Abstract

Technological realities limit terrestrial quantum key distribution (QKD) to single-link distances of a few hundred kilometers. One promising avenue for global-scale quantum communication networks is to use low-Earth-orbit satellites. Here we report the first demonstration of QKD from a stationary transmitter to a receiver platform traveling at an angular speed equivalent to a 600 km altitude satellite, located on a moving truck. We overcome the challenges of actively correcting beam pointing, photon polarization and time-of-flight. Our system generates an asymptotic secure key at 40 bits/s.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (5)

J. Yin, Y. Cao, S.-B. Liu, G.-S. Pan, J.-H. Wang, T. Yang, Z.-P. Zhang, F.-M. Yang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental quasi-single-photon transmission from satellite to earth,” Opt. Express 21, 20032–20040 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, D. R. Hamel, A. K. Heinrichs, X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, and T. Jennewein, “An ultra low noise telecom wavelength free running single photon detector using negative feedback avalanche diode,” Rev. Sci. Intrum. 83, 073105 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Etengu, F. M. Abbou, H. Y. Wong, A. Abid, N. Nortiza, and A. Setharaman, “Performance comparison of BB84 and B92 satellite-based free space quantum optical communication systems in the presence of channel effects,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 37–47 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Hughes and J. Nordholt, “Refining quantum cryptography,” Science 333, 1584–1586 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. MacDonald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W.-Q. Cai, X. Wan, L.-K. Chen, J.-H. Wang, S.-B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C.-Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z.-B. Chen, and J.-W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express 18, 8587–8594 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Sun, L.-M. Liang, and C.-Z. Li, “Decoy state quantum key distribution with finite resources,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 2533–2536 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, G. Wu, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Active polarization stabilization in optical fibers suitable for quantum keydistribution,” Opt. Express 15, 17928–17936 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

W. Y. Hwang, “Quantum key distribution with high loss: Toward global secure communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

J. E. Nordholt, R. J. Hughes, G. L. Morgan, C. G. Peterson, and C. C. Wipf, “Present and future free-space quantum key distribution,” Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIV 4635, 116–126 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

W. T. Buttler, R. J. Hughes, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5652 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: The role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abbou, F. M.

R. Etengu, F. M. Abbou, H. Y. Wong, A. Abid, N. Nortiza, and A. Setharaman, “Performance comparison of BB84 and B92 satellite-based free space quantum optical communication systems in the presence of channel effects,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 37–47 (2011).
[Crossref]

Abid, A.

R. Etengu, F. M. Abbou, H. Y. Wong, A. Abid, N. Nortiza, and A. Setharaman, “Performance comparison of BB84 and B92 satellite-based free space quantum optical communication systems in the presence of channel effects,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 37–47 (2011).
[Crossref]

Acin, A.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Afzelius, M.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appel, J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Aspelmeyer, M.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barbieri, C.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bechmann-Pasquinucci, H.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bianco, G.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blauensteiner, B.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bonato, C.

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bourgoin, J.-P.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. MacDonald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

J.-P. Bourgoin, “Experimental and theoretical demonstration of the feasibility of global quantum cryptography using satellites,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Waterloo (2014).

Brassard, G.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briegel, H.-J.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: The role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

Brukner, C.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Buttler, W. T.

W. T. Buttler, R. J. Hughes, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5652 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

Cacciapuoti, L.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.-Q.

Cao, Y.

Capmany, J.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cerf, N. J.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekara, R.

Z. Tang, R. Chandrasekara, Y. Y. Sean, C. Cheng, C. Wildfeuer, and A. Ling, “Near-space flight of a correlated photon system,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, K.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W.-Q. Cai, X. Wan, L.-K. Chen, J.-H. Wang, S.-B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C.-Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z.-B. Chen, and J.-W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express 18, 8587–8594 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.-K.

Chen, T.-Y.

Chen, Y.-A.

J. Yin, Y. Cao, S.-B. Liu, G.-S. Pan, J.-H. Wang, T. Yang, Z.-P. Zhang, F.-M. Yang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental quasi-single-photon transmission from satellite to earth,” Opt. Express 21, 20032–20040 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.-B.

Cheng, C.

Z. Tang, R. Chandrasekara, Y. Y. Sean, C. Cheng, C. Wildfeuer, and A. Ling, “Near-space flight of a correlated photon system,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: The role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

Citrin, D. S.

Cova, S.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Crépeau, C.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D’Souza, I.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

de la Giroday, A. B.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Matos, C. J.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

de Riedmatten, H.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dewhurst, S. J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dür, W.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Quantum repeaters: The role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dusek, M.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Erven, C.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

Etengu, R.

R. Etengu, F. M. Abbou, H. Y. Wong, A. Abid, N. Nortiza, and A. Setharaman, “Performance comparison of BB84 and B92 satellite-based free space quantum optical communication systems in the presence of channel effects,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 37–47 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frick, S.

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fuchs, C.

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fuerst, M.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, M.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
[Crossref]

Giggenbach, D.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gigov, N.

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

Girard, R.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gisin, N.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gorman, P. M.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gray, S.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hadfield, R. H.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hamel, D. R.

Z. Yan, D. R. Hamel, A. K. Heinrichs, X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, and T. Jennewein, “An ultra low noise telecom wavelength free running single photon detector using negative feedback avalanche diode,” Rev. Sci. Intrum. 83, 073105 (2012).
[Crossref]

He, Z.

Heim, B.

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heinrichs, A. K.

Z. Yan, D. R. Hamel, A. K. Heinrichs, X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, and T. Jennewein, “An ultra low noise telecom wavelength free running single photon detector using negative feedback avalanche diode,” Rev. Sci. Intrum. 83, 073105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Helou, B.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Higgins, B. L.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

Horwath, J.

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
[Crossref]

Houlmann, R.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, C. Y.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.-F.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.-H.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.-M.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hübel, H.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. MacDonald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hudson, D.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hughes, R.

R. Hughes and J. Nordholt, “Refining quantum cryptography,” Science 333, 1584–1586 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hughes, R. J.

J. E. Nordholt, R. J. Hughes, G. L. Morgan, C. G. Peterson, and C. C. Wipf, “Present and future free-space quantum key distribution,” Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIV 4635, 116–126 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. T. Buttler, R. J. Hughes, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5652 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

Hwang, W. Y.

W. Y. Hwang, “Quantum key distribution with high loss: Toward global secure communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itzler, M. A.

Z. Yan, D. R. Hamel, A. K. Heinrichs, X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, and T. Jennewein, “An ultra low noise telecom wavelength free running single photon detector using negative feedback avalanche diode,” Rev. Sci. Intrum. 83, 073105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jelezko, F.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jennewein, T.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, D. R. Hamel, A. K. Heinrichs, X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, and T. Jennewein, “An ultra low noise telecom wavelength free running single photon detector using negative feedback avalanche diode,” Rev. Sci. Intrum. 83, 073105 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. MacDonald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

Jia, J.

Jia, J.-J.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

Z. Yan, D. R. Hamel, A. K. Heinrichs, X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, and T. Jennewein, “An ultra low noise telecom wavelength free running single photon detector using negative feedback avalanche diode,” Rev. Sci. Intrum. 83, 073105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jozsa, R.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
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Khandani, A.

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

Knight, P.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kofler, J.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Korzh, B.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kröll, S.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kumar, B.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kwiat, P. G.

R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

Laflamme, R.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lamoreaux, S. K.

W. T. Buttler, R. J. Hughes, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5652 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lamoreuax, S. K.

R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

Leeb, W.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, C.-Z.

S.-H. Sun, L.-M. Liang, and C.-Z. Li, “Decoy state quantum key distribution with finite resources,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 2533–2536 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, M. J.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Liang, H.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W.-Q. Cai, X. Wan, L.-K. Chen, J.-H. Wang, S.-B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C.-Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z.-B. Chen, and J.-W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express 18, 8587–8594 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, L.-M.

S.-H. Sun, L.-M. Liang, and C.-Z. Li, “Decoy state quantum key distribution with finite resources,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 2533–2536 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liao, S.-K.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lim, C. C. W.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lindenthal, M.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ling, A.

Z. Tang, R. Chandrasekara, Y. Y. Sean, C. Cheng, C. Wildfeuer, and A. Ling, “Near-space flight of a correlated photon system,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.-B.

Liu, W.-Y.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Luceri, V.

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lütkenhaus, N.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301–1350 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

MacDonald, A.

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. MacDonald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meyenburg, M.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meyer-Scott, E.

J.-P. Bourgoin, E. Meyer-Scott, B. L. Higgins, B. Helou, C. Erven, H. Hübel, B. Kumar, D. Hudson, I. D’Souza, R. Girard, R. Laflamme, and T. Jennewein, “A comprehensive design and performance analysis of low Earth orbit satellite quantum communication,” New J. Phys. 15, 023006 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. MacDonald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

Milburn, G.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moll, F.

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morgan, G. L.

J. E. Nordholt, R. J. Hughes, G. L. Morgan, C. G. Peterson, and C. C. Wipf, “Present and future free-space quantum key distribution,” Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIV 4635, 116–126 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. T. Buttler, R. J. Hughes, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5652 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

Müller, J. H.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nauerth, S.

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
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Nolan, D.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
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Nordholt, J.

R. Hughes and J. Nordholt, “Refining quantum cryptography,” Science 333, 1584–1586 (2011).
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Nordholt, J. E.

J. E. Nordholt, R. J. Hughes, G. L. Morgan, C. G. Peterson, and C. C. Wipf, “Present and future free-space quantum key distribution,” Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIV 4635, 116–126 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. T. Buttler, R. J. Hughes, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5652 (2000).
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R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

Nortiza, N.

R. Etengu, F. M. Abbou, H. Y. Wong, A. Abid, N. Nortiza, and A. Setharaman, “Performance comparison of BB84 and B92 satellite-based free space quantum optical communication systems in the presence of channel effects,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 37–47 (2011).
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Nunn, J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
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Oemer, B.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
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R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
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J. Yin, Y. Cao, S.-B. Liu, G.-S. Pan, J.-H. Wang, T. Yang, Z.-P. Zhang, F.-M. Yang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental quasi-single-photon transmission from satellite to earth,” Opt. Express 21, 20032–20040 (2013).
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Pan, J.-W.

J. Yin, Y. Cao, S.-B. Liu, G.-S. Pan, J.-H. Wang, T. Yang, Z.-P. Zhang, F.-M. Yang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental quasi-single-photon transmission from satellite to earth,” Opt. Express 21, 20032–20040 (2013).
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J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
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Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W.-Q. Cai, X. Wan, L.-K. Chen, J.-H. Wang, S.-B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C.-Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z.-B. Chen, and J.-W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express 18, 8587–8594 (2010).
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Peev, M.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301–1350 (2009).
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Peng, C.-Z.

J. Yin, Y. Cao, S.-B. Liu, G.-S. Pan, J.-H. Wang, T. Yang, Z.-P. Zhang, F.-M. Yang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental quasi-single-photon transmission from satellite to earth,” Opt. Express 21, 20032–20040 (2013).
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J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
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Y. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, J. Wang, W.-Q. Cai, X. Wan, L.-K. Chen, J.-H. Wang, S.-B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C.-Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z.-B. Chen, and J.-W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express 18, 8587–8594 (2010).
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Perdigues, J.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
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Perdigues, J. M.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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Peterson, C. G.

J. E. Nordholt, R. J. Hughes, G. L. Morgan, C. G. Peterson, and C. C. Wipf, “Present and future free-space quantum key distribution,” Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIV 4635, 116–126 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. T. Buttler, R. J. Hughes, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5652 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

Polzik, E. S.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
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Pruneri, V.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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Qi, B.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
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Ralph, T.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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Rarity, J.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
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Rarity, J. G.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
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J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82 (2002).
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Rau, M.

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
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Ren, J.-G.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
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Renner, R.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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Rosenfeld, W.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
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Samain, E.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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Sangouard, N.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
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Sanguinetti, B.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
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Sasaki, M.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
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Scarani, V.

V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, “The security of practical quantum key distribution,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301–1350 (2009).
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Scheidl, T.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
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Schmitt-Manderbacha, T.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
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Sean, Y. Y.

Z. Tang, R. Chandrasekara, Y. Y. Sean, C. Cheng, C. Wildfeuer, and A. Ling, “Near-space flight of a correlated photon system,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6366 (2014).
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Setharaman, A.

R. Etengu, F. M. Abbou, H. Y. Wong, A. Abid, N. Nortiza, and A. Setharaman, “Performance comparison of BB84 and B92 satellite-based free space quantum optical communication systems in the presence of channel effects,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 37–47 (2011).
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Shen, Q.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shoji, Y.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
[Crossref]

Simon, C.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
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Sköld, N.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
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Sodnik, Z.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
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Solomos, N.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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Stevenson, R. M.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
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Stucki, D.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
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Sun, S.-H.

S.-H. Sun, L.-M. Liang, and C.-Z. Li, “Decoy state quantum key distribution with finite resources,” Phys. Lett. A 373, 2533–2536 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takayama, Y.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takenaka, H.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takeoka, M.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tamburini, F.

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.-L.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, Z.

Z. Tang, R. Chandrasekara, Y. Y. Sean, C. Cheng, C. Wildfeuer, and A. Ling, “Near-space flight of a correlated photon system,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82 (2002).
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Ten, S.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

Thew, R.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Thew, R. T.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tiefenbacher, F.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tittel, W.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Torres, J. P.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Towery, C. R.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

Toyoshima, M.

M. Toyoshima, H. Takenaka, Y. Shoji, Y. Takayama, M. Takeoka, M. Fujiwara, and M. Sasaki, “Polarization-basis tracking scheme in satellite quantum key distribution,” Int. J. Opt. 2011, 254154 (2011).
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R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Trojek, P.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ursin, R.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Valencia, A.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vannel, F.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

Villoresi, P.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
[Crossref]

Walenta, N.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra low loss fibres,” New J. Phys. 11, 075003 (2009).
[Crossref]

Walmsley, I.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

Walmsley, I. A.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wan, X.

Wang, J.

Wang, J.-H.

Wang, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. C.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weier, H.

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Weihs, G.

C. Erven, B. Heim, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, R. Laflamme, G. Weihs, and T. Jennewein, “Studying free-space transmission statistics and improving free-space quantum key distribution in the turbulent atmosphere,” New J. Phys. 14, 123018 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
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Weinfurter, H.

S. Nauerth, F. Moll, M. Rau, C. Fuchs, J. Horwath, S. Frick, and H. Weinfurter, “Air-to-ground quantum communication,” Nature Photonics 7, 382–386 (2013).
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C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, J. Kofler, J. M. Perdigues, L. Cacciapuoti, C. J. de Matos, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Valencia, T. Scheidl, A. Acin, C. Barbieri, G. Bianco, C. Brukner, J. Capmany, S. Cova, D. Giggenbach, W. Leeb, R. H. Hadfield, R. Laflamme, N. Lütkenhaus, G. Milburn, M. Peev, T. Ralph, J. Rarity, R. Renner, E. Samain, N. Solomos, W. Tittel, J. P. Torres, M. Toyoshima, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, V. Pruneri, P. Villoresi, I. Walmsley, G. Weihs, H. Weinfurter, M. Zukowski, and A. Zeilinger., “Space-QUEST, experiments with quantum entanglement in space,” Europhysics News 40, 26–29 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wildfeuer, C.

Z. Tang, R. Chandrasekara, Y. Y. Sean, C. Cheng, C. Wildfeuer, and A. Ling, “Near-space flight of a correlated photon system,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6366 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wipf, C. C.

J. E. Nordholt, R. J. Hughes, G. L. Morgan, C. G. Peterson, and C. C. Wipf, “Present and future free-space quantum key distribution,” Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies XIV 4635, 116–126 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wong, H. Y.

R. Etengu, F. M. Abbou, H. Y. Wong, A. Abid, N. Nortiza, and A. Setharaman, “Performance comparison of BB84 and B92 satellite-based free space quantum optical communication systems in the presence of channel effects,” J. Opt. Commun. 32, 37–47 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wootters, W. K.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wrachtrup, J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, E.

Wu, G.

Wu, J.

Wu, J.-C.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, J.-P. Bourgoin, B. L. Higgins, N. Gigov, A. MacDonald, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “Novel high-speed polarization source for decoy-state BB84 quantum key distribution over free space and satellite links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1399–1408 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Yan, D. R. Hamel, A. K. Heinrichs, X. Jiang, M. A. Itzler, and T. Jennewein, “An ultra low noise telecom wavelength free running single photon detector using negative feedback avalanche diode,” Rev. Sci. Intrum. 83, 073105 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Meyer-Scott, Z. Yan, A. MacDonald, J.-P. Bourgoin, H. Hübel, and T. Jennewein, “How to implement decoy-state quantum key distribution for a satellite uplink with 50-dB channel loss,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 062326 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

Yang, B.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, F.-M.

Yang, L.

Yang, S.

Yang, S.-J.

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, T.

Yin, J.

J. Yin, Y. Cao, S.-B. Liu, G.-S. Pan, J.-H. Wang, T. Yang, Z.-P. Zhang, F.-M. Yang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Experimental quasi-single-photon transmission from satellite to earth,” Opt. Express 21, 20032–20040 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Wang, B. Yang, S.-K. Liao, L. Zhang, Q. Shen, X.-F. Hu, J.-C. Wu, S.-J. Yang, H. Jiang, Y.-L. Tang, B. Zhong, H. Liang, W.-Y. Liu, Y.-H. Hu, Y.-M. Huang, B. Qi, J.-G. Ren, G.-S. Pan, J. Yin, J.-J. Jia, Y.-A. Chen, K. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Direct and full-scale experimental verifications towards ground-satellite quantum key distribution,” Nature Photonics 7, 387–393 (2013).
[Crossref]

Young, R. J.

C. Simon, M. Afzelius, J. Appel, A. B. de la Giroday, S. J. Dewhurst, N. Gisin, C. Y. Hu, F. Jelezko, S. Kröll, J. H. Müller, J. Nunn, E. S. Polzik, J. G. Rarity, H. de Riedmatten, W. Rosenfeld, N. Sköld, R. M. Stevenson, R. Thew, I. A. Walmsley, M. C. Weber, H. Weinfurter, J. Wrachtrup, and R. J. Young, “Quantum memories,” The European Physical Journal D 58, 1–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zbinden, H.

B. Korzh, C. C. W. Lim, R. Houlmann, N. Gisin, M. J. Li, D. Nolan, B. Sanguinetti, R. Thew, and H. Zbinden, “Provably secure and practical quantum key distribution over 307 km of optical fibre,” Nature Photonics 9, 163–168 (2015).
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P. Villoresi, T. Jennewein, F. Tamburini, M. Aspelmeyer, C. Bonato, R. Ursin, C. Pernechele, V. Luceri, G. Bianco, A. Zeilinger, and C. Barbieri, “Experimental verification of the feasibility of a quantum channel between space and earth,” New J. Phys. 10, 033038 (2008).
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Europhysics News (1)

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Int. J. Opt. (1)

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Nature Physics (1)

R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbacha, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Oemer, M. Fuerst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger., “Free-space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km,” Nature Physics 3, 481–486 (2007).
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Opt. Express (4)

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Other (3)

R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreuax, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, and C. G. Peterson, “Quantum cryptography for secure satellite communications,” in Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (IEEE2000) pp. 191–200.

J.-P. Bourgoin, “Experimental and theoretical demonstration of the feasibility of global quantum cryptography using satellites,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Waterloo (2014).

J.-P. Bourgoin, N. Gigov, B. L. Higgins, Z. Yan, E. Meyer-Scott, A. Khandani, N. Lütkenhaus, and T. Jennewein, “Experimentally simulating quantum key distribution with ground-to-satellite photon losses and processing limitations,” (2015). Accepted to Phys. Rev. A.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic overview of the moving receiver experimental setup with map showing the location of Alice, consisting of the source (green circle) and transmitter (red circle), and the section of the road that Bob, located on the truck, traveled (blue circles, one per second) during the moving receiver tests. Signals from the source (located in the laboratory on the ground floor of the building) are sent to the transmitter using an optical fiber. An active laser-beacon tracking and pointing system is used to maintain the free-space link while the truck is traveling, and a wireless local area network (WLAN) is used for classical communications. The distance from the transmitter to the truck is ≈ 650m and the length of the road traveled during the test was ≈ 80m. Map data: Google, DigitalGlobe.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Alice transmitter (top) and Bob receiver (cotom) apparatuses. The transmitter produces a ≈ 10mm beam and includes a chopper wheel with polarizer films followed by a 10 % reflective beam splitter with a fiber coupler in the reflected port, allowing us to tomographically characterize the polarization state of some of the transmitted photons. This characterization allows us to implement, in real time using a set of motorized wave plates, a compensation to the polarization drift of the states caused by the fiber to the transmitter. Only the signals that passed through the open slots of the chopper wheel are used for key generation. The receiver, which is mounted on the back of a pickup truck, implements a passive-basis-choice photon polarization measurement.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Beacon angular deviation measured by the camera (top) and angular speed of the motors (bottom during the 33 km/h test. The reported deviation on Alice (Bob) is the angular deviation of Bob’s (Alice’s) beacon as seen by Alice’s (Bob’s) camera. The increase in variation at the receiver (Bob) can be attributed to the instabilities produced by the motion of the truck and and curving motion of the truck. The angular speed at the transmitter (Alice) is more consistent, with only a small increase in the azimuthal axis (of ≈0.03°/s) during the test. The increased deviation in the azimuthal axis at the transmitter (Alice) is caused by the jitter in the mounting frame which can move more easily in the horizontal plane than the vertical plane. Before 1.6 s, Alice’s motors are not moving because she has yet to acquire Bob’s beacon signal. The gray dotted line represents the maximum angular speed of a 600 km LEO satellite (0.72 °/s).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Time of flight from the transmitter to the receiver calculated from GPS coordinates. The time of flight changes almost linearly and can thus be effectively compensated using a first-order (linear) time-of-flight correction.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 QBER and count rate measured at the receiver. The horizontal gray line represents the mean signal QBER of the data selected for the QKD protocol (6.55 %). The QBER drops when the count rate increases at 4 s to 8 s. The shaded regions (signal, blue; decoy, green) around the QBERs correspond to 95 % central credible intervals. The large range of the credible interval of the decoy QBER is due to the low number of measured decoy states, with results near the beginning absent as no decoy states were measured at those times. The measured values are taken with a 0.16 ns coincidence window, with the QBER measured on a per-second basis and the counts measured on a 2 ms basis.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measured pre-compensation and predicted post-compensation QBER at the exit of Alice’s transmitter. The time origin corresponds to the start of the optical signal acquisition. The polarization compensation system corrects the unitary induced by the fiber from the source to the transmitter and returns the polarization states to near their intrinsic QBER of ≈6%.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Experimentally measured QKD parameters of the moving receiver test. The parameters are based on a 0.16 ns coincidence window using data where the received counts exceeded 1000 Hz. The small window allows us to increase the signal-to-noise ratio (and thus reduce the QBER) at the cost of reduced raw key rate.

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