Abstract

In this paper, we propose a cost-effective, energy-saving mode-division-multiplexing passive optical network (MDM-PON) scheme utilizing self-homodyne detection for high-speed/capacity access network based on low modal-crosstalk few-mode fiber (FMF) and all-fiber mode multiplexer/demultiplexer (MUX/DEMUX). In the proposed scheme, one of the spatial modes is used to transmit a portion of signal carrier (namely pilot-tone) as the local oscillator (LO), while the others are used for signal-bearing channels. At the receiver, the pilot-tone and the signal can be separated without strong crosstalk and sent to the receiver for coherent detection. The spectral efficiency (SE) is significantly enhanced when multiple spatial channels are used. Meanwhile, the self-homodyne detection scheme can effectively suppress laser phase noise, which relaxes the requirement for the lasers line-width at the optical line terminal or optical network units (OLT/ONUs). The digital signal processing (DSP) at the receiver is also simplified since it removes the need for frequency offset compensation and complex phase correction, which reduces the computational complexity and energy consumption. Polarization division multiplexing (PDM) that offers doubled SE is also supported by the scheme. The proposed scheme is scalable to multi-wavelength application when wavelength MUX/DEMUX is utilized. Utilizing the proposed scheme, we demonstrate a proof of concept 4 × 40-Gb/s orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission over 55-km FMF using low modal-crosstalk two-mode FMF and MUX/DEMUX with error free operation. Compared with back to back case, less than 1-dB Q-factor penalty is observed after 55-km FMF of the four channels. Signal power and pilot-tone power are also optimized to achieve the optimal transmission performance.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (4)

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Xia, N. Chand, A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, Z. Yang, X. Liu, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, H. Wen, B. Zhu, N. Zhao, F. Effenberger, R. Amezcua-Correa, and G. Li, “Time-division-multiplexed few-mode passive optical network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1151–1158 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Ip, G. Milione, M. J. Li, N. Cvijetic, K. Kanonakis, J. Stone, G. Peng, X. Prieto, C. Montero, V. Moreno, and J. Liñares, “SDM transmission of real-time 10GbE traffic using commercial SFP + transceivers over 0.5km elliptical-core few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17120–17126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (8)

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Sleiffer, P. Leoni, Y. Jung, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, S. Calabrò, and H. de Waardt, “20 × 960-Gb/s Space-division-multiplexed 32QAM transmission over 60 km few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 22(1), 749–755 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Grobe, M. Eiselt, S. Pachnicke, and J. Elbers, “Access networks based on tunable lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(16), 2815–2823 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

Agata, A.

Alam, S. U.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

Antonio-Lopez, J. E.

Awaji, Y.

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Brambilla, G.

Calabrò, S.

Chand, N.

Chen, S.

Chen, Z.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, N.

Cho, K. Y.

Chung, Y. C.

Corbett, B.

Correa, R. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cvijetic, N.

de Waardt, H.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. A. Sleiffer, P. Leoni, Y. Jung, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, S. Calabrò, and H. de Waardt, “20 × 960-Gb/s Space-division-multiplexed 32QAM transmission over 60 km few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 22(1), 749–755 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Effenberger, F.

Eiselt, M.

Elbers, J.

Ferreira, R.

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fini, J.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grobe, K.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Gutierrez, D.

He, Y.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hong, U. H.

Horiuchi, Y.

Hu, T.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huijskens, F. M.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ip, E.

Ismaeel, R.

Jung, S. P.

Jung, Y.

Kamio, Y.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kanno, A.

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Kanonakis, K.

Kawanishi, T.

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Kazovsky, L.

Klaus, W.

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Koonen, A. M. J.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kuschnerov, M.

Lee, T.

Leoni, P.

Li, G.

C. Xia, N. Chand, A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, Z. Yang, X. Liu, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, H. Wen, B. Zhu, N. Zhao, F. Effenberger, R. Amezcua-Correa, and G. Li, “Time-division-multiplexed few-mode passive optical network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1151–1158 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, M. J.

Li, Z.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lima, M.

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liñares, J.

Liu, X.

Lopez, E. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Love, J. D.

Luis, R.

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Luis, R. S.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Mendinueta, J.

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Mendinueta, J. M. D.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Milione, G.

Mo, Q.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Nakamura, M.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oduro, B.

Okonkwo, C. M.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pachnicke, S.

Pavlovic, N. B.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.

Prieto, X.

Puttnam, B.

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Reis, J.

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ren, F.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Riesen, N.

Sakaguchi, J.

J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

Sano, T.

Schülzgen, A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shahpari, A.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shaw, W.

Shieh, W.

Sleiffer, V. A.

Stone, J.

Sun, Y.

Surof, J.

Suzuki, M.

Takushima, Y.

Tang, R.

F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

Teixeira, A.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

van Uden, R. G. H.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Velázquez-Benítez, A. M.

Veljanovski, V.

Vujicic, Z.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wada, N.

Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Self-homodyne detection based fully coherent reflective PON using RSOA and simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2226–2229 (2015).
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R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
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R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra high capacity self-homodyne PON with simplified ONU and burst-mode upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
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Z. Vujicic, R. S. Luis, J. M. D. Mendinueta, A. Shahpari, N. B. Pavlovic, B. J. Puttnam, Y. Kamio, M. Nakamura, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Demonstration of Wavelength-Shared Coherent PON Using RSOA and Simplified DSP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2142–2145 (2014).
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J. Mendinueta, B. Puttnam, J. Sakaguchi, R. Luis, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, “Energy efficient carrier phase recovery for self-homodyne polarization-multiplexed QPSK,” in Proc. OECC (2013), paper ThR3–5.

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Xia, C.

C. Xia, N. Chand, A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, Z. Yang, X. Liu, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, H. Wen, B. Zhu, N. Zhao, F. Effenberger, R. Amezcua-Correa, and G. Li, “Time-division-multiplexed few-mode passive optical network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1151–1158 (2015).
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R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
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Yang, Z.

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F. Ren, J. Li, T. Hu, R. Tang, J. Yu, Q. Mo, Y. He, Z. Chen, and Z. Li, “Cascaded mode-division-multiplexing and time-division-multiplexing passive optical network based on low modal-crosstalk FMF and mode MUX/DEMUX,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 7903509 (2015).
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Zhao, N.

Zhu, B.

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R. Luis, A. Shahpari, J. Reis, R. Ferreira, Z. Vujicic, B. Puttnam, J. Mendinueta, M. Lima, M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, N. Wada, and A. Teixeira, “Ultra High Capacity Self-Homodyne PON With Simplified ONU and Burst-Mode Upstream,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 686–689 (2014).
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J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, J. M. Delgado Mendinueta, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luis, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Hayashi, T. Nakanishi, T. Watanabe, Y. Kokubun, T. Takahata, and T. Kobayashi, “Realizing a 36-core, 3-mode Fiber with 108 Spatial Channels,” in Proc. OFC (OSA, 2015), paper PDP Th5C.
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[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of proposed MDM-PON utilizing self-homodyne detection.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup for MDM-PON utilizing self-homodyne detection.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical spectra for (a) signal branch (b) pilot-tone branch (c) the received signal at each ONU (d) and the pilot-tone at each ONU.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output mode intensity profiles for (a) LP01 input FMF (b) LP11 input FMF (c) LP01 output FMF (d) LP11 FMF.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Average BER characteristics versus the received power (b) Q-factor performances.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Performance comparison of laser line-width of 5-KHz and 1-MHz (b) Performance comparison of self-homodyne detection and intradyne detection with different crosstalk.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Q-factor performance versus input (a) signal power and (b) pilot-tone power.

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