Abstract

We report a study on a hybrid mode-locked fiber laser with two saturable absorbers: slow and fast, integrated in a single device. Amorphous antimony telluride (Sb2Te3) layer was deposited on side-polished fiber to form the slow saturable absorber due to the third order nonlinear susceptibility of Sb2Te3. Additionally, an unsymmetrical design of the device causes polarization-dependent losses and together with polarization controller allows to use a nonlinear polarization evolution to form the artificial fast saturable absorber. Sub-200 fs soliton pulses with 0.27 nJ of pulse energy were generated in the hybrid mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser. Differences in the dynamics of mode-locked laser are further investigated with the use of slow and fast saturable absorbers solely, and compared with the hybrid device. Joint operation of two saturable absorbers enhances the laser performance and stability. The conducted experiments allowed to define roles of each mechanism on the pulse shaping in the laser cavity.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (10)

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sobon, “Mode-locking of fiber lasers using novel two-dimensional nanomaterials: graphene and topological insulators [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(2), A56–A63 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Jeon, J. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “Numerical study on the minimum modulation depth of a saturable absorber for stable fiber laser mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32(1), 31–37 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Szczepanek, T. M. Kardaś, M. Michalska, C. Radzewicz, and Y. Stepanenko, “Simple all-PM-fiber laser mode-locked with a nonlinear loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3500–3503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Park, H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, and D. I. Yeom, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorbers with strongly enhanced evanescent-field interaction for ultrafast fiber laser mode-locking,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19806–19812 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, M. Kowalczyk, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber laser mode locked with black phosphorus,” Opt. Lett. 40(16), 3885–3888 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Meng, G. Semaan, M. Salhi, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, Z. C. Luo, and F. Sanchez, “High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23053–23058 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Liu, S. Liu, and J. Wei, “Origin of the giant optical nonlinearity of Sb2Te3 phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261903 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorber – what’s the difference,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Stability of lasers mode locked by two saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1228–1232 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, M. Kowalczyk, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber laser mode locked with black phosphorus,” Opt. Lett. 40(16), 3885–3888 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aksienionek, M.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

Arif, R. N.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aus der Au, J.

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorber – what’s the difference,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boguslawski, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Butch, N. P.

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cha, Y. H.

Chen, H.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J. C.

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Stability of lasers mode locked by two saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1228–1232 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chernysheva, M. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chi, C.

Choi, S. Y.

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ding, J.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D. Y.

Fang, Z.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Goh, C. S.

B. Xu, A. Martinez, S. Y. Set, C. S. Goh, and S. Yamashita, “A net normal dispersion all-fiber laser using a hybrid mode-locking mechanism,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grange, R.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guesmi, K.

Guina, M.

Guo, Z. N.

Haiml, M.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Stability of lasers mode locked by two saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1228–1232 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Stability of lasers mode locked by two saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1228–1232 (1993).
[Crossref]

Jeon, J.

Jeong, D. Y.

Jeong, H.

Jhon, Y. M.

Kardas, T. M.

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorber – what’s the difference,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

Keinonen, J.

Keller, U.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorber – what’s the difference,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kelly, S. M. J.

S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. H.

Kirshenbaum, K.

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koo, J.

Kowalczyk, M.

Kozinski, R.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kracht, D.

Krainer, L.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Krylov, A. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kumar, N.

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Librant, K.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lim, C. H. Y. X.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lipinska, L.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, A.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C. X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, S. Liu, and J. Wei, “Origin of the giant optical nonlinearity of Sb2Te3 phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Liu, S.

J. Liu, S. Liu, and J. Wei, “Origin of the giant optical nonlinearity of Sb2Te3 phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Loh, K. P.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, S.

Lu, S. B.

Luo, A.-P.

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z.-C.

Macherzynski, W.

Martinez, A.

B. Xu, A. Martinez, S. Y. Set, C. S. Goh, and S. Yamashita, “A net normal dispersion all-fiber laser using a hybrid mode-locking mechanism,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025101 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Martinez and Z. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).
[Crossref]

Meng, Y.

Miao, L. L.

Michalska, M.

Morgner, U.

Mou, C.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z. H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Niang, A.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Ostinelli, O.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Paglione, J.

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Paletko, P.

Park, N. H.

Paschotta, R.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Qi, X.

Qi, X. L.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Radzewicz, C.

Rotermund, F.

Rozhin, A. G.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ruan, S.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruehl, A.

Rummelli, M. H.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ruzicka, B. A.

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sajavaara, T.

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Semaan, G.

Set, S. Y.

B. Xu, A. Martinez, S. Y. Set, C. S. Goh, and S. Yamashita, “A net normal dispersion all-fiber laser using a hybrid mode-locking mechanism,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z. X.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, “Mode-locking of fiber lasers using novel two-dimensional nanomaterials: graphene and topological insulators [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(2), A56–A63 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, G. Sobon, R. Zybala, and J. Sotor, “Dissipative soliton generation in Er-doped fiber laser mode-locked by Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2786–2789 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, M. Kowalczyk, W. Macherzynski, P. Paletko, and K. M. Abramski, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber laser mode locked with black phosphorus,” Opt. Lett. 40(16), 3885–3888 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sotor, J.

Spuhler, G. J.

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stepanenko, Y.

Sun, Z.

A. Martinez and Z. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Syers, P.

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Szczepanek, J.

Tan, P. H.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, R.

Turitsyn, S. K.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vainionpää, A.

Wandt, D.

Wang, B.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.-Z.

Wang, J.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Wei, J.

J. Liu, S. Liu, and J. Wei, “Origin of the giant optical nonlinearity of Sb2Te3 phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wen, S. C.

Xiang, N.

Xu, B.

B. Xu, A. Martinez, S. Y. Set, C. S. Goh, and S. Yamashita, “A net normal dispersion all-fiber laser using a hybrid mode-locking mechanism,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.-C.

Yamashita, S.

B. Xu, A. Martinez, S. Y. Set, C. S. Goh, and S. Yamashita, “A net normal dispersion all-fiber laser using a hybrid mode-locking mechanism,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeom, D. I.

Zhang, H.

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, A.-P. Luo, F.-Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z.-C. Luo, W.-C. Xu, C.-J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, C.-J.

Zhao, H.

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

Zybala, R.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Grange, M. Haiml, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spuhler, L. Krainer, M. Golling, O. Ostinelli, and U. Keller, “New regime of inverse saturable absorption for self-stabilizing passively mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 80(2), 151–158 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Liu, S. Liu, and J. Wei, “Origin of the giant optical nonlinearity of Sb2Te3 phase change materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Stability of lasers mode locked by two saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1228–1232 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-order soliton generation in hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 1100908 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, J. Aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorber – what’s the difference,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Xu, A. Martinez, S. Y. Set, C. S. Goh, and S. Yamashita, “A net normal dispersion all-fiber laser using a hybrid mode-locking mechanism,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(2), 025101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. Martinez and Z. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

Y. Meng, G. Semaan, M. Salhi, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, Z. C. Luo, and F. Sanchez, “High power L-band mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23053–23058 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Park, H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, M. H. Kim, F. Rotermund, and D. I. Yeom, “Monolayer graphene saturable absorbers with strongly enhanced evanescent-field interaction for ultrafast fiber laser mode-locking,” Opt. Express 23(15), 19806–19812 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, Y. H. Cha, D. Y. Jeong, and D. I. Yeom, “All-fiber mode-locked laser oscillator with pulse energy of 34 nJ using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22667–22672 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lee, J. Koo, Y. M. Jhon, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse erbium fiber laser incorporating a saturable absorber based on bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(5), 6165–6173 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, “On wave-breaking free fiber lasers mode-locked with two saturable absorber mechanisms,” Opt. Express 16(11), 8181–8189 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jeong, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, and D. I. Yeom, “Pulse width shaping of passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser via polarization control in carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(22), 27011–27016 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Photonics Res. (2)

G. Sobon, “Mode-locking of fiber lasers using novel two-dimensional nanomaterials: graphene and topological insulators [Invited],” Photonics Res. 3(2), A56–A63 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Aksienionek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide paper as a saturable absorber for Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Photonics Res. 3(4), 119–124 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. Kumar, B. A. Ruzicka, N. P. Butch, P. Syers, K. Kirshenbaum, J. Paglione, and H. Zhao, “Spatially resolved femtosecond pump-probe study of topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. B 83(23), 235306 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. Zybala and K. T. Wojciechowski, “Anisotropy analysis of thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te2.9Se0.1 prepared by SPS method,” in 9th European Conference On Thermoelectrics AIP Conference Proceedings (ECT, 2012), pp. 393–396.
[Crossref]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The image from SEM: surface and cross-section of Sb2Te3 layer.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Exemplary nonlinear transmission curves of slow saturable absorber for two initial polarization states resulting in: high (a) and low linear transmission (b); corresponding curves of hybrid device for two initial polarization states: for higher (c) and lower linear transmission (d).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The experimental setup of the polarization measurement.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Polar plot of slow and hybrid saturable absorber’s transmittance at 1550 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The experimental setup of Er-doped fiber laser.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The comparison of output pulse spectra and autocorrelations functions for mode-locking with: slow saturable absorber (a)-(b), fast saturable (c)-(d) and hybrid device (e)-(f).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The autocorrelation function. Inset: the AC function in 5-ps span.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The fundamental repetition rate of RF spectrum (a), inset: the RF spectrum measured in 3 GHz span. The recorded output pulse train (b), inset: pulse train recorded over longer time interval.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The comparison of laser parameters in three configurations

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T( F P )= α ns (1 e F P / F sat ) Δα F sat F P F P F 2
N= γP τ 2 | β 2 | ,

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