Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a new method called SF-STAMP for sequentially timed all-optical mapping photography (STAMP) that utilizes spectral filtering. SF-STAMP is composed of a diffractive optical element (DOE), a band-pass filter, and two Fourier transform lenses. Using a linearly frequency-chirped pulse and converting the wavelength to the time axis, we realize single-shot ultrafast burst imaging. As an experimental demonstration of SF-STAMP, we monitor the dynamics of a laser ablation using a linearly frequency-chirped broadband pulse (>100 nm) that is temporally stretched up to ~40 ps. This imaging method is expected to be effective for investigating ultrafast dynamics in a diverse range of fields, such as photochemistry, plasma physics, and fluidics.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (5)

2014 (4)

J. Takeda, W. Oba, Y. Minami, T. Saiki, and I. Katayama, “Ultrafast crystalline-to-amorphous phase transition in Ge2Sb2Te5 chalcogenide alloy thin film using single-shot imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(26), 261903 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Guang, M. Rhodes, M. Davis, and R. Trebino, “Complete characterization of a spatiotemporally complex pulse by an improved single-frame pulse-measurement technique,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(11), 2736–2743 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nakagawa, A. Iwasaki, Y. Oishi, R. Horisaki, A. Tsukamoto, A. Nakamura, K. Hirosawa, H. Liao, T. Ushida, K. Goda, F. Kannari, and I. Sakuma, “Sequentially timed all-optical mapping photography (STAMP),” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 695–700 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, J. Liang, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Single-shot compressed ultrafast photography at one hundred billion frames per second,” Nature 516(7529), 74–77 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

W. Hu, Y. C. Shin, and G. King, “Early-stage plasma dynamics with air ionization during ultrashort laser ablation of metal,” Phys. Plasmas 18(9), 093302 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

X.-L. Liu, X. Lu, X. Liu, T.-T. Xi, F. Liu, J.-L. Ma, and J. Zhang, “Tightly focused femtosecond laser pulse in air: from filamentation to breakdown,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26007–26017 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

M. Sakakura, M. Terazima, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Observation of pressure wave generated by focusing a femtosecond laser pulse inside a glass,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5674–5686 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. G. Etoh, C. Vo Le, Y. Hashishin, N. Otsuka, K. Takehara, H. Ohtake, T. Hayashida, and H. Maruyama, “Evolution of Ultra-High-Speed CCD Imagers,” Plasma Fusion Res. 2, S1021 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

P. Gabolde and R. Trebino, “Single-shot measurement of the full spatio-temporal field of ultrashort pulses with multi-spectral digital holography,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11460–11467 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, “Snapshots of laser wakefields,” Nat. Phys. 2(11), 749–753 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. Sakakura and M. Terazima, “Initial temporal and spatial changes of the refractive index induced by focused femtosecond pulsed laser irradiation inside a glass,” Phys. Rev. B 71(2), 024113 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

H. Shiraga, M. Nakasuji, M. Heya, and N. Miyanaga, “Two-dimensional sampling-image x-ray streak camera for ultrafast imaging of inertial confinement fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(1), 620–623 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1985 (1)

1959 (1)

Akturk, S.

Azzeer, A. M.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barsi, C.

G. Satat, B. Heshmat, C. Barsi, D. Raviv, O. Chen, M. G. Bawendi, and R. Raskar, “Locating and classifying fluorescent tags behind turbid layers using time-resolved inversion,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6796 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

G. Satat, B. Heshmat, C. Barsi, D. Raviv, O. Chen, M. G. Bawendi, and R. Raskar, “Locating and classifying fluorescent tags behind turbid layers using time-resolved inversion,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6796 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bisgaard, C. Z.

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[Crossref]

Budzyn, F.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bulanov, S. S.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, “Snapshots of laser wakefields,” Nat. Phys. 2(11), 749–753 (2006).
[Crossref]

Buller, G. S.

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-fight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6021 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, O.

G. Satat, B. Heshmat, C. Barsi, D. Raviv, O. Chen, M. G. Bawendi, and R. Raskar, “Locating and classifying fluorescent tags behind turbid layers using time-resolved inversion,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6796 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chichkov, B. N.

Chvykov, V.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, “Snapshots of laser wakefields,” Nat. Phys. 2(11), 749–753 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clarkin, O. J.

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dangor, A. E.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davis, M.

Domke, M.

Dong, G.

Downer, M. C.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, “Snapshots of laser wakefields,” Nat. Phys. 2(11), 749–753 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. C. Downer, R. L. Fork, and C. V. Shank, “Femtosecond imaging of melting and evaporation at a photoexcited silicon surface,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2(4), 595–599 (1985).
[Crossref]

Drescher, M.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Du, X.

Dubietis, A.

Etoh, T. G.

T. G. Etoh, C. Vo Le, Y. Hashishin, N. Otsuka, K. Takehara, H. Ohtake, T. Hayashida, and H. Maruyama, “Evolution of Ultra-High-Speed CCD Imagers,” Plasma Fusion Res. 2, S1021 (2007).
[Crossref]

Evans, R. G.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faccio, D.

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-fight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6021 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fork, R. L.

Frühling, U.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fujita, H.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gabolde, P.

Gao, L.

L. Gao, J. Liang, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Single-shot compressed ultrafast photography at one hundred billion frames per second,” Nature 516(7529), 74–77 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gariepy, G.

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-fight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6021 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gebert, T.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gensch, M.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

M. Tamamitsu, K. Nakagawa, R. Horisaki, A. Iwasaki, Y. Oishi, A. Tsukamoto, F. Kannari, I. Sakuma, and K. Goda, “Design for sequentially timed all-optical mapping photography with optimum temporal performance,” Opt. Lett. 40(4), 633–636 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Nakagawa, A. Iwasaki, Y. Oishi, R. Horisaki, A. Tsukamoto, A. Nakamura, K. Hirosawa, H. Liao, T. Ushida, K. Goda, F. Kannari, and I. Sakuma, “Sequentially timed all-optical mapping photography (STAMP),” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 695–700 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grimm, O.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guang, Z.

Hashishin, Y.

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U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shank, C. V.

Shigemori, K.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
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Shimotsuma, Y.

Shin, Y. C.

W. Hu, Y. C. Shin, and G. King, “Early-stage plasma dynamics with air ionization during ultrashort laser ablation of metal,” Phys. Plasmas 18(9), 093302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shiraga, H.

H. Shiraga, M. Nakasuji, M. Heya, and N. Miyanaga, “Two-dimensional sampling-image x-ray streak camera for ultrafast imaging of inertial confinement fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(1), 620–623 (1999).
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R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
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Shvets, G.

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, “Snapshots of laser wakefields,” Nat. Phys. 2(11), 749–753 (2006).
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Šiaulys, N.

Stolow, A.

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
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R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
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Takeda, J.

J. Takeda, W. Oba, Y. Minami, T. Saiki, and I. Katayama, “Ultrafast crystalline-to-amorphous phase transition in Ge2Sb2Te5 chalcogenide alloy thin film using single-shot imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(26), 261903 (2014).
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Takehara, K.

T. G. Etoh, C. Vo Le, Y. Hashishin, N. Otsuka, K. Takehara, H. Ohtake, T. Hayashida, and H. Maruyama, “Evolution of Ultra-High-Speed CCD Imagers,” Plasma Fusion Res. 2, S1021 (2007).
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Tampo, M.

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Tanabe, T.

Tanaka, K. A.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
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Terazima, M.

M. Sakakura, M. Terazima, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Observation of pressure wave generated by focusing a femtosecond laser pulse inside a glass,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5674–5686 (2007).
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M. Sakakura and M. Terazima, “Initial temporal and spatial changes of the refractive index induced by focused femtosecond pulsed laser irradiation inside a glass,” Phys. Rev. B 71(2), 024113 (2005).
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G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-fight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6021 (2015).
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Toyama, Y.

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
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Trebino, R.

Tsia, K. K.

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
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K. Nakagawa, A. Iwasaki, Y. Oishi, R. Horisaki, A. Tsukamoto, A. Nakamura, K. Hirosawa, H. Liao, T. Ushida, K. Goda, F. Kannari, and I. Sakuma, “Sequentially timed all-optical mapping photography (STAMP),” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 695–700 (2014).
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K. Nakagawa, A. Iwasaki, Y. Oishi, R. Horisaki, A. Tsukamoto, A. Nakamura, K. Hirosawa, H. Liao, T. Ushida, K. Goda, F. Kannari, and I. Sakuma, “Sequentially timed all-optical mapping photography (STAMP),” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 695–700 (2014).
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Vo Le, C.

T. G. Etoh, C. Vo Le, Y. Hashishin, N. Otsuka, K. Takehara, H. Ohtake, T. Hayashida, and H. Maruyama, “Evolution of Ultra-High-Speed CCD Imagers,” Plasma Fusion Res. 2, S1021 (2007).
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L. Gao, J. Liang, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Single-shot compressed ultrafast photography at one hundred billion frames per second,” Nature 516(7529), 74–77 (2014).
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U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 523–528 (2009).
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Yakovlev, V. S.

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N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, “Snapshots of laser wakefields,” Nat. Phys. 2(11), 749–753 (2006).
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R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
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Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.-C.

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E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
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J. Takeda, W. Oba, Y. Minami, T. Saiki, and I. Katayama, “Ultrafast crystalline-to-amorphous phase transition in Ge2Sb2Te5 chalcogenide alloy thin film using single-shot imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(26), 261903 (2014).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

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Nat. Commun. (2)

G. Satat, B. Heshmat, C. Barsi, D. Raviv, O. Chen, M. G. Bawendi, and R. Raskar, “Locating and classifying fluorescent tags behind turbid layers using time-resolved inversion,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6796 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-fight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 6021 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

K. Nakagawa, A. Iwasaki, Y. Oishi, R. Horisaki, A. Tsukamoto, A. Nakamura, K. Hirosawa, H. Liao, T. Ushida, K. Goda, F. Kannari, and I. Sakuma, “Sequentially timed all-optical mapping photography (STAMP),” Nat. Photonics 8(9), 695–700 (2014).
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R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
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[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

N. H. Matlis, S. Reed, S. S. Bulanov, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, T. Matsuoka, P. Rousseau, V. Yanovsky, A. Maksimchuk, S. Kalmykov, G. Shvets, and M. C. Downer, “Snapshots of laser wakefields,” Nat. Phys. 2(11), 749–753 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nature (4)

R. Kodama, P. A. Norreys, K. Mima, A. E. Dangor, R. G. Evans, H. Fujita, Y. Kitagawa, K. Krushelnick, T. Miyakoshi, N. Miyanaga, T. Norimatsu, S. J. Rose, T. Shozaki, K. Shigemori, A. Sunahara, M. Tampo, K. A. Tanaka, Y. Toyama, T. Yamanaka, and M. Zepf, “Fast heating of ultrahigh-density plasma as a step towards laser fusion ignition,” Nature 412(6849), 798–802 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Goda, K. K. Tsia, and B. Jalali, “Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena,” Nature 458(7242), 1145–1149 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Gao, J. Liang, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Single-shot compressed ultrafast photography at one hundred billion frames per second,” Nature 516(7529), 74–77 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
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Opt. Express (8)

H. Zhang, F. Zhang, X. Du, G. Dong, and J. Qiu, “Influence of laser-induced air breakdown on femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1370–1376 (2015).
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M. Sakakura, M. Terazima, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, “Observation of pressure wave generated by focusing a femtosecond laser pulse inside a glass,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5674–5686 (2007).
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M. Domke, S. Rapp, M. Schmidt, and H. P. Huber, “Ultrafast pump-probe microscopy with high temporal dynamic range,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10330–10338 (2012).
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C. Unger, J. Koch, L. Overmeyer, and B. N. Chichkov, “Time-resolved studies of femtosecond-laser induced melt dynamics,” Opt. Express 20(22), 24864–24872 (2012).
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Phys. Plasmas (1)

W. Hu, Y. C. Shin, and G. King, “Early-stage plasma dynamics with air ionization during ultrashort laser ablation of metal,” Phys. Plasmas 18(9), 093302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Sakakura and M. Terazima, “Initial temporal and spatial changes of the refractive index induced by focused femtosecond pulsed laser irradiation inside a glass,” Phys. Rev. B 71(2), 024113 (2005).
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Plasma Fusion Res. (1)

T. G. Etoh, C. Vo Le, Y. Hashishin, N. Otsuka, K. Takehara, H. Ohtake, T. Hayashida, and H. Maruyama, “Evolution of Ultra-High-Speed CCD Imagers,” Plasma Fusion Res. 2, S1021 (2007).
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Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

H. Shiraga, M. Nakasuji, M. Heya, and N. Miyanaga, “Two-dimensional sampling-image x-ray streak camera for ultrafast imaging of inertial confinement fusion plasmas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(1), 620–623 (1999).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of spatially and temporally resolving by a DOE and a BPF, (b) schematic setup of SF-STAMP system, and (c) relationship of spectral and time widths of SF-STAMP.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of SF-STAMP (BS: beam splitter, HCF: hollow-core fiber filled with Ar-gas, DOE: diffractive optical element, BPF: band-pass filter).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Wavelength-multiplexed image (from 792 to 807 nm) and (b) wavelength-multiplexed image’s spectral properties.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral properties of five image frames at different BPF rotation angles.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup of microscopic SF-STAMP system for observation of ultrafast laser ablation dynamics. To select only a probe pulse, we used a polarization analyzer after the object lens.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured images of generation of air breakdown in a single shot by SF-STAMP. Dotted line shows air-glass surface. In a single-shot time window (9.2 ps), air breakdown was generated by an FTL laser pulse. Probe pulse was partially absorbed by air breakdown and thus attenuated (from 0 ps). Dark filament of laser-excited electrons close to glass surface was also captured from 4.6 ps. Each image has 740 × 480 pixels. To avoid capturing the scattering light of a pump pulse whose spectral range was 830~770 nm, we used a probe pulse’s spectral range of 770~750 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured images of generation of a plasma filament in a single shot (time window of 9.2 ps) by SF-STAMP. In this case, pump pulse was focused into glass from left side. Dotted line shows air-glass surface.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured SF-STAMP images of plasma filament generation in different time windows. In this case, we captured single-shot images with 700-fs frame intervals. Pump pulse was focused into glass from left side. Focused position was 100 μm from air-glass surface.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ(θ)= λ 0 ( 1 θ 2 2 n eff 2 ),
ΔT=DzΔ λ window ,
τ= ( 2 λ 0 2 ln2 πcΔ λ BPF ) 2 + ( DzΔ λ BPF ) 2 ,
Δt=DzΔ λ DOE .

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