Abstract

The third order nonlinear optical parameters of a variety of organic solvents are determined under picosecond and femtosecond laser irradiation. Z-scan measurements have been carried out at 35 ps, 532 nm and at 40 fs, 800 nm, while Optical Kerr Effect studies were performed at 35 ps, 532 nm. The target of the present work is to provide a reference of the nonlinear optical response of various widely used organic solvents under the same experimental conditions and render feasible the direct comparison between their nonlinearities.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. S. R. Marder, “Organic nonlinear optical materials: where we have been and where we are going,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 131(2), 131–134 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  6. I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. Iliopoulos, A. El-Ghayoury, H. El Ouazzani, M. Pranaitis, E. Belhadj, E. Ripaud, M. Mazari, M. Sallé, D. Gindre, and B. Sahraoui, “Nonlinear absorption reversing between an electroactive ligand and its metal complexes,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25311–25316 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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  11. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Couris, E. Koudoumas, A. A. Ruth, and S. Leach, “Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28(20), 4537–4554 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. P. Ho and R. R. Alfano, “Optical Kerr effect in liquids,” Phys. Rev. A 20(5), 2170–2187 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. B. M. Krishna and D. N. Rao, “Influence of solvent contribution on nonlinearities of near infra-red absorbing croconate and squaraine dyes with ultrafast laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133103 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  16. I. Rau, F. Kajzar, J. Luc, B. Sahraoui, and G. Boudebs, “Comparison of Z-scan and THG derived nonlinear index of refraction in selected organic solvents,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(10), 1738–1747 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2014 (2)

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

M. B. M. Krishna and D. N. Rao, “Influence of solvent contribution on nonlinearities of near infra-red absorbing croconate and squaraine dyes with ultrafast laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133103 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

K. Iliopoulos, A. El-Ghayoury, H. El Ouazzani, M. Pranaitis, E. Belhadj, E. Ripaud, M. Mazari, M. Sallé, D. Gindre, and B. Sahraoui, “Nonlinear absorption reversing between an electroactive ligand and its metal complexes,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25311–25316 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

S. R. Marder, “Organic nonlinear optical materials: where we have been and where we are going,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 131(2), 131–134 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

S. Couris, E. Koudoumas, A. A. Ruth, and S. Leach, “Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28(20), 4537–4554 (1995).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

P. P. Ho and R. R. Alfano, “Optical Kerr effect in liquids,” Phys. Rev. A 20(5), 2170–2187 (1979).
[Crossref]

Alfano, R. R.

P. P. Ho and R. R. Alfano, “Optical Kerr effect in liquids,” Phys. Rev. A 20(5), 2170–2187 (1979).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argyropoulos, C.

C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ayadi, A.

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

Belhadj, E.

Bonifazi, D.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boudebs, G.

Branzea, D. G.

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chaux, R.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.-Y.

C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couris, S.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Couris, E. Koudoumas, A. A. Ruth, and S. Leach, “Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28(20), 4537–4554 (1995).
[Crossref]

D’Aguanno, G.

C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El Ouazzani, H.

El-Ghayoury, A.

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Iliopoulos, A. El-Ghayoury, H. El Ouazzani, M. Pranaitis, E. Belhadj, E. Ripaud, M. Mazari, M. Sallé, D. Gindre, and B. Sahraoui, “Nonlinear absorption reversing between an electroactive ligand and its metal complexes,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25311–25316 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fahmi, A.

I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
[Crossref]

Faucher, O.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Feeks, I.

I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gindre, D.

Guezguez, I.

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ho, P. P.

P. P. Ho and R. R. Alfano, “Optical Kerr effect in liquids,” Phys. Rev. A 20(5), 2170–2187 (1979).
[Crossref]

Iliopoulos, K.

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Iliopoulos, A. El-Ghayoury, H. El Ouazzani, M. Pranaitis, E. Belhadj, E. Ripaud, M. Mazari, M. Sallé, D. Gindre, and B. Sahraoui, “Nonlinear absorption reversing between an electroactive ligand and its metal complexes,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25311–25316 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, X.-F.

X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kajzar, F.

Kerasidou, A. P.

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khammar, F.

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kityk, I. V.

I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
[Crossref]

Koudoumas, E.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Couris, E. Koudoumas, A. A. Ruth, and S. Leach, “Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28(20), 4537–4554 (1995).
[Crossref]

Krishna, M. B. M.

M. B. M. Krishna and D. N. Rao, “Influence of solvent contribution on nonlinearities of near infra-red absorbing croconate and squaraine dyes with ultrafast laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lavorel, B.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Leach, S.

S. Couris, E. Koudoumas, A. A. Ruth, and S. Leach, “Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28(20), 4537–4554 (1995).
[Crossref]

Luc, J.

Makowska-Janusik, M.

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marder, S. R.

S. R. Marder, “Organic nonlinear optical materials: where we have been and where we are going,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 131(2), 131–134 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mateo-Alonso, A.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazari, M.

Medved, M.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mhiri, T.

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Michaut, X.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Migalska-Zalas, A.

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

Monticone, F.

C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neo, S. T.

X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ordon, K.

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

Papadopoulos, M. G.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polavarapu, L.

X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pranaitis, M.

Prato, M.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rao, D. N.

M. B. M. Krishna and D. N. Rao, “Influence of solvent contribution on nonlinearities of near infra-red absorbing croconate and squaraine dyes with ultrafast laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rau, I.

Renard, M.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ripaud, E.

Rivoire, G.

I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ruth, A. A.

S. Couris, E. Koudoumas, A. A. Ruth, and S. Leach, “Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28(20), 4537–4554 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sahraoui, B.

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Iliopoulos, A. El-Ghayoury, H. El Ouazzani, M. Pranaitis, E. Belhadj, E. Ripaud, M. Mazari, M. Sallé, D. Gindre, and B. Sahraoui, “Nonlinear absorption reversing between an electroactive ligand and its metal complexes,” Opt. Express 20(23), 25311–25316 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Rau, F. Kajzar, J. Luc, B. Sahraoui, and G. Boudebs, “Comparison of Z-scan and THG derived nonlinear index of refraction in selected organic solvents,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(10), 1738–1747 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
[Crossref]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sallé, M.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sooambar, C.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Venkatesan, T.

X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, T.-H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Xenogiannopoulou, E.

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.-H.

X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zouari, N.

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

S. R. Marder, “Organic nonlinear optical materials: where we have been and where we are going,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 131(2), 131–134 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. P. Kerasidou, F. Khammar, K. Iliopoulos, A. Ayadi, A. El-Ghayoury, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and B. Sahraoui, “Conjugated iminopyridine based Azo dye derivatives with efficient charge transfer for third order nonlinearities,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 597, 106–109 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[Crossref]

ChemPhysChem (1)

E. Xenogiannopoulou, M. Medved, K. Iliopoulos, S. Couris, M. G. Papadopoulos, D. Bonifazi, C. Sooambar, A. Mateo-Alonso, and M. Prato, “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60]fullerene dyads,” ChemPhysChem 8(7), 1056–1064 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. B. M. Krishna and D. N. Rao, “Influence of solvent contribution on nonlinearities of near infra-red absorbing croconate and squaraine dyes with ultrafast laser excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(13), 133103 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

S. Couris, E. Koudoumas, A. A. Ruth, and S. Leach, “Concentration and wavelength dependence of the effective third-order susceptibility and optical limiting of C60 in toluene solution,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28(20), 4537–4554 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

I. Guezguez, A. Ayadi, K. Ordon, K. Iliopoulos, D. G. Branzea, A. Migalska-Zalas, M. Makowska-Janusik, A. El-Ghayoury, and B. Sahraoui, “Zinc induced a dramatic enhancement of the nonlinear optical properties of an azo-based iminopyridine ligand,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(14), 7545–7553 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

X.-F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, S. T. Neo, T. Venkatesan, and Q.-H. Xu, “Graphene oxides as tunable broadband nonlinear optical materials for femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3(6), 785–790 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

I. V. Kityk, A. Fahmi, B. Sahraoui, G. Rivoire, and I. Feeks, “Nitrobenzene as a material for the fast-respond degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Mater. 16(4), 417–429 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

P. P. Ho and R. R. Alfano, “Optical Kerr effect in liquids,” Phys. Rev. A 20(5), 2170–2187 (1979).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Argyropoulos, P.-Y. Chen, F. Monticone, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Nonlinear plasmonic cloaks to realize giant all-optical scattering switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(26), 263905 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (CRC Press, 2003).

M. G. Kuzyk and C. W. Dirk, Characterization Techniques and Tabulations for Organic Nonlinear Optical Materials (Marcel Dekker Press, 1998).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 ΔΤp-v values as a function of the incident laser energy: (a) 35ps, 532nm and (b) 40fs, 800nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 OKE signals as a function of the incident pump intensity (35ps, 532nm, Iprobe = 0.17 GW/cm2).

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Nonlinear optical parameters (35ps, 532 nm)

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Table 2 Nonlinear optical parameters (Z-scan: 40fs, 800 nm)

Equations (6)

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χ S (3) = a s L s e -a s L S /2 ( 1-e -a s L S ) ( I s I R ) 1/2 ( n s n R ) 2 L R L s χ R (3)
n=n 0 + n 2 2 | E | 2 =n 0 + γ I
n 2 ( esu ) = ( c n 0 40 π ) γ ( m 2 /W )
γ = 2 k I 0 L eff 0 .406 ( 1-S ) 0 .25 ΔT P-V
Reχ ( 3 ) ( esu ) =10 -6 c n 0 2 γ 480 π 2
χ (3) ( m 2 /V 2 ) = 3 2 ×10 -8 χ ( 3 ) ( esu )

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