Abstract

Dynamical control of metamaterials by adjusting their shape and structures has been developed to achieve desired optical functionalities and to enable modulation and selection of spectra responses. However it is still challenging to realize such a manipulation at large scale. Recently, it has been shown that the desired high (or low) symmetry metamaterials structure in solution can be self-assembled under external light stimuli. Using the this approach, we systematically investiagted the optical controlling process and report here a dynamical manipulation of magnetic properties of metamaterials. Under external laser excitations, we demonstrated that selected magnetic properties of metamaterials can be tuned with the freedom of chosen wavelength ranges. The magnetic dipole selectivity and tunability were further quantified by in situ spectral measurement.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. Reismann, J. C. Bretschneider, G. von Plessen, and U. Simon, “Reversible photothermal melting of DNA in DNA-gold-nanoparticle networks,” Small 4(5), 607–610 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. W. S. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2014 (4)

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, J. M. Smith, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Symmetry Breaking in Tetrahedral Chiral Plasmonic Nanoparticle Assemblies,” ACS Photonics 1(11), 1189–1196 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. N. Smolyaninova, B. Yost, D. Lahneman, E. E. Narimanov, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Self-assembled tunable photonic hyper-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5706 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, H. Zhang, A. O. Govorov, T. Liedl, and N. Liu, “Reconfigurable 3D plasmonic metamolecules,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 862–866 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vignolini, N. A. Yufa, P. S. Cunha, S. Guldin, I. Rushkin, M. Stefik, K. Hur, U. Wiesner, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “A 3D Optical Metamaterial Made by Self-Assembly,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), OP23–OP27 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

Y. Liu and X. Zhang, “Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

M. Reismann, J. C. Bretschneider, G. von Plessen, and U. Simon, “Reversible photothermal melting of DNA in DNA-gold-nanoparticle networks,” Small 4(5), 607–610 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

W. S. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. K. Jain, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Ultrafast cooling of photoexcited electrons in gold nanoparticle-thiolated DNA conjugates involves the dissociation of the gold-thiol bond,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(7), 2426–2433 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jacob, L. V. Alekseyev, and E. Narimanov, “Optical Hyperlens: Far-field imaging beyond the diffraction limit,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8247–8256 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, H. F. Gleeson, Y. Zhang, A. A. Firsov, I. Y. Khrushchev, and J. Petrovic, “Nanofabricated media with negative permeability at visible frequencies,” Nature 438(7066), 335–338 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. J. Murphy, T. K. Sau, A. M. Gole, C. J. Orendorff, J. Gao, L. Gou, S. E. Hunyadi, and T. Li, “Anisotropic metal nanoparticles: Synthesis, assembly, and optical applications,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(29), 13857–13870 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alekseyev, L. V.

Alivisatos, A. P.

V. E. Ferry, J. M. Smith, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Symmetry Breaking in Tetrahedral Chiral Plasmonic Nanoparticle Assemblies,” ACS Photonics 1(11), 1189–1196 (2014).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

Averitt, R. D.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

Azad, A. K.

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bao, J.

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, K.

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bardhan, R.

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Basov, D. N.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

S. Vignolini, N. A. Yufa, P. S. Cunha, S. Guldin, I. Rushkin, M. Stefik, K. Hur, U. Wiesner, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “A 3D Optical Metamaterial Made by Self-Assembly,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), OP23–OP27 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, E. M.

Bretschneider, J. C.

M. Reismann, J. C. Bretschneider, G. von Plessen, and U. Simon, “Reversible photothermal melting of DNA in DNA-gold-nanoparticle networks,” Small 4(5), 607–610 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, W. S.

W. S. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chettiar, U. K.

W. S. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cunha, P. S.

S. Vignolini, N. A. Yufa, P. S. Cunha, S. Guldin, I. Rushkin, M. Stefik, K. Hur, U. Wiesner, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “A 3D Optical Metamaterial Made by Self-Assembly,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), OP23–OP27 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dicken, M. J.

Dolling, G.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, M. A.

P. K. Jain, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Ultrafast cooling of photoexcited electrons in gold nanoparticle-thiolated DNA conjugates involves the dissociation of the gold-thiol bond,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(7), 2426–2433 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[Crossref]

Enkrich, C.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, J. A.

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, K.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, W.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Z.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferry, V. E.

V. E. Ferry, J. M. Smith, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Symmetry Breaking in Tetrahedral Chiral Plasmonic Nanoparticle Assemblies,” ACS Photonics 1(11), 1189–1196 (2014).
[Crossref]

Firsov, A. A.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, H. F. Gleeson, Y. Zhang, A. A. Firsov, I. Y. Khrushchev, and J. Petrovic, “Nanofabricated media with negative permeability at visible frequencies,” Nature 438(7066), 335–338 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

C. J. Murphy, T. K. Sau, A. M. Gole, C. J. Orendorff, J. Gao, L. Gou, S. E. Hunyadi, and T. Li, “Anisotropic metal nanoparticles: Synthesis, assembly, and optical applications,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(29), 13857–13870 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geim, A. K.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, H. F. Gleeson, Y. Zhang, A. A. Firsov, I. Y. Khrushchev, and J. Petrovic, “Nanofabricated media with negative permeability at visible frequencies,” Nature 438(7066), 335–338 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gleeson, H. F.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, H. F. Gleeson, Y. Zhang, A. A. Firsov, I. Y. Khrushchev, and J. Petrovic, “Nanofabricated media with negative permeability at visible frequencies,” Nature 438(7066), 335–338 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gole, A. M.

C. J. Murphy, T. K. Sau, A. M. Gole, C. J. Orendorff, J. Gao, L. Gou, S. E. Hunyadi, and T. Li, “Anisotropic metal nanoparticles: Synthesis, assembly, and optical applications,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(29), 13857–13870 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gou, L.

C. J. Murphy, T. K. Sau, A. M. Gole, C. J. Orendorff, J. Gao, L. Gou, S. E. Hunyadi, and T. Li, “Anisotropic metal nanoparticles: Synthesis, assembly, and optical applications,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(29), 13857–13870 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Govorov, A. O.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, H. Zhang, A. O. Govorov, T. Liedl, and N. Liu, “Reconfigurable 3D plasmonic metamolecules,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 862–866 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Vignolini, S.

S. Vignolini, N. A. Yufa, P. S. Cunha, S. Guldin, I. Rushkin, M. Stefik, K. Hur, U. Wiesner, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “A 3D Optical Metamaterial Made by Self-Assembly,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), OP23–OP27 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Plessen, G.

M. Reismann, J. C. Bretschneider, G. von Plessen, and U. Simon, “Reversible photothermal melting of DNA in DNA-gold-nanoparticle networks,” Small 4(5), 607–610 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walavalkar, S.

Wang, Y.

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

West, K. G.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiesner, U.

S. Vignolini, N. A. Yufa, P. S. Cunha, S. Guldin, I. Rushkin, M. Stefik, K. Hur, U. Wiesner, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “A 3D Optical Metamaterial Made by Self-Assembly,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), OP23–OP27 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, S. A.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S.

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, J.

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yen, T. J.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yost, B.

V. N. Smolyaninova, B. Yost, D. Lahneman, E. E. Narimanov, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Self-assembled tunable photonic hyper-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5706 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yufa, N. A.

S. Vignolini, N. A. Yufa, P. S. Cunha, S. Guldin, I. Rushkin, M. Stefik, K. Hur, U. Wiesner, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “A 3D Optical Metamaterial Made by Self-Assembly,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), OP23–OP27 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, H. Zhang, A. O. Govorov, T. Liedl, and N. Liu, “Reconfigurable 3D plasmonic metamolecules,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 862–866 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, P.

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu and X. Zhang, “Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, H. F. Gleeson, Y. Zhang, A. A. Firsov, I. Y. Khrushchev, and J. Petrovic, “Nanofabricated media with negative permeability at visible frequencies,” Nature 438(7066), 335–338 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

V. E. Ferry, J. M. Smith, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Symmetry Breaking in Tetrahedral Chiral Plasmonic Nanoparticle Assemblies,” ACS Photonics 1(11), 1189–1196 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Vignolini, N. A. Yufa, P. S. Cunha, S. Guldin, I. Rushkin, M. Stefik, K. Hur, U. Wiesner, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “A 3D Optical Metamaterial Made by Self-Assembly,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), OP23–OP27 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

B. Nikoobakht and M. A. El-Sayed, “Preparation and growth mechanism of gold nanorods (NRs) using seed-mediated growth method,” Chem. Mater. 15(10), 1957–1962 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

Y. Liu and X. Zhang, “Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 40(5), 2494–2507 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

P. K. Jain, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Ultrafast cooling of photoexcited electrons in gold nanoparticle-thiolated DNA conjugates involves the dissociation of the gold-thiol bond,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(7), 2426–2433 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

C. J. Murphy, T. K. Sau, A. M. Gole, C. J. Orendorff, J. Gao, L. Gou, S. E. Hunyadi, and T. Li, “Anisotropic metal nanoparticles: Synthesis, assembly, and optical applications,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(29), 13857–13870 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, H. Zhang, A. O. Govorov, T. Liedl, and N. Liu, “Reconfigurable 3D plasmonic metamolecules,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 862–866 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

S. Yang, X. Ni, X. Yin, B. Kante, P. Zhang, J. Zhu, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Feedback-driven self-assembly of symmetry-breaking optical metamaterials in solution,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(12), 1002–1006 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. S. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (4)

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, and R. D. Averitt, “Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial,” Nature 487(7407), 345–348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, Z. Fan, G. Pardatscher, E.-M. Roller, A. Högele, F. C. Simmel, A. O. Govorov, and T. Liedl, “DNA-based self-assembly of chiral plasmonic nanostructures with tailored optical response,” Nature 483(7389), 311–314 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, H. F. Gleeson, Y. Zhang, A. A. Firsov, I. Y. Khrushchev, and J. Petrovic, “Nanofabricated media with negative permeability at visible frequencies,” Nature 438(7066), 335–338 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

V. N. Smolyaninova, B. Yost, D. Lahneman, E. E. Narimanov, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Self-assembled tunable photonic hyper-crystals,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5706 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (8)

J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-Assembled Plasmonic Nanoparticle Clusters,” Science 328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial,” Science 312(5775), 892–894 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, “Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires,” Science 321(5891), 930 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (1)

M. Reismann, J. C. Bretschneider, G. von Plessen, and U. Simon, “Reversible photothermal melting of DNA in DNA-gold-nanoparticle networks,” Small 4(5), 607–610 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The experimental pictures illustrating the two processes of coupled nanorod aseembly involving partial hydrophobation and preferential interface assembly. (b) Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image of assembled gold nanorod dimers showing typical offsets along longitudinal axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The decomposed extinction spectra using experimental structural statistics (various offsets’ populations) along with theoretical spectra simulations (polarization along longitudinal direction of dimers) with 5nm increment step of dimers offsets. Large peak in each decomposed spectrum is electric dipole response while the smaller peak corresponds to magnetic dipole resonance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dynamical manipulation of magnetic properties of assembled nanorod dimer metamaterials. (a) Schematic sketch of the assembly and optical setup. The sample was exposed with Ti-Sapphire laser in different wavelength ranges and spectra was monitered via orthogonal white light illumination channel. (b) Experiment measured extinction spectra of sample after illumination at different wavelength ranges. A clear ensemble magnetic dipole feature has gradually evolved as a result of structural homogenization (see Visulization 1). The dotted arrow lines is guided for the position of magnetic dipole response and its evolvement. Different colors present laser illumination at different wavelength ranges with monomers (black) and as-made dimers (red) for comparison.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Quantification of desired magnetic dipole response. The relative contribution of desired magnetic (M) response (left axis) and selectivity (right axis) are plotted as a function of laser scanning wavelength ranges. The dotted line is guided for turning point of relative M contribution for having distinct ensemble magnetic spectral responses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Theoretical retrieval of effective permeability (real part) as a function of wavelength with respect to filling factor.

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