Abstract

Low driving voltage is achieved in full color reflective display based on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal (PS-PBLC), by doping a small amount of ferroelectric nanoparticles. Both reflectance spectra of PS-PBLC with and without BaTiO3 ferroelectric nanoparticles are studied under different applied external voltages. Superior to PS-PBLC without ferroelectric nanoparticles, the vertical driving electric fields of PS-PBLC with 0.4 wt.% BaTiO3 ferroelectric nanoparticles are dramatically reduced by more than 70% for red, green and blue cells. The proposed approach would accelerate the practical application of full color PS-BPLC reflective display.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
A vertical-field-driven polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal mode to obtain a higher transmittance and lower driving voltage

Yong-Hun Kim, Sung-Taek Hur, Chang-Sub Park, Kyung-Woo Park, Suk-Won Choi, Shin-Won Kang, and Hak-Rin Kim
Opt. Express 19(18) 17427-17438 (2011)

Low voltage and high resolution phase modulator based on blue phase liquid crystals with external compact optical system

Jing Yan, Yufei Xing, Zhengbo Guo, and Qing Li
Opt. Express 23(12) 15256-15264 (2015)

All-inorganic perovskite quantum dots stabilized blue phase liquid crystals

Pengcheng Lin, Qi Yan, Zhan Wei, Ying Chen, Fang Chen, Zhuoran Huang, Xiaoxin Li, Huiyuan Wang, Xuezhen Wang, and Zhengdong Cheng
Opt. Express 26(14) 18310-18319 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Mixed-mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. I. Gvozdovskyy, “‘Blue phases’ of highly chiral thermotropic liquid crystals with a wide range of near-room temperature,” Liq. Cryst. 42(10), 1391–1402 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(15), 40780 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. Yan, S. T. Wu, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A full-color reflective display using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(8), 081102 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Electric field-induced monodomain blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(17), 171110 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Joshi, A. Kumar, J. Prakash, and A. M. Biradar, “Low power operation of ferroelectric liquid crystal system dispersed with zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 253109 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Rudzki, D. R. Evans, G. Cook, and W. Haase, “Size dependence of harvested BaTiO3 nanoparticles on the electro-optic and dielectric properties of ferroelectric liquid crystal nanocolloids,” Appl. Opt. 52(22), E6–E14 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. W. K. Lee, J. H. Choi, H. J. Na, J. H. Lim, J. M. Han, J. Y. Hwang, and D. S. Seo, “Low-power operation of vertically aligned liquid-crystal system via anatase-TiO2 nanoparticle dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3653–3655 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

I. Gvozdovskyy, “‘Blue phases’ of highly chiral thermotropic liquid crystals with a wide range of near-room temperature,” Liq. Cryst. 42(10), 1391–1402 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(15), 40780 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

J. Yan, S. T. Wu, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A full-color reflective display using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(8), 081102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Electric field-induced monodomain blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(17), 171110 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Rudzki, D. R. Evans, G. Cook, and W. Haase, “Size dependence of harvested BaTiO3 nanoparticles on the electro-optic and dielectric properties of ferroelectric liquid crystal nanocolloids,” Appl. Opt. 52(22), E6–E14 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

T. Joshi, A. Kumar, J. Prakash, and A. M. Biradar, “Low power operation of ferroelectric liquid crystal system dispersed with zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 253109 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Mixed-mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D. K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Arisawa, H.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Biradar, A. M.

P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Joshi, A. Kumar, J. Prakash, and A. M. Biradar, “Low power operation of ferroelectric liquid crystal system dispersed with zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 253109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Buchnev, O.

A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. P.

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(15), 40780 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Electric field-induced monodomain blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(17), 171110 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, K. L.

J. Yan, S. T. Wu, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A full-color reflective display using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(8), 081102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheon, C. I.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, J. H.

Coles, H. J.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cook, G.

Cordoyiannis, G.

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Doane, J. W.

D. K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ellahi, M.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Evans, D. R.

Gan, T.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ganguly, P.

P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Glasser, J.

D. K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

Glushchenko, A.

A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomyo, M.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gvozdovskyy, I.

I. Gvozdovskyy, “‘Blue phases’ of highly chiral thermotropic liquid crystals with a wide range of near-room temperature,” Liq. Cryst. 42(10), 1391–1402 (2015).
[Crossref]

Haase, W.

Han, J. M.

Harada, H.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haranath, D.

P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, W. L.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Helfrich, W.

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Hirakata, Y.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoischen, A.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hwang, J. Y.

Iljin, A.

A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
[Crossref]

Joshi, T.

T. Joshi, A. Kumar, J. Prakash, and A. M. Biradar, “Low power operation of ferroelectric liquid crystal system dispersed with zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 253109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kajiyama, T.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kikuchi, H.

H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitzerow, H. S.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koyama, J.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kralj, S.

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Joshi, A. Kumar, J. Prakash, and A. M. Biradar, “Low power operation of ferroelectric liquid crystal system dispersed with zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 253109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kurochkin, O.

A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kusunoki, K.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kutnjak, Z.

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lavric, M.

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, W. K.

Lelidis, I.

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, J. H.

Lu, J. G.

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Na, H. J.

Nagata, T.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ni, S. B.

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nordendorf, G.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nounesis, G.

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Okano, Y.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Okazaki, K.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, F.

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pivnenko, M. N.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prakash, J.

T. Joshi, A. Kumar, J. Prakash, and A. M. Biradar, “Low power operation of ferroelectric liquid crystal system dispersed with zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 253109 (2010).
[Crossref]

Reshetnyak, V.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reznikov, Y.

A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudzki, A.

Sakakura, M.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sato, R.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schadt, M.

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Schmidtke, J.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seo, D. S.

Shiu, J. W.

J. Yan, S. T. Wu, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A full-color reflective display using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(8), 081102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sluckin, T. J.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, X. L.

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Su, Y. K.

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tone, H.

H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toyotaka, K.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tripathi, S.

P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tzitzios, V.

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Uesaka, T.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Urano, C.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wakimoto, K.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

West, J. L.

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilkes, D.

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. S.

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Mixed-mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(15), 40780 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, S. T. Wu, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A full-color reflective display using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(8), 081102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Electric field-induced monodomain blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(17), 171110 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Mixed-mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, D. M.

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yabu, S.

H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, Y.

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, S.

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, J.

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, S. T. Wu, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A full-color reflective display using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(8), 081102 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, D. K.

D. K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yaniv, Z.

D. K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshida, H.

H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, M.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J. M.

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. L.

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Technol. (1)

G. Nordendorf, A. Hoischen, J. Schmidtke, D. Wilkes, and H. S. Kitzerow, “Polymer-stabilized blue phases: promising mesophases for a new generation of liquid crystal displays,” Adv. Technol. 25(11), 1195–1207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

P. Ganguly, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, D. Haranath, and A. M. Biradar, “Faster and highly luminescent ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with ferroelectric BaTiO3 nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(22), 222902 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Joshi, A. Kumar, J. Prakash, and A. M. Biradar, “Low power operation of ferroelectric liquid crystal system dispersed with zinc oxide nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 253109 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Xu, J. Yan, J. M. Yuan, F. Peng, Y. Chen, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optic response of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011119 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, S. T. Wu, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “A full-color reflective display using polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(8), 081102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Electric field-induced monodomain blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(17), 171110 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Mixed-mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(15), 40780 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

H. Harada, M. Gomyo, Y. Okano, T. Gan, C. Urano, Y. Yamaguchi, T. Uesaka, and H. Arisawa, “Full-color photo-addressable electronic paper using cholesteric liquid crystals and organic photoconductors,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 16(12), 1243–1250 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Toyotaka, K. Kusunoki, T. Nagata, Y. Hirakata, K. Wakimoto, J. Koyama, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, and M. Sakakura, “6.0-inch extended graphics array reflective liquid crystal display using oxide semiconductor thin film transistors for electronic paper display,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(3S), 03CC09 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. (2)

I. Gvozdovskyy, “‘Blue phases’ of highly chiral thermotropic liquid crystals with a wide range of near-room temperature,” Liq. Cryst. 42(10), 1391–1402 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. L. Zhu, S. B. Ni, C. P. Chen, X. L. Song, C. Y. Chen, J. G. Lu, and Y. K. Su, “The influence of polymer system on polymer-stabilised blue phase liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 41(6), 891–896 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mater. Chem. C (1)

L. Wang, W. L. He, Q. Wang, M. Yu, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, M. Ellahi, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and L. Guo, “Polymer-stabilized nanoparticle-enriched blue phase liquid crystals,” Mater. Chem. C 1(40), 6526–6531 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

M. Lavrič, V. Tzitzios, G. Cordoyiannis, S. Kralj, G. Nounesis, I. Lelidis, and Z. Kutnjak, “Blue phase range widening induced by laponite nanoplatelets in the chiral liquid crystal CE8,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 615(1), 14–18 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

H. Tone, H. Yoshida, S. Yabu, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Effect of anisotropic lattice deformation on the Kerr coefficient of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 89(1), 012506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Li, O. Buchnev, C. I. Cheon, A. Glushchenko, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, T. J. Sluckin, and J. L. West, “Orientational coupling amplification in ferroelectric nematic colloids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 147801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

SID (1)

A. Glushchenko, O. Buchnev, A. Iljin, O. Kurochkin, and Y. Reznikov, “23.3: cholesteric colloid of ferroelectric nano-particles,” SID 38(1), 1086–1089 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 TEM image of BaTiO3 ferroelectric nanoparticles. The sizes are in range of 30-100 nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Working principle of the proposed reflective display: (a) bright state at V = 0, and (b) dark state at V>0. The concentration of chiral dopant is carefully selected to achieve different reflective bands.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Polarization optical microscope images of (a) red, (b) green, and (c) blue cell. Scale bar: 100 μm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Voltage-dependent reflectance of (a) red without NPs, (b) red with NPs, (c) green without NPs, (d) green with NPs, (e) blue without NPs, (f) blue with NPs. The peak wavelength of red is λ = 620 nm, green is λ = 560 nm, and blue is λ = 440 nm, respectively. The FWHM of red is 40 nm, green is 30 nm, and blue is 20 nm, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Relationships of reflectance and driving electric field with and without doping BaTiO3 ferroelectric nanoparticle for (a) red, (b) green and (c) blue color, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Chemical composition of 6 cells correspond to red green and blue light.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ= 2na h 2 + k 2 + l 2

Metrics