Abstract

For exploring the application potential of coherent soft x-ray (SXR) and extreme ultraviolet radiation (XUV) provided by high-harmonic generation, it is important to characterize the central output parameters. Of specific importance are pulse-to-pulse (shot-to-shot) fluctuations of the high-harmonic output energy, fluctuations of the direction of the emission (pointing instabilities), and fluctuations of the beam divergence and shape that reduce the spatial coherence. We present the first single-shot measurements of waveguided high-harmonic generation in a waveguided (capillary-based) geometry. Using a capillary waveguide filled with Argon gas as the nonlinear medium, we provide the first characterization of shot-to-shot fluctuations of the pulse energy, of the divergence and of the beam pointing. We record the strength of these fluctuations vs. two basic input parameters, which are the drive laser pulse energy and the gas pressure in the capillary waveguide. In correlation measurements between single-shot drive laser beam profiles and single-shot high-harmonic beam profiles we prove the absence of drive laser beam-pointing-induced fluctuations in the high-harmonic output. We attribute the main source of high-harmonic fluctuations to ionization-induced nonlinear mode mixing during propagation of the drive laser pulse inside the capillary waveguide.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

2014 (2)

P. N. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “High-energy laser-pulse self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013819 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

F. Ardana-Lamas, G. Lambert, A. Trisorio, B. Vodungbo, V. Malka, P. Zeitoun, and C. P. Hauri, “Spectral characterization of fully phase-matched high harmonics generated in a hollow waveguide for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073040 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043822 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Togashi, E. J. Takahashi, K. Midorikawa, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, S. Owada, T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, F. Kannari, A. Yagishita, H. Nakano, M. E. Couprie, K. Fukami, T. Hatsui, T. Hara, T. Kameshima, H. Kitamura, N. Kumagai, S. Matsubara, M. Nagasono, H. Ohashi, T. Ohshima, Y. Otake, T. Shintake, K. Tamasaku, H. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, K. Togawa, H. Tomizawa, T. Watanabe, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Extreme ultraviolet free electron laser seeded with high-order harmonic of Ti:Sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 19(1), 317–324 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L’Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Leitner, A. A. Sorokin, J. Gaudin, H. Kaser, U. Kroth, K. Tiedtke, M. Richter, and P. Wernet, “Shot-to-shot and average absolute photon flux measurements of a femtosecond laser high-order harmonic photon source,” New J. Phys. 13(9), 093003 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. A. Skobelev, D. I. Kulagin, A. N. Stepanov, A. V. Kim, A. M. Sergeev, and N. E. Andreev, “Ionization self-compression of intense femtosecond pulses propagating through gas-filled dielectric capillaries,” JETP Lett. 89(11), 540–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. P. Brichta, M. C. H. Wong, J. B. Bertrand, H. C. Bandulet, D. M. Rayner, and V. R. Bhardwaj, “Comparison and real-time monitoring of high-order harmonic generation in different sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033404 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft X-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 277–280 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Multiphoton ionization of he by using intense high-order harmonics in the soft-x-ray region,” Phys. Rev. A 71(2), 023407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10-fs soft x-ray pulse at 42 ev photon energy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(4), 043001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, R. Kemmer, R. Spitzenpfeil, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, G. Gerber, and C. Spielmann, “Spatial control of high-harmonic generation in hollow fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1497–1499 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

J. Sutherland, E. Christensen, N. Powers, S. Rhynard, J. Painter, and J. Peatross, “High harmonic generation in a semi-infinite gas cell,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4430–4436 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. L. Wagner, E. A. Gibson, T. Popmintchev, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Self-compression of ultrashort pulses through ionization-induced spatiotemporal reshaping,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(17), 173902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(19), 193901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of highly coherent submicrojoule soft x rays by high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 021802 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (1)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406(6792), 164–166 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (4)

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matched high-order-harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), 4041–4044 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high-order harmonics in hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(11), 2187–2190 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Sommerer, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Enhanced efficiency in high-order harmonic generation using sub-50-fs laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 9(1), 430–432 (1999).

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (4)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science 280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. E. Burge, G. E. Slark, M. T. Browne, X. C. Yuan, P. Charalambous, Z. An, X. H. Cheng, C. L. S. Lewis, A. G. MacPhee, and D. Neely, “Time dependence of the spatial coherence of the 23.6- and 23.2-nm radiation from the germanium soft-x-ray laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(5), 1620–1626 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. K. Nubling and J. A. Harrington, “Launch conditions and mode coupling in hollow-glass waveguides,” Opt. Eng. 37(9), 2454–2458 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, S. Sartania, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Guiding and high-harmonic generation of sub-10-fs pulses in hollow-core fibers at 10 15 W/cm 2,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 263–266 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, K. S. Budil, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, and A. Lhuillier, “High-order harmonic-generation in rare-gases - a new source in photoionization spectroscopy,” Z. Phys. D At. Mol. Clust. 34(2), 107–110 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (3)

C. Wahlström, J. Larsson, A. Persson, T. Starczewski, S. Svanberg, P. Salières, P. Balcou, and A. L’Huillier, “High-order harmonic generation in rare gases with an intense short-pulse laser,” Phys. Rev. A 48(6), 4709–4720 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Rae, “Ionization-induced defocusing of intense laser-pulses in high-pressure gases,” Opt. Commun. 97(1–2), 25–28 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

F. R. Powell, P. W. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, “Thin-film filter performance for extreme ultraviolet and x-ray applications,” Opt. Eng. 29(6), 614–624 (1990).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

N. B. D. M. V. Ammosov and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP-USSR 64(6), 1191 (1986).

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ammosov, N. B. D. M. V.

N. B. D. M. V. Ammosov and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP-USSR 64(6), 1191 (1986).

An, Z.

Anderson, P. N.

P. N. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “High-energy laser-pulse self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013819 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043822 (2013).
[Crossref]

Andreev, N. E.

S. A. Skobelev, D. I. Kulagin, A. N. Stepanov, A. V. Kim, A. M. Sergeev, and N. E. Andreev, “Ionization self-compression of intense femtosecond pulses propagating through gas-filled dielectric capillaries,” JETP Lett. 89(11), 540–546 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aoyama, M.

Ardana-Lamas, F.

F. Ardana-Lamas, G. Lambert, A. Trisorio, B. Vodungbo, V. Malka, P. Zeitoun, and C. P. Hauri, “Spectral characterization of fully phase-matched high harmonics generated in a hollow waveguide for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073040 (2013).
[Crossref]

Attwood, D.

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Auge, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Augé, F.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(19), 193901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azima, A.

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
[Crossref]

Backus, S.

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406(6792), 164–166 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high-order harmonics in hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(11), 2187–2190 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science 280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(19), 193901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, K. S. Budil, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, and A. Lhuillier, “High-order harmonic-generation in rare-gases - a new source in photoionization spectroscopy,” Z. Phys. D At. Mol. Clust. 34(2), 107–110 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Wahlström, J. Larsson, A. Persson, T. Starczewski, S. Svanberg, P. Salières, P. Balcou, and A. L’Huillier, “High-order harmonic generation in rare gases with an intense short-pulse laser,” Phys. Rev. A 48(6), 4709–4720 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bandulet, H. C.

J. P. Brichta, M. C. H. Wong, J. B. Bertrand, H. C. Bandulet, D. M. Rayner, and V. R. Bhardwaj, “Comparison and real-time monitoring of high-order harmonic generation in different sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406(6792), 164–166 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Bastiaens, H. J. M.

Bellaveglia, M.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertrand, J. B.

J. P. Brichta, M. C. H. Wong, J. B. Bertrand, H. C. Bandulet, D. M. Rayner, and V. R. Bhardwaj, “Comparison and real-time monitoring of high-order harmonic generation in different sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

J. P. Brichta, M. C. H. Wong, J. B. Bertrand, H. C. Bandulet, D. M. Rayner, and V. R. Bhardwaj, “Comparison and real-time monitoring of high-order harmonic generation in different sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bijkerk, F.

Bödewadt, J.

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boller, K. J.

Bougeard, M.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, S. Sartania, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Guiding and high-harmonic generation of sub-10-fs pulses in hollow-core fibers at 10 15 W/cm 2,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 263–266 (1998).
[Crossref]

Breger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Brichta, J. P.

J. P. Brichta, M. C. H. Wong, J. B. Bertrand, H. C. Bandulet, D. M. Rayner, and V. R. Bhardwaj, “Comparison and real-time monitoring of high-order harmonic generation in different sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033404 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brizuela, F.

P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brocklesby, W. S.

P. N. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “High-energy laser-pulse self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013819 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043822 (2013).
[Crossref]

Browne, M. T.

Budil, K. S.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, K. S. Budil, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, and A. Lhuillier, “High-order harmonic-generation in rare-gases - a new source in photoionization spectroscopy,” Z. Phys. D At. Mol. Clust. 34(2), 107–110 (1995).
[Crossref]

Burge, R. E.

Butcher, T. J.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043822 (2013).
[Crossref]

Campi, F.

P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carré, B.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science 280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapman, R. T.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043822 (2013).
[Crossref]

Charalambous, P.

Cheng, X. H.

Cheng, Z.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, S. Sartania, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Guiding and high-harmonic generation of sub-10-fs pulses in hollow-core fibers at 10 15 W/cm 2,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 263–266 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chiadroni, E.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christensen, E.

Christov, I. P.

N. L. Wagner, E. A. Gibson, T. Popmintchev, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Self-compression of ultrashort pulses through ionization-induced spatiotemporal reshaping,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(17), 173902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406(6792), 164–166 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cianchi, A.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciocci, F.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couprie, M. E.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Togashi, E. J. Takahashi, K. Midorikawa, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, S. Owada, T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, F. Kannari, A. Yagishita, H. Nakano, M. E. Couprie, K. Fukami, T. Hatsui, T. Hara, T. Kameshima, H. Kitamura, N. Kumagai, S. Matsubara, M. Nagasono, H. Ohashi, T. Ohshima, Y. Otake, T. Shintake, K. Tamasaku, H. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, K. Togawa, H. Tomizawa, T. Watanabe, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Extreme ultraviolet free electron laser seeded with high-order harmonic of Ti:Sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 19(1), 317–324 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cultrera, L.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dachraoui, H.

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Del Franco, M.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Pirro, G.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ditmire, T.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, K. S. Budil, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, and A. Lhuillier, “High-order harmonic-generation in rare-gases - a new source in photoionization spectroscopy,” Z. Phys. D At. Mol. Clust. 34(2), 107–110 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dorrer, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Douillet, D.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(19), 193901 (2003).
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Drago, A.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
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Drescher, M.

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
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Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high-order harmonics in hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(11), 2187–2190 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science 280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998).
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Erny, C.

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L’Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
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R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
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Ferrario, M.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
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M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
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R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
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Frassetto, F.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
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Frey, J. G.

P. N. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “High-energy laser-pulse self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013819 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043822 (2013).
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Fukami, K.

Gaarde, M. B.

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L’Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
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Gallo, A.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
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M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
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T. Leitner, A. A. Sorokin, J. Gaudin, H. Kaser, U. Kroth, K. Tiedtke, M. Richter, and P. Wernet, “Shot-to-shot and average absolute photon flux measurements of a femtosecond laser high-order harmonic photon source,” New J. Phys. 13(9), 093003 (2011).
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R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
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Green, H.

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
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S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(19), 193901 (2003).
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R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
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Hauri, C. P.

F. Ardana-Lamas, G. Lambert, A. Trisorio, B. Vodungbo, V. Malka, P. Zeitoun, and C. P. Hauri, “Spectral characterization of fully phase-matched high harmonics generated in a hollow waveguide for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073040 (2013).
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C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L’Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
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R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
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M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, S. Sartania, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Guiding and high-harmonic generation of sub-10-fs pulses in hollow-core fibers at 10 15 W/cm 2,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 263–266 (1998).
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C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high-order harmonics in hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(11), 2187–2190 (1999).
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A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science 280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998).
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P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
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R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
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Horak, P.

P. N. Anderson, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “High-energy laser-pulse self-compression in short gas-filled fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013819 (2014).
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T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043822 (2013).
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Hulin, D.

S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(19), 193901 (2003).
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Ishikawa, K. L.

H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Multiphoton ionization of he by using intense high-order harmonics in the soft-x-ray region,” Phys. Rev. A 71(2), 023407 (2005).
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R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
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P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
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R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
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Kapteyn, H. C.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
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R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
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A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science 280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998).
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T. Leitner, A. A. Sorokin, J. Gaudin, H. Kaser, U. Kroth, K. Tiedtke, M. Richter, and P. Wernet, “Shot-to-shot and average absolute photon flux measurements of a femtosecond laser high-order harmonic photon source,” New J. Phys. 13(9), 093003 (2011).
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S. Kazamias, D. Douillet, F. Weihe, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, F. Augé, D. Hulin, and P. Balcou, “Global optimization of high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(19), 193901 (2003).
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Kern, C.

R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
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M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, S. Sartania, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Guiding and high-harmonic generation of sub-10-fs pulses in hollow-core fibers at 10 15 W/cm 2,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 263–266 (1998).
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T. Leitner, A. A. Sorokin, J. Gaudin, H. Kaser, U. Kroth, K. Tiedtke, M. Richter, and P. Wernet, “Shot-to-shot and average absolute photon flux measurements of a femtosecond laser high-order harmonic photon source,” New J. Phys. 13(9), 093003 (2011).
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Labat, M.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lambert, G.

F. Ardana-Lamas, G. Lambert, A. Trisorio, B. Vodungbo, V. Malka, P. Zeitoun, and C. P. Hauri, “Spectral characterization of fully phase-matched high harmonics generated in a hollow waveguide for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073040 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larsson, J.

C. Wahlström, J. Larsson, A. Persson, T. Starczewski, S. Svanberg, P. Salières, P. Balcou, and A. L’Huillier, “High-order harmonic generation in rare gases with an intense short-pulse laser,” Phys. Rev. A 48(6), 4709–4720 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Blanc, C.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lechner, C.

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leitner, T.

T. Leitner, A. A. Sorokin, J. Gaudin, H. Kaser, U. Kroth, K. Tiedtke, M. Richter, and P. Wernet, “Shot-to-shot and average absolute photon flux measurements of a femtosecond laser high-order harmonic photon source,” New J. Phys. 13(9), 093003 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lewis, C. L. S.

Lhuillier, A.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, K. S. Budil, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, and A. Lhuillier, “High-order harmonic-generation in rare-gases - a new source in photoionization spectroscopy,” Z. Phys. D At. Mol. Clust. 34(2), 107–110 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lindblom, J. F.

F. R. Powell, P. W. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, “Thin-film filter performance for extreme ultraviolet and x-ray applications,” Opt. Eng. 29(6), 614–624 (1990).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Lohbreier, J.

R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
[Crossref]

MacPhee, A. G.

Malka, V.

F. Ardana-Lamas, G. Lambert, A. Trisorio, B. Vodungbo, V. Malka, P. Zeitoun, and C. P. Hauri, “Spectral characterization of fully phase-matched high harmonics generated in a hollow waveguide for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 15(7), 073040 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maltezopoulos, T.

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mansten, E.

P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L’Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

Matsubara, S.

Mevel, E.

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mevel, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: Model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(8), 1668–1671 (1999).
[Crossref]

Miao, J.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

T. Togashi, E. J. Takahashi, K. Midorikawa, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Sato, A. Iwasaki, S. Owada, T. Okino, K. Yamanouchi, F. Kannari, A. Yagishita, H. Nakano, M. E. Couprie, K. Fukami, T. Hatsui, T. Hara, T. Kameshima, H. Kitamura, N. Kumagai, S. Matsubara, M. Nagasono, H. Ohashi, T. Ohshima, Y. Otake, T. Shintake, K. Tamasaku, H. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, K. Togawa, H. Tomizawa, T. Watanabe, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, “Extreme ultraviolet free electron laser seeded with high-order harmonic of Ti:Sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 19(1), 317–324 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Multiphoton ionization of he by using intense high-order harmonics in the soft-x-ray region,” Phys. Rev. A 71(2), 023407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10-fs soft x-ray pulse at 42 ev photon energy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(4), 043001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of highly coherent submicrojoule soft x rays by high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 021802 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matched high-order-harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), 4041–4044 (1999).
[Crossref]

Misoguti, L.

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406(6792), 164–166 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mittenzwey, M.

T. Maltezopoulos, M. Mittenzwey, A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, H. Dachraoui, M. Rehders, C. Lechner, M. Schulz, M. Wieland, T. Laarmann, J. Roßbach, and M. Drescher, “A high-harmonic generation source for seeding a free-electron laser at 38 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 115(1), 45–54 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mostacci, A.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. L. Wagner, E. A. Gibson, T. Popmintchev, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Self-compression of ultrashort pulses through ionization-induced spatiotemporal reshaping,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(17), 173902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406(6792), 164–166 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high-order harmonics in hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(11), 2187–2190 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays,” Science 280(5368), 1412–1415 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Multiphoton ionization of he by using intense high-order harmonics in the soft-x-ray region,” Phys. Rev. A 71(2), 023407 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10-fs soft x-ray pulse at 42 ev photon energy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(4), 043001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of highly coherent submicrojoule soft x rays by high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 021802 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nagasono, M.

Nagata, Y.

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matched high-order-harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), 4041–4044 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nakano, H.

Neely, D.

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nubling, R. K.

R. K. Nubling and J. A. Harrington, “Launch conditions and mode coupling in hollow-glass waveguides,” Opt. Eng. 37(9), 2454–2458 (1998).
[Crossref]

Obara, M.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of highly coherent submicrojoule soft x rays by high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 021802 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Tamaki, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matched high-order-harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 59(5), 4041–4044 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ohashi, H.

Ohshima, T.

Okino, T.

Otake, Y.

Otsuka, T.

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, T. Otsuka, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of highly coherent submicrojoule soft x rays by high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 66(2), 021802 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ott, C.

R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
[Crossref]

Owada, S.

Painter, J.

Pascolini, M.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paul, A.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science 297(5580), 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peatross, J.

Perry, M. D.

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, K. S. Budil, T. Ditmire, M. D. Perry, and A. Lhuillier, “High-order harmonic-generation in rare-gases - a new source in photoionization spectroscopy,” Z. Phys. D At. Mol. Clust. 34(2), 107–110 (1995).
[Crossref]

Persson, A.

P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wahlström, J. Larsson, A. Persson, T. Starczewski, S. Svanberg, P. Salières, P. Balcou, and A. L’Huillier, “High-order harmonic generation in rare gases with an intense short-pulse laser,” Phys. Rev. A 48(6), 4709–4720 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petralia, A.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrillo, V.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft X-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 277–280 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Pfeifer, R. Kemmer, R. Spitzenpfeil, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, G. Gerber, and C. Spielmann, “Spatial control of high-harmonic generation in hollow fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1497–1499 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poletto, L.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, T.

N. L. Wagner, E. A. Gibson, T. Popmintchev, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Self-compression of ultrashort pulses through ionization-induced spatiotemporal reshaping,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(17), 173902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Powell, F. R.

F. R. Powell, P. W. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, “Thin-film filter performance for extreme ultraviolet and x-ray applications,” Opt. Eng. 29(6), 614–624 (1990).
[Crossref]

Powell, S. F.

F. R. Powell, P. W. Vedder, J. F. Lindblom, and S. F. Powell, “Thin-film filter performance for extreme ultraviolet and x-ray applications,” Opt. Eng. 29(6), 614–624 (1990).
[Crossref]

Powers, N.

Quattromini, M.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rading, L.

P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rae, S. C.

S. C. Rae, “Ionization-induced defocusing of intense laser-pulses in high-pressure gases,” Opt. Commun. 97(1–2), 25–28 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rakowski, R.

P. Rudawski, C. M. Heyl, F. Brizuela, J. Schwenke, A. Persson, E. Mansten, R. Rakowski, L. Rading, F. Campi, B. Kim, P. Johnsson, and A. L’huillier, “A high-flux high-order harmonic source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073103 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Erny, E. Mansten, M. Gisselbrecht, J. Schwenke, R. Rakowski, X. He, M. B. Gaarde, S. Werin, and A. L’Huillier, “Metrology of high-order harmonics for free-electron laser seeding,” New J. Phys. 13(7), 073035 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rau, J. V.

M. Labat, M. Bellaveglia, M. Bougeard, B. Carré, F. Ciocci, E. Chiadroni, A. Cianchi, M. E. Couprie, L. Cultrera, M. Del Franco, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, M. Ferrario, D. Filippetto, F. Frassetto, A. Gallo, D. Garzella, G. Gatti, L. Giannessi, G. Lambert, A. Mostacci, A. Petralia, V. Petrillo, L. Poletto, M. Quattromini, J. V. Rau, C. Ronsivalle, E. Sabia, M. Serluca, I. Spassovsky, V. Surrenti, C. Vaccarezza, and C. Vicario, “High-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser seeded by harmonics generated in gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(22), 224801 (2011).
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Raymondson, D. A.

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R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
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J. P. Brichta, M. C. H. Wong, J. B. Bertrand, H. C. Bandulet, D. M. Rayner, and V. R. Bhardwaj, “Comparison and real-time monitoring of high-order harmonic generation in different sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033404 (2009).
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R. Spitzenpfeil, S. Eyring, C. Kern, C. Ott, J. Lohbreier, J. Henneberger, N. Franke, S. Jung, D. Walter, M. Weger, C. Winterfeldt, T. Pfeifer, and C. Spielmann, “Enhancing the brilliance of high-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 96(1), 69–81 (2009).
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Nature (1)

R. Bartels, S. Backus, E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Nature 406(6792), 164–166 (2000).
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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for high harmonic generation (HHG) with a waveguiding, gas-filled capillary.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Single-shot XUV camera image of the far-field high harmonic beam cross section showing a near-Gaussian profile: the measured beam profiles (white traces) taken along the respective axes (white dotted lines) matches well with Gaussian fit curves (red). (b) Raw CCD data of high harmonic spectrum (integrated over 1000 shots) with color representing counts, horizontal and vertical axes are pixels. (c) Processed high harmonic spectrum of (b) where intensity is plotted versus calibrated wavelength. Both measurements are taken with a drive laser pulse energy of 0.6 mJ (peak intensity = 1.8 × 1014 W/cm2) and an Ar pressure of 53 mbar.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical quantum efficiency ( η Q E ) of the XUV CCD camera, the transmission ( T ) of the filter set of two Al filters (each 200 nm thick) with an oxide layer on each side (3 nm thick), and the calibration factor (c) versus wavelength.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical single-shot images of the high-harmonic beam profile (fluence) vs. increasing drive laser pulse energy at a gas pressure of 53 mbar: (a) 0.6 mJ (b) 0.8 mJ (c) 1.0 mJ (d) 1.1 mJ, measured with an XUV CCD at a distance of 1.7 m from waveguide capillary.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Total (spectrally integrated) pulse energy of the high-harmonic beam measured at the XUV camera as a function of Argon pressure for different drive laser energies at 0.6 mJ (black square), 0.8 mJ (red circles), 1.0 mJ (blue triangles), and 1.1 mJ (purple diamonds). Each data point is obtained via measuring the single-shot pulse energy for 100 shots and subsequently calculating the average value and standard deviation (error bars). (b) Relative energy jitter, defined as the standard deviation normalized to the average pulse energy.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Average beam divergence of the high harmonic output measured as a function of gas pressure for different drive laser intensities at 0.6 mJ (black squares), 0.8 mJ (red circle), 1.0 mJ (blue triangles) and 1.1 mJ (purple diamonds): (a) for the horizontal direction and (b) for the vertical direction. The error bars represent the standard deviation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The high harmonic beam pointing fluctuation relative to the average beam radius as a function of gas pressure for different drive laser intensities at 0.6 mJ (black squares), 0.8 mJ (red circles), 1.0 mJ (blue triangles), and 1.1 mJ (purple diamonds): (a) for the horizontal direction and (b) for the vertical direction

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Correlation plot of 100 single-shot measurements of the deviation of the HH beam center of gravity from its average versus the drive laser center of gravity from its average for (a) both horizontal and (b) both vertical fluctuations; the drive laser energy is 1.0 mJ and the Ar gas pressure is 53 mbar. The correlation coefficients are −0.07(a) and −0.11(b), respectively, too small for indicating any correlation with statistical significance.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Energy in the HH beam versus the horizontal (a) and vertical (b) deviation of the IR beam center of gravity for 100 single shots. The drive laser energy is 1.0 mJ and the Ar gas pressure is 53 mbar. The correlation coefficients are 0.03 (a) and 0.05 (b), respectively.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

The HH beam energy versus the drive laser energy for 100 single shot. The drive laser energy is 1.0 mJ and the Ar gas pressure is 53 mbar. The correlation coefficient obtained from the data is 0.11.

Equations (4)

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E q =   c ( λ q ) f q S ,
n t h = m c 0 2 4 π e 2 u 12 2 u 11 2 a 2 7 a 2 × 10 12   c m 3 .
b x ( y ) = s x ( y ) 2 σ x ( y ) ¯ .
ρ ( A , B ) = ( a a ¯ ) ( b b ¯ ) ( a a ¯ ) 2 ( b b ¯ ) 2 ,

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