Abstract

We report on the strong photo-bleaching of the photo-darkening (PD) induced loss under the cladding pump of a 793 nm laser diode (LD) in double clad Yb-doped fibers. Up to 68% PD loss at 810 nm was bleached. The bleaching rates under different powers show that the higher pump power corresponds to the more bleached loss within the same time. Moreover, repeatable processes of PD and photo-bleaching were observed when alternately pumped with 915 and 793 nm LDs. Furthermore, it was found that simultaneously pumping the fiber with 915 and 793 nm LDs can suppress about 80% PD loss, compared with pumping the fiber only with 915 nm LD. The mechanism of photo-bleaching under 793 nm pump was also discussed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. G. Chen, Y. Wang, L. Xie, Y. Xing, H. Li, Z. Jiang, J. Peng, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Self-bleaching phenomenon observed in the Ce/Yb Co-doped silica fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2013), paper CM4I.5.
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, D. Méchin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective mitigation of photodarkening in Yb-doped lasers based on Al-silicate using UV/visible light,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (5)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (4)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

1997 (2)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Barber, P. R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Basu, C.

Bello Doua, R.

Bennett, C. R.

Boullet, J.

Boyland, A. J.

Brand, T.

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, D. Méchin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective mitigation of photodarkening in Yb-doped lasers based on Al-silicate using UV/visible light,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Broeng, J.

Burov, E.

Caplen, J. E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cardinal, T.

Cavani, O.

Chamorovskii, Y.

Chávez, A. D. G.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

Deguil-Robin, N.

Engholm, M.

Ermeneux, S.

Filippov, V.

Gebavi, H.

Golant, K.

Gonnet, C.

Guillen, F.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Il’ichev, N. N.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jacquier, B.

Jakobsen, C.

Jelger, P.

Jeong, Y.

Jetschke, S.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jurdyc, A.-M.

Kerttula, J.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klotzbach, U.

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, D. Méchin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective mitigation of photodarkening in Yb-doped lasers based on Al-silicate using UV/visible light,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laurell, F.

Leich, M.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Mattsson, K. E.

Méchin, D.

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, D. Méchin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective mitigation of photodarkening in Yb-doped lasers based on Al-silicate using UV/visible light,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896121 (2014).
[Crossref]

Michaille, L.

Monteville, A.

Nilsson, J.

Nolte, S.

Norin, L.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pastouret, A.

Payne, D.

Peretti, R.

Petersson, A.

Piccoli, R.

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, D. Méchin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective mitigation of photodarkening in Yb-doped lasers based on Al-silicate using UV/visible light,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896121 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podgorski, M.

Reichel, V.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Robin, T.

Röpke, U.

Röser, F.

Rydberg, S.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Salin, F.

Scheffel, A.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, T.

Schwuchow, A.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, T. J.

Sones, C.

Taccheo, S.

Taylor, D. M.

Tregoat, D.

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Unger, S.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ward, B. G.

Yoo, S.

Zellmer, H.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. D. G. Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

J. Kerttula, V. Filippov, Y. Chamorovskii, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Actively Q-switched 1.6-mJ tapered double-clad ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(18), 18543–18549 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1055–1058 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Manek-Hönninger, J. Boullet, T. Cardinal, F. Guillen, S. Ermeneux, M. Podgorski, R. Bello Doua, and F. Salin, “Photodarkening and photobleaching of an ytterbium-doped silica double-clad LMA fiber,” Opt. Express 15(4), 1606–1611 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rydberg and M. Engholm, “Experimental evidence for the formation of divalent ytterbium in the photodarkening process of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 21(6), 6681–6688 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Mattsson, “Photo darkening of rare earth doped silica,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19797–19812 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express 18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (3)

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, D. Méchin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective mitigation of photodarkening in Yb-doped lasers based on Al-silicate using UV/visible light,” Proc. SPIE 8961, 896121 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7598, 75980B (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Laroche, W. A. Clarkson, K. Furusawa, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, “120-W Q-switched cladding-pumped Yb-doped fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (OSA, 2003), paper 626.

G. Chen, Y. Wang, L. Xie, Y. Xing, H. Li, Z. Jiang, J. Peng, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Self-bleaching phenomenon observed in the Ce/Yb Co-doped silica fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2013), paper CM4I.5.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the experimental setup (LD-laser diode, SMF-single mode fiber, MMF-multi mode fiber, YDF-Yb-doped fiber)
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Absorption spectra of the fiber. The inset displays an enlargement of the spectra between 650 nm and 850 nm; (b) evolution of photo-darkening under 915 nm pump and photo-bleaching under 793 nm pump
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a)Photo-darkening and bleaching evolution under different 793 nm pump power at 810 nm; (b) Bleached loss as the function of laser power of 793 nm LD
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 PD induced loss evolution at (a) 633 nm, (b) 702 nm, (c) 810 nm and (d) 1041 nm. Curves are plotted for different wavelengths.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The subtraction value of loss spectrum between the photo-darkened fiber and the same fiber after about 16 hours

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