Abstract

A widely tunable phase sensitive parametric fiber amplifier employing a three fiber stages configuration and operating in the 2 μm wavelength region is demonstrated. Phase sensitive gain levels of 30 dB and a gain variation of 20 dB were measured for a pulsed pump by determining the conversion efficiency near 2 μm when a signal at 1.281 μm was applied. The amplifier operates in the wavelength range of 1952 nm to 2098 nm, with its bandwidth being around 0.1 nm. The bandwidth can be controlled by the fiber lengths and their dispersion properties.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2015 (1)

A. Gershikov and G. Eisenstein, “An optical multi wavelength oscillator based on fiber phase sensitive amplification,” Opt. Commun. 341, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. Stubenrauch, G. Stracke, D. Arsenijević, A. Strittmatter, and D. Bimberg, “15 Gb/s index-coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on 1.3 μm InGaAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Stiller, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, “Phase regeneration of a star-8QAM signal in a phase-sensitive amplifier with conjugated pumps,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1028–1035 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

A. Gershikov and G. Eisenstein, “Narrowband phase sensitive fiber parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3204–3206 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of afiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4130–4137 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Arsenijevic, D.

M. Stubenrauch, G. Stracke, D. Arsenijević, A. Strittmatter, and D. Bimberg, “15 Gb/s index-coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on 1.3 μm InGaAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bimberg, D.

M. Stubenrauch, G. Stracke, D. Arsenijević, A. Strittmatter, and D. Bimberg, “15 Gb/s index-coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on 1.3 μm InGaAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cappellini, G.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Devgan, P. S.

Eisenstein, G.

Gershikov, A.

Grigoryan, V.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hedekvist, P. O.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kakande, J.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of afiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4130–4137 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Lasri, J.

Leuchs, G.

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of afiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4130–4137 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McKinstrie, C.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Onishchukov, G.

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Radic, S.

Richardson, D. J.

Schmauss, B.

Shumakher, E.

Stelmakh, N.

Stiller, B.

Stracke, G.

M. Stubenrauch, G. Stracke, D. Arsenijević, A. Strittmatter, and D. Bimberg, “15 Gb/s index-coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on 1.3 μm InGaAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Strittmatter, A.

M. Stubenrauch, G. Stracke, D. Arsenijević, A. Strittmatter, and D. Bimberg, “15 Gb/s index-coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on 1.3 μm InGaAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stubenrauch, M.

M. Stubenrauch, G. Stracke, D. Arsenijević, A. Strittmatter, and D. Bimberg, “15 Gb/s index-coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on 1.3 μm InGaAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, R.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of afiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4130–4137 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trillo, S.

Vasilyev, M.

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Willinger, A.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Stubenrauch, G. Stracke, D. Arsenijević, A. Strittmatter, and D. Bimberg, “15 Gb/s index-coupled distributed-feedback lasers based on 1.3 μm InGaAs quantum dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011103 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow Noise, Broadband Phase-Sensitive Optical Amplifiers, and Their Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Toward ultra-sensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Gershikov and G. Eisenstein, “An optical multi wavelength oscillator based on fiber phase sensitive amplification,” Opt. Commun. 341, 1–6 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields 26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

T. Richter, C. Meuer, R. Ludwig, and C. Schubert, “Black-box Phase-Sensitive Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifier Assisted by a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM3B.4.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental schematic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PSA output for pump placed at 1557.6 nm a) entire spectra and zoom on b) short and c) long wavelength ASE spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain measurements for a PSA using a 5 m long SMF: (a) Output signal with the pump off, (b) long-wavelength ASE without an applied signal, (c) idler for different signal wavelengths at PSA input, (d) idler for different signal wavelengths, at PSA output (e) calculated gain in the third fiber (PSA), (f) calculated gain in first fiber (PIA), (g) calculated on/off gain in the three fiber system, obtained from the conversion efficiency between the long wavelength idler and the short wavelength signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

PSA output for a pump at 1565.5 nm: (a) entire spectra and (b) zoom on long-wavelength ASE region, for three ASE measurements with a pump detuning of 0.02 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

PSA output for a pump at 1540 nm: (a) entire spectra and (b) zoom on long-wavelength ASE region, for three ASE measurements with a pump detuning of 0.02 nm.

Equations (2)

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d P s d z = α P s + 2 γ ( P p 2 P s P i ) 1 / 2 sin ( θ ) ,
θ = ( β 2 ( ω ω p ) 2 + β 4 ( ω ω p ) 4 / 12 ) · L .

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