Abstract

Gold nanoparticle (GNP) possesses saturable absorption bands in the visible region induced by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). We firstly applied the GNP as a visible saturable absorber (SA) for the red Q-switched pulse generation. The GNPs were embedded in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) for film-forming and inserted into a praseodymium (Pr3+)-doped fiber laser cavity to achieve 635 nm passive Q-switching. The visible 635 nm Q-switched fiber laser has a wide range of pulse-repetition-rate from 285.7 to 546.4 kHz, and a narrow pulse width of 235 ns as well as the maximum output power of 11.1 mW. The results indicate that the GNPs-based SA is available for pulsed operation in the visible spectral range.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (3)

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Peng, J. Weng, L. Ren, and L.-P. Sun, “Interactions between gold nanoparticles and amyloid β 25-35 peptide,” IET Nanobiotechnol. 8(4), 295–303 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

2012 (7)

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Tiwari, A. K. Singh, and S. C. Sharma, “Evidence for surface plasmons in a liquid crystal containing gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(25), 253103 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Yamashita, “A tutorial on nonlinear photonic applications of carbon nanotube and graphene,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 427–447 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. H. Kim, U. Griebner, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of passive mode locking of solid-state lasers using metal nanocomposites as slow saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 37(9), 1490–1492 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, U. Griebner, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of passive mode-locking of semiconductor disk lasers in the blue spectral range by metal nanocomposites,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16174–16179 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picoseconds soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. R. Lin and Y. C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. H. Kim, A. Husakou, and J. Herrmann, “Linear and nonlinear optical characteristics of composites containing metal nanoparticles with different sizes and shapes,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7488–7496 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, I. Hara, and Y. Kubota, “Visible-NIR tunable Pr3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a GaN laser diode,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20227–20232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

L. D. Boni, E. L. Wood, C. Toro, and F. E. Hernandez, “Optical saturable absorption in gold nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 3(4), 171–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083107 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Ma, W. Sun, S. H. Tang, H. Zhang, Z. Shen, and S. Qian, “Size and dielectric dependence of the third-order nonlinear optical response of Au nanocrystals embedded in matrices,” Opt. Lett. 27(12), 1043–1045 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

Ahn, Y. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bachelier, G.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, S.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baek, I. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baida, H.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boni, L. D.

L. D. Boni, E. L. Wood, C. Toro, and F. E. Hernandez, “Optical saturable absorption in gold nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 3(4), 171–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bridges, F.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Brousseau, L. C.

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cai, W. W.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Cai, Z. P.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cao, D.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. S.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, C. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y. C.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Christofilos, D.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
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I. Cohanoschi, A. Thibert, C. Toro, S. L. Zou, and F. E. Hernandez, “Surface plasmon enhancement at a liquid-metal-liquid interface,” Plasmonics 2(2), 89–94 (2007).
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Crut, A.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Del Fatti, N.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, J.

Elim, H. I.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083107 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Feldheim, D. L.

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, J. S.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fuierer, R. R.

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gan, X.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, X. J.

Grant, C. D.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Guo, X. Y.

Han, L.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Hasan, T.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
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L. D. Boni, E. L. Wood, C. Toro, and F. E. Hernandez, “Optical saturable absorption in gold nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 3(4), 171–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Cohanoschi, A. Thibert, C. Toro, S. L. Zou, and F. E. Hernandez, “Surface plasmon enhancement at a liquid-metal-liquid interface,” Plasmonics 2(2), 89–94 (2007).
[Crossref]

Herrmann, J.

Hong, B. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hua, S.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Huang, Y. Z.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Husakou, A.

Ji, W.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z. X.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, B.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, T.

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kang, Z.

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
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Kim, K. H.

Kubota, Y.

Lee, C. K.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. W.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. Y.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liao, H. B.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
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Lin, G. R.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
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Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, J. H. Liou, C. P. Yu, and G. R. Lin, “Using graphene nano-particle embedded in photonic crystal fiber for evanescent wave mode-locking of fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16763–16776 (2013).
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G. R. Lin and Y. C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
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Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. C.

G. R. Lin and Y. C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, J. H. Liou, C. P. Yu, and G. R. Lin, “Using graphene nano-particle embedded in photonic crystal fiber for evanescent wave mode-locking of fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16763–16776 (2013).
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Liou, J. H.

Liu, H.

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
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T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
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Z. C. Luo, M. Liu, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and W. C. Xu, “2 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser by a microfiber-based topological insulator saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).
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Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
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Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, S.

Lu, S. B.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, A.-P.

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. Q.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.-C.

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, C.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, G.

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
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G. Ma, W. Sun, S. H. Tang, H. Zhang, Z. Shen, and S. Qian, “Size and dielectric dependence of the third-order nonlinear optical response of Au nanocrystals embedded in matrices,” Opt. Lett. 27(12), 1043–1045 (2002).
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T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Maioli, P.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McConnell, W. P.

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
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S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
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D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mi, J.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mongin, D.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nogami, M.

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Norman, T. J.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Novak, J. P.

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
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Okamoto, H.

Peng, J.

J. Peng, J. Weng, L. Ren, and L.-P. Sun, “Interactions between gold nanoparticles and amyloid β 25-35 peptide,” IET Nanobiotechnol. 8(4), 295–303 (2014).
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X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
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Popa, D.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Privitera, G.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qian, S.

Qin, G. S.

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qin, W. P.

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rademaker, K.

Ren, L.

J. Peng, J. Weng, L. Ren, and L.-P. Sun, “Interactions between gold nanoparticles and amyloid β 25-35 peptide,” IET Nanobiotechnol. 8(4), 295–303 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Röser, F.

Rotermund, F.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
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Salin, F.

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K. Tiwari, A. K. Singh, and S. C. Sharma, “Evidence for surface plasmons in a liquid crystal containing gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(25), 253103 (2012).
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Shen, Z.

Shen, Z. X.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sheng, P.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Singh, A. K.

K. Tiwari, A. K. Singh, and S. C. Sharma, “Evidence for surface plasmons in a liquid crystal containing gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(25), 253103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

Sotor, J.

Sun, L.-P.

J. Peng, J. Weng, L. Ren, and L.-P. Sun, “Interactions between gold nanoparticles and amyloid β 25-35 peptide,” IET Nanobiotechnol. 8(4), 295–303 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tang, S. H.

Tenent, R. C.

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
[Crossref]

Thibert, A.

I. Cohanoschi, A. Thibert, C. Toro, S. L. Zou, and F. E. Hernandez, “Surface plasmon enhancement at a liquid-metal-liquid interface,” Plasmonics 2(2), 89–94 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tian, Q. J.

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tiwari, K.

K. Tiwari, A. K. Singh, and S. C. Sharma, “Evidence for surface plasmons in a liquid crystal containing gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(25), 253103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Toro, C.

L. D. Boni, E. L. Wood, C. Toro, and F. E. Hernandez, “Optical saturable absorption in gold nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 3(4), 171–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Cohanoschi, A. Thibert, C. Toro, S. L. Zou, and F. E. Hernandez, “Surface plasmon enhancement at a liquid-metal-liquid interface,” Plasmonics 2(2), 89–94 (2007).
[Crossref]

Torrisi, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tseng, W. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Vallée, F.

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Buuren, A.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.-D.

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Wen, S.

Wen, S. C.

Weng, J.

J. Peng, J. Weng, L. Ren, and L.-P. Sun, “Interactions between gold nanoparticles and amyloid β 25-35 peptide,” IET Nanobiotechnol. 8(4), 295–303 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Xu, C. Ye, and Z. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, G. K. L.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wood, E. L.

L. D. Boni, E. L. Wood, C. Toro, and F. E. Hernandez, “Optical saturable absorption in gold nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 3(4), 171–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. L.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, D. D.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiao, R. F.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Xiong, F. F.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Xu, H. Y.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Xu, W.-C.

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, S.

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. Y.

Yang, J.

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yang, R. Y.

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ye, C.

Yeom, D. I.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, C. P.

Yu, H.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yvernault, P.

Zhang, C. K.

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J. Z.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Z. Kang, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locked fiber lasers at 1039 and 1560 nm based on a common gold nanorod saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(4), 794–801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, D.

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, J.

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, M.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zou, S. L.

I. Cohanoschi, A. Thibert, C. Toro, S. L. Zou, and F. E. Hernandez, “Surface plasmon enhancement at a liquid-metal-liquid interface,” Plasmonics 2(2), 89–94 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. Wu, C. K. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n- and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Optoelectron. (1)

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. I. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti: sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

H. I. Elim, J. Yang, J. Y. Lee, J. Mi, and W. Ji, “Observation of saturable and reverse-saturable absorption at longitudinal surface plasmon resonance in gold nanorods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083107 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Jiang, Y. Xu, Q. J. Tian, L. Liu, Z. Kang, R. Y. Yang, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively Q-switching induced by gold nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(15), 151122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, M. Nogami, J. Shi, H. Chen, G. Ma, and S. Tang, “Controlled surface-plasmon coupling in SiO2-coated gold nanochains for tunable nolinear optical properties,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 081110 (2006).
[Crossref]

X.-D. Wang, Z.-C. Luo, H. Liu, M. Liu, A.-P. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Microfiber-based gold nanorods as saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation in a fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(16), 161107 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(1), 1–3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Y. Xu, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, L. Liu, D. Zhao, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Passively mode-locking induced by gold nanorods in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(4), 041105 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Tiwari, A. K. Singh, and S. C. Sharma, “Evidence for surface plasmons in a liquid crystal containing gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(25), 253103 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

D. D. Wu, Z. Q. Luo, F. F. Xiong, C. K. Zhang, Y. Z. Huang, S. S. Chen, W. W. Cai, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06- and 1.53-m fiber lasers Q-switched by a common graphene SA,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26, 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

IET Nanobiotechnol. (1)

J. Peng, J. Weng, L. Ren, and L.-P. Sun, “Interactions between gold nanoparticles and amyloid β 25-35 peptide,” IET Nanobiotechnol. 8(4), 295–303 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. P. McConnell, J. P. Novak, L. C. Brousseau, R. R. Fuierer, R. C. Tenent, and D. L. Feldheim, “Electronic and optical properties of chemically modified metal nanoparticles and molecularly bridged nanoparticle arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(38), 8925–8930 (2000).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

G. R. Lin and Y. C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, Y. C. Chi, and G. R. Lin, “Nanoscale charcoal powder induced saturable absorption and mode-locking of a low-gain erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(5), 055105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

K. H. Kim, U. Griebner, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of passive mode-locking of semiconductor disk lasers in the blue spectral range by metal nanocomposites,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16174–16179 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picoseconds soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, J. H. Liou, C. P. Yu, and G. R. Lin, “Using graphene nano-particle embedded in photonic crystal fiber for evanescent wave mode-locking of fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16763–16776 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13244–13249 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, I. Hara, and Y. Kubota, “Visible-NIR tunable Pr3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a GaN laser diode,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20227–20232 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, A. Husakou, and J. Herrmann, “Linear and nonlinear optical characteristics of composites containing metal nanoparticles with different sizes and shapes,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7488–7496 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Baida, D. Mongin, D. Christofilos, G. Bachelier, A. Crut, P. Maioli, N. Del Fatti, and F. Vallée, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical response of a single gold nanorod near its surface plasmon resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(5), 057402 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (2)

I. Cohanoschi, A. Thibert, C. Toro, S. L. Zou, and F. E. Hernandez, “Surface plasmon enhancement at a liquid-metal-liquid interface,” Plasmonics 2(2), 89–94 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. D. Boni, E. L. Wood, C. Toro, and F. E. Hernandez, “Optical saturable absorption in gold nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 3(4), 171–176 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) UV-Vis spectra, (b) XRD pattern, (c) TEM image and corresponding SAED pattern (insert), and (d) HRTEM of GNPs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic illustration of the proposed GNPs-based passive Q-switching 635 nm Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser, (a) the appearance of the FPM, (b) transmission spectrum of the FPM, and (c) image of the Pr3+-doped fiber-end covered by filmy GNPs-PVA.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The Q-switched pulse trains under different incident pump powers PP, (a) PP = 126.3 mW, (b) PP = 133.5 mW, (c) PP = 143.1 mW, and (d) PP = 152.8 mW.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The typical Q-switching characteristics of the 635 nm red fiber laser at the incident pump power of 140.7 mW, (a) output optical spectrum, (b) typical oscilloscope trace, (c) single pulse envelope, and (d) RF output spectrum. Inset: broadband RF output spectrum.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Repetition rate and pulse duration as a function of the incident pump power, and (b) the average output power and pulse energy as a function of the incident pump power.

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