Abstract

The report firstly propose a new WS2 absorber based on fluorine mica (FM) substrate. The WS2 material was fabricated by thermal decomposition method. The FM was stripped into one single layer as thin as 20 μm and deposited WS2 on it, which can be attached to the fiber flank without causing the laser deviation. Similar to quartz, the transmission rate of FM is as high as 90% at near infrared wavelength from one to two micrometers. Furthermore, FM is a highly elastic material so that it is not easy to break off even its thickness was only 20 μm. On the contrary, quartz is hard to be processed and easy to break off when its thickness is less than 100 μm. Compared to organic matrix such as polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), FM has higher softening temperature, heat dissipation and laser damage threshold than those of organic composites. In our work, the modulation depth (MD) and non-saturable losses (NLs) of this kind of saturable absorber were measured to be 5.8% and 14.8%, respectively. The WS2/FM absorber has a high damage threshold of 406 MW/cm2, two times higher than that of WS2/PVA. By incorporating the saturable absorber into Yb-doped fiber laser cavity, a mode-locked fiber laser was achieved with central wavelength of 1052.45 nm. The repetition rate was 23.26 MHz and the maximum average output power was 30 mW. The long term stability of working was proved to be good too. The results indicate that WS2/FM film is a practical nonlinear optical material for photonic applications.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (12)

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, T. H. Runcorn, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20051–20061 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, H. Chen, S. Ruan, C. Guo, S. Chen, I. L. Li, H. Yang, J. Hu, and G. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Femtosecond soliton pulse generation using evanescent field interaction through Tungsten disulfide (WS2) film,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 3550–3557 (2015).

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Gan, W. Zhang, T. Mei, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “WS2 saturable absorber for dissipative soliton mode locking at 1.06 and 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27509–27519 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (8)

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, A. Martinez, and B. Xu, “Short pulse fiber lasers mode-locked by carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 702–713 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. H. M. Ahmed, N. M. Ali, Z. S. Salleh, A. A. Rahman, S. W. Harun, M. Manaf, and H. Arof, “All fiber mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded into polyvinyl alcohol film as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 40–43 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. Li, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Yu, Z. Sun, X. Cheng, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Nonlinear absorption of SWNT film and its effects to the operation state of pulsed fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17227–17235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Radnatarov, S. Khripunov, S. Kobtsev, A. Ivanenko, and S. Kukarin, “Automatic electronic-controlled mode locking self-start in fibre lasers with non-linear polarisation evolution,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20626–20631 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. C. Lee, J. M. Miller, and T. R. Schibli, “Doping-induced changes in the saturable absorption of monolayer graphene,” Appl. Phys. B 108(1), 129–135 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Y. Song, S. Jang, W. Han, and M. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. H. M.

M. H. M. Ahmed, N. M. Ali, Z. S. Salleh, A. A. Rahman, S. W. Harun, M. Manaf, and H. Arof, “All fiber mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded into polyvinyl alcohol film as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 40–43 (2014).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ali, N. M.

M. H. M. Ahmed, N. M. Ali, Z. S. Salleh, A. A. Rahman, S. W. Harun, M. Manaf, and H. Arof, “All fiber mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded into polyvinyl alcohol film as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 40–43 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arof, H.

M. H. M. Ahmed, N. M. Ali, Z. S. Salleh, A. A. Rahman, S. W. Harun, M. Manaf, and H. Arof, “All fiber mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded into polyvinyl alcohol film as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 40–43 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bae, M.

Y. Song, S. Jang, W. Han, and M. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

Cai, Z.

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cao, G.

Chen, H.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, H. Chen, S. Ruan, C. Guo, S. Chen, I. L. Li, H. Yang, J. Hu, and G. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, H. Chen, S. Ruan, C. Guo, S. Chen, I. L. Li, H. Yang, J. Hu, and G. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

Chhowalla, M.

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, J.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, J.

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Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
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R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
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Kassani, S. H.

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Femtosecond soliton pulse generation using evanescent field interaction through Tungsten disulfide (WS2) film,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 3550–3557 (2015).

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
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Kelleher, E. J. R.

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R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
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R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Femtosecond soliton pulse generation using evanescent field interaction through Tungsten disulfide (WS2) film,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 3550–3557 (2015).

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Kieu, K.

Kim, B. Y.

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
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H. Xia, H. Li, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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Li, I. L.

Li, L. J.

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
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Li, X. H.

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Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

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P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
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P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, H. Chen, S. Ruan, C. Guo, S. Chen, I. L. Li, H. Yang, J. Hu, and G. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
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Liu, M.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z.

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
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Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. C.

Ma, C.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
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M. H. M. Ahmed, N. M. Ali, Z. S. Salleh, A. A. Rahman, S. W. Harun, M. Manaf, and H. Arof, “All fiber mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded into polyvinyl alcohol film as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 40–43 (2014).
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Miller, J. M.

C. C. Lee, J. M. Miller, and T. R. Schibli, “Doping-induced changes in the saturable absorption of monolayer graphene,” Appl. Phys. B 108(1), 129–135 (2012).
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V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4040–4043 (2008).
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Nakazawa, M.

Nishizawa, N.

Oh, K.

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
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R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Femtosecond soliton pulse generation using evanescent field interaction through Tungsten disulfide (WS2) film,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 3550–3557 (2015).

Park, K. J.

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
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Rahman, A. A.

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Rozhin, A. G.

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4040–4043 (2008).
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Ruan, S.

P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, H. Chen, S. Ruan, C. Guo, S. Chen, I. L. Li, H. Yang, J. Hu, and G. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
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Sakakibara, Y.

Salleh, Z. S.

M. H. M. Ahmed, N. M. Ali, Z. S. Salleh, A. A. Rahman, S. W. Harun, M. Manaf, and H. Arof, “All fiber mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded into polyvinyl alcohol film as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 40–43 (2014).
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C. C. Lee, J. M. Miller, and T. R. Schibli, “Doping-induced changes in the saturable absorption of monolayer graphene,” Appl. Phys. B 108(1), 129–135 (2012).
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Set, S. Y.

Shen, D.

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
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Y. Song, S. Jang, W. Han, and M. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
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Song, Y. W.

Sumimura, K.

Sun, Z.

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X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Yu, Z. Sun, X. Cheng, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Nonlinear absorption of SWNT film and its effects to the operation state of pulsed fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17227–17235 (2014).
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V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4040–4043 (2008).
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Tang, D.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, R.

Torrisi, F.

Tsang, Y. H.

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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Wan, X.

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4040–4043 (2008).
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Wang, J.

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Wang, Q.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. J.

Wang, Y.

D. Mao, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Gan, W. Zhang, T. Mei, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “WS2 saturable absorber for dissipative soliton mode locking at 1.06 and 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27509–27519 (2015).
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D. Mao, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Gan, W. Zhang, T. Mei, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “WS2 saturable absorber for dissipative soliton mode locking at 1.06 and 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27509–27519 (2015).
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D. Mao, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Gan, W. Zhang, T. Mei, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “WS2 saturable absorber for dissipative soliton mode locking at 1.06 and 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27509–27519 (2015).
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D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Yu, Z. Sun, X. Cheng, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Nonlinear absorption of SWNT film and its effects to the operation state of pulsed fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17227–17235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Yu, Z. Sun, X. Cheng, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Nonlinear absorption of SWNT film and its effects to the operation state of pulsed fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17227–17235 (2014).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Weng, J.

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

White, I. H.

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4040–4043 (2008).
[Crossref]

Woodward, R. I.

Wu, J.

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
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Wu, K.

Wu, X.

Xia, H.

Xiang, Y.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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Xiong, F.

Xu, B.

S. Yamashita, A. Martinez, and B. Xu, “Short pulse fiber lasers mode-locked by carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 702–713 (2014).
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Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
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Xu, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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Xu, H.

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
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Xu, W. C.

Yamashita, S.

Yan, P.

P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, H. Chen, S. Ruan, C. Guo, S. Chen, I. L. Li, H. Yang, J. Hu, and G. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, H. Chen, S. Ruan, C. Guo, S. Chen, I. L. Li, H. Yang, J. Hu, and G. Cao, “Microfiber-based WS2-film saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 479–489 (2015).
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P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
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Yang, Z.

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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Yao, X.

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
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Yeom, D.

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Femtosecond soliton pulse generation using evanescent field interaction through Tungsten disulfide (WS2) film,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 3550–3557 (2015).

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, M.

Yu, X.

Zeng, H.

Zhang, H.

P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
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M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
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C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
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X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
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Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

D. Mao, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Gan, W. Zhang, T. Mei, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “WS2 saturable absorber for dissipative soliton mode locking at 1.06 and 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27509–27519 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
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Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, W.

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Yu, Z. Sun, X. Cheng, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Nonlinear absorption of SWNT film and its effects to the operation state of pulsed fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17227–17235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
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X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Zhong, M.

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K.

Adv. Mater. (1)

V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, T. Hasan, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Carbon nanotube polycarbonate composites for ultrafast lasers,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4040–4043 (2008).
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Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Optical characterization of semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 331–339 (2004).
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C. C. Lee, J. M. Miller, and T. R. Schibli, “Doping-induced changes in the saturable absorption of monolayer graphene,” Appl. Phys. B 108(1), 129–135 (2012).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Song, S. Jang, W. Han, and M. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Femtosecond soliton pulse generation using evanescent field interaction through Tungsten disulfide (WS2) film,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 33, 3550–3557 (2015).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Khazaeinezhad, S. H. Kassani, H. Jeong, K. J. Park, B. Y. Kim, D. Yeom, and K. Oh, “Ultrafast pulsed all-fiber laser based on tapered fiber enclosed by few-layer WS2 nano-sheets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(15), 1581–1584 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, R. Lin, H. Chen, H. Zhang, A. Liu, H. Yang, and S. Ruan, “Topological insulator solution filled in photonic crystal fiber for passive mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 264–267 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

X. Li, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. H. Tsang, W. Zhang, X. Hu, Z. Yang, C. Gao, C. Li, and D. Shen, “All-fiber dissipative solitons evolution in a compact passively Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2502–2507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q –switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4679–4686 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Chem. (1)

M. Chhowalla, H. S. Shin, G. Eda, L. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and H. Zhang, “The chemistry of two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets,” Nat. Chem. 5(4), 263–275 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, X. Yu, Z. Sun, X. Cheng, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, and Q. J. Wang, “Nonlinear absorption of SWNT film and its effects to the operation state of pulsed fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17227–17235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Xia, H. Li, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15425–15430 (2008).
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R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, T. H. Runcorn, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20051–20061 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Radnatarov, S. Khripunov, S. Kobtsev, A. Ivanenko, and S. Kukarin, “Automatic electronic-controlled mode locking self-start in fibre lasers with non-linear polarisation evolution,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20626–20631 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, X. Gan, W. Zhang, T. Mei, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “WS2 saturable absorber for dissipative soliton mode locking at 1.06 and 1.55 µm,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27509–27519 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa, Y. Seno, K. Sumimura, Y. Sakakibara, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, and K. Itoh, “All-polarization-maintaining Er-doped ultrashort-pulse fiber laser using carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9429–9435 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

S. Yamashita, A. Martinez, and B. Xu, “Short pulse fiber lasers mode-locked by carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 702–713 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (3)

X. H. Li, Y. G. Wang, Y. S. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. Zhao, X. H. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. X. Gao, D. Y. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. H. M. Ahmed, N. M. Ali, Z. S. Salleh, A. A. Rahman, S. W. Harun, M. Manaf, and H. Arof, “All fiber mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes embedded into polyvinyl alcohol film as saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 62, 40–43 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Liu, W. Zhao, X. Hu, Z. Yang, W. Zhang, C. Gao, D. Shen, C. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “Yb-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a single wall carbon nanotubes wallpaper absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 47, 144–147 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photonics Res. (1)

Z. Luo, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Y. Huang, X. Wan, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “Nonlinear optical absorption of few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe) for passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser,” Photonics Res. 3(3), A79–A86 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (4)

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, Y. Cui, D. Han, X. Yao, and Z. Sun, “Distributed ultrafast fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The morphology (a) and SEM (b) of WS2/FM.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The Raman spectrum of WS2 nanosheets excited by 633 nm laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Linear transmission of FM and WS2/FM; (b) Nonlinear absorption of WS2/FM SA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser setup.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental results. (a) optical spectrum, (b) oscilloscope trace, (c) pulse profile, and (d) radio-frequency spectrum.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Long term optical spectrum measured over 10 days, (b) The drift of central wavelength and spectrum width over 10 days.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Damage threshold measurement results.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The properties comparison between FM and PVA.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Nonlinear parameters of SAs and corresponding laser properties.

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