Abstract

Plasmon-induced transparency (PIT) is a result of destructive interference of different plasmonic resonators. Due to the extreme dispersion within the narrow transparency window, PIT metamaterials are utilized to realize slow light and nonlinear effect. However, other applications such as broadband filtering more desire a broad transmission frequency band at the PIT resonance. In this paper, a broadband PIT effect is demonstrated theoretically in a planar terahertz metamaterial, consisting of a U-shaped ring (USR) supporting electric and magnetic dipole modes as the bright resonator and a cut wire pair (CWP) possessing planar electric quadrupole and magnetic dipole modes as the dark resonator. The dark resonant modes of the CWP can be excited simultaneously via near-field by both the electric and magnetic dipole modes of the USR. When the electric as well as magnetic excitation pathways constructively interact with each other, the enhanced near-field coupling between bright and dark resonators gives rise to an ultra-broad transparency window across a frequency range greater than 0.61 THz in the transmittance spectrum.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

C. Li, D. Qi, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Wideband slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency at telecom frequency,” Opt. Commun. 351(15), 26–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Zhu, F. Y. Meng, J. H. Fu, Q. Wu, and J. Hua, “Multi-band slow light metamaterial,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4494–4502 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen, C. Wang, R. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Multiple plasmon-induced transparencies in coupled-resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5133–5135 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, and G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W. S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 111(6), 3913–3961 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (7)

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling effects in optical metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Kolb, T. D. Corrigan, H. D. Drew, A. B. Sushkov, R. J. Phaneuf, A. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, and G. Shvets, “Bianisotropy and spatial dispersion in highly anisotropic near-infrared resonator arrays,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24025–24036 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1955 (1)

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark effect in rapidly varying fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Autler, S. H.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark effect in rapidly varying fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, Q.

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burger, S.

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, J. X.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chang, W. S.

N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W. S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 111(6), 3913–3961 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, C. Wang, R. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Multiple plasmon-induced transparencies in coupled-resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5133–5135 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, C.

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Corrigan, T. D.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, Y.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, Z. G.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Drew, H. D.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Economou, E. N.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Enkrich, C.

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, F. R.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, H.

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fu, J. H.

Geng, Z. X.

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
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R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling effects in optical metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, C. Z.

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, L. Y.

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W. S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 111(6), 3913–3961 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, S.

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, X. J.

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsiao, C. T.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hua, J.

Huang, R.

Huang, X. R.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. F.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jang, W. H.

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jeppesen, C.

Jiang, J.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, J. X.

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jin, X. R.

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, M.

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kästel, J.

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khanikaev, A.

Khanikaev, A. B.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, and G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
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Kim, K. W.

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kolb, P. W.

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, A.

Lal, S.

N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W. S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 111(6), 3913–3961 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Li, D. Qi, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Wideband slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency at telecom frequency,” Opt. Commun. 351(15), 26–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, J. F.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J. Q.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, S. B.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, T.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
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Li, Z.

Linden, S.

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Link, S.

N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W. S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 111(6), 3913–3961 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, A. Q.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling effects in optical metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Meng, F. Y.

Mortensen, N. A.

Mousavi, S. H.

Nordlander, P.

N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W. S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 111(6), 3913–3961 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, R. W.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phaneuf, R. J.

Prodan, E.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, D.

C. Li, D. Qi, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Wideband slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency at telecom frequency,” Opt. Commun. 351(15), 26–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qin, L.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Radloff, C.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, B.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rhee, J. Y.

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, F.

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shao, J.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

Singh, R.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, G.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y. M.

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sushkov, A. B.

Tassin, P.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taubert, R.

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, X. H.

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z. Q.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tonouchi, M.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
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S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark effect in rapidly varying fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, H. T.

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. M.

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. M.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

C. Li, D. Qi, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Wideband slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency at telecom frequency,” Opt. Commun. 351(15), 26–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y. K.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. L.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, and G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, P. C.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Wu, R. X.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, X. X.

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

Xiao, S.

Xiong, X.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, M. X.

Yang, H. F.

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. L.

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. Y.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z. L.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, W.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, Y.

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, K.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, R.

Zhang, S.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

C. Li, D. Qi, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Wideband slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency at telecom frequency,” Opt. Commun. 351(15), 26–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, H.

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J. F.

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X. S.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Z. Y.

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, L.

Zhu, S. N.

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, M. X. Xu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonically induced transparent magnetic resonance in a metallic metamaterial composed of asymmetric double bars,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18229–18234 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zschiedrich, L.

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

N. Liu and H. Giessen, “Coupling effects in optical metamaterials,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(51), 9838–9852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. G. Dong, H. Liu, J. X. Cao, T. Li, S. M. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and X. Zhang, “Enhanced sensing performance by the plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in active metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 114101 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Shao, J. Q. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Wang, Z. G. Dong, P. Chen, R. X. Wu, and Y. Zhai, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency by doubly degenerate modes in a U-shaped metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(3), 034106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

N. J. Halas, S. Lal, W. S. Chang, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Plasmons in strongly coupled metallic nanostructures,” Chem. Rev. 111(6), 3913–3961 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

Q. Bai, C. Liu, J. Chen, C. Cheng, M. Kang, and H. T. Wang, “Tunable slow light in semiconductor metamaterial in a broad terahertz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(9), 093104 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Han, H. L. Yang, and L. Y. Guo, “Ultra-broadband electromagnetically induced transparency using tunable self-asymmetric planar metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(16), 163507 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. X. Xia, Y. M. Sun, H. F. Yang, H. Feng, L. Wang, and C. Z. Gu, “The influences of substrate and metal properties on the magnetic response of metamaterials at terahertz region,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033505 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

X. J. He, L. Wang, J. M. Wang, X. H. Tian, J. X. Jiang, and Z. X. Geng, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in planar complementary metamaterial for refractive index sensing applications,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 46(36), 365302 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

R. Taubert, M. Hentschel, J. Kästel, and H. Giessen, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced absorption in plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1367–1371 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanophotonics (1)

P. C. Wu, W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. T. Hsiao, G. Sun, A. Q. Liu, N. I. Zheludev, and D. P. Tsai, “Magnetic plasmon induced transparency in three-dimensional metamolecules,” Nanophotonics 1(2), 131–138 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

Z. Zhu, X. Yang, J. Gu, J. Jiang, W. Yue, Z. Tian, M. Tonouchi, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Broadband plasmon induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Nanotechnology 24(21), 214003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature 464(7287), 392–395 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
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Opt. Commun. (2)

X. R. Jin, Y. Lu, H. Zheng, Y. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, and W. H. Jang, “Plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency in metamaterial based on second-order plasmonic resonance,” Opt. Commun. 284(19), 4766–4768 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Li, D. Qi, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Wideband slow light based on plasmon-induced transparency at telecom frequency,” Opt. Commun. 351(15), 26–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Phys. Rev. B (1)

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R. W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X. R. Huang, and M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, and G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, S. Linden, S. Burger, L. Zschiedrich, F. Schmidt, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic Metamaterials at Telecommunication and Visible Frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(20), 203901 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332(6036), 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
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Other (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Top view of the proposed PIT metamaterial unit cell with definitions of the geometrical parameters: l1 = 46 μm, l2 = 32 μm, l3 = 10 μm, W1 = 5 μm, W2 = 2 μm and g = 2.5 μm, respectively. The thickness of the metallic film is 5 μm. In all simulations, the periodicities are set to be 90 μm in both x and y directions.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Transmittance spectra of the sole-USR, the sole-CWP and the PIT metamaterial, where the vertical displacement s = −4 μm for the latter. (b) Distribution of the local electric field at the transparency peak (denoted by a blue arrow in Fig. 2(a)).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Interaction between in-plane electric dipole and planar electric quadrupole moments, where anti-parallel dipoles P 1 and P 2 represent the planar electric quadrupole moment and P 3 denotes the electric dipole moment. (b) Interaction between magnetic dipole moments M 1 and M 1 .
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Transmittance spectra of the PIT metamaterials as a function of the vertical displacement. (b-e) Surface current distributions of the two excitations of the dark mode at s = −11, 0, 11.2 and 23 μm, respectively. The black solid and red dot lines within the CWP represent electrically and magnetically induced surface currents, respectively. Arrows indicate instantaneous directions of the current flow, while their width corresponds to the current intensity. (f-i) The corresponding distributions of the local electric field at the transparency peak.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V e = 1 4π ε 0 ( P 1 P 3 r 13 3 3( P 1 r 13 )( P 3 r 13 ) r 13 5 + P 2 P 3 r 23 3 3( P 2 r 23 )( P 3 r 23 ) r 23 5 ) = 3 4π ε 0 ( ( P 1 r 13 )( P 3 r 13 ) r 13 5 + ( P 2 r 23 )( P 3 r 23 ) r 23 5 )
P 1 r 13 = P 1 r 13 cos(π/2θ)= P 1 r 13 sin(θ) P 2 r 23 = P 2 r 23 cos(π/2+θ)= P 2 r 23 sin(θ)
V e = 3 4π ε 0 P 1 P 3 r 12 r 13 4 { cos(π/2θ)<0forθ>0 0forθ=0 cos(π/2θ)>0forθ<0
V m = μ 0 4π M 1 M 2 r 3
V= V e + V m = 3 4π ε 0 P 3 r 12 P 1 cos(π/2θ) r 13 4 + μ 0 4π M 1 M 2 r 3

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