Abstract

In this work we point out that slope errors play only a minor role in the performance of a certain class of x-ray optics for X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL) applications. Using physical optics propagation simulations and the formalism of Church and Takacs [Opt. Eng. 34, 353 (1995)], we show that diffraction limited optics commonly found at XFEL facilities posses a critical spatial wavelength that makes them less sensitive to slope errors, and more sensitive to height error. Given the number of XFELs currently operating or under construction across the world, we hope that this simple observation will help to correctly define specifications for x-ray optics to be deployed at XFELs, possibly reducing the budget and the timeframe needed to complete the optical manufacturing and metrology.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  3. K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of x-ray free electron laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 40, 691 (2012).
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    [Crossref]
  7. P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
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  8. V. V. Yashchuk, L. V. Samoylova, and I. V. Kozhevnikov, “Specification of x-ray mirrors in terms of system performance: new twist to an old plot,” Opt. Eng. 54025108 (2015).
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  9. J. E. Krist, “Proper: An optical propagation library for IDL,” Proceedings of Optical modeling and Performance Predictions III 6675, 66750P (2007).
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  10. J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.
  11. “LCLS strategic facility development plan,” (June2015), https://portal.slac.stanford.edu/sites/lcls_public/Documents/LCLS_Strategic_Development_Plan.pdf

2015 (1)

V. V. Yashchuk, L. V. Samoylova, and I. V. Kozhevnikov, “Specification of x-ray mirrors in terms of system performance: new twist to an old plot,” Opt. Eng. 54025108 (2015).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

C. Pellegrini, “The history of X-ray free-electron lasers,” Europ. Phys. J. H 37, 659–708 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of x-ray free electron laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 40, 691 (2012).

2011 (1)

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. E. Krist, “Proper: An optical propagation library for IDL,” Proceedings of Optical modeling and Performance Predictions III 6675, 66750P (2007).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

E. L. Church and P. Z. Takacs, “Specification of glancing-incidence and normal-incidence x-ray optics,” Opt. Eng. 34, 353–360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Akre, R.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arthur, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barrett, R.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baxevanis, P.

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Bionta, R.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bostedt, C.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bozek, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brachmann, A.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bunk, O.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cammarata, M.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Church, E. L.

E. L. Church and P. Z. Takacs, “Specification of glancing-incidence and normal-incidence x-ray optics,” Opt. Eng. 34, 353–360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Coffee, R.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

David, C.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Decker, F. J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Decker, F.-J.

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Ding, Y.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Dowell, D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Edstrom, S.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Emma, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Farm, E.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fisher, A.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Frisch, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fritz, D. M.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Galayda, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gilevich, S.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gorelick, S.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gruenert, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guzenko, V. A.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hachisu, Y.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Hastings, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hays, G.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hering, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Inubushi, Y.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Ishikawa, T.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Iverson, R.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Kimura, T.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Koyama, T.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Kozhevnikov, I. V.

V. V. Yashchuk, L. V. Samoylova, and I. V. Kozhevnikov, “Specification of x-ray mirrors in terms of system performance: new twist to an old plot,” Opt. Eng. 54025108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Krist, J. E.

J. E. Krist, “Proper: An optical propagation library for IDL,” Proceedings of Optical modeling and Performance Predictions III 6675, 66750P (2007).
[Crossref]

Krzywinski, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Loos, H.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Marcus, G.

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Matsuyama, S.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

McNeil, B. W. J.

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
[Crossref]

Messerschmidt, M.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miahnahri, A.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mimura, H.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Moeller, S.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Norvell, N.

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Nuhn, D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ohashi, H.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Ohmori, H.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Pellegrini, C.

C. Pellegrini, “The history of X-ray free-electron lasers,” Europ. Phys. J. H 37, 659–708 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pile, G.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ratner, D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ritala, M.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rutishauser, S.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rzepiela, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Samoylova, L.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Samoylova, L. V.

V. V. Yashchuk, L. V. Samoylova, and I. V. Kozhevnikov, “Specification of x-ray mirrors in terms of system performance: new twist to an old plot,” Opt. Eng. 54025108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sano, Y.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Sato, T.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Schultz, D.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sinn, H.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Smith, T.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stefan, P.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takacs, P. Z.

E. L. Church and P. Z. Takacs, “Specification of glancing-incidence and normal-incidence x-ray optics,” Opt. Eng. 34, 353–360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, T.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Thompson, N. R.

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
[Crossref]

Togashi, T.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Tompkins, H.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tono, K.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Turner, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. L.

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

Vila-Comamala, J.

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Welch, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

White, W.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yabashi, M.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Yamauchi, K.

K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of x-ray free electron laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 40, 691 (2012).

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Yashchuk, V. V.

V. V. Yashchuk, L. V. Samoylova, and I. V. Kozhevnikov, “Specification of x-ray mirrors in terms of system performance: new twist to an old plot,” Opt. Eng. 54025108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yocky, G.

P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F. J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, H.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

Yumoto, H.

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

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E. L. Church and P. Z. Takacs, “Specification of glancing-incidence and normal-incidence x-ray optics,” Opt. Eng. 34, 353–360 (1995).
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V. V. Yashchuk, L. V. Samoylova, and I. V. Kozhevnikov, “Specification of x-ray mirrors in terms of system performance: new twist to an old plot,” Opt. Eng. 54025108 (2015).
[Crossref]

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J. E. Krist, “Proper: An optical propagation library for IDL,” Proceedings of Optical modeling and Performance Predictions III 6675, 66750P (2007).
[Crossref]

Rev. Laser Eng. (1)

K. Yamauchi, “Nanofocusing of x-ray free electron laser,” Rev. Laser Eng. 40, 691 (2012).

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. David, S. Gorelick, S. Rutishauser, J. Krzywinski, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, O. Bunk, E. Farm, M. Ritala, M. Cammarata, D. M. Fritz, R. Barrett, L. Samoylova, J. Gruenert, and H. Sinn, “Nanofocusing of hard x-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates,” Sci. Rep. 1, 57 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. Yumoto, H. Mimura, S. Matsuyama, T. Koyama, Y. Hachisu, T. Kimura, H. Yokoyama, J. Kim, Y. Sano, K. Tono, T. Togashi, Y. Inubushi, T. Sato, T. Tanaka, M. Yabashi, H. Ohashi, H. Ohmori, T. Ishikawa, and K. Yamauchi, “Micro-focusing of hard x-ray free electron laser radiation using Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror system,” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation425, 052022 (2013).

J. L. Turner, P. Baxevanis, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, Z. Huang, J. Krzywinski, H. Loos, G. Marcus, and N. Norvell, Menlo SLAC Park, CA 94025, U.S, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Studies of LCLS FEL divergence”.

“LCLS strategic facility development plan,” (June2015), https://portal.slac.stanford.edu/sites/lcls_public/Documents/LCLS_Strategic_Development_Plan.pdf

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The two height error profiles used in the simulations, both with σrms = 1.0 nm, and μrms = 30 nrad and 320 nrad respectively
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Beam intensity profile at the focal plane for the μrms = 30 nrad and the μrms = 320 nrad case. The intensity profile for the case of an ideally flat mirror is also shown (dash line) for comparison. λ = 1.5 Å
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Beam intensity profiles at the focal plane of the Tender X-ray beamline [11] for an ideally flat mirror, a μrms = 30 nrad and μrms = 320 nrad mirror. The reduction in Strehl ratio agrees well with the values predicted by the model. (Inset) The same data in a log plot shows how the reduction in Strehl ratio is mostly due to large angle scattering. (b) On-axis Strehl ratio as a function of mirror grazing angle for the μrms = 320 nrad case. λ = 1.5 Å

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Numerical results from physical optics propagation simulations for on-axis Strehl ratio and FWHM of the intensity profile at focus shown in Fig. 2.

Equations (9)

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Θ = θ diff 2 + θ source 2 + θ det 2 .
θ diff = λ L sin θ i = 1.1 × 10 7 rad .
θ source = M d source / x = 0.75 × 10 7 rad .
Θ ~ θ diff .
μ rms = θ diff 2 = 55 nrad,
W = 2 λ Θ sin θ i .
I ( 0 ) I 0 ( 0 ) = 1 8 Θ 2 μ rms 2 ( 4 π λ cos θ i ) 2 σ rms 2 ,
μ rms 2 = ( 2 π ) 2 1 / L 1 / W d f x PSD ( f x ) f x 2 ,
σ rms 2 = 1 / W 1 / λ d f x PSD ( f x ) .

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