Abstract

We present a simple radio-over-fiber (RoF) link architecture for millimeter-wave orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission using only one Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) and precoding technique. In the transmission system, the amplitudes and the phase of the driving radio-frequency (RF) OFDM signal on each sub-carrier are precoded, to ensure that the OFDM signal after photodetector (PD) can be restored to original OFDM signal. The experimental results show that the bit-error ratios (BERs) of the transmission system are less than the forward-error-correction (FEC) threshold of 3.8 × 10−3, which demonstrates that the generation of OFDM vector signal based on our proposed scheme can be employed in our system architecture.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Xiao, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and L. Chen, “40-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission over 160-m wireless distance at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 998–1001 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. X. Li, J. Yu, N. Chi, and J. Xiao, “Antenna polarization diversity for high-speed polarization multiplexing wireless signal delivery at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1169–1172 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. F. Li, Z. Cao, X. Li, Z. Dong, and L. Chen, “Fiber-wireless transmission system of PDM-MIMO-OFDM at 100 GHz frequency,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(14), 2394–2399 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).
  10. Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Yu, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Faster than fiber: over 100-Gb/s signal delivery in fiber wireless integration system,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22885–22904 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express 19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).
  19. J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).
  20. W. Peng, X. Wu, V. Arbab, K. Feng, B. Shamee, L. Christen, J. Yang, A. Willner, and S. Chi, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone-assisted optical OFDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(10), 1332–1339 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2015 (7)

F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).

Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).

J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).

J. Xiao, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and L. Chen, “40-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission over 160-m wireless distance at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 998–1001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

X. Li, J. Yu, N. Chi, and J. Xiao, “Antenna polarization diversity for high-speed polarization multiplexing wireless signal delivery at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1169–1172 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2011 (2)

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express 19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1499–1501 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arbab, V.

Bakaul, M.

Caballero, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cao, Z.

F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Li, Z. Cao, X. Li, Z. Dong, and L. Chen, “Fiber-wireless transmission system of PDM-MIMO-OFDM at 100 GHz frequency,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(14), 2394–2399 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chang, G.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1499–1501 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chi, N.

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).

C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).

X. Li, J. Yu, N. Chi, and J. Xiao, “Antenna polarization diversity for high-speed polarization multiplexing wireless signal delivery at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1169–1172 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yu, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Faster than fiber: over 100-Gb/s signal delivery in fiber wireless integration system,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22885–22904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chi, S.

Christen, L.

Dong, Z.

F. Li, Z. Cao, X. Li, Z. Dong, and L. Chen, “Fiber-wireless transmission system of PDM-MIMO-OFDM at 100 GHz frequency,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(14), 2394–2399 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feng, K.

Gamage, P. A.

Herrera, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hosako, I.

Inagaki, K.

Jensen, J. B.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1499–1501 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kanno, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Kitayama, K.

Kuri, T.

Lee, K.-L. L.

Li, F.

F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Li, Z. Cao, X. Li, Z. Dong, and L. Chen, “Fiber-wireless transmission system of PDM-MIMO-OFDM at 100 GHz frequency,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(14), 2394–2399 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li and J. Yao, “Microwave generation based on optical domain microwave frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 24–26 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).

F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).

J. Xiao, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and L. Chen, “40-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission over 160-m wireless distance at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 998–1001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, N. Chi, and J. Xiao, “Antenna polarization diversity for high-speed polarization multiplexing wireless signal delivery at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1169–1172 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Faster than fiber: over 100-Gb/s signal delivery in fiber wireless integration system,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22885–22904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Li, Z. Cao, X. Li, Z. Dong, and L. Chen, “Fiber-wireless transmission system of PDM-MIMO-OFDM at 100 GHz frequency,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(14), 2394–2399 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lim, C.

Martí, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Monroy, I. T.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Morohashi, I.

Nirmalathas, A. T.

Novak, D.

Peng, W.

Sakamoto, T.

Sambaraju, R.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shamee, B.

Su, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Walber, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1499–1501 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Waterhouse, R. B.

Westergren, U.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Willner, A.

Wu, X.

Xiao, J.

J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).

Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).

J. Xiao, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and L. Chen, “40-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission over 160-m wireless distance at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 998–1001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, N. Chi, and J. Xiao, “Antenna polarization diversity for high-speed polarization multiplexing wireless signal delivery at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1169–1172 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).

J. Xiao, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and L. Chen, “40-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission over 160-m wireless distance at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 998–1001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).

Yang, J.

Yang, Y. M.

Yao, J.

W. Li and J. Yao, “Microwave generation based on optical domain microwave frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 24–26 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, Y.

Yu, J.

J. Xiao, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and L. Chen, “40-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission over 160-m wireless distance at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 998–1001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).

Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).

F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, N. Chi, and J. Xiao, “Antenna polarization diversity for high-speed polarization multiplexing wireless signal delivery at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1169–1172 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yu, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Faster than fiber: over 100-Gb/s signal delivery in fiber wireless integration system,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22885–22904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1499–1501 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).

J. Xiao, J. Yu, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and L. Chen, “40-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission over 160-m wireless distance at W-band,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 998–1001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zibar, D.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and Y. Xu, “W-Band PDM-QPSK vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling and precoding,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(4), 7101906 (2015).

J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “High-Frequency Photonic Vector Signal Generation Employing a Single Phase Modulator,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(2), 7101206 (2015).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (11)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(19), 1499–1501 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Li and J. Yao, “Microwave generation based on optical domain microwave frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 24–26 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “w-band 8qam vector signal generation by mzm-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. Chang, “Multi-channel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Martí, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Li, X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and Z. Cao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for DFT-spread OFDM signal transmission at W-Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1273–1276 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Yang, X. Li, J. Xiao, N. Chi, and J. Yu, “Fiber-wireless integration for 80 Gbps polarization division multiplexing− 16QAM signal transmission at W-band without RF down conversion,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 57(1), 9–13 (2015).

Y. Xu, J. Yu, X. Li, J. Xiao, and Z. Zhang, “Experimental investigation on fiber-wireless MIMO system with different LO at W Band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(2), 1–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The principle of electrical QPSK OFDM vector signal generation. (a) Constellation of regular QPSK OFDM signal after IFFT, (b) Constellation of precoding QPSK OFDM signal after phase precoding, and (c) Constellation of precoding QPSK OFDM signal after amplitude precoding.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The principle of photonic QPSK OFDM vector signal generation at W-band. Optical spectra: (a) before MZM, (b) after MZM, and (c) after WSS. CW: continuous-wavelength, MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, WSS: wavelength selective switch, PD: photodiode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The experimental setup for photonic QPSK OFDM vector signal transmission at W-band. (a) The photo of the transmission system. ECL: external cavity laser, MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, AWG: arbitrary waveform generator, EA: electrical amplifier, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, WSS: wavelength selective switch, PD: photodiode, OSC: oscilloscope.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Optical spectrum (0.02-nm resolution) after MZM. (b) Optical spectrum (0.02-nm resolution) after WSS. (c) BER versus launched optical power into PD.

Equations (7)

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E i n ( t ) = E 1 exp ( 2 π f c t ) .
S B B _ O F D M ( t ) = 1 N n = 0 N a n exp ( j 2 π n T t + φ n ) .
S O F D M _ d r i v e ( t ) = S B B _ O F D M ( t ) * exp ( j 2 π f s t ) = 1 N n = 0 N a n exp ( j 2 π ( n T + f s ) t + φ n ) .
E M Z M ( t ) = 1 2 E 1 [ exp ( j π V O F D M _ d r i v e r + V D C V π ) + exp ( j π V O F D M _ d r i v e r + V D C V π ) ] = E 1 cos ϕ k = + n = 0 N j 2 k J 2 k ( a n A ) exp ( j 4 k π ( n T + f s ) t + j 2 k φ n ) + E 1 sin ϕ k = + n = 0 N j 2 k 1 J 2 k 1 ( a n A ) exp ( j ( 4 k 2 ) π ( n T + f s ) t + j ( 2 k 1 ) φ n ) .
E M Z M _ e v e n ( t ) = E 1 k = + n = 0 N j 2 k J 2 k ( a n A ) exp ( j 4 k π ( n T + f s ) t + j 2 k φ n ) .
E W S S ( t ) = E 1 [ n = 0 N j m J m ( a n A ) exp ( j 2 m π ( n T + f s ) t + j m φ n ) + n = 0 N j m J m ( a n A ) exp ( j 2 m π ( n T + f s ) t j m φ n ) ] = 2 E 1 J m ( a n A ) n = 0 N ( 1 ) k cos ( j 2 m π ( n T + f s ) t + j m φ n )
i P D ( t ) = R E P D 2 ( t ) = 4 E 1 2 J m 2 ( a n A ) ( n = 0 N cos ( j 2 m π ( n T + f s ) t + j m φ n ) ) 2 = 2 R E 1 2 J m 2 ( a n A ) n = 0 N cos ( j 2 m × 2 π ( n T + f s ) t + j 2 m φ n )

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