Abstract

Acousto-optic modulation of a 1 cm fiber Bragg grating at 10.9 MHz frequency and 1065 nm wavelength is demonstrated for the first time. A special modulator design is employed to acoustically induce a dynamic radial long period grating which couples power of the fundamental mode to the higher-order modes supported by the Bragg grating. A modulated reflection band with a depth of 16 dB and 320 pm bandwidth has been achieved. The results indicate a higher modulation frequency compared to previous studies using flexural acoustic waves. In addition, the reduction of the grating length and the modulator size points to compact and faster acousto-optic modulators.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Detailed analysis of the longitudinal acousto-optical resonances in a fiber Bragg modulator

Ricardo E. Silva, Marcos A. R. Franco, Paulo T. Neves, Hartmut Bartelt, and Alexandre A. P. Pohl
Opt. Express 21(6) 6997-7007 (2013)

Spectra analysis of nonuniform FBG-based acousto-optic modulator by using Fourier mode coupling theory

Chao Liu, Li Pei, Zhuoxuan Li, Tigang Ning, Shaowei Yu, and Zexin Kang
Appl. Opt. 52(14) 3318-3323 (2013)

Research on FBG-based longitudinal-acousto-optic modulator with Fourier mode coupling method

Zhuoxuan Li, Li Pei, Chao Liu, Tigang Ning, and Shaowei Yu
Appl. Opt. 51(30) 7314-7318 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, “All-fiber tunable filter and laser based on two-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(1), 27–29 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. R. Song, H. S. Park, B. Y. Kim, and K. Y. Song, “Acoustooptic generation and characterization of the higher order modes in a four-mode fiber for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 4534–4538 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Adjustable EDFA gain equalization filter for DWDM channels based on a single LPG excited by flexural acoustic waves,” Opt. Commun. 285(18), 3770–3774 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Diez, P. Perez-Millan, and M. Andrés, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1111–1113 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99(2), 95–99 (2009).
  7. I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. F. Liu, I. M. Liu, L. W. Chung, D. W. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Acoustic-induced switching of the reflection wavelength in a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1319–1321 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. N. H. Sun, C. C. Chou, M. Chang, C. N. Lin, C. C. Yang, Y.-W. Kiang, and W. F. Liu, “Analysis of phase-matching conditions in flexural-wave modulated fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 311–315 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. F. Liu, P. S. J. Russell, and L. Dong, “100% efficient narrow-band acoustooptic tunable reflector using fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 2006–2009 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. S. J. Russell and W. F. Liu, “Acousto-optic superlattice modulation in fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17(8), 1421–1429 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. W. F. Liu, P. S. Russell, and L. Dong, “Acousto-optic superlattice modulator using a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 22(19), 1515–1517 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Tunability of the FBG group delay through acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(2), 121–125 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of intermodal coupling in a two-mode fiber with periodic microbends,” Opt. Lett. 12(4), 281–283 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(3), 428–436 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. E. Silva, M. A. R. Franco, P. T. Neves, H. Bartelt, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Detailed analysis of the longitudinal acousto-optical resonances in a fiber Bragg modulator,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6997–7007 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(6), 589–597 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  19. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. W. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19169–19178 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. C. A. Véron, “Asymmetric effects in UV-induced long-period fiber gratings,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (OSA, 2001), paper BThC17.
  23. H. Renner, D. Johlen, and E. Brinkmeyer, “Modal field deformation and transition losses in UV side-written optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 39(6), 933–940 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

D. R. Song, H. S. Park, B. Y. Kim, and K. Y. Song, “Acoustooptic generation and characterization of the higher order modes in a four-mode fiber for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 4534–4538 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Tunability of the FBG group delay through acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(2), 121–125 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. E. Silva, M. A. R. Franco, P. T. Neves, H. Bartelt, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Detailed analysis of the longitudinal acousto-optical resonances in a fiber Bragg modulator,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6997–7007 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Adjustable EDFA gain equalization filter for DWDM channels based on a single LPG excited by flexural acoustic waves,” Opt. Commun. 285(18), 3770–3774 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99(2), 95–99 (2009).

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(6), 589–597 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

W. F. Liu, P. S. Russell, and L. Dong, “Acousto-optic superlattice modulator using a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 22(19), 1515–1517 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1988 (1)

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(3), 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

Abreu-Afonso, J.

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

Andrés, M.

Andrés, M. V.

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99(2), 95–99 (2009).

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartelt, H.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. E. Silva, M. A. R. Franco, P. T. Neves, H. Bartelt, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Detailed analysis of the longitudinal acousto-optical resonances in a fiber Bragg modulator,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6997–7007 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. W. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19169–19178 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, M.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Becker, J. Bergmann, S. Brückner, M. Franke, E. Lindner, M. W. Rothhardt, and H. Bartelt, “Fiber Bragg grating inscription combining DUV sub-picosecond laser pulses and two-beam interferometry,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19169–19178 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergmann, J.

Blake, J. N.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(3), 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of intermodal coupling in a two-mode fiber with periodic microbends,” Opt. Lett. 12(4), 281–283 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brinkmeyer, E.

Bruckner, S.

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brückner, S.

Chang, M.

Chou, C. C.

Chung, L. W.

Cruz, J. L.

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99(2), 95–99 (2009).

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cuadrado-Laborde, C.

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99(2), 95–99 (2009).

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34(7), 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

Diez, A.

Díez, A.

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99(2), 95–99 (2009).

Dong, L.

Engan, H. E.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(3), 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of intermodal coupling in a two-mode fiber with periodic microbends,” Opt. Lett. 12(4), 281–283 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eschrich, T.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fernandes, L.

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

Franco, M. A. R.

Franke, M.

Frazao, O.

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(6), 589–597 (2001).
[Crossref]

Han, M.

Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(6), 589–597 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

Huang, D. W.

Hwang, I. K.

Jäger, M.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Johlen, D.

Kiang, Y.-W.

Kim, B. Y.

D. R. Song, H. S. Park, B. Y. Kim, and K. Y. Song, “Acoustooptic generation and characterization of the higher order modes in a four-mode fiber for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 4534–4538 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, “All-fiber tunable filter and laser based on two-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 21(1), 27–29 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(3), 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of intermodal coupling in a two-mode fiber with periodic microbends,” Opt. Lett. 12(4), 281–283 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobelke, J.

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(6), 589–597 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. N.

Lindner, E.

Liu, I. M.

Liu, W. F.

Lou, C.

Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(6), 589–597 (2001).
[Crossref]

Marques, C. A. F.

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Tunability of the FBG group delay through acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(2), 121–125 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Adjustable EDFA gain equalization filter for DWDM channels based on a single LPG excited by flexural acoustic waves,” Opt. Commun. 285(18), 3770–3774 (2012).
[Crossref]

Marques, P.

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

Martínez-Gámez, M. A.

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meltz, G.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

Neves, P. T.

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nogueira, R. N.

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Tunability of the FBG group delay through acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(2), 121–125 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Adjustable EDFA gain equalization filter for DWDM channels based on a single LPG excited by flexural acoustic waves,” Opt. Commun. 285(18), 3770–3774 (2012).
[Crossref]

Oliveira, R. A.

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Tunability of the FBG group delay through acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(2), 121–125 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Adjustable EDFA gain equalization filter for DWDM channels based on a single LPG excited by flexural acoustic waves,” Opt. Commun. 285(18), 3770–3774 (2012).
[Crossref]

Park, H. S.

D. R. Song, H. S. Park, B. Y. Kim, and K. Y. Song, “Acoustooptic generation and characterization of the higher order modes in a four-mode fiber for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 4534–4538 (2014).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Perez-Millan, P.

Pohl, A. A. P.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Tunability of the FBG group delay through acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(2), 121–125 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. E. Silva, M. A. R. Franco, P. T. Neves, H. Bartelt, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Detailed analysis of the longitudinal acousto-optical resonances in a fiber Bragg modulator,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6997–7007 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Adjustable EDFA gain equalization filter for DWDM channels based on a single LPG excited by flexural acoustic waves,” Opt. Commun. 285(18), 3770–3774 (2012).
[Crossref]

Renner, H.

Rothhardt, M.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, M. W.

Russell, P. S.

Russell, P. S. J.

Schuster, K.

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shaw, H. J.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(3), 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of intermodal coupling in a two-mode fiber with periodic microbends,” Opt. Lett. 12(4), 281–283 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silva, R. E.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. E. Silva, M. A. R. Franco, P. T. Neves, H. Bartelt, and A. A. P. Pohl, “Detailed analysis of the longitudinal acousto-optical resonances in a fiber Bragg modulator,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6997–7007 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, D. R.

D. R. Song, H. S. Park, B. Y. Kim, and K. Y. Song, “Acoustooptic generation and characterization of the higher order modes in a four-mode fiber for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 4534–4538 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, K. Y.

D. R. Song, H. S. Park, B. Y. Kim, and K. Y. Song, “Acoustooptic generation and characterization of the higher order modes in a four-mode fiber for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 4534–4538 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, N. H.

Tiess, T.

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Villegas, I. L.

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. C.

Yun, S. H.

Zalvidea, D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99(2), 95–99 (2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Becker, L. Fernandes, M. Rothhardt, S. Bruckner, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, O. Frazao, H. Bartelt, and P. Marques, “Inscription of fiber Bragg grating arrays in pure silica suspended core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1453–1455 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1263–1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. R. Song, H. S. Park, B. Y. Kim, and K. Y. Song, “Acoustooptic generation and characterization of the higher order modes in a four-mode fiber for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(23), 4534–4538 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. H. Sun, C. C. Chou, M. Chang, C. N. Lin, C. C. Yang, Y.-W. Kiang, and W. F. Liu, “Analysis of phase-matching conditions in flexural-wave modulated fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(2), 311–315 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. F. Liu, P. S. J. Russell, and L. Dong, “100% efficient narrow-band acoustooptic tunable reflector using fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(11), 2006–2009 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(3), 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

I. L. Villegas, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, J. Abreu-Afonso, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. A. Martínez-Gámez, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode-locked Yb-doped all-fiber laser based on in-fiber acoustooptic modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(3), 227–231 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. E. Silva, T. Tiess, M. Becker, T. Eschrich, M. Rothhardt, M. Jäger, A. A. P. Pohl, and H. Bartelt, “Acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating in suspended core fiber for mode-locked all-fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Adjustable EDFA gain equalization filter for DWDM channels based on a single LPG excited by flexural acoustic waves,” Opt. Commun. 285(18), 3770–3774 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

C. A. F. Marques, R. A. Oliveira, A. A. P. Pohl, and R. N. Nogueira, “Tunability of the FBG group delay through acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(2), 121–125 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Li, C. Lou, M. Han, and Y. Gao, “Detuning characteristics of the AM mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33(6), 589–597 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

C. A. Véron, “Asymmetric effects in UV-induced long-period fiber gratings,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides (OSA, 2001), paper BThC17.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Illustration of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) without acoustic modulation. (b) Acoustically induced radial long period grating (RLPG). (c) FBG reflectivity modulation due to the mode-couplings (cx) between LP01-LP11 modes induced by the RLPG.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Scanned profile of the horn diameter indicating the fused region (dashed red circle). (b) Detail of the fused region between the capillary and the double clad fiber (DCF). Illustrations of the (c) PZT, (d) acousto-optic modulator and (e) experimental setup used to characterize the FBG spectrum.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) FBG spectrum: without acoustic modulation (thick curve) and with acoustic modulation (thin curves) and (b) reflectivity variation of the modulated side lobe at the coupling wavelength λm for a 9 V - 16 V voltage range applied to the PZT at f = 10.9 MHz.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ = 1 2π 1 m f m 2 ( v FWHM 1.665   ) 2 4 ,
n 01 + n 11 = λ m Λ ,
n 01 n 11 = λ m λ RLPG ,

Metrics