Abstract

We investigate the interaction of narrow plasma channels formed in the filamentation of ultrashort laser pulses, with a DC high voltage. The laser filaments prevent electrical arcs by triggering corona that neutralize the high-voltage electrodes. This phenomenon, that relies on the electric field modulation and free electron release around the filament, opens new prospects to lightning and over-voltage mitigation.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

Elise Schubert, Denis Mongin, Jérôme Kasparian, and Jean-Pierre Wolf, "Remote electrical arc suppression by laser filamentation: erratum," Opt. Express 25, 11210-11210 (2017)
https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-25-10-11210

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  33. S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  34. V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and K. J. Rambo, “A review of ten years of triggered-lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida,” Atmos. Res. 76, 503–517 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

A. Schmitt-Sody, D. French, W. White, A. Lucero, W. P. Roach, and V. Hasson., “The importance of corona generation and leader formation during laser filament guided discharges in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 124101 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. L. Weerawarne, X. Gao, A. L. Gaeta, and B. Shim., “Higher-order nonlinearities revisited and their effect on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 093901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

P. Béjot, E. Cormier, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “High-field quantum calculation reveals time-dependent negative Kerr contribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 043902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

P. Béjot, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “Transition from plasma- to Kerr-driven laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 243902 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, “Higher-order kerr terms allow ionization-free filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Rizk, “Analysis of Space Charge Generating Devices for Lightning Protection: Performance in Slow Varying Fields,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 25, 1996–2006 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, A. Zhidkov, M. Yamaguchi, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Submicrosecond laser-filament-assisted corona bursts near a high-voltage electrode,” Phys. Plasmas (1994-present) 17, 043108 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

S. D. Pawar, P. Murugavel, and D. M. Lal, “Effect of relative humidity and sea level pressure on electrical conductivity of air over Indian Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmospheres 114, D02205 (2009).

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, M. Yamaguchi, A. Zhidkov, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Laser-filament-induced corona discharges and remote measurements of electric fields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2964–2966 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly-ionized, optically-transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633–1713 (2007). http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0612063 .
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and K. J. Rambo, “A review of ten years of triggered-lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida,” Atmos. Res. 76, 503–517 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

E. P. Krider, “Benjamin Franklin and the first lightning conductors,” Proc. Int. Comm. Hist. Met 1, 1–13 (2004).

2003 (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

J. Chen and J. H. Davidson, “Electron Density and Energy Distributions in the Positive DC Corona: Interpretation for Corona-Enhanced Chemical Reactions,” Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 22, 199–224 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and J.-C. Diels, “High-voltage electrical discharges induced by an ultrashort-pulse UV laser system,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 146–158 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (5)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. M. Bazelyan and Y. P. Raizer, “The mechanism of lightning attraction and the problem of lightning initiation by lasers,” Phys.-Uspekhi 43, 701 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. Miki, Y. Aihara, and T. Shindo, “Development of long gap discharges guided by a pulsed CO2 laser,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 26, 1244–1252 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ackermann, R.

Aihara, Y.

M. Miki, Y. Aihara, and T. Shindo, “Development of long gap discharges guided by a pulsed CO2 laser,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 26, 1244–1252 (1993).
[Crossref]

Aközbek, N.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

André, Y.-B.

Apollonov, V. V.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bazelyan, E. M.

E. M. Bazelyan and Y. P. Raizer, “The mechanism of lightning attraction and the problem of lightning initiation by lasers,” Phys.-Uspekhi 43, 701 (2000).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

Béjot, P.

P. Béjot, E. Cormier, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “High-field quantum calculation reveals time-dependent negative Kerr contribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 043902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Béjot, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “Transition from plasma- to Kerr-driven laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 243902 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, “Higher-order kerr terms allow ionization-free filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergé, L.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly-ionized, optically-transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633–1713 (2007). http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0612063 .
[Crossref]

Bondiou-Clergerie, A.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowden, C. M.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Chen and J. H. Davidson, “Electron Density and Energy Distributions in the Positive DC Corona: Interpretation for Corona-Enhanced Chemical Reactions,” Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 22, 199–224 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chien, C. Y.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[Crossref]

Comtois, D.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cormier, E.

P. Béjot, E. Cormier, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “High-field quantum calculation reveals time-dependent negative Kerr contribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 043902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Couture, P.

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A. Schmitt-Sody, D. French, W. White, A. Lucero, W. P. Roach, and V. Hasson., “The importance of corona generation and leader formation during laser filament guided discharges in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 124101 (2015).
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P. Béjot, E. Cormier, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “High-field quantum calculation reveals time-dependent negative Kerr contribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 043902 (2013).
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P. Béjot, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “Transition from plasma- to Kerr-driven laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 243902 (2011).
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P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, “Higher-order kerr terms allow ionization-free filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
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K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, M. Yamaguchi, A. Zhidkov, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Laser-filament-induced corona discharges and remote measurements of electric fields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2964–2966 (2009).
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B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
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P. Béjot, E. Cormier, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “High-field quantum calculation reveals time-dependent negative Kerr contribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 043902 (2013).
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P. Béjot, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “Transition from plasma- to Kerr-driven laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 243902 (2011).
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P. Béjot, E. Cormier, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “High-field quantum calculation reveals time-dependent negative Kerr contribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 043902 (2013).
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P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, “Higher-order kerr terms allow ionization-free filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
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P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, “Higher-order kerr terms allow ionization-free filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
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A. Schmitt-Sody, D. French, W. White, A. Lucero, W. P. Roach, and V. Hasson., “The importance of corona generation and leader formation during laser filament guided discharges in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 124101 (2015).
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S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
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Mawassi, R.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
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Méjean, G.

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J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
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D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
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K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, M. Yamaguchi, A. Zhidkov, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Laser-filament-induced corona discharges and remote measurements of electric fields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2964–2966 (2009).
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S. D. Pawar, P. Murugavel, and D. M. Lal, “Effect of relative humidity and sea level pressure on electrical conductivity of air over Indian Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmospheres 114, D02205 (2009).

Mysyrowicz, A.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. André, G. Méchain, G. Méjean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nemoto, K.

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, A. Zhidkov, M. Yamaguchi, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Submicrosecond laser-filament-assisted corona bursts near a high-voltage electrode,” Phys. Plasmas (1994-present) 17, 043108 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, M. Yamaguchi, A. Zhidkov, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Laser-filament-induced corona discharges and remote measurements of electric fields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2964–2966 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nuter, R.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly-ionized, optically-transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633–1713 (2007). http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0612063 .
[Crossref]

Oishi, Y.

Oral, E.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

Orlov, A. V.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pawar, S. D.

S. D. Pawar, P. Murugavel, and D. M. Lal, “Effect of relative humidity and sea level pressure on electrical conductivity of air over Indian Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmospheres 114, D02205 (2009).

Pépin, H.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Polyakov, D. N.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Potvin, C.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

Raizer, Y. P.

E. M. Bazelyan and Y. P. Raizer, “The mechanism of lightning attraction and the problem of lightning initiation by lasers,” Phys.-Uspekhi 43, 701 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rakov, V. A.

V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and K. J. Rambo, “A review of ten years of triggered-lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida,” Atmos. Res. 76, 503–517 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rambo, K. J.

V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and K. J. Rambo, “A review of ten years of triggered-lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida,” Atmos. Res. 76, 503–517 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rambo, P.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and J.-C. Diels, “High-voltage electrical discharges induced by an ultrashort-pulse UV laser system,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 146–158 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rethmeier, K.

Rizk, F.

F. Rizk, “Analysis of Space Charge Generating Devices for Lightning Protection: Performance in Slow Varying Fields,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 25, 1996–2006 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rizk, F. A. M.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Roach, W. P.

A. Schmitt-Sody, D. French, W. White, A. Lucero, W. P. Roach, and V. Hasson., “The importance of corona generation and leader formation during laser filament guided discharges in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 124101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rohwetter, P.

Salmon, E.

Sauerbrey, R.

Schmitt-Sody, A.

A. Schmitt-Sody, D. French, W. White, A. Lucero, W. P. Roach, and V. Hasson., “The importance of corona generation and leader formation during laser filament guided discharges in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 124101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schröder, H.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schwarz, J.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and J.-C. Diels, “High-voltage electrical discharges induced by an ultrashort-pulse UV laser system,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 146–158 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shim., B.

D. L. Weerawarne, X. Gao, A. L. Gaeta, and B. Shim., “Higher-order nonlinearities revisited and their effect on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 093901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimada, Y.

Shindo, T.

M. Miki, Y. Aihara, and T. Shindo, “Development of long gap discharges guided by a pulsed CO2 laser,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 26, 1244–1252 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sinkevich, O. A.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Skupin, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly-ionized, optically-transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633–1713 (2007). http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0612063 .
[Crossref]

Sokolova, M. V.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stelmaszczyk, K.

Sugiyama, K.

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, A. Zhidkov, M. Yamaguchi, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Submicrosecond laser-filament-assisted corona bursts near a high-voltage electrode,” Phys. Plasmas (1994-present) 17, 043108 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, M. Yamaguchi, A. Zhidkov, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Laser-filament-induced corona discharges and remote measurements of electric fields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2964–2966 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Temnikov, A. G.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Théberge, F.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Trinh, G. N.

F. A. M. Fizk and G. N. Trinh, High Voltage Engineering (CRC Press, 2014).

Tsubakimoto, K.

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

Uchida, S.

Uhlig, C. A. E.

C. A. E. Uhlig, The ultra corona discharge, a new phenomenon occuring on thin wires, High voltage symposium, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Canada (1956).

Uman, M. A.

V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and K. J. Rambo, “A review of ten years of triggered-lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida,” Atmos. Res. 76, 503–517 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vasilyak, L. M.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vereshchagin, I. P.

V. V. Apollonov, L. M. Vasilyak, I. P. Vereshchagin, V. V. Glazkov, D. N. Gerasimov, I. G. Kononov, A. V. Orlov, D. N. Polyakov, O. A. Sinkevich, M. V. Sokolova, A. G. Temnikov, and K. N. Firsov, “Experimental simulation of a laser lightning-protection system on a device with an artificial cloud of charged aqueous aerosol,” Quantum Electron. 32, 523 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vidal, F.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Vieillard, T.

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, “Higher-order kerr terms allow ionization-free filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vijayalakshmi, K.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Y.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

Weerawarne, D. L.

D. L. Weerawarne, X. Gao, A. L. Gaeta, and B. Shim., “Higher-order nonlinearities revisited and their effect on harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 093901 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, W.

A. Schmitt-Sody, D. French, W. White, A. Lucero, W. P. Roach, and V. Hasson., “The importance of corona generation and leader formation during laser filament guided discharges in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 124101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.

P. Béjot, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “Transition from plasma- to Kerr-driven laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 243902 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

P. Béjot, E. Cormier, E. Hertz, B. Lavorel, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and O. Faucher, “High-field quantum calculation reveals time-dependent negative Kerr contribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 043902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Béjot, J. Kasparian, S. Henin, V. Loriot, T. Vieillard, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, and J.-P. Wolf, “Higher-order kerr terms allow ionization-free filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 103903 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. André, G. Méchain, G. Méjean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds,” Opt. Express 16, 5757–5763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly-ionized, optically-transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633–1713 (2007). http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0612063 .
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wöste, L.

Wöste., L.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste., “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301, 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, M.

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, A. Zhidkov, M. Yamaguchi, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Submicrosecond laser-filament-assisted corona bursts near a high-voltage electrode,” Phys. Plasmas (1994-present) 17, 043108 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, M. Yamaguchi, A. Zhidkov, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Laser-filament-induced corona discharges and remote measurements of electric fields,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2964–2966 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamanaka, C.

Yamanaka, T.

Yasuda, H.

Yu, J.

Zhao, X. M.

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zhidkov, A.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and refocusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Schmitt-Sody, D. French, W. White, A. Lucero, W. P. Roach, and V. Hasson., “The importance of corona generation and leader formation during laser filament guided discharges in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 124101 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. L. Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Res. (1)

V. A. Rakov, M. A. Uman, and K. J. Rambo, “A review of ten years of triggered-lightning experiments at Camp Blanding, Florida,” Atmos. Res. 76, 503–517 (2005).
[Crossref]

Canadian J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schröder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Canadian J. Phys. 83, 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. M. Zhao, J.-C. Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 599–612 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Power Delivery (1)

F. Rizk, “Analysis of Space Charge Generating Devices for Lightning Protection: Performance in Slow Varying Fields,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery 25, 1996–2006 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. La Fontaine, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, and H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmospheres (1)

S. D. Pawar, P. Murugavel, and D. M. Lal, “Effect of relative humidity and sea level pressure on electrical conductivity of air over Indian Ocean,” J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmospheres 114, D02205 (2009).

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and J.-C. Diels, “High-voltage electrical discharges induced by an ultrashort-pulse UV laser system,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 146–158 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Technol. (1)

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Miki, Y. Aihara, and T. Shindo, “Development of long gap discharges guided by a pulsed CO2 laser,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 26, 1244–1252 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Plasmas (1994-present) (1)

K. Sugiyama, T. Fujii, M. Miki, A. Zhidkov, M. Yamaguchi, E. Hotta, and K. Nemoto, “Submicrosecond laser-filament-assisted corona bursts near a high-voltage electrode,” Phys. Plasmas (1994-present) 17, 043108 (2010).
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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MP4 (14109 KB)      Electrical arc suppression by laser-induced neutralization

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup. A Ti:Sapphire laser focused with an f = 2 m lens creates 3–4 ∼ 20 cm long filaments. The electrode with a capacitor is charged to 14 kV and the generator is then disconnected. After the laser has been shined, the residual voltage on the electrode is measured via a HV-probe. The distance between the electrodes and the distance from the electrodes to the filament can be changed.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Electrical arc suppression by laser-induced neutralization under 100 kV (See Visualization 1). (a) Electrical arc without laser (b) Arc inhibition when the laser is turned on.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Laser unloading of a 10 nF capacitor at +14 kV. The electrodes were placed at a distance D = 16 ± 0.2 cm apart, at a lateral distance L of 2 mm from the laser beam. (a) Laser-induced current. Time 0 corresponds to the laser pulse. (b) Decay of the magnitude of the peak current, corresponding to the capacitor discharge.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simultaneous discharge of capacitors loaded under ±14 kV, with a 16 cm gap between the electrodes, placed at L = 2 mm from the laser. The lines display exponential fits, τ being the decay time.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Effect of geometry on laser-induced neutralization. (a–c) Geometrical configurations: (a) transverse and (b) longitudinal distances, and (c) filament crossing the electrode gap. The gray circles represent the electrodes, and the blue line is the filament. (d) Decay time of the charge as a function of the distance between the electrodes and the filaments.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Charge decay time as a function of the relative position of the filament and the electrodes, located 2 mm away from the laser beam. On the symbols of the x-axis, the laser filament (in blue) propagates from left to right. The capacitor is charged at +14 kV and the gap between the electrodes is 40 cm.

Equations (3)

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μ e ( m 2 / V s ) = N 0 3 N ( 5 × 10 5 + E 0 1.9 × 10 4 + 26.7 × E 0 ) 0.6
R = 1 e μ e S 0 L d r ρ e ( r )
R L e μ e S ρ fil ρ 1 ln ρ L e μ e S ρ fil ρ ln ρ

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