Abstract

Phase matching is known to enhance the nonlinear optical response in materials with a non-centrosymmetric crystallographic or electronic structure. In contrast, phase-matched frequency doubling driven by non-centrosymmetric magnetism that induces acentricity in otherwise centrosymmetric structures has not been reported yet. In our study we demonstrate the emergence of magnetically driven second-harmonic generation (SHG) with phase matching in MnWO4. The phase-matched wavelength for SHG can be tuned continuously between 450 nm to 630 nm with the conversion efficiency being determined by the refractive indices and their dispersion. Our findings reveal a new strategy towards magnetism-based conversion-materials and a route for controlling the nonlinear signal yield by acting primarily on the material’s spin degree of freedom rather than employing its electronic or structural properties.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. H. Dachs, E. Stoll, and H. Weitzel, “Kristallstruktur und magnetische Ordnung des Hübnerits, MnWO4,” Z. Kristallogr. 125(125), 120–129 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  28. F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Hara, S. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, and I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Hayat, A. Nevet, P. Ginzburg, and M. Orenstein, “Applications of two-photon processes in semiconductor photonic devices: Invited review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 083001 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Denev, T. Lummen, E. Barnes, A. Kumar, and V. Gopalan, “Probing ferroelectrics using optical second harmonic generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(9), 2699–2727 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Arahira, N. Namekata, T. Kishimoto, H. Yaegashi, and S. Inoue, “Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs at telecommunication wavelength using cascaded χ(2) processes in a periodically poled LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16032–16043 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Kitagawa, Y. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Ishikura, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Low-field magnetoelectric effect at room temperature,” Nat. Mater. 9(10), 797–802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

D. Meier, M. Maringer, T. Lottermoser, P. Becker, L. Bohatý, and M. Fiebig, “Observation and coupling of domains in a spin-spiral multiferroic,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107202 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

T. Yokoyama, K. Mizuuchi, K. Nakayama, A. Kurozuka, T. Sugita, A. Morikawa, and K. Yamamoto, “Compact intracavity green light source with wide operation temperature range using periodically poled Mg:LiNbO3,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6787–6789 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Kimura, Y. Sekio, H. Nakamura, T. Siegrist, and A. P. Ramirez, “Cupric oxide as an induced-multiferroic with high-TC.,” Nat. Mater. 7(4), 291–294 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

P. Becker, L. Bohatý, H. Eichler, H. Rhee, and A. Kaminskii, “High-gain Raman induced multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes generation in monoclinic multiferroic MnWO4 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(12), 884–889 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

A. H. Arkenbout, T. T. M. Palstra, T. Siegrist, and T. Kimura, “Ferroelectricity in the cycloidal spiral magnetic phase of MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 74(18), 184431 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Ji and Y.-R. Shen, “A novel spectroscopic probe for molecular chirality,” Chirality 18(3), 146–158 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1993 (3)

J. Macavei and H. Schulz, “The crystal structure of Wolframite type tungstenates at high pressure,” Z. Kristallogr. 207, 193–208 (1993).

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Brehat and B. Wyncke, “Calculation of the refractive indices and direction of refracted rays as functions of the angle of incidence, in uniaxial and biaxial crystals,” J. Phys. D 26(2), 293–301 (1993).
[Crossref]

1967 (2)

H. Dachs, E. Stoll, and H. Weitzel, “Kristallstruktur und magnetische Ordnung des Hübnerits, MnWO4,” Z. Kristallogr. 125(125), 120–129 (1967).
[Crossref]

M. Hobden, “Phase-matched second-harmonic generation in biaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(11), 4365–4372 (1967).
[Crossref]

1963 (1)

P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, “Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35(1), 23–39 (1963).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

P. Maker, R. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. Savage, “Effects of dispersion and focusing on the production of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 21–22 (1962).
[Crossref]

Arahira, S.

Arkenbout, A. H.

A. H. Arkenbout, T. T. M. Palstra, T. Siegrist, and T. Kimura, “Ferroelectricity in the cycloidal spiral magnetic phase of MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 74(18), 184431 (2006).
[Crossref]

Banse, T.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Barnes, E.

S. Denev, T. Lummen, E. Barnes, A. Kumar, and V. Gopalan, “Probing ferroelectrics using optical second harmonic generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(9), 2699–2727 (2011).
[Crossref]

Becker, P.

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Meier, M. Maringer, T. Lottermoser, P. Becker, L. Bohatý, and M. Fiebig, “Observation and coupling of domains in a spin-spiral multiferroic,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107202 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Becker, L. Bohatý, H. Eichler, H. Rhee, and A. Kaminskii, “High-gain Raman induced multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes generation in monoclinic multiferroic MnWO4 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(12), 884–889 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bohatý, L.

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Meier, M. Maringer, T. Lottermoser, P. Becker, L. Bohatý, and M. Fiebig, “Observation and coupling of domains in a spin-spiral multiferroic,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107202 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Becker, L. Bohatý, H. Eichler, H. Rhee, and A. Kaminskii, “High-gain Raman induced multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes generation in monoclinic multiferroic MnWO4 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(12), 884–889 (2007).
[Crossref]

Böhm, A.

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonnet, M.

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brehat, F.

F. Brehat and B. Wyncke, “Calculation of the refractive indices and direction of refracted rays as functions of the angle of incidence, in uniaxial and biaxial crystals,” J. Phys. D 26(2), 293–301 (1993).
[Crossref]

Buchvarov, I.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Canalias, C.

Cao, H.

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chi, S.

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chu, C.

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dachs, H.

H. Dachs, E. Stoll, and H. Weitzel, “Kristallstruktur und magnetische Ordnung des Hübnerits, MnWO4,” Z. Kristallogr. 125(125), 120–129 (1967).
[Crossref]

Denev, S.

S. Denev, T. Lummen, E. Barnes, A. Kumar, and V. Gopalan, “Probing ferroelectrics using optical second harmonic generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(9), 2699–2727 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eichler, H.

P. Becker, L. Bohatý, H. Eichler, H. Rhee, and A. Kaminskii, “High-gain Raman induced multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes generation in monoclinic multiferroic MnWO4 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(12), 884–889 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ejima, T.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Esteban-Martin, A.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feng, B.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fernandez-Baca, J. A.

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fiebig, M.

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Meier, M. Maringer, T. Lottermoser, P. Becker, L. Bohatý, and M. Fiebig, “Observation and coupling of domains in a spin-spiral multiferroic,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107202 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fiebig, V. V. Pavlov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second-harmonic generation as a tool for studying electronic and magnetic crystals: review,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(1), 96–118 (2005).
[Crossref]

Franken, P. A.

P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, “Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35(1), 23–39 (1963).
[Crossref]

Fuess, H.

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaydardzhiev, A.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ghotbi, M.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ginzburg, P.

A. Hayat, A. Nevet, P. Ginzburg, and M. Orenstein, “Applications of two-photon processes in semiconductor photonic devices: Invited review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 083001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gopalan, V.

S. Denev, T. Lummen, E. Barnes, A. Kumar, and V. Gopalan, “Probing ferroelectrics using optical second harmonic generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(9), 2699–2727 (2011).
[Crossref]

Han, W.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hara, K.

K. Hara, S. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, and I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hayat, A.

A. Hayat, A. Nevet, P. Ginzburg, and M. Orenstein, “Applications of two-photon processes in semiconductor photonic devices: Invited review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 083001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hiraoka, Y.

Y. Kitagawa, Y. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Ishikura, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Low-field magnetoelectric effect at room temperature,” Nat. Mater. 9(10), 797–802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hobden, M.

M. Hobden, “Phase-matched second-harmonic generation in biaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 38(11), 4365–4372 (1967).
[Crossref]

Hock, R.

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Honda, T.

Y. Kitagawa, Y. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Ishikura, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Low-field magnetoelectric effect at room temperature,” Nat. Mater. 9(10), 797–802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, X.-H.

H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.-P.

H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Inoue, S.

Ishikura, T.

Y. Kitagawa, Y. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Ishikura, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Low-field magnetoelectric effect at room temperature,” Nat. Mater. 9(10), 797–802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishino, M.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ji, N.

N. Ji and Y.-R. Shen, “A novel spectroscopic probe for molecular chirality,” Chirality 18(3), 146–158 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, H.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A.

P. Becker, L. Bohatý, H. Eichler, H. Rhee, and A. Kaminskii, “High-gain Raman induced multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes generation in monoclinic multiferroic MnWO4 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(12), 884–889 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kimura, N.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kimura, T.

Y. Kitagawa, Y. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Ishikura, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Low-field magnetoelectric effect at room temperature,” Nat. Mater. 9(10), 797–802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kimura, Y. Sekio, H. Nakamura, T. Siegrist, and A. P. Ramirez, “Cupric oxide as an induced-multiferroic with high-TC.,” Nat. Mater. 7(4), 291–294 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. Arkenbout, T. T. M. Palstra, T. Siegrist, and T. Kimura, “Ferroelectricity in the cycloidal spiral magnetic phase of MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 74(18), 184431 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kishimoto, T.

Kitagawa, Y.

Y. Kitagawa, Y. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Ishikura, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Low-field magnetoelectric effect at room temperature,” Nat. Mater. 9(10), 797–802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kityk, I.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kokabee, O.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kondo, Y.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

S. Denev, T. Lummen, E. Barnes, A. Kumar, and V. Gopalan, “Probing ferroelectrics using optical second harmonic generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(9), 2699–2727 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kurozuka, A.

T. Yokoyama, K. Mizuuchi, K. Nakayama, A. Kurozuka, T. Sugita, A. Morikawa, and K. Yamamoto, “Compact intracavity green light source with wide operation temperature range using periodically poled Mg:LiNbO3,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6787–6789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lautenschläger, G.

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leo, N.

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, K.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liang, K.-C.

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lorenz, B.

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lottermoser, T.

D. Meier, M. Maringer, T. Lottermoser, P. Becker, L. Bohatý, and M. Fiebig, “Observation and coupling of domains in a spin-spiral multiferroic,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107202 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lottermoser, Th.

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lummen, T.

S. Denev, T. Lummen, E. Barnes, A. Kumar, and V. Gopalan, “Probing ferroelectrics using optical second harmonic generation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(9), 2699–2727 (2011).
[Crossref]

Macavei, J.

J. Macavei and H. Schulz, “The crystal structure of Wolframite type tungstenates at high pressure,” Z. Kristallogr. 207, 193–208 (1993).

Majchrowski, A.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maker, P.

P. Maker, R. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. Savage, “Effects of dispersion and focusing on the production of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 21–22 (1962).
[Crossref]

Maringer, M.

D. Meier, M. Maringer, T. Lottermoser, P. Becker, L. Bohatý, and M. Fiebig, “Observation and coupling of domains in a spin-spiral multiferroic,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107202 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsubara, I.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, S.

K. Hara, S. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, and I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meier, D.

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Meier, M. Maringer, T. Lottermoser, P. Becker, L. Bohatý, and M. Fiebig, “Observation and coupling of domains in a spin-spiral multiferroic,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(10), 107202 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Michalski, E.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miyata, K.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mizuuchi, K.

T. Yokoyama, K. Mizuuchi, K. Nakayama, A. Kurozuka, T. Sugita, A. Morikawa, and K. Yamamoto, “Compact intracavity green light source with wide operation temperature range using periodically poled Mg:LiNbO3,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6787–6789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Morikawa, A.

T. Yokoyama, K. Mizuuchi, K. Nakayama, A. Kurozuka, T. Sugita, A. Morikawa, and K. Yamamoto, “Compact intracavity green light source with wide operation temperature range using periodically poled Mg:LiNbO3,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6787–6789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nagashima, W.

K. Hara, S. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, and I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, H.

Y. Kitagawa, Y. Hiraoka, T. Honda, T. Ishikura, H. Nakamura, and T. Kimura, “Low-field magnetoelectric effect at room temperature,” Nat. Mater. 9(10), 797–802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kimura, Y. Sekio, H. Nakamura, T. Siegrist, and A. P. Ramirez, “Cupric oxide as an induced-multiferroic with high-TC.,” Nat. Mater. 7(4), 291–294 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakayama, K.

T. Yokoyama, K. Mizuuchi, K. Nakayama, A. Kurozuka, T. Sugita, A. Morikawa, and K. Yamamoto, “Compact intracavity green light source with wide operation temperature range using periodically poled Mg:LiNbO3,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6787–6789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Namekata, N.

Nevet, A.

A. Hayat, A. Nevet, P. Ginzburg, and M. Orenstein, “Applications of two-photon processes in semiconductor photonic devices: Invited review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 083001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nikolov, I.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nisenoff, M.

P. Maker, R. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. Savage, “Effects of dispersion and focusing on the production of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 21–22 (1962).
[Crossref]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Onda, T.

K. Hara, S. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, and I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Orenstein, M.

A. Hayat, A. Nevet, P. Ginzburg, and M. Orenstein, “Applications of two-photon processes in semiconductor photonic devices: Invited review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 083001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Palstra, T. T. M.

A. H. Arkenbout, T. T. M. Palstra, T. Siegrist, and T. Kimura, “Ferroelectricity in the cycloidal spiral magnetic phase of MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 74(18), 184431 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Pavlov, V. V.

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pisarev, R. V.

Ramirez, A. P.

T. Kimura, Y. Sekio, H. Nakamura, T. Siegrist, and A. P. Ramirez, “Cupric oxide as an induced-multiferroic with high-TC.,” Nat. Mater. 7(4), 291–294 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rhee, H.

P. Becker, L. Bohatý, H. Eichler, H. Rhee, and A. Kaminskii, “High-gain Raman induced multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes generation in monoclinic multiferroic MnWO4 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(12), 884–889 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Savage, C.

P. Maker, R. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. Savage, “Effects of dispersion and focusing on the production of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 21–22 (1962).
[Crossref]

Schulz, H.

J. Macavei and H. Schulz, “The crystal structure of Wolframite type tungstenates at high pressure,” Z. Kristallogr. 207, 193–208 (1993).

Sekio, Y.

T. Kimura, Y. Sekio, H. Nakamura, T. Siegrist, and A. P. Ramirez, “Cupric oxide as an induced-multiferroic with high-TC.,” Nat. Mater. 7(4), 291–294 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y.-R.

N. Ji and Y.-R. Shen, “A novel spectroscopic probe for molecular chirality,” Chirality 18(3), 146–158 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shoji, I.

K. Hara, S. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, and I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Siegrist, T.

T. Kimura, Y. Sekio, H. Nakamura, T. Siegrist, and A. P. Ramirez, “Cupric oxide as an induced-multiferroic with high-TC.,” Nat. Mater. 7(4), 291–294 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. H. Arkenbout, T. T. M. Palstra, T. Siegrist, and T. Kimura, “Ferroelectricity in the cycloidal spiral magnetic phase of MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 74(18), 184431 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stoll, E.

H. Dachs, E. Stoll, and H. Weitzel, “Kristallstruktur und magnetische Ordnung des Hübnerits, MnWO4,” Z. Kristallogr. 125(125), 120–129 (1967).
[Crossref]

Sugita, T.

T. Yokoyama, K. Mizuuchi, K. Nakayama, A. Kurozuka, T. Sugita, A. Morikawa, and K. Yamamoto, “Compact intracavity green light source with wide operation temperature range using periodically poled Mg:LiNbO3,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6787–6789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Takatsuka, H.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Terhune, R.

P. Maker, R. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, and C. Savage, “Effects of dispersion and focusing on the production of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 21–22 (1962).
[Crossref]

Tzankov, P.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vogt, T.

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.-J.

H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

F. Ye, S. Chi, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, H. Cao, K.-C. Liang, Y. Wang, B. Lorenz, and C. Chu, “Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 86(9), 094429 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ward, J. F.

P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, “Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35(1), 23–39 (1963).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, M.

T. Ejima, T. Banse, H. Takatsuka, Y. Kondo, M. Ishino, N. Kimura, M. Watanabe, and I. Matsubara, “Microscopic optical and photoelectron measurements of MWO4 (M=Mn, Fe, and Ni),” J. Lumin. 119–120, 59–63 (2006).
[Crossref]

Weitzel, H.

G. Lautenschläger, H. Weitzel, T. Vogt, R. Hock, A. Böhm, M. Bonnet, and H. Fuess, “Magnetic phase transitions of MnWO4 studied by the use of neutron diffraction,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6087–6098 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Dachs, E. Stoll, and H. Weitzel, “Kristallstruktur und magnetische Ordnung des Hübnerits, MnWO4,” Z. Kristallogr. 125(125), 120–129 (1967).
[Crossref]

Wyncke, B.

F. Brehat and B. Wyncke, “Calculation of the refractive indices and direction of refracted rays as functions of the angle of incidence, in uniaxial and biaxial crystals,” J. Phys. D 26(2), 293–301 (1993).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Y.

W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yaegashi, H.

Yamamoto, K.

T. Yokoyama, K. Mizuuchi, K. Nakayama, A. Kurozuka, T. Sugita, A. Morikawa, and K. Yamamoto, “Compact intracavity green light source with wide operation temperature range using periodically poled Mg:LiNbO3,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6787–6789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ye, F.

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Yokoyama, T.

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[Crossref]

Yuan, G.

D. Meier, N. Leo, G. Yuan, Th. Lottermoser, M. Fiebig, P. Becker, and L. Bohatý, “Second harmonic generation on incommensurate structures: The case of multiferroic MnWO4,” Phys. Rev. B 82(15), 155112 (2010).
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[Crossref]

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W. Wang, K. Li, J. Wang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Li, H. Jia, L. Wang, W. Zhong, X. Zhang, S. Zhao, and B. Feng, “Analysis on dependence of phase matching angle on temperature in KDP crystal,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(3), 683–686 (2011).
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H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
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Appl. Phys. Express (1)

K. Hara, S. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, and I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
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H. Huang, C.-P. Huang, C. Zhang, D. Zhu, X.-H. Hong, J. Lu, J. Jiang, Q.-J. Wang, and Y.-Y. Zhu, “Second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled congruent LiTaO3 sample with phase-tuned nonlinear Cherenkov radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(2), 022905 (2012).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Hobden plot of MnWO4, calculated from the room-temperature refractive indices [13]. The plot shows the angular SHG characteristics of MnWO4, i.e. the cones where the index surfaces of n(ω) and n(2ω) intersect, projected by stereographic projection on the equatorial plane XZ of the indicatrix, see Fig. 1 [17]. The axes X, Y, Z (with n(X) < n(Y) < n(Z)) represent the main directions of the optical reference system (indicatrix). Position of the projected cones are given in increments of 50 nm of the fundamental wavelength. Red lines mark type I phase matching (with parallel polarization of the fundamental waves), which corresponds to the present work, while blue lines represent type II phase matching (with mutually perpendicular polarization of the fundamental waves).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Energy-dependence of SHG conversion efficiency of MnWO4 for different sample rotation angles at T = 7 K. The offset of each SHG spectra indicates the corresponding angle of internal propagation direction of the incident light field given by φ = ∠(a, k(ω)) (right scale). Peak energy and line width (as obtained by Lorentz fits) are indicated by the bars at the bottom of each curve, the line colour corresponds to that of the SHG central wavelength. The varying line width of the depicted second harmonic spectra indicates the differing degree of criticality of the phase matching conditions, where non-critical phase matching is possible for k(ω) along Y or Z [17], i.e. for φ = −19.4° or φ = 70.6° in our setup. Approaching non-critical phase matching the necessary condition Δk ≈ 0 is fulfilled for an increasing energy range of the fundamental wave. Data points at 1.96 eV (k(ω) || c) and at 2.75 eV (k(ω) || a) are extracted from reference [19]. The dashed grey line shows an estimate of the phase matching angle (right scale) at room temperature based on extrapolated values of the refractive indices from Fig. 2 [13]. (b) Temperature-dependent SHG intensity for normal incidence (φ = 33.9°), measured at 2.32 eV. The signal is non-zero in the magnetic polar phase between 7 K and 12 K only and vanishes for higher and lower temperatures. This confirms the magnetically-induced character of the non-linear optical properties of MnWO4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Influence of the linear absorption at 2ω on the SHG intensity and line width. (a) A comparison of the envelope of the SHG peaks at different energies (data points, blue line) with the linear absorption coefficient α(2ω) (orange line) shows that the SHG signal is suppressed with the onset of optical charge-transfer excitations above 2.50 eV [13]. (b) Comparison of SHG peak line width (data points, blue line as guide to the eye) with linear absorption coefficient α(2ω) (orange line). Arrows in both plots denote the spectral position of crystal-field transitions [19].

Equations (1)

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P i (2ω)= ε 0 χ ijk E j (ω) E k (ω).

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