Abstract

We propose a new type of cascaded random distributed- feedback Raman fiber laser (RD-RFL), with the linear output at the second-order Stokes wavelength. The guideline about building such a RD-RFL with particular output power and conversion efficiency is presented based on numerical study. We also experimentally instantiate the principle, and confirm the effectiveness of the scheme on lasing generation. Moreover, the added Fresnel reflection feature maintains the simplicity and flexibility of the RD-RFL.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  4. I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).
  6. H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. Pang, S. Xie, X. Bao, D. P. Zhou, Y. Lu, and L. Chen, “Rayleigh scattering-assisted narrow linewidth Brillouin lasing in cascaded fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3129–3131 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin–Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, and L. Chen, “A self-gain random distributed feedback fiber laser based on stimulated Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1371–1374 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. H. Wu, Z. Wang, M. Fan, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and Y. Rao, “Role of the mirror’s reflectivity in forward-pumped random fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1421–1427 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  17. S. A. Babin, I. D. Vatnik, A. Y. Laptev, M. M. Bubnov, and E. M. Dianov, “High-efficiency cascaded Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Express 22(21), 24929–24934 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Rao, X. Jia, and W. Zhang, “Third-order random lasing via Raman gain and Rayleigh feedback within a half-open cavity,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20090–20095 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, I. D. Vatnik, and S. I. Kablukov, “Second harmonic generation of a random fiber laser with Raman gain,” Proc. SPIE 9347, 934710 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. Z. Liu, C. Guo, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Tapered fiber optical tweezers for microscopic particle trapping: fabrication and application,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12510–12516 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (7)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, M. Fan, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and Y. Rao, “Role of the mirror’s reflectivity in forward-pumped random fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1421–1427 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, I. D. Vatnik, and S. I. Kablukov, “Second harmonic generation of a random fiber laser with Raman gain,” Proc. SPIE 9347, 934710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Q. Huang, X. Y. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 902405 (2014).

S. A. Babin, I. D. Vatnik, A. Y. Laptev, M. M. Bubnov, and E. M. Dianov, “High-efficiency cascaded Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Express 22(21), 24929–24934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin–Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, I. D. Vatnik, and S. I. Kablukov, “Second harmonic generation of a random fiber laser with Raman gain,” Proc. SPIE 9347, 934710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, I. D. Vatnik, A. Y. Laptev, M. M. Bubnov, and E. M. Dianov, “High-efficiency cascaded Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Express 22(21), 24929–24934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

Bao, X. Y.

T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, and L. Chen, “A self-gain random distributed feedback fiber laser based on stimulated Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1371–1374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bubnov, M. M.

Chen, L.

M. Pang, S. Xie, X. Bao, D. P. Zhou, Y. Lu, and L. Chen, “Rayleigh scattering-assisted narrow linewidth Brillouin lasing in cascaded fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3129–3131 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, and L. Chen, “A self-gain random distributed feedback fiber laser based on stimulated Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1371–1374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

Dong, X. Y.

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Q. Huang, X. Y. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 902405 (2014).

Dontsova, E. I.

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, I. D. Vatnik, and S. I. Kablukov, “Second harmonic generation of a random fiber laser with Raman gain,” Proc. SPIE 9347, 934710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, X.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fan, M.

Fan, M. Q.

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

Harper, P.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Harun, S. W.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin–Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. Q.

C. Q. Huang, X. Y. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 902405 (2014).

Jemangin, M. H.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin–Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jia, X.

Jia, X. H.

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, I. D. Vatnik, and S. I. Kablukov, “Second harmonic generation of a random fiber laser with Raman gain,” Proc. SPIE 9347, 934710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laptev, A. Y.

Li, P. Y.

Liu, Z.

Lu, Y.

Nikulin, M.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pang, M.

Podivilov, E. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

Rao, Y. J.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shu, X.

Shum, P. P.

C. Q. Huang, X. Y. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 902405 (2014).

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Su, H. B.

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sugavanam, S.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tarasov, N.

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, I. D. Vatnik, and S. I. Kablukov, “Second harmonic generation of a random fiber laser with Raman gain,” Proc. SPIE 9347, 934710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, I. D. Vatnik, A. Y. Laptev, M. M. Bubnov, and E. M. Dianov, “High-efficiency cascaded Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Express 22(21), 24929–24934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L. L.

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z. N.

M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, H.

H. Wu, Z. Wang, M. Fan, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and Y. Rao, “Role of the mirror’s reflectivity in forward-pumped random fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1421–1427 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Rao, X. Jia, and W. Zhang, “Third-order random lasing via Raman gain and Rayleigh feedback within a half-open cavity,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20090–20095 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, H.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xie, S.

Xu, J.

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yuan, L.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, M. Fan, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and Y. Rao, “Role of the mirror’s reflectivity in forward-pumped random fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1421–1427 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, N.

C. Q. Huang, X. Y. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 902405 (2014).

Zhang, S. Y.

C. Q. Huang, X. Y. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 902405 (2014).

Zhang, W.

Zhang, W. L.

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, D. P.

Zhou, P.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T.

T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, and L. Chen, “A self-gain random distributed feedback fiber laser based on stimulated Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1371–1374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zulkifli, M. Z.

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin–Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. N. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and X. H. Jia, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

C. Q. Huang, X. Y. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 902405 (2014).

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

L. L. Wang, X. Y. Dong, P. P. Shum, and H. B. Su, “Tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on random distributed feedback,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 1–5 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Q. Fan, Z. N. Wang, H. Wu, W. Sun, and L. Zhang, “Low-threshold, high-efficiency Random fiber laser with linear output,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(3), 319–322 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, M. H. Jemangin, and S. W. Harun, “Distributed feedback multimode Brillouin–Raman random fiber laser in the S-band,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055102 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Zhu, X. Y. Bao, and L. Chen, “A self-gain random distributed feedback fiber laser based on stimulated Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1371–1374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

Z. Liu, C. Guo, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Tapered fiber optical tweezers for microscopic particle trapping: fabrication and application,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12510–12516 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Cascaded random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser operating at 1.2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18486–18494 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Wang, Y. J. Rao, H. Wu, P. Y. Li, Y. Jiang, X. H. Jia, and W. L. Zhang, “Long-distance fiber-optic point-sensing systems based on random fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17695–17700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Rao, X. Jia, and W. Zhang, “Third-order random lasing via Raman gain and Rayleigh feedback within a half-open cavity,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20090–20095 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, I. D. Vatnik, A. Y. Laptev, M. M. Bubnov, and E. M. Dianov, “High-efficiency cascaded Raman fiber laser with random distributed feedback,” Opt. Express 22(21), 24929–24934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, M. Fan, L. Zhang, W. Zhang, and Y. Rao, “Role of the mirror’s reflectivity in forward-pumped random fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1421–1427 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Du, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Hundred-watt-level high power random distributed feedback Raman fiber laser at 1150 nm and its application in mid-infrared laser generation,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17138–17144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, I. D. Vatnik, and S. I. Kablukov, “Second harmonic generation of a random fiber laser with Raman gain,” Proc. SPIE 9347, 934710 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Tang and J. Xu, “A random Q-switched fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9338 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic setup (WDM: wavelength division multiplexer, ISO: isolator).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Power distribution of forward and backward lasing power with 5 km cavity and 8.75 W pumping power; (b) power distributions of forward and backward lasing power with 1km fiber cavity and 23 W pumping power.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Slope efficiency vs. fiber length; (b) threshold vs. fiber length.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Conversion efficiency (2nd order output) vs. fiber length and output power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental and simulation results of lasing power vs. pump power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Spectra of 2nd order random lasing (inset: spectra of 1st order random lasing).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 0-125kHz RF spectrum of the cascaded random lasing output (frequency resolution: 50 Hz), inset: 0-125MHz spectrum of cascaded random lasing and pump source (frequency resolution: 100 kHz).

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