Abstract

We report distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) polymer lasers fabricated using dot matrix holography. Pairs of distributed Bragg reflector mirrors with variable mirror separations are fabricated and a novel energy transfer blend consisting of a blue-emitting conjugated polymer and a red-emitting one is spin-coated onto the patterned substrate to complete the device. Under optical pumping, the device emits sing-mode lasing around 622 nm with a bandwidth of 0.41 nm. The working threshold is as low as 13.5 μJ/cm2 (~1.68 kW/cm2) and the measured slope efficiency reaches 5.2%. The distributed feedback (DFB) cavity and the DBR cavity resonate at the same lasing wavelength while the DFB laser shows a much higher threshold. We further show that flexible DBR lasers can be conveniently fabricated through the UV-imprinting technique by using the patterned silica substrate as the mold. Dot matrix holography represents a versatile approach to control the number, the size, the location and the orientation of DBR mirrors, thus providing great flexibility in designing DBR lasers.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

C. Vannahme, K. T. Sørensen, C. Gade, M. Dufva, and A. Kristensen, “Refractometric monitoring of dissolution and fluid flow with distributed feedback dye laser sensor,” Opt. Express 23(5), 6562–6568 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. R. Anderson, R. Gunawidjaja, and H. Eilers, “Self-healing organic-dye-based random lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(4), 577–580 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

W. Huang, L. Chen, and L. Xuan, “Efficient laser emission from organic semiconductor activated holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” RSC Advances 4(73), 38606–38613 (2014).
[Crossref]

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

2012 (5)

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais and S. Forget, “Recent advances in solid-state organic lasers,” Polym. Int. 61(3), 390–406 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(4), 419–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

T. Woggon, S. Klinkhammer, and U. Lemmer, “Compact spectroscopy system based on tunable organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 47–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Sensitive explosive vapor detection with polyfluorene lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(13), 2093–2097 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

N. Tsutsumi and T. Ishibashi, “Organic dye lasers with distributed Bragg reflector grating and distributed feedback resonator,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21698–21703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Hybrid optoelectronics: a polymer laser pumped by a nitride light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163306 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

A. E. Vasdekis, G. Tsiminis, J.-C. Ribierre, L. O’ Faolain, T. F. Krauss, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Diode pumped distributed Bragg reflector lasers based on a dye-to-polymer energy transfer blend,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9211–9216 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. L. Yeh, “Dot-matrix hologram with an encrypted figure,” Opt. Eng. 45(9), 095801 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

A. J. Heeger, “Nobel Lecture: Semiconducting and metallic polymers: The fourth generation of polymeric materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 73(3), 681–700 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristics of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64(12), 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Berggren, R. E. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

F. De Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, “Anomalous spontaneous-stimulated-decay phase transition and zero-threshold laser action in a microscopic cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(17), 1711–1714 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, B. R.

Andrew, P.

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristics of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64(12), 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bacher, A.

Barnes, W. L.

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristics of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64(12), 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren, R. E. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Boj, P. G.

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bradley, D. D. C.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

Buller, J.

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
[Crossref]

Burley, G. A.

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calzado, E. M.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Castex, M.-C.

H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

W. Huang, L. Chen, and L. Xuan, “Efficient laser emission from organic semiconductor activated holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” RSC Advances 4(73), 38606–38613 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.-D.

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chenais, S.

H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais and S. Forget, “Recent advances in solid-state organic lasers,” Polym. Int. 61(3), 390–406 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M.

Dawson, M. D.

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

De Martini, F.

F. De Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, “Anomalous spontaneous-stimulated-decay phase transition and zero-threshold laser action in a microscopic cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(17), 1711–1714 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

deMello, J. C.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Díaz-García, M. A.

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ding, R.

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dodabalapur, R. E.

M. Berggren, R. E. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Döring, S.

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dufva, M.

Eilers, H.

Fang, H.-H.

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

Farrell, T.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
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H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
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Grivas, C.

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(4), 419–462 (2012).
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Guilhabert, B.

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
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B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
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Gýrtner, C.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
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C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Haughey, A.-M.

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
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C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

Herrnsdorf, J.

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heydari, E.

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
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W. Huang, L. Chen, and L. Xuan, “Efficient laser emission from organic semiconductor activated holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” RSC Advances 4(73), 38606–38613 (2014).
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Ichikawa, M.

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
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Inigo, A. R.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishibashi, T.

Ishow, E.

H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
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F. De Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, “Anomalous spontaneous-stimulated-decay phase transition and zero-threshold laser action in a microscopic cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(17), 1711–1714 (1988).
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Jakobs, P. J.

Jory, M. J.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristics of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64(12), 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kanibolotsky, A.

Kanibolotsky, A. L.

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karnutsch, C.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Klinkhammer, S.

Koyama, T.

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Krauss, T. F.

Kristensen, A.

Kuzyk, M. G.

Laschewsky, A.

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laurand, N.

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemmer, U.

Liu, X.

Lu, S.-Y.

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mackintosh, A.

Mappes, T.

Merino, S.

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Morales-Vidal, M.

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

Muslija, A.

Nalamasu, O.

M. Berggren, R. E. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Navarro-Fuster, V.

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nehls, B. S.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

O’ Faolain, L.

Orofino, C.

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pethrick, R.

Pflumm, C.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pollnau, M.

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(4), 419–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

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M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rabbani-Haghighi, H.

H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
[Crossref]

Retolaza, A.

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ribierre, J.-C.

Samuel, I. D. W.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Sensitive explosive vapor detection with polyfluorene lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(13), 2093–2097 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Hybrid optoelectronics: a polymer laser pumped by a nitride light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163306 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. Tsiminis, J.-C. Ribierre, L. O’ Faolain, T. F. Krauss, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Diode pumped distributed Bragg reflector lasers based on a dye-to-polymer energy transfer blend,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9211–9216 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristics of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64(12), 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Scherf, U.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Seki, A.

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Siove, A.

H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
[Crossref]

Skabara, P.

Skabara, P. J.

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

Slusher, R. E.

M. Berggren, R. E. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sørensen, K. T.

Stefanou, P.

Stumpe, J.

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
[Crossref]

Suganuma, N.

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.-B.

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Taniguchi, Y.

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Timko, A.

M. Berggren, R. E. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tsiminis, G.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. Tsiminis, J.-C. Ribierre, L. O’ Faolain, T. F. Krauss, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Diode pumped distributed Bragg reflector lasers based on a dye-to-polymer energy transfer blend,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9211–9216 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsutsumi, N.

Turnbull, G. A.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Sensitive explosive vapor detection with polyfluorene lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(13), 2093–2097 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Hybrid optoelectronics: a polymer laser pumped by a nitride light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163306 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. Tsiminis, J.-C. Ribierre, L. O’ Faolain, T. F. Krauss, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Diode pumped distributed Bragg reflector lasers based on a dye-to-polymer energy transfer blend,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9211–9216 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristics of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64(12), 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vannahme, C.

Vasdekis, A. E.

Villalvilla, J. M.

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

Wang, J.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Weimann, T.

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wienhold, T.

Wischerhoff, E.

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
[Crossref]

Woggon, T.

X. Liu, P. Stefanou, B. Wang, T. Woggon, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Organic semiconductor distributed feedback (DFB) laser as excitation source in Raman spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28941–28947 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Woggon, S. Klinkhammer, and U. Lemmer, “Compact spectroscopy system based on tunable organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 47–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xia, R.

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xuan, L.

W. Huang, L. Chen, and L. Xuan, “Efficient laser emission from organic semiconductor activated holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” RSC Advances 4(73), 38606–38613 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Sensitive explosive vapor detection with polyfluorene lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(13), 2093–2097 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Hybrid optoelectronics: a polymer laser pumped by a nitride light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163306 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yeh, S. L.

S. L. Yeh, “Dot-matrix hologram with an encrypted figure,” Opt. Eng. 45(9), 095801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-L.

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Sensitive explosive vapor detection with polyfluorene lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(13), 2093–2097 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

G. Tsiminis, Y. Wang, A. L. Kanibolotsky, A. R. Inigo, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Nanoimprinted organic semiconductor laser pumped by a light-emitting diode,” Adv. Mater. 25(20), 2826–2830 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

E. Heydari, J. Buller, E. Wischerhoff, A. Laschewsky, S. Döring, and J. Stumpe, “Label-free biosensor based on an all-polymer DFB laser,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(2), 137–141 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Woggon, S. Klinkhammer, and U. Lemmer, “Compact spectroscopy system based on tunable organic semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 47–51 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Y. Yang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Hybrid optoelectronics: a polymer laser pumped by a nitride light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(16), 163306 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Karnutsch, C. Gýrtner, V. Haug, U. Lemmer, T. Farrell, B. S. Nehls, U. Scherf, J. Wang, T. Weimann, G. Heliotis, C. Pflumm, J. C. deMello, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Low threshold blue conjugated polymer lasers with first- and second-order distributed feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201108 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Rabbani-Haghighi, S. Forget, S. Chenais, A. Siove, M.-C. Castex, and E. Ishow, “Laser operation in nondoped thin films made of a small-molecule organic red-emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 033305 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Berggren, R. E. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(4), 410–411 (1998).
[Crossref]

E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223303 (2012).
[Crossref]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

A.-M. Haughey, B. Guilhabert, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, M. D. Dawson, G. A. Burley, and N. Laurand, “An oligofluorene truxene based distributed feedback laser for biosensing applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54, 679–686 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Rev. (1)

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic semiconductor lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

B. Guilhabert, N. Laurand, J. Herrnsdorf, Y. Chen, A. L. Kanibolotsky, C. Orofino, P. J. Skabara, and M. D. Dawson, “Mechanically flexible organic semiconductor laser array,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 684–690 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Heliotis, R. Xia, D. D. C. Bradley, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, P. Andrew, and W. L. Barnes, “Two-dimensional distributed feedback lasers using a broadband, red polyfluorene gain medium,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(12), 6959–6965 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

H.-H. Fang, R. Ding, S.-Y. Lu, X.-L. Zhang, J. Feng, Q.-D. Chen, and H.-B. Sun, “Flexible lasers based on the microstructured single-crystalline ultrathin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(45), 24139–24144 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Seki, M. Ichikawa, N. Suganuma, Y. Tanaka, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Organic polymer DBR laser by soft lithography II: Optimization of distributed Bragg reflector,” J. Photopolym. Sci. Technol. 16(2), 329–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

C. Grivas and M. Pollnau, “Organic solid-state integrated amplifiers and lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(4), 419–462 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. L. Yeh, “Dot-matrix hologram with an encrypted figure,” Opt. Eng. 45(9), 095801 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

X. Liu, P. Stefanou, B. Wang, T. Woggon, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Organic semiconductor distributed feedback (DFB) laser as excitation source in Raman spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28941–28947 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vannahme, K. T. Sørensen, C. Gade, M. Dufva, and A. Kristensen, “Refractometric monitoring of dissolution and fluid flow with distributed feedback dye laser sensor,” Opt. Express 23(5), 6562–6568 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Vasdekis, G. Tsiminis, J.-C. Ribierre, L. O’ Faolain, T. F. Krauss, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Diode pumped distributed Bragg reflector lasers based on a dye-to-polymer energy transfer blend,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9211–9216 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Tsutsumi and T. Ishibashi, “Organic dye lasers with distributed Bragg reflector grating and distributed feedback resonator,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21698–21703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, Y. Chen, A. Kanibolotsky, A. Mackintosh, R. Pethrick, P. Skabara, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. Dawson, “Flexible blue-emitting encapsulated organic semiconductor DFB laser,” Opt. Express 18(25), 25535–25545 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vannahme, S. Klinkhammer, U. Lemmer, and T. Mappes, “Plastic lab-on-a-chip for fluorescence excitation with integrated organic semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8179–8186 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, S. Klinkhammer, Z. Wang, T. Wienhold, C. Vannahme, P. J. Jakobs, A. Bacher, A. Muslija, T. Mappes, and U. Lemmer, “Pump spot size dependent lasing threshold in organic semiconductor DFB lasers fabricated via nanograting transfer,” Opt. Express 21(23), 27697–27706 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, M. J. Jory, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Relationship between photonic band structure and emission characteristics of a polymer distributed feedback laser,” Phys. Rev. B 64(12), 125122 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. De Martini and G. R. Jacobovitz, “Anomalous spontaneous-stimulated-decay phase transition and zero-threshold laser action in a microscopic cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(17), 1711–1714 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polym. Int. (1)

S. Chénais and S. Forget, “Recent advances in solid-state organic lasers,” Polym. Int. 61(3), 390–406 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. J. Heeger, “Nobel Lecture: Semiconducting and metallic polymers: The fourth generation of polymeric materials,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 73(3), 681–700 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

RSC Advances (1)

W. Huang, L. Chen, and L. Xuan, “Efficient laser emission from organic semiconductor activated holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings,” RSC Advances 4(73), 38606–38613 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (1)

M. Morales-Vidal, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, and M. A. Díaz-García, “Distributed feedback lasers based on perylenediimide dyes for label-free refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 1368–1375 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

A. E. Vasdekis, Microresonatros for organic semiconductor and fluidic lasers, in School of Physics and Astronomy (University of St Andrews, 2007).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration (a) and photograph (b) of the dot-matrix holography system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic illustration of DBR polymer lasers (1) and DFB lasers (2, 3). (b) Photograph of the DBR laser under an optical microscope. (c) AFM image of the grating in the photoresist and (e) the corresponding grating surface profile. (d) AFM image of the grating in the silica substrate and (f) the corresponding grating surface profile.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic illustration of the optical pumping apparatus.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Emission spectra of the DBR polymer laser at various pump energies. The mirror spacing is 0.2 mm. (b) Output lasing energy from the DBR laser as a function of pump energy.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Performance of DBR lasers with different mirror separations. (a) Photographs of the operating DBR polymer lasers and corresponding mirror separations are indicated. (b) Lasing spectra from DBR polymer lasers where lasing peaks of A, B, C, D and E belong to a mirror separation of 0.2 mm, 0.5 mm, 1.0 mm and 2.0 mm, respectively. (c) Working threshold as a function of the mirror separation where two sets of samples are tested.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic illustration of the feedback mechanism for the DBR (a) and DFB laser (b). Lasing spectra from the DBR cavity (c) and the DFB cavity (d) (e).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Performance of the flexible DBR laser. (a) Photograph of the operating sample. (b) Lasing spectrum and the inset shows the dependence of peak intensity and FWHM on pump fluence.

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