Abstract

Tm-doped fiber laser or amplifier can be applied in varied adverse environments. In this work, we demonstrate the pump bleaching of Tm-doped silica fiber with 793nm pump source under gamma-ray irradiation in the range 50Gy-675Gy. The recovery time, the fiber slope efficiency and the fiber cladding absorption spectra after irradiation and bleaching have been measured. It is found that the recovery time and radiation induce absorption are positively associated with doses, however, the fiber slope efficiency of irradiated TDF and bleached TDF are both negatively correlated with doses. Based on the simulation of the fiber core temperature, the probable mechanism of pump bleaching is also discussed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2015 (1)

2014 (1)

Y. Xing, B. Yuan, Z. Jiang, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Development of high efficiency Tm3+ doped fiber and Tm3+ doped fiber laser,” Wuli Xuebao 63(1), 014209 (2014).

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2010 (1)

B. P. Fox, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, and D. Kliner, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in unpumped optical fibers doped with rare-earth constituents,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1618–1625 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, and R. J. DeYoung, “Tm: fiber lasers for remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. 31(7), 1061–1064 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, M. Li, L. Tan, Y. Zhou, S. Yu, and Q. Ran, “Experimental investigation of radiation effect on erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber amplifier for space optical communication in low-dose radiation environment,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15571–15577 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engholm, P. Jelger, F. Laurell, and L. Norin, “Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1285–1287 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

1998 (1)

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, J. Kirchof, and S. Unger, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45(3), 1552–1557 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1993 (2)

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

1979 (1)

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikitin, A. O. Rybaltovskiĭ, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

J. S. Stroud, “Color-center kinetics in cerium-containing glass,” J. Chem. Phys. 43(7), 2442–2450 (1965).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

J. S. Stroud, “Color Centers in a Cerium-Containing Silicate Glass,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(4), 836–841 (1962).
[Crossref]

Alam, S. U.

Assmann, W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baccaro, S.

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

Bambha, R. P.

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, and R. J. DeYoung, “Tm: fiber lasers for remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. 31(7), 1061–1064 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boivin, D.

Boukenter, A.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bruns, D. L.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bubnov, M. M.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

Burov, E.

Cadier, B.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chandonnet, A.

Chen, G.

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chernov, P. V.

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikitin, A. O. Rybaltovskiĭ, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[Crossref]

Crochet, P.

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dai, N.

Y. Xing, B. Yuan, Z. Jiang, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Development of high efficiency Tm3+ doped fiber and Tm3+ doped fiber laser,” Wuli Xuebao 63(1), 014209 (2014).

Dai, N. L.

Daniel, J. M. O.

DeYoung, R. J.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, and R. J. DeYoung, “Tm: fiber lasers for remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. 31(7), 1061–1064 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikitin, A. O. Rybaltovskiĭ, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[Crossref]

Ekstrom, C.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Engholm, M.

Fox, B. P.

B. P. Fox, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, and D. Kliner, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in unpumped optical fibers doped with rare-earth constituents,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1618–1625 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Friebele, E. J.

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Friebele and M. E. Gingerich, “Photobleaching effects in optical fiber waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 20(19), 3448–3452 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilard, O.

Gingerich, M. E.

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Friebele and M. E. Gingerich, “Photobleaching effects in optical fiber waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 20(19), 3448–3452 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Girard, S.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greiter, M.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Griscom, D. L.

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guerra, A.

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

Habs, D.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hale, C. P.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hannon, S. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hansch, T. W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heidt, A. M.

Henderson, S. W.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Henschel, H.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, J. Kirchof, and S. Unger, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45(3), 1552–1557 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hoeschen, C.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, H. Q.

Iurlaro, G.

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jelger, P.

Jiang, Z.

Y. Xing, B. Yuan, Z. Jiang, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Development of high efficiency Tm3+ doped fiber and Tm3+ doped fiber laser,” Wuli Xuebao 63(1), 014209 (2014).

Jung, Y.

Kavaya, M. J.

Kirchof, J.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, J. Kirchof, and S. Unger, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45(3), 1552–1557 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kliner, D.

B. P. Fox, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, and D. Kliner, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in unpumped optical fibers doped with rare-earth constituents,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1618–1625 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kliner, D. A. V.

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kohn, O.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, J. Kirchof, and S. Unger, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45(3), 1552–1557 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kornienko, L. S.

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikitin, A. O. Rybaltovskiĭ, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[Crossref]

Kosolapov, A. F.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laperle, P.

Laurell, F.

Laurent, A.

Lezius, M.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. Xing, B. Yuan, Z. Jiang, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Development of high efficiency Tm3+ doped fiber and Tm3+ doped fiber laser,” Wuli Xuebao 63(1), 014209 (2014).

Li, J. Y.

Li, M.

Li, Z.

Liao, L.

Likhachev, M. E.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

Magee, J. R.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Marcandella, C.

Meister, D. C.

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mélin, G.

Meunier, J. P.

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Modlin, E. A.

Myara, M.

Nikitin, E. P.

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikitin, A. O. Rybaltovskiĭ, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[Crossref]

Norin, L.

Ouerdane, Y.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pastouret, A.

Petros, M.

Petzar, P. J.

Pinsard, E.

Predehl, K.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Prokofiev, A.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qian, G.

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ran, Q.

Reichle, D. J.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, and R. J. DeYoung, “Tm: fiber lasers for remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. 31(7), 1061–1064 (2009).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Robin, T.

S. Girard, M. Vivona, A. Laurent, B. Cadier, C. Marcandella, T. Robin, E. Pinsard, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Radiation hardening techniques for Er/Yb doped optical fibers and amplifiers for space application,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8457–8465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rybaltovskii, A. O.

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikitin, A. O. Rybaltovskiĭ, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, H. U.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, J. Kirchof, and S. Unger, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45(3), 1552–1557 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schneider, Z. V.

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shuanglong, Y.

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Signoret, P.

Simmons-Potter, K.

B. P. Fox, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, and D. Kliner, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in unpumped optical fibers doped with rare-earth constituents,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1618–1625 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Singh, U. N.

Sotom, M.

Stower, W.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stroud, J. S.

J. S. Stroud, “Color-center kinetics in cerium-containing glass,” J. Chem. Phys. 43(7), 2442–2450 (1965).
[Crossref]

J. S. Stroud, “Color Centers in a Cerium-Containing Silicate Glass,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(4), 836–841 (1962).
[Crossref]

Suni, P. J. M.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tan, L.

Thirolf, P.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thomas, J.

Thomes, W. J.

B. P. Fox, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, and D. Kliner, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in unpumped optical fibers doped with rare-earth constituents,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1618–1625 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tomashuk, A. L.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tortech, B.

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Trieu, B. C.

Troussellier, L.

Turler, A.

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

Unger, S.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, J. Kirchof, and S. Unger, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45(3), 1552–1557 (1998).
[Crossref]

Vallée, R.

Vivona, M.

Walsh, B. M.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, and R. J. DeYoung, “Tm: fiber lasers for remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. 31(7), 1061–1064 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiaoluan, L.

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xing, Y.

Y. Xing, B. Yuan, Z. Jiang, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Development of high efficiency Tm3+ doped fiber and Tm3+ doped fiber laser,” Wuli Xuebao 63(1), 014209 (2014).

Xing, Y. B.

Yashkov, M. V.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Yu, S.

Yuan, B.

Y. Xing, B. Yuan, Z. Jiang, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Development of high efficiency Tm3+ doped fiber and Tm3+ doped fiber laser,” Wuli Xuebao 63(1), 014209 (2014).

Yuen, E. H.

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

Zhao, N.

Zhou, Y.

Zotov, K. V.

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. P. Fox, Z. V. Schneider, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, D. C. Meister, R. P. Bambha, and D. A. V. Kliner, “Spectrally resolved transmission loss in gamma irradiated Yb-doped optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(6), 581–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

K. V. Zotov, M. E. Likhachev, A. L. Tomashuk, A. F. Kosolapov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Radiation resistant Er-doped Fiber: optimization of pump wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(17), 1476–1478 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

S. W. Henderson, P. J. M. Suni, C. P. Hale, S. M. Hannon, J. R. Magee, D. L. Bruns, and E. H. Yuen, “Coherent laser radar at 2µm using solid-state lasers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 31(1), 4–15 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (3)

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, J. Kirchof, and S. Unger, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45(3), 1552–1557 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. P. Fox, K. Simmons-Potter, W. J. Thomes, and D. Kliner, “Gamma-radiation-induced photodarkening in unpumped optical fibers doped with rare-earth constituents,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1618–1625 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Lezius, K. Predehl, W. Stower, A. Turler, M. Greiter, C. Hoeschen, P. Thirolf, W. Assmann, D. Habs, A. Prokofiev, C. Ekstrom, T. W. Hansch, and R. Holzwarth, “Radiation induced absorption in rare earth doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(2), 425–433 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

J. S. Stroud, “Color Centers in a Cerium-Containing Silicate Glass,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(4), 836–841 (1962).
[Crossref]

J. S. Stroud, “Color-center kinetics in cerium-containing glass,” J. Chem. Phys. 43(7), 2442–2450 (1965).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

B. Tortech, Y. Ouerdane, S. Girard, J. P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, T. Robin, B. Cadier, and P. Crochet, “Radiation effects on Yb- and Er/Yb-doped optical fibers: a micro-luminescence study,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18-21), 1085–1088 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. (1)

G. Qian, S. Baccaro, A. Guerra, L. Xiaoluan, Y. Shuanglong, G. Iurlaro, and G. Chen, “Gamma irradiation effects on ZnO-based scintillating glasses containing CeO2and/or TiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. 262(2), 276–280 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, D. J. Reichle, and R. J. DeYoung, “Tm: fiber lasers for remote sensing,” Opt. Mater. 31(7), 1061–1064 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. M. Dianov, L. S. Kornienko, E. P. Nikitin, A. O. Rybaltovskiĭ, and P. V. Chernov, “Reversible optical bleaching of the induced absorption in fiber-optic waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9(5), 636–637 (1979).
[Crossref]

Wuli Xuebao (1)

Y. Xing, B. Yuan, Z. Jiang, N. Dai, and J. Li, “Development of high efficiency Tm3+ doped fiber and Tm3+ doped fiber laser,” Wuli Xuebao 63(1), 014209 (2014).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experiment setup used to measure the laser property of TDF. Inset shows the cross section of the TDF
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Laser power and residual pump power of irradiated TDFs dependence on the time of 793nm pump source action.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 2μm laser power of total TDFs versus launched pump power
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Dependence of the slope efficiency of total TDFs versus dose
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorption coefficients of total TDFs versus wavelength
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 RIA in irradiated TDFs and bleached TDFs at around 780nm versus dose.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 T0 distribution in the pristine TDF along fiber axial direction
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The process of the pump bleaching in the irradiated TDF

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameter values in simulation

Tables Icon

Table 2 Bleaching effect in X-earth doped fiber

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R I A = c D f
P ( z ) = P 0 exp ( α z )
q = Δ P η Δ z π r 1 2
1 r r ( r T ( r , z ) r ) = q k
T 0 = T c + q a 2 2 h c + q a 2 4 k 1 + q a 2 2 k 2 ln ( b a ) + q a 2 2 k 3 ln ( c b )

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