Abstract

We report ultra-low phase-noise microwave generation at a 9.6 GHz carrier frequency from optical frequency combs based on diode-pumped solid-state lasers emitting at telecom wavelength and referenced to a common cavity-stabilized continuous-wave laser. Using a novel fibered polarization-maintaining pulse interleaver, a single-oscillator phase-noise floor of −171 dBc/Hz at 10 MHz offset frequency has been measured with commercial PIN InGaAs photodiodes, constituting a record for this type of detector. Also, a direct optical measurement of the stabilized frequency combs’ timing jitter was performed using a balanced optical cross correlator, allowing for an identification of the origin of the phase-noise limitations in the system.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (4)

F. Quinlan, F. N. Baynes, T. M. Fortier, Q. Zhou, A. Cross, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical amplification and pulse interleaving for low-noise photonic microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1581–1584 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xie, Q. Zhou, K. Li, Y. Shen, Q. Li, Z. Yang, A. Beling, and J. C. Campbell, “Improved power conversion efficiency in high-performance photodiodes by flip-chip bonding on diamond,” Optica 1(6), 429–435 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. A. Meyer, T. M. Fortier, S. Lecomte, and S. A. Diddams, “A frequency-stabilized Yb:KYW femtosecond laser frequency comb and its application to low-phase-noise microwave generation,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 565–570 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Analysis of shot noise in the detection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(6), 1775–1785 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Portuondo-Campa, R. Paschotta, and S. Lecomte, “Sub-100 attosecond timing jitter from low-noise passively mode-locked solid-state laser at telecom wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2650–2653 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, S. Seidelin, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Amplitude to phase conversion of InGaAs pin photo-diodes for femtosecond lasers microwave signal generation,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 301–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Haboucha, W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, A. N. Luiten, Y. Le Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Optical-fiber pulse rate multiplier for ultralow phase-noise signal generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3654–3656 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Noise floor reduction of an Er:fiber laser-based photonic microwave generator,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(6), 1004–1012 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

J. J. McFerran, W. C. Swann, B. R. Washburn, and N. R. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 219–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

1999 (1)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bartels, A.

Baynes, F. N.

Beling, A.

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Bartels, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, J. C. Bergquist, W. H. Oskay, and L. Hollberg, “Femtosecond-laser-based synthesis of ultrastable microwave signals from optical frequency references,” Opt. Lett. 30(6), 667–669 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boudot, R.

Bourgeois, P. Y.

Bucalovic, N.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Buchs, G.

Campbell, J.

Campbell, J. C.

X. Xie, Q. Zhou, K. Li, Y. Shen, Q. Li, Z. Yang, A. Beling, and J. C. Campbell, “Improved power conversion efficiency in high-performance photodiodes by flip-chip bonding on diamond,” Optica 1(6), 429–435 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, F. N. Baynes, T. M. Fortier, Q. Zhou, A. Cross, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical amplification and pulse interleaving for low-noise photonic microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1581–1584 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cross, A.

Datta, S.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

Deschenes, J. D.

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Domenico, G.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

F. Quinlan, F. N. Baynes, T. M. Fortier, Q. Zhou, A. Cross, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical amplification and pulse interleaving for low-noise photonic microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1581–1584 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Meyer, T. M. Fortier, S. Lecomte, and S. A. Diddams, “A frequency-stabilized Yb:KYW femtosecond laser frequency comb and its application to low-phase-noise microwave generation,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 565–570 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Analysis of shot noise in the detection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(6), 1775–1785 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jiang, J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Noise floor reduction of an Er:fiber laser-based photonic microwave generator,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(6), 1004–1012 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Bartels, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, J. C. Bergquist, W. H. Oskay, and L. Hollberg, “Femtosecond-laser-based synthesis of ultrastable microwave signals from optical frequency references,” Opt. Lett. 30(6), 667–669 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolgovskiy, V.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dubois, B.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J. M.

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T.

H. Jiang, J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Noise floor reduction of an Er:fiber laser-based photonic microwave generator,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(6), 1004–1012 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T. M.

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, F. N. Baynes, T. M. Fortier, Q. Zhou, A. Cross, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical amplification and pulse interleaving for low-noise photonic microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1581–1584 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Meyer, T. M. Fortier, S. Lecomte, and S. A. Diddams, “A frequency-stabilized Yb:KYW femtosecond laser frequency comb and its application to low-phase-noise microwave generation,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 565–570 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Analysis of shot noise in the detection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(6), 1775–1785 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Giordano, V.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gopinath, J. T.

Grop, S.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Haboucha, A.

Hati, A.

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, H.

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Analysis of shot noise in the detection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(6), 1775–1785 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Noise floor reduction of an Er:fiber laser-based photonic microwave generator,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(6), 1004–1012 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joshi, A.

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kaertner, F. X.

Keller, U.

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kersalé, Y.

Kim, J.

Kirchner, M. S.

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Kundermann, S.

Kuzucu, O.

Le Coq, Y.

Lecomte, S.

Lemke, N.

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

Li, Q.

Li, T.

W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, S. Seidelin, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Amplitude to phase conversion of InGaAs pin photo-diodes for femtosecond lasers microwave signal generation,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 301–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, A. N. Luiten, Y. Le Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Optical-fiber pulse rate multiplier for ultralow phase-noise signal generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3654–3656 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lours, M.

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ludlow, A. D.

Luiten, A. N.

McFerran, J. J.

J. J. McFerran, W. C. Swann, B. R. Washburn, and N. R. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 219–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meyer, S. A.

S. A. Meyer, T. M. Fortier, S. Lecomte, and S. A. Diddams, “A frequency-stabilized Yb:KYW femtosecond laser frequency comb and its application to low-phase-noise microwave generation,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 565–570 (2013).
[Crossref]

Millo, J.

Nelson, C.

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N. R.

J. J. McFerran, W. C. Swann, B. R. Washburn, and N. R. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 219–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Bartels, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, J. C. Bergquist, W. H. Oskay, and L. Hollberg, “Femtosecond-laser-based synthesis of ultrastable microwave signals from optical frequency references,” Opt. Lett. 30(6), 667–669 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oehler, A. E. H.

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

Oskay, W. H.

Paschotta, R.

Pekarek, S.

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

Petrich, G. S.

Portuondo-Campa, E.

Quinlan, F.

F. Quinlan, F. N. Baynes, T. M. Fortier, Q. Zhou, A. Cross, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical amplification and pulse interleaving for low-noise photonic microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1581–1584 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Analysis of shot noise in the detection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(6), 1775–1785 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Noise floor reduction of an Er:fiber laser-based photonic microwave generator,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(6), 1004–1012 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

Schibli, T. R.

Schilt, S.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seidelin, S.

W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, S. Seidelin, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Amplitude to phase conversion of InGaAs pin photo-diodes for femtosecond lasers microwave signal generation,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 301–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stumpf, M. C.

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

Südmeyer, T.

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Swann, W. C.

J. J. McFerran, W. C. Swann, B. R. Washburn, and N. R. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 219–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tandon, S. N.

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Noise floor reduction of an Er:fiber laser-based photonic microwave generator,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(6), 1004–1012 (2011).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. A.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

Thorpe, M. J.

Washburn, B. R.

J. J. McFerran, W. C. Swann, B. R. Washburn, and N. R. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 219–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wilpers, G.

Xie, X.

Yang, Z.

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, S. Seidelin, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Amplitude to phase conversion of InGaAs pin photo-diodes for femtosecond lasers microwave signal generation,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 301–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, A. N. Luiten, Y. Le Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Optical-fiber pulse rate multiplier for ultralow phase-noise signal generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3654–3656 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Q.

Appl. Phys. B (6)

S. A. Meyer, T. M. Fortier, S. Lecomte, and S. A. Diddams, “A frequency-stabilized Yb:KYW femtosecond laser frequency comb and its application to low-phase-noise microwave generation,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 565–570 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Dolgovskiy, S. Schilt, N. Bucalovic, G. Di Domenico, S. Grop, B. Dubois, V. Giordano, and T. Südmeyer, “Ultra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-μm range,” Appl. Phys. B 116(3), 593–601 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. C. Stumpf, S. Pekarek, A. E. H. Oehler, T. Südmeyer, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, “Self-referencable frequency comb from a 170-fs, 1.5-μm solid-state laser oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 99(3), 401–408 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B 69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. J. McFerran, W. C. Swann, B. R. Washburn, and N. R. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 219–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, S. Seidelin, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Amplitude to phase conversion of InGaAs pin photo-diodes for femtosecond lasers microwave signal generation,” Appl. Phys. B 106(2), 301–308 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

J. Taylor, S. Datta, A. Hati, C. Nelson, F. Quinlan, A. Joshi, and S. Diddams, “Characterization of Power-to-Phase Conversion in High-Speed P-I-N Photodiodes,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(1), 140–151 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. Taylor, F. Quinlan, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Noise floor reduction of an Er:fiber laser-based photonic microwave generator,” IEEE Photonics J. 3(6), 1004–1012 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, H. Jiang, A. Hati, C. Nelson, Y. Fu, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Exploiting shot noise correlations in the photodetection of ultrashort optical pulse trains,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 290–293 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 425–429 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

A. Haboucha, W. Zhang, T. Li, M. Lours, A. N. Luiten, Y. Le Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Optical-fiber pulse rate multiplier for ultralow phase-noise signal generation,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3654–3656 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. T. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaertner, “Attosecond active synchronization of passively mode-locked lasers by balanced cross correlation,” Opt. Lett. 28(11), 947–949 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, J. A. Taylor, M. J. Thorpe, N. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, and S. A. Diddams, “Ultralow phase noise microwave generation with an Er:fiber-based optical frequency divider,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3260–3262 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, F. N. Baynes, T. M. Fortier, Q. Zhou, A. Cross, J. C. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical amplification and pulse interleaving for low-noise photonic microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1581–1584 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bartels, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, G. Wilpers, J. C. Bergquist, W. H. Oskay, and L. Hollberg, “Femtosecond-laser-based synthesis of ultrastable microwave signals from optical frequency references,” Opt. Lett. 30(6), 667–669 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Millo, R. Boudot, M. Lours, P. Y. Bourgeois, A. N. Luiten, Y. Le Coq, Y. Kersalé, and G. Santarelli, “Ultra-low-noise microwave extraction from fiber-based optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3707–3709 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Portuondo-Campa, R. Paschotta, and S. Lecomte, “Sub-100 attosecond timing jitter from low-noise passively mode-locked solid-state laser at telecom wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2650–2653 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, F. Quinlan, A. Hati, C. Nelson, J. A. Taylor, Y. Fu, J. Campbell, and S. A. Diddams, “Photonic microwave generation with high-power photodiodes,” Opt. Lett. 38(10), 1712–1714 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W. Sun, F. Quinlan, T. M. Fortier, J. D. Deschenes, Y. Fu, S. A. Diddams, and J. C. Campbell, “Broadband noise limit in the photodetection of ultralow jitter optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(20), 203901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 . General diagram of the experimental setup.a) Detail of DPSSL OFCs, b) Measurement setup. Red arrows indicate light transmission paths. Black arrows correspond to electronic signal paths. DPSSL: diode-pumped solid-state laser, OFC: optical frequency comb, EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier, HNLF: highly nonlinear fiber, PZT: piezoelectric transducer, FFT: fast Fourier transform. HLPD: Highly Linear Photodiode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Interleaver design. S0 to S5 correspond to PM splitters/combiners which constitute the 5 first interleaver stages. The last stage is ended by a fibered polarizing beam combiner: S6 (PBC). Red and blue colors indicate orthogonal polarizations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) and b) RF spectra of the f0 and optical beat-note signals (for frep) of a stabilized OFC. c) RIN spectrum of one of the DPSSL in the conditions: free-running (blue curve), f0 – stabilized (red curve) and fully stabilized (black curve) as a frequency comb.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Microwave spectra of a photodiode signal without filtering or amplification as obtained with a 5-stages pulse interleaver (blue dots) and with a 6-stages pulse interleaver (red lines) for the same average photocurrent.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Photodiodes (23 GHz and 12 GHz bandwidths) microwave output power at 9.6 GHz as a function of the photocurrent.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Single side-band (SSB) phase-noise ℒ(f) of the photo-generated 9.6 GHz microwave carriers measured relative to each other for different photocurrents (black, red and green curves). The blue curve corresponds to the balanced optical cross correlator (BOC) measurement of the stabilized lasers, scaled to the carrier frequency of 9.6 GHz. For comparison, calculated continuous-wave shot-noise limits are indicated on the right of the plot.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Single side-band phase-noise ℒ(f) of the photo-generated 9.6 GHz microwave carriers measured relative to each other for 11 mA photocurrent (red curve), balanced optical cross correlator (BOC) measurement (blue curve), measurement noise floor with the microwave amplifiers (dark green curve) and measurement noise floor without amplifiers (black curve).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Calculated cw shot-noise limits for both oscillators (according to [11]), measured phase-noise floors and excess measured phase-noise compared to the cw shot-noise limit for three different photocurrent values.

Metrics