Abstract

We perform time-dependent calculation of strong-field ionization of neon, initially prepared in 2p−1 and 2p+1 states, with intense near-circularly polarized laser pulses. By solving the three-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation, we find clear different offset angles of the maximum in the photoelectron momentum distribution in the polarization plane of the laser pulses for the two states. We provide clear interpretation that this different angular offset is linked to the sign of the magnetic quantum number, thus it can be used to map out the orbital angular momentum of the initial state. Our results provide a potential tool for studying orbital symmetry in atomic and molecular systems.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. D. Cohen and U. Fano, “Interference in the photo-ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. 150, 30 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron diffraction: a new tool for probing ultrafast molecular dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 313–320 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. B. Milošević and F. Ehlotzky, “Scattering and reaction processes in powerful laser fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 373–532 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory,” J. Phys. B 38, R1–R56 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23, 15774 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. C. F. M. Faria and X. Liu, “Electroncelectron correlation in strong laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1076–1131 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. I. Petersen, J. Henkel, and M. Lein, “Signatures of molecular orbital structure in lateral electron momentum distributions from strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103004 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. X. Zhu, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, P. Lu, and Z. Xu, “Molecular orbital imaging via above-threshold ionization with circularly polarized pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 13722 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha, and L. B. Madsen, “Ionization of oriented targets by intense circularly polarized laser pulses: imprints of orbital angular nodes in the two-dimensional momentum distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063418 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Herath, L. Yan, S. K. Lee, and W. Li, “Strong-field ionization rate depends on the sign of the magnetic quantum number,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043004 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. F. Mauger and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electronic dynamics and frequency effects in circularly polarized strong-field physics,” J. Phys. B 47, 191001 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields: physical picture and calculations,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063415 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  23. I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields. II. Derivation of formulas,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013433 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. I. Barth and M. Lein, “Numerical verification of the theory of nonadiabatic tunnel ionization in strong circularly polarized laser fields,” J. Phys. B 47, 204016 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrödinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm. 174, 396 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  26. H. G. Muller, “Numerical simulation of high-order above-threshold-ionization enhancement in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1341 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5794 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha., and L. B. Madsen, “Counterintuitive angular shifts in the photoelectron momentum distribution for atoms in strong few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 161001 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Petersen, J. Henkel, and M. Lein, “Signatures of molecular orbital structure in lateral electron momentum distributions from strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23, 15774 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

I. Barth and M. Lein, “Numerical verification of the theory of nonadiabatic tunnel ionization in strong circularly polarized laser fields,” J. Phys. B 47, 204016 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Mauger and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electronic dynamics and frequency effects in circularly polarized strong-field physics,” J. Phys. B 47, 191001 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields. II. Derivation of formulas,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013433 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

T. Herath, L. Yan, S. K. Lee, and W. Li, “Strong-field ionization rate depends on the sign of the magnetic quantum number,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

C. F. M. Faria and X. Liu, “Electroncelectron correlation in strong laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1076–1131 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, P. Lu, and Z. Xu, “Molecular orbital imaging via above-threshold ionization with circularly polarized pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 13722 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields: physical picture and calculations,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063415 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha, and L. B. Madsen, “Ionization of oriented targets by intense circularly polarized laser pulses: imprints of orbital angular nodes in the two-dimensional momentum distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063418 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha., and L. B. Madsen, “Counterintuitive angular shifts in the photoelectron momentum distribution for atoms in strong few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 161001 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrödinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm. 174, 396 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory,” J. Phys. B 38, R1–R56 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. B. Milošević and F. Ehlotzky, “Scattering and reaction processes in powerful laser fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 373–532 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. G. Muller, “Numerical simulation of high-order above-threshold-ionization enhancement in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1341 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron diffraction: a new tool for probing ultrafast molecular dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 313–320 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5794 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1966 (1)

H. D. Cohen and U. Fano, “Interference in the photo-ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. 150, 30 (1966).
[Crossref]

Abu-samha, M.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha, and L. B. Madsen, “Ionization of oriented targets by intense circularly polarized laser pulses: imprints of orbital angular nodes in the two-dimensional momentum distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063418 (2010).
[Crossref]

Abu-samha., M.

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha., and L. B. Madsen, “Counterintuitive angular shifts in the photoelectron momentum distribution for atoms in strong few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 161001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Agostini, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arissian, L.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bandrauk, A. D.

F. Mauger and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electronic dynamics and frequency effects in circularly polarized strong-field physics,” J. Phys. B 47, 191001 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron diffraction: a new tool for probing ultrafast molecular dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 313–320 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bandulet, C.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barth, I.

I. Barth and M. Lein, “Numerical verification of the theory of nonadiabatic tunnel ionization in strong circularly polarized laser fields,” J. Phys. B 47, 204016 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields. II. Derivation of formulas,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013433 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields: physical picture and calculations,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bauer, D.

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrödinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm. 174, 396 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203 (2006).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory,” J. Phys. B 38, R1–R56 (2005).
[Crossref]

Becker, W.

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

Breger, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caillat, J.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carré, B.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cirelli, C.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cohen, H. D.

H. D. Cohen and U. Fano, “Interference in the photo-ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. 150, 30 (1966).
[Crossref]

Comtois, D.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron diffraction: a new tool for probing ultrafast molecular dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 313–320 (1996).
[Crossref]

de Bohan, A.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dimitrovski, D.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dinu, L. C.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dörner, R.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ehlotzky, F.

D. B. Milošević and F. Ehlotzky, “Scattering and reaction processes in powerful laser fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 373–532 (2003).
[Crossref]

Faisal, F. H. M.

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory,” J. Phys. B 38, R1–R56 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fano, U.

H. D. Cohen and U. Fano, “Interference in the photo-ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. 150, 30 (1966).
[Crossref]

Faria, C. F. M.

C. F. M. Faria and X. Liu, “Electroncelectron correlation in strong laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1076–1131 (2011).
[Crossref]

Frasinski, L. J.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

Haessler, S.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[Crossref]

He, L.

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Henkel, J.

I. Petersen, J. Henkel, and M. Lein, “Signatures of molecular orbital structure in lateral electron momentum distributions from strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herath, T.

T. Herath, L. Yan, S. K. Lee, and W. Li, “Strong-field ionization rate depends on the sign of the magnetic quantum number,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, W.

Huang, C.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kieffer, J. C.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kopold, R.

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kovacev, M.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koval, P.

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrödinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm. 174, 396 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kulander, K. C.

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5794 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lan, P.

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. K.

T. Herath, L. Yan, S. K. Lee, and W. Li, “Strong-field ionization rate depends on the sign of the magnetic quantum number,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lein, M.

I. Petersen, J. Henkel, and M. Lein, “Signatures of molecular orbital structure in lateral electron momentum distributions from strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Barth and M. Lein, “Numerical verification of the theory of nonadiabatic tunnel ionization in strong circularly polarized laser fields,” J. Phys. B 47, 204016 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

T. Herath, L. Yan, S. K. Lee, and W. Li, “Strong-field ionization rate depends on the sign of the magnetic quantum number,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liao, Q.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

C. F. M. Faria and X. Liu, “Electroncelectron correlation in strong laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1076–1131 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23, 15774 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhu, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, P. Lu, and Z. Xu, “Molecular orbital imaging via above-threshold ionization with circularly polarized pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 13722 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, J.

J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Madsen, L. B.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha, and L. B. Madsen, “Ionization of oriented targets by intense circularly polarized laser pulses: imprints of orbital angular nodes in the two-dimensional momentum distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063418 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha., and L. B. Madsen, “Counterintuitive angular shifts in the photoelectron momentum distribution for atoms in strong few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 161001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mairesse, Y.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maquet, A.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Martiny, C. P. J.

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha, and L. B. Madsen, “Ionization of oriented targets by intense circularly polarized laser pulses: imprints of orbital angular nodes in the two-dimensional momentum distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063418 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha., and L. B. Madsen, “Counterintuitive angular shifts in the photoelectron momentum distribution for atoms in strong few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 161001 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mauger, F.

F. Mauger and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electronic dynamics and frequency effects in circularly polarized strong-field physics,” J. Phys. B 47, 191001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meckel, M.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Merdji, H.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miloševic, D. B.

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević and F. Ehlotzky, “Scattering and reaction processes in powerful laser fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 373–532 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

Monchicourt, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. G. Muller, “Numerical simulation of high-order above-threshold-ionization enhancement in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1341 (1999).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G. G.

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203 (2006).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G.G.

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

PavicicH, D.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pépin, H.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petersen, I.

I. Petersen, J. Henkel, and M. Lein, “Signatures of molecular orbital structure in lateral electron momentum distributions from strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, A. N.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qin, M.

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Salères, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schafer, K. J.

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5794 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, W.

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Smeenk, C.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smirnova, O.

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields. II. Derivation of formulas,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013433 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields: physical picture and calculations,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063415 (2011).
[Crossref]

Smolarski, M.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, A. V.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Staudte, A.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taïeb, R

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Taïzeb, R.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, A.

Trallero, C.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turner, F.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

Yan, L.

T. Herath, L. Yan, S. K. Lee, and W. Li, “Strong-field ionization rate depends on the sign of the magnetic quantum number,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeidler, D.

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, C.

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, P. Lu, and Z. Xu, “Molecular orbital imaging via above-threshold ionization with circularly polarized pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 13722 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23, 15774 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, P. Lu, and Z. Xu, “Molecular orbital imaging via above-threshold ionization with circularly polarized pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 13722 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zuo, T.

T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron diffraction: a new tool for probing ultrafast molecular dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 313–320 (1996).
[Crossref]

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (2)

W. Becker, F. Grasbon, R. Kopold, D. B. Milošević, G.G. Paulus, and H. Walther, “Above-threshold ionization: from classical features to quantum effects,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48, 35–98 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević and F. Ehlotzky, “Scattering and reaction processes in powerful laser fields,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 373–532 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron diffraction: a new tool for probing ultrafast molecular dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 259, 313–320 (1996).
[Crossref]

Comp. Phys. Comm. (1)

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrödinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm. 174, 396 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

C. F. M. Faria and X. Liu, “Electroncelectron correlation in strong laser fields,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1076–1131 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (5)

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory,” J. Phys. B 38, R1–R56 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Mauger and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electronic dynamics and frequency effects in circularly polarized strong-field physics,” J. Phys. B 47, 191001 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Barth and M. Lein, “Numerical verification of the theory of nonadiabatic tunnel ionization in strong circularly polarized laser fields,” J. Phys. B 47, 204016 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha., and L. B. Madsen, “Counterintuitive angular shifts in the photoelectron momentum distribution for atoms in strong few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 42, 161001 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

J. Luo, Y. Li, Z. Wang, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Ultra-short isolated attosecond emission in mid-infrared inhomogeneous fields without CEP stabilization,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46145602 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, D. Dimitrovski, M. Abu-samha, L. B. Madsen, and U. Keller, “Attoclock reveals natural coordinates of the laser-induced tunnelling current flow in atoms,” Nat. Phys. 8, 76 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. D. Cohen and U. Fano, “Interference in the photo-ionization of molecules,” Phys. Rev. 150, 30 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (7)

L. He, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, C. Zhai, F. Wang, W. Shi, and P. Lu, “Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 043403 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, X. Zhu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, M. Qin, and P. Lu, “Molecular-orbital tomography beyond the plane-wave approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 045401 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Martiny, M. Abu-samha, and L. B. Madsen, “Ionization of oriented targets by intense circularly polarized laser pulses: imprints of orbital angular nodes in the two-dimensional momentum distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063418 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields: physical picture and calculations,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 063415 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Barth and O. Smirnova, “Nonadiabatic tunneling in circularly polarized laser fields. II. Derivation of formulas,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 013433 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. G. Muller, “Numerical simulation of high-order above-threshold-ionization enhancement in argon,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1341 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5794 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. Herath, L. Yan, S. K. Lee, and W. Li, “Strong-field ionization rate depends on the sign of the magnetic quantum number,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 043004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Arissian, C. Smeenk, F. Turner, C. Trallero, A. V. Sokolov, D. M. Villeneuve, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “DirecttTest of laser tunneling with electron momentum imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Petersen, J. Henkel, and M. Lein, “Signatures of molecular orbital structure in lateral electron momentum distributions from strong-field ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

P. Salières, A. Maquet, S. Haessler, J. Caillat, and R Taïeb, “Imaging orbitals with attosecond and Ångstörm resolutions: toward attochemistry?” Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 062401 (2012).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

M. Meckel, D. Comtois, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, D. PavičićH, C. Bandulet, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, R. Dörner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Laser-induced electron tunneling and diffraction,” Science 320, 1478–1482 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovaćev, R. Taïzeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salères, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The initial 2p−1 (a) and 2p+1 (b) orbitals of Neon atom. The insets show the phase of the two orbitals respectively. Electrons in 2p−1 state is counter-rotating and those in 2p+1 state is co-rotating for right circularly polarized laser field.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Photoelectron energy spectra of neon starting from the valence 2p−1 (a) and 2p+1 (b) orbitals for 800 nm right near-circularly polarized laser field.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Angle- and momentum-resolved photoelectron spectra produced by the strong field ionization of neon using 800 nm right near-circularly polarized laser field starting from the valence 2p−1 (a) and 2p+1 (b) orbitals. The inset shows the axis of the laser field, The y direction indicate the peak direction of the vector potential, which is the axis of zero offset angle.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The radial integrated photoelectron distributions as the functions of the angle for 2p−1 (blue curves) and 2p+1 (red curves) orbitals of neon.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The probability distribution for different magnetic quantum number after the laser pulse from the ionized part of the electron wave packet: (a) for 2p−1 orbital and (b) for 2p1 orbital.

Equations (1)

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i t Ψ ( r , t ) = [ p 2 2 + V ( r ) + A ( t ) p ] Ψ ( r , t ) .

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