Abstract

We demonstrate a high-power, high signal-to-noise ratio single-frequency Brillouin all-fiber laser with high slope efficiency at 1 μm wavelength. The laser is pumped by an amplified single-longitudinal-mode distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser with a linewidth of 33 kHz. By optimizing the length of the Brillouin ring cavity to 10 m, stable single-frequency Brillouin fiber laser is obtained with 3 kHz linewidth owing to the linewidth narrowing effect. At the launched pump power of 2.15 W, the Brillouin fiber laser generates maximum output power of 1.4 W with a slope efficiency of 79% and the optical signal-to-noise ratio of 77 dB.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  4. W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-polarisation, single-frequency, 2 cm ytterbium- doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(10), 558–559 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Rodríguez-Cobo, M. A. Quintela, S. Rota-Rodrigo, M. López-Amo, and J. M. López-Higuera, “Single-longitudinal mode laser structure based on a very narrow filtering technique,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10289–10294 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Bernier, V. Michaud-Belleau, S. Levasseur, V. Fortin, J. Genest, and R. Vallée, “All-fiber DFB laser operating at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 81–84 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. I. S. Grudinin, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, “Brillouin Lasing with a CaF2 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043902 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  14. F. Mihélic, D. Bacquet, J. Zemmouri, and P. Szriftgiser, “Ultrahigh resolution spectral analysis based on a Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 432–434 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Liu, J. L. Yu, W. R. Wang, H. G. Pan, and E. Z. Yang, “Single Longitudinal Mode Brillouin Fiber Laser With Cascaded Ring Fabry–Pérot Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. X. Chen, L. Xian, K. Ogusu, and H. Li, “Single-longitudinal-mode Brillouin fiber laser incorporating an unpumped erbium-doped fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 791–794 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. K. H. Tow, Y. Léguillon, P. Besnard, L. Brilland, J. Troles, P. Toupin, D. Méchin, D. Trégoat, and S. Molin, “Relative intensity noise and frequency noise of a compact Brillouin laser made of As38Se62 suspended-core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1157–1159 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. K. Hu, I. V. Kabakova, T. F. S. Büttner, S. Lefrancois, D. D. Hudson, S. He, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-threshold Brillouin laser at 2 μm based on suspended-core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Lett. 39(16), 4651–4654 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. G. Wang, L. Zhan, J. Liu, T. Zhang, J. Li, L. Zhang, J. Peng, and L. Yi, “Watt-level ultrahigh-optical signal-to-noise ratio single-longitudinal-mode tunable Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(1), 19–21 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Luo, Y. Tang, J. Yang, Y. Wang, S. Wang, K. Tao, L. Zhan, and J. Xu, “High signal-to-noise ratio, single-frequency 2 μm Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2626–2628 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, and S. Ezekiel, “Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications,” Opt. Lett. 16(6), 393–395 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Xu, D. Xiang, Z. Ou, P. Lu, and X. Bao, “Random Fabry-Perot resonator-based sub-kHz Brillouin fiber laser to improve spectral resolution in linewidth measurement,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1920–1923 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. O. Van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 585–590 (1994).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (5)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. S. Grudinin, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, “Brillouin Lasing with a CaF2 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-polarisation, single-frequency, 2 cm ytterbium- doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(10), 558–559 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. G. Williams, S. G. Turyshev, and D. H. Boggs, “Progress in lunar laser ranging tests of relativistic gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 261101 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. O. Van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1982 (1)

Bacquet, D.

Bao, X.

Barros, D. J. F.

Bernier, M.

Besnard, P.

Blake, M.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Boggs, D. H.

J. G. Williams, S. G. Turyshev, and D. H. Boggs, “Progress in lunar laser ranging tests of relativistic gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 261101 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boot, A. J.

M. O. Van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brilland, L.

Büttner, T. F. S.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, L. Xian, K. Ogusu, and H. Li, “Single-longitudinal-mode Brillouin fiber laser incorporating an unpumped erbium-doped fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 791–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chodorow, M.

Debut, A.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

Ezekiel, S.

Feng, Z.

Fortin, V.

Genest, J.

Geng, J.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Grudinin, I. S.

I. S. Grudinin, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, “Brillouin Lasing with a CaF2 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, W.

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-polarisation, single-frequency, 2 cm ytterbium- doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(10), 558–559 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, S.

He, X.

Hou, Y.

Hu, K.

Hudson, D. D.

Ip, E.

Jiang, S.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Kabakova, I. V.

Kahn, J. M.

Kim, B. Y.

Lau, A. P. T.

Lefrancois, S.

Léguillon, Y.

Levasseur, S.

Li, C.

Li, H.

X. Chen, L. Xian, K. Ogusu, and H. Li, “Single-longitudinal-mode Brillouin fiber laser incorporating an unpumped erbium-doped fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 791–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Liu, J.

Liu, K.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, J. L. Yu, W. R. Wang, H. G. Pan, and E. Z. Yang, “Single Longitudinal Mode Brillouin Fiber Laser With Cascaded Ring Fabry–Pérot Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

López-Amo, M.

López-Higuera, J. M.

Lu, P.

Luo, Y.

Maleki, L.

I. S. Grudinin, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, “Brillouin Lasing with a CaF2 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marciante, J. R.

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-polarisation, single-frequency, 2 cm ytterbium- doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(10), 558–559 (2007).
[Crossref]

Matsko, A. B.

I. S. Grudinin, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, “Brillouin Lasing with a CaF2 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Méchin, D.

Michaud-Belleau, V.

Mihélic, F.

Mo, S.

Molin, S.

Ogusu, K.

X. Chen, L. Xian, K. Ogusu, and H. Li, “Single-longitudinal-mode Brillouin fiber laser incorporating an unpumped erbium-doped fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 791–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ou, Z.

Pan, H. G.

Y. Liu, J. L. Yu, W. R. Wang, H. G. Pan, and E. Z. Yang, “Single Longitudinal Mode Brillouin Fiber Laser With Cascaded Ring Fabry–Pérot Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Quintela, M. A.

Randoux, S.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rodríguez-Cobo, L.

Rota-Rodrigo, S.

Saitou, T.

Sekiguchi, T.

Shaw, H. J.

Shi, H.

Shirakawa, A.

Smith, S. P.

Staines, S.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stokes, L. F.

Szriftgiser, P.

Tang, Y.

Tao, K.

Thévenaz, L.

Toupin, P.

Tow, K. H.

Trégoat, D.

Troles, J.

Turyshev, S. G.

J. G. Williams, S. G. Turyshev, and D. H. Boggs, “Progress in lunar laser ranging tests of relativistic gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 261101 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ueda, K.

Vallée, R.

Van Deventer, M. O.

M. O. Van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

Wang, P.

Wang, S.

Wang, W. R.

Y. Liu, J. L. Yu, W. R. Wang, H. G. Pan, and E. Z. Yang, “Single Longitudinal Mode Brillouin Fiber Laser With Cascaded Ring Fabry–Pérot Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Williams, J. G.

J. G. Williams, S. G. Turyshev, and D. H. Boggs, “Progress in lunar laser ranging tests of relativistic gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 261101 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xian, L.

X. Chen, L. Xian, K. Ogusu, and H. Li, “Single-longitudinal-mode Brillouin fiber laser incorporating an unpumped erbium-doped fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 791–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiang, D.

Xu, J.

Xu, S.

Xu, Y.

Yang, C.

Yang, E. Z.

Y. Liu, J. L. Yu, W. R. Wang, H. G. Pan, and E. Z. Yang, “Single Longitudinal Mode Brillouin Fiber Laser With Cascaded Ring Fabry–Pérot Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yang, Q.

Yang, Z.

Yi, L.

Yong, J. C.

Yu, J. L.

Y. Liu, J. L. Yu, W. R. Wang, H. G. Pan, and E. Z. Yang, “Single Longitudinal Mode Brillouin Fiber Laser With Cascaded Ring Fabry–Pérot Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zarinetchi, F.

Zemmouri, J.

Zhan, L.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, T.

Zong, J.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

X. Chen, L. Xian, K. Ogusu, and H. Li, “Single-longitudinal-mode Brillouin fiber laser incorporating an unpumped erbium-doped fiber loop,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 791–794 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-polarisation, single-frequency, 2 cm ytterbium- doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 43(10), 558–559 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, “Highly Stable Low-Noise Brillouin Fiber Laser With Ultranarrow Spectral Linewidth,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(17), 1813–1815 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, J. L. Yu, W. R. Wang, H. G. Pan, and E. Z. Yang, “Single Longitudinal Mode Brillouin Fiber Laser With Cascaded Ring Fabry–Pérot Resonator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(2), 169–172 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

M. O. Van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. C. Yong, L. Thévenaz, and B. Y. Kim, “Brillouin Fiber Laser Pumped by a DFB Laser Diode,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(2), 546–554 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (10)

M. Bernier, V. Michaud-Belleau, S. Levasseur, V. Fortin, J. Genest, and R. Vallée, “All-fiber DFB laser operating at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 81–84 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, and H. J. Shaw, “All-fiber stimulated Brillouin ring laser with submilliwatt pump threshold,” Opt. Lett. 7(10), 509–511 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mihélic, D. Bacquet, J. Zemmouri, and P. Szriftgiser, “Ultrahigh resolution spectral analysis based on a Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 432–434 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, and S. Ezekiel, “Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications,” Opt. Lett. 16(6), 393–395 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xu, D. Xiang, Z. Ou, P. Lu, and X. Bao, “Random Fabry-Perot resonator-based sub-kHz Brillouin fiber laser to improve spectral resolution in linewidth measurement,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1920–1923 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Tow, Y. Léguillon, P. Besnard, L. Brilland, J. Troles, P. Toupin, D. Méchin, D. Trégoat, and S. Molin, “Relative intensity noise and frequency noise of a compact Brillouin laser made of As38Se62 suspended-core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1157–1159 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hu, I. V. Kabakova, T. F. S. Büttner, S. Lefrancois, D. D. Hudson, S. He, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-threshold Brillouin laser at 2 μm based on suspended-core chalcogenide fiber,” Opt. Lett. 39(16), 4651–4654 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Guan and J. R. Marciante, “Single-frequency 1 W hybrid Brillouin/ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3131–3132 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wang, L. Zhan, J. Liu, T. Zhang, J. Li, L. Zhang, J. Peng, and L. Yi, “Watt-level ultrahigh-optical signal-to-noise ratio single-longitudinal-mode tunable Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(1), 19–21 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, Y. Tang, J. Yang, Y. Wang, S. Wang, K. Tao, L. Zhan, and J. Xu, “High signal-to-noise ratio, single-frequency 2 μm Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2626–2628 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

I. S. Grudinin, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, “Brillouin Lasing with a CaF2 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. G. Williams, S. G. Turyshev, and D. H. Boggs, “Progress in lunar laser ranging tests of relativistic gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(26), 261101 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the all-fiber single-frequency Brillouin fiber laser. ISO: isolator, LD: laser diode, YDF: Yb-doped fiber, OC: optical circulator, PC: polarization controller.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) BFL output power as the function of the launched pump power; (b) Power stability measurement of the Brillouin fiber laser over 60 min.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectra of Brillouin Stokes and pump laser. Inset: zoom-in view of the spectrum.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Laser output longitudinal mode characteristics measured by a scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Spectrum of the beat frequency for the linewidth measurements of (a) pump laser and (b) Brillouin Stokes laser.

Equations (2)

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R m exp( g B P th L eff / A eff αL )=1.
Δ ν Stokes = Δ ν pump / K 2 , where K=1+ γ A Γ c .

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