, M.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakdinawat, A. E.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Salières, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salmassi, F.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Aquila, F. Salmassi, F. Dollar, Y. Liu, and E. Gullikson, “Developments in realistic design for aperiodic Mo/Si multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10073–10078 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Samant, M. G.

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Sandberg, R. L.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santra, R.

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schäfers, F.

Scheu, C.

Schlotter, W. F.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B.

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, J.

A. Guggenmos, R. Rauhut, M. Hofstetter, S. Hertrich, B. Nickel, J. Schmidt, E. M. Gullikson, M. Seibald, W. Schnick, and U. Kleineberg, “Aperiodic CrSc multilayer mirrors for attosecond water window pulses,” Opt. Express 21(19), 21728–21740 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, J.-S.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidtke, B.

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmolla, F.

Schneider, C. M.

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schnick, W.

Schultze, M.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schüßler-Langeheine, C.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuster, P.

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schütz, G.

G. Schütz, M. Knüllet, and H. Ebert, “Magnetic circular x-ray dichroism and its relation to local moments,” Phys. Scr. T 49, 302–306 (1993).
[Crossref]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sebban, S.

Seibald, M.

Shaw, J. M.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siemens, M.

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silva, T. J.

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Söderström, J.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, C.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soullié, G.

Späth, C.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sperling, M.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stamm, C.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stanislawski, M.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stockman, M. I.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stöhr, J.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Süßmann, F.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tobey, R. I.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tonner, B. P.

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Trabant, C.

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Travnikova, O.

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turgut, E.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Underwood, J. H.

J. B. Kortright and J. H. Underwood, “Multilayer optical elements for generation and analysis of circularly polarized x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 291(1-2), 272–277 (1990).
[Crossref]

Uphues, T.

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentin, C.

Venkatesan, S.

Vodungbo, B.

Wachter, G.

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wachulak, P. W.

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Wagner, N.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, R.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang and N. Gedik, “Circular dichroism in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of topological insulators,” Phys. Status Solidi Rapid Res. Lett. 7(1-2), 64–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weber, N.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

Westerveld, W. B.

Westerwalbesloh, T.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wirth, A.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wochnik, A.

Wu, Y.

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1767–1776 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, M.

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yanagihara, M.

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zeitoun, P.

Zetner, P. W.

Zherebtsov, S.

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zusin, D.

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. H. Chew, F. Süßmann, C. Späth, A. Wirth, J. Schmidt, S. Zherebtsov, A. Guggenmos, A. Oelsner, N. Weber, J. Kapaldo, A. Gliserin, M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, and U. Kleineberg, “Time-of-flight-photoelectron emission microscopy on plasmonic structures using attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(5), 051904 (2012).
[Crossref]

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission and reflection at E = 50–30000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54(2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. B. Kortright and A. Fischer Colbrie, “Standing wave enhanced scattering in multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 61(3), 1130 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (2)

K. Holldack, J. Bahrdt, A. Balzer, U. Bovensiepen, M. Brzhezinskaya, A. Erko, A. Eschenlohr, R. Follath, A. Firsov, W. Frentrup, L. Le Guyader, T. Kachel, P. Kuske, R. Mitzner, R. Müller, N. Pontius, T. Quast, I. Radu, J.-S. Schmidt, C. Schüßler-Langeheine, M. Sperling, C. Stamm, C. Trabant, and A. Föhlisch, “FemtoSpeX: a versatile optical pump-soft X-ray probe facility with 100 fs X-ray pulses of variable polarization,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1090–1104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. L. Dakovski, P. Heimann, M. Holmes, O. Krupin, M. P. Minitti, A. Mitra, S. Moeller, M. Rowen, W. F. Schlotter, and J. J. Turner, “The soft x-ray research instrument at the linac coherent light source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 22(3), 498–502 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

O. Kfir, P. Grychtol, E. Turgut, R. Knut, D. Zusin, D. Popmintchev, T. Popmintchev, H. Nembach, J. M. Shaw, A. Fleischer, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Generation of bright phase-matched circularly polarized extreme ultraviolet high harmonics,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 99–105 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (6)

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Neppl, R. Ernstorfer, A. L. Cavalieri, C. Lemell, G. Wachter, E. Magerl, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Jobst, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, J. Burgdörfer, P. Feulner, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Direct observation of electron propagation and dielectric screening on the atomic length scale,” Nature 517(7534), 342–346 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods (1)

P. Dhez, “Polarizers and polarimeters in the X-UV range,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 261(1-2), 66–71 (1987).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods A (1)

J. B. Kortright and J. H. Underwood, “Multilayer optical elements for generation and analysis of circularly polarized x-rays,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 291(1-2), 272–277 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

P. Antoine, B. Carré, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Polarization of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 55(2), 1314–1324 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. S. Budil, P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, T. Ditmire, and M. D. Perry, “Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 48(5), R3437–R3440 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with ellitptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3418 (1995).
[PubMed]

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and B. Carré, “Theory of high-order harmonic generation by an elliptically polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 53(3), 1725–1745 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

C. M. Schneider, M. S. Hammond, P. Schuster, A. Cebollada, R. Miranda, and J. Kirschner, “Observation of magnetic circular dichroism in uv photoemission from ferromagnetic fcc cobalt films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 44(21), 12066–12069 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhou, R. Lock, N. Wagner, W. Li, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Elliptically polarized high-order harmonic emission from molecules in linearly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(7), 073902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Böwering, T. Lischke, B. Schmidtke, N. Müller, T. Khalil, and U. Heinzmann, “Asymmetry in photoelectron emission from chiral molecules induced by circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(7), 1187–1190 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, G. Bian, T. Miller, and T.-C. Chiang, “Visualizing electronic chirality and Berry phases in graphene systems using photoemission with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 166803 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-H. Park and S. G. Louie, “Spin polarization of photoelectrons from topological insulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(9), 097601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. Siemens, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Mathias, M. Aeschlimann, P. Grychtol, R. Adam, C. M. Schneider, J. M. Shaw, H. Nembach, and T. J. Silva, “Ultrafast demagnetization dynamics at the M edges of magnetic elements observed using a tabletop high-harmonic soft x-ray source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 257402 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Travnikova, J.-C. Liu, A. Lindblad, C. Nicolas, J. Söderström, V. Kimberg, F. Gel’mukhanov, and C. Miron, “Circularly polarized x rays: another probe of ultrafast molecular decay dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr. T (1)

G. Schütz, M. Knüllet, and H. Ebert, “Magnetic circular x-ray dichroism and its relation to local moments,” Phys. Scr. T 49, 302–306 (1993).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi Rapid Res. Lett. (1)

Y. Wang and N. Gedik, “Circular dichroism in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of topological insulators,” Phys. Status Solidi Rapid Res. Lett. 7(1-2), 64–71 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(1), 24–27 (2008)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

H. Kimura, T. Miyahara, Y. Goto, K. Mayama, M. Yanagihara, and M. Yamamoto, “Polarization measurement of SR from a helical undulator using a quarter wave plate for a wavelength of 12.8 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66(2), 1920–1922 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. Fieß, M. Schultze, E. Goulielmakis, B. Dennhardt, J. Gagnon, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Versatile apparatus for attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(9), 093103 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Magerl, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, E. M. Bothschafter, M. Stanislawski, T. Uphues, M. Hofstetter, U. Kleineberg, J. V. Barth, D. Menzel, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, and P. Feulner, “A flexible apparatus for attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(6), 063104 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

J. Stöhr, Y. Wu, B. D. Hermsmeier, M. G. Samant, G. R. Harp, S. Koranda, D. Dunham, and B. P. Tonner, “Element-specific magnetic microscopy with circularly polarized x-rays,” Science 259, 658–661 (1993).

E. Goulielmakis, V. S. Yakovlev, A. L. Cavalieri, M. Uiberacker, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control and measurement: lightwave electronics,” Science 317(5839), 769–775 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, “Dynamics of short-pulse excitation, ionization and harmonic conversion,” in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, edited by B. Piraux, A. L’Huillier, and K. Rzazewski (Plenum, 1993)

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Composition of the multilayer stack. The real stack design starts and ends with a natively formed SiO2 layer. Asymmetric MoSi2 layers are formed by material reaction at the Mo-Si-Mo interfaces. Their thickness depends on whether Mo is deposited on Si or vice versa [38]. The fraction of the absorber material Mo is kept small in comparison to the spacer material Si to minimize the waveplate’s absorption.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated spectral transmission behavior and phase difference between s- and p-polarization of the EUV multilayer waveplate for an angle of incidence of 45°. For this angle the Bragg condition for the given multilayer stack is fulfilled at an energy of approximately 70 eV, which results in a local transmission minimum at that energy. The waveplate is designed for a nominal photon energy of 66 eV where Ts equals Tp and a phase shift of nearly 90° is introduced.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Calculated spectral ellipticity and polarization orientation of the transmitted radiation for different normal incident angles α1. The polarization before the waveplate is linear horizontal. The ellipticity at 66 eV and α1 = 45° is nearly 1. The peak ellipticity can be shifted by several eV in energy while its magnitude is only little affected by varying the incident angle.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Fabrication process of the free-standing EUV quarter waveplate. (a): Raw sample with multilayer coating deposited on a PMMA coated Si substrate. (b): By dissolving the PMMA resist, the multilayer stack is carefully removed from the auxiliary Si substrate. (c): Image of the actual device.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured transmission of the waveplate in s (blue)- and p (red)-orientation together with the respective simulations (dashed curves). The shaded area represents the error interval which is caused by a drift in the harmonic intensity during the acquisition time.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Geometrical setup of the polarimetry measurement. Waveplate and analyzer mirror can be rotated around the beam axis by β1 and β2 as well as tilted by α1 and α2, respectively. The initial EUV polarization before the waveplate is linear horizontal, after transmission through the waveplate the E-field vector describes an ellipse with ellipticity ε and orientation Φ.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Calculated spectral behavior of the analyzer multilayer mirror. The peak reflectivity in s-orientation is 34% at 66 eV with a FWHM reflection bandwidth of 4.6 eV. The extinction ratio within this bandwidth is larger than 50.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a): β2-scan without the waveplate using different metal filters to block the IR beam and to pre-filter the harmonic radiation. For the standard Al filter, the effective extinction of the analyzer mirror is reduced to about 2 since the fraction of transmitted radiation from the low energy range < 40 eV, where the mirror loses its polarizing capability (Fig. 7), is still too high. Material combinations of Al/B4C/La or Al/C show a better suppression of radiation in that energy range, leading to an improved effective extinction close to the value expected from the simulated design of the mirror at 66 eV. (b): Spectral transmission behavior of different filter materials. The standard Al and Zr filters exhibit a strong transmission window at low photon energies ≤ 40 eV. Higher suppression in this range is achieved by adding the materials La and/or C.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a): Results for the β2-scans without and with the waveplate for different detuning angles. The larger the detuning angle, the stronger the modulation depth (the smaller the ellipticity) and the stronger the shift in β2. An Al/C filter was used to pre-filter the high harmonic radiation (b): Measured EUV harmonic spectrum as used for the β2-scans and for the simulation values for the ellipticity εsimulated and orientation angle Φsimulated. Two neighboring harmonic peaks are cut out by the bandwidth of the analyzer mirror.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of measured and simulated values for the ellipticity ε and orientation Φ of the EUV radiation after transmission through the waveplate at different incident angles α1.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P= s 1 2 + s 2 2 + s 3 2 s 0 = s 0 s np s 0 ,
ε=sgn( s 3 ) s 0 s np s 1 2 + s 2 2 s 0 s np + s 1 2 + s 2 2 ,
tan(2Φ)= s 2 s 1 .
M= 1 2 ( R p + R s )( 1 cos(2Ψ) 0 0 cos(2Ψ) 1 0 0 0 0 sin(2Ψ)cosΔ sin(2Ψ)sinΔ 0 0 sin(2Ψ)sinΔ sin(2Ψ)cosΔ ),
R(β)=( 1 0 0 0 0 cosβ sinβ 0 0 sinβ cosβ 0 0 0 0 1 ).
s f =R( β 2 )MR( β 2 ) s i .
s f0 =( R p + R s )( 1 2 s 0 1 2 s 1 cos( 2Ψ )cos( 2 β 2 ) 1 2 s 2 cos( 2Ψ )sin( 2 β 2 ) ),
I( β 2 )= 1 2 ( R p + R s ) s 0 1 2 ( R s R p ) s 1 2 + s 2 2 cos( 2 β 2 +2Φ ).
ε max = s 0 s 1 2 + s 2 2 s 0 + s 1 2 + s 2 2
I min/max = 1 2 ( R p + R s ) s 0 ± 1 2 ( R s R p ) s 1 2 + s 2 2 ,
ε max = R s I min R p I max R s I max R p I min

Metrics