Abstract

The spectral minima in harmonic spectra of H2+ induced by mid-infrared laser pulses are numerically investigated based on two models of Born-Oppenheimer (BO) and non-Born-Oppenheimer (NBO) approximations. The simulation results show that, with the variation of the mid-infrared laser’s carrier-envelope phase (CEP), the spectral minima positions (SMPs) are fixed for the BO model, while oscillate periodically for the NBO model. This can be understood by the two-center-destructive-interference theory via the detailed investigation to several physical quantities for each CEP case, such as SMPs, effective potential, internuclear separation and the electron’s de Broglie wavelength at the time for interference occurring. The fittings to these quantities’ CEP-dependent curves demonstrate that they follow a variation law in the form of a sine function.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  29. D. Bauer and P. Koval, “Qprop: a Schrödinger-solver for intense laser–atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Commun. 174, 396–421 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. Hermann and J. Fleck, “Split-operator spectral method for solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in spherical coordinates,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 6000–6012 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  36. Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, H. Feng, Y. Qi, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of high-order harmonic generation by phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 19289–19296 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

Z. Jia, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and Y. Deng, “Extremely asymmetric electron localization in H2+ controlled with a THz field,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 023419 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

T. Das, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “High-order-harmonic generation from diatomic molecules in driving fields with nonvanishing ellipticity: a generalized interference condition,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023404 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and X. Sun, “Identifying the interference effect in different harmonic-emission channels from oriented asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053428 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Hu, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, and S. Gong, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 21, 24309–24317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, H. Feng, Y. Qi, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of high-order harmonic generation by phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 19289–19296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated-attosecond-pulse generation due to the nuclear dynamics of H2+ in a multicycle midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023410 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Coulomb focusing in above-threshold ionization in elliptically polarized mid-infrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023413 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Feng and T. Chu, “Nuclear signatures on the molecular harmonic emission and the attosecond pulse generation,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 054102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, P. Hockett, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Controlling the interference of multiple molecular orbitals in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233904 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature (London) 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Origin of unexpected low energy structure in photoelectron spectra induced by midinfrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 113003 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Cui, Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of terahertz harmonic generation by a chirped few-cycle pulse in a quantum well,” New J. Phys. 12, 013009 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (6)

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 075602 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, H. Niikura, J. B. Bertrand, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Observation of electronic structure minima in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 103901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, T. Nakajima, T. Sakka, and H. Ohgaki, “Above-threshold ionization and high-order harmonic generation by mid-infrared and far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043411 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

T. Kanai, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawwa, “Destructive interference during high harmonic generation in mixed gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “Qprop: a Schrödinger-solver for intense laser–atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Commun. 174, 396–421 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature (London) 435, 470–474 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Lein, P. Corso, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023819 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

W. Qu, Z. Chen, Z. Xu, and C. Keitel, “Nuclear correlation in ionization and harmonic generation of H2+ in short intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013402 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H2+ dissociative ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

S. L. Chin, Y. Liang, J. E. Decker, F. A. IIkov, and M. V. Ammosov, “Tunnel ionization of diatomic molecules by an intense CO2 laser,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, L249–L255 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculation of photoemission from atoms subject to intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 4998–5010 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Burnett, V. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347–3349 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

M. Hermann and J. Fleck, “Split-operator spectral method for solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in spherical coordinates,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 6000–6012 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Altucci, C.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ammosov, M. V.

S. L. Chin, Y. Liang, J. E. Decker, F. A. IIkov, and M. V. Ammosov, “Tunnel ionization of diatomic molecules by an intense CO2 laser,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, L249–L255 (1992).
[Crossref]

Augstein, B. B.

T. Das, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “High-order-harmonic generation from diatomic molecules in driving fields with nonvanishing ellipticity: a generalized interference condition,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023404 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baker, S.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 075602 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H2+ dissociative ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bandulet, H.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bauer, D.

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “Qprop: a Schrödinger-solver for intense laser–atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Commun. 174, 396–421 (2006).
[Crossref]

Benedetti, E.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertrand, J. B.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature (London) 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, P. Hockett, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Controlling the interference of multiple molecular orbitals in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233904 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Wörner, H. Niikura, J. B. Bertrand, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Observation of electronic structure minima in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 103901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blaga, C. I.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Burnett, K.

K. Burnett, V. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347–3349 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Catoire, F.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Caumes, J. P.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chelkowski, S.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 075602 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H2+ dissociative ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

B. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and X. Sun, “Identifying the interference effect in different harmonic-emission channels from oriented asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053428 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

W. Qu, Z. Chen, Z. Xu, and C. Keitel, “Nuclear correlation in ionization and harmonic generation of H2+ in short intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013402 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, Y. Liang, J. E. Decker, F. A. IIkov, and M. V. Ammosov, “Tunnel ionization of diatomic molecules by an intense CO2 laser,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, L249–L255 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chirila, C.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, T.

L. Feng and T. Chu, “Nuclear signatures on the molecular harmonic emission and the attosecond pulse generation,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 054102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Comtios, D.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cooper, J.

K. Burnett, V. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347–3349 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corkum, P.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature (London) 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, P. Hockett, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Controlling the interference of multiple molecular orbitals in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233904 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Wörner, H. Niikura, J. B. Bertrand, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Observation of electronic structure minima in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 103901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Corso, P.

M. Lein, P. Corso, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023819 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cui, N.

N. Cui, Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of terahertz harmonic generation by a chirped few-cycle pulse in a quantum well,” New J. Phys. 12, 013009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Das, T.

T. Das, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “High-order-harmonic generation from diatomic molecules in driving fields with nonvanishing ellipticity: a generalized interference condition,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023404 (2013).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

Decker, J. E.

S. L. Chin, Y. Liang, J. E. Decker, F. A. IIkov, and M. V. Ammosov, “Tunnel ionization of diatomic molecules by an intense CO2 laser,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, L249–L255 (1992).
[Crossref]

Deng, Y.

Z. Jia, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and Y. Deng, “Extremely asymmetric electron localization in H2+ controlled with a THz field,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 023419 (2014).
[Crossref]

DiMauro, L. F.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dudovich, N.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feng, H.

Feng, L.

L. Feng and T. Chu, “Nuclear signatures on the molecular harmonic emission and the attosecond pulse generation,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 054102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

T. Das, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “High-order-harmonic generation from diatomic molecules in driving fields with nonvanishing ellipticity: a generalized interference condition,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023404 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fleck, J.

M. Hermann and J. Fleck, “Split-operator spectral method for solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in spherical coordinates,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 6000–6012 (1988).
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Foisy, C.

S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H2+ dissociative ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, X.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gong, S.

P. Hu, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, and S. Gong, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 21, 24309–24317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, H. Feng, Y. Qi, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of high-order harmonic generation by phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 19289–19296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Cui, Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of terahertz harmonic generation by a chirped few-cycle pulse in a quantum well,” New J. Phys. 12, 013009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, X.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hatsagortsyan, K. Z.

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Coulomb focusing in above-threshold ionization in elliptically polarized mid-infrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023413 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Origin of unexpected low energy structure in photoelectron spectra induced by midinfrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 113003 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hay, N.

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, X.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heesel, E.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hermann, M.

M. Hermann and J. Fleck, “Split-operator spectral method for solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in spherical coordinates,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 6000–6012 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hockett, P.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, P. Hockett, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Controlling the interference of multiple molecular orbitals in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233904 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, P.

IIkov, F. A.

S. L. Chin, Y. Liang, J. E. Decker, F. A. IIkov, and M. V. Ammosov, “Tunnel ionization of diatomic molecules by an intense CO2 laser,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, L249–L255 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, M. Y.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and Y. Deng, “Extremely asymmetric electron localization in H2+ controlled with a THz field,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 023419 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

B. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and X. Sun, “Identifying the interference effect in different harmonic-emission channels from oriented asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053428 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kajumba, N.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

T. Kanai, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawwa, “Destructive interference during high harmonic generation in mixed gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature (London) 435, 470–474 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kartashov, D. V.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature (London) 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

Keitel, C.

W. Qu, Z. Chen, Z. Xu, and C. Keitel, “Nuclear correlation in ionization and harmonic generation of H2+ in short intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013402 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kieffer, J.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, P. L.

M. Lein, P. Corso, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023819 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Burnett, V. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347–3349 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koval, P.

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “Qprop: a Schrödinger-solver for intense laser–atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Commun. 174, 396–421 (2006).
[Crossref]

Krause, J.

J. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculation of photoemission from atoms subject to intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 4998–5010 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculation of photoemission from atoms subject to intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 4998–5010 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lan, P.

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lein, M.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lein, P. Corso, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023819 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, R.

Z. Jia, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and Y. Deng, “Extremely asymmetric electron localization in H2+ controlled with a THz field,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 023419 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated-attosecond-pulse generation due to the nuclear dynamics of H2+ in a multicycle midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023410 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y.

S. L. Chin, Y. Liang, J. E. Decker, F. A. IIkov, and M. V. Ammosov, “Tunnel ionization of diatomic molecules by an intense CO2 laser,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, L249–L255 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Coulomb focusing in above-threshold ionization in elliptically polarized mid-infrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023413 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Origin of unexpected low energy structure in photoelectron spectra induced by midinfrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 113003 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, T. Nakajima, T. Sakka, and H. Ohgaki, “Above-threshold ionization and high-order harmonic generation by mid-infrared and far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, P.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lock, R.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, H.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 075602 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mairesse, Y.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marangos, J.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Lein, P. Corso, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023819 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Miao, J.

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Midorikawwa, K.

T. Kanai, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawwa, “Destructive interference during high harmonic generation in mixed gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mies, F. H.

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minemoto, S.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature (London) 435, 470–474 (2005).
[Crossref]

Muller, H. G.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M. M.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

T. Kanai, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawwa, “Destructive interference during high harmonic generation in mixed gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakajima, T.

C. Liu, T. Nakajima, T. Sakka, and H. Ohgaki, “Above-threshold ionization and high-order harmonic generation by mid-infrared and far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Negro, M.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

Niikura, H.

H. J. Wörner, H. Niikura, J. B. Bertrand, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Observation of electronic structure minima in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 103901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niu, Y.

P. Hu, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, and S. Gong, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 21, 24309–24317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, H. Feng, Y. Qi, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of high-order harmonic generation by phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 19289–19296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Cui, Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of terahertz harmonic generation by a chirped few-cycle pulse in a quantum well,” New J. Phys. 12, 013009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ohgaki, H.

C. Liu, T. Nakajima, T. Sakka, and H. Ohgaki, “Above-threshold ionization and high-order harmonic generation by mid-infrared and far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Patchkovskii, S.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G. G.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y.

Qin, M.

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qu, W.

W. Qu, Z. Chen, Z. Xu, and C. Keitel, “Nuclear correlation in ionization and harmonic generation of H2+ in short intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013402 (2001).
[Crossref]

Quan, W.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reed, V.

K. Burnett, V. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347–3349 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robinson, J.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakai, H.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature (London) 435, 470–474 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sakka, T.

C. Liu, T. Nakajima, T. Sakka, and H. Ohgaki, “Above-threshold ionization and high-order harmonic generation by mid-infrared and far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sansone, G.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculation of photoemission from atoms subject to intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 4998–5010 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smirnova, O.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, X.

B. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and X. Sun, “Identifying the interference effect in different harmonic-emission channels from oriented asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053428 (2013).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, E. J.

T. Kanai, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawwa, “Destructive interference during high harmonic generation in mixed gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torres, R.

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D.

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature (London) 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, P. Hockett, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Controlling the interference of multiple molecular orbitals in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233904 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Wörner, H. Niikura, J. B. Bertrand, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Observation of electronic structure minima in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 103901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, N.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, P.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wörner, H. J.

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, P. Hockett, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Controlling the interference of multiple molecular orbitals in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233904 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature (London) 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. J. Wörner, H. Niikura, J. B. Bertrand, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Observation of electronic structure minima in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 103901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, M.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiang, Y.

P. Hu, Y. Niu, Y. Xiang, and S. Gong, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 21, 24309–24317 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, H. Feng, Y. Qi, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of high-order harmonic generation by phase jump pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 19289–19296 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Cui, Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of terahertz harmonic generation by a chirped few-cycle pulse in a quantum well,” New J. Phys. 12, 013009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiong, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

Z. Jia, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and Y. Deng, “Extremely asymmetric electron localization in H2+ controlled with a THz field,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 023419 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated-attosecond-pulse generation due to the nuclear dynamics of H2+ in a multicycle midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023410 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Qu, Z. Chen, Z. Xu, and C. Keitel, “Nuclear correlation in ionization and harmonic generation of H2+ in short intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013402 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Z.

Z. Jia, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and Y. Deng, “Extremely asymmetric electron localization in H2+ controlled with a THz field,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 023419 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated-attosecond-pulse generation due to the nuclear dynamics of H2+ in a multicycle midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023410 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

B. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and X. Sun, “Identifying the interference effect in different harmonic-emission channels from oriented asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053428 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated-attosecond-pulse generation due to the nuclear dynamics of H2+ in a multicycle midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023410 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Comp. Phys. Commun. (1)

D. Bauer and P. Koval, “Qprop: a Schrödinger-solver for intense laser–atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Commun. 174, 396–421 (2006).
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J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (3)

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. Lu, “Signatures of nuclear motion in molecular high-order harmonics and in the generation of attosecond pulse trains by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 075602 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiang, J. Miao, Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated sub-100 attosecond pulse generation driven by a multi-cycle chirped laser pulse and a polarization gating,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 115601 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. L. Chin, Y. Liang, J. E. Decker, F. A. IIkov, and M. V. Ammosov, “Tunnel ionization of diatomic molecules by an intense CO2 laser,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 25, L249–L255 (1992).
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Nat. Phys. (2)

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Strong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Vozzi, M. Negro, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Generalized molecular orbital tomography,” Nat. Phys. 7, 822–826 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nature (London) (3)

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, D. V. Kartashov, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry,” Nature (London) 466, 604–607 (2010).
[Crossref]

O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, and M. Y. Ivanov, “High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules,” Nature (London) 460, 972–977 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature (London) 435, 470–474 (2005).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

N. Cui, Y. Xiang, Y. Niu, and S. Gong, “Coherent control of terahertz harmonic generation by a chirped few-cycle pulse in a quantum well,” New J. Phys. 12, 013009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (16)

M. Hermann and J. Fleck, “Split-operator spectral method for solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in spherical coordinates,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 6000–6012 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Calculation of photoemission from atoms subject to intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 4998–5010 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Burnett, V. Reed, J. Cooper, and P. L. Knight, “Calculation of the background emitted during high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 3347–3349 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Qin, X. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Lan, and P. Lu, “Interference of high-order harmonics generated from molecules at different alignment angles,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013410 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Coulomb focusing in above-threshold ionization in elliptically polarized mid-infrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023413 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Liu, T. Nakajima, T. Sakka, and H. Ohgaki, “Above-threshold ionization and high-order harmonic generation by mid-infrared and far-infrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043411 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Qu, Z. Chen, Z. Xu, and C. Keitel, “Nuclear correlation in ionization and harmonic generation of H2+ in short intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 013402 (2001).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, Z. Zeng, R. Li, Z. Xu, and Y. Deng, “Extremely asymmetric electron localization in H2+ controlled with a THz field,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 023419 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Isolated-attosecond-pulse generation due to the nuclear dynamics of H2+ in a multicycle midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 023410 (2012).
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S. Chelkowski, C. Foisy, and A. D. Bandrauk, “Electron-nuclear dynamics of multiphoton H2+ dissociative ionization in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 1176 (1998).
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[Crossref]

B. Zhang, Y. Chen, X. Jiang, and X. Sun, “Identifying the interference effect in different harmonic-emission channels from oriented asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 053428 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Interference effects in high-order harmonic generation with molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 023805 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Lein, P. Corso, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 023819 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053814 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

H. J. Wörner, J. B. Bertrand, P. Hockett, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Controlling the interference of multiple molecular orbitals in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 233904 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, J. P. Marangos, and P. L. Knight, “Role of the intramolecular phase in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Wörner, H. Niikura, J. B. Bertrand, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Observation of electronic structure minima in high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 103901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J. P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, R. Torres, E. Heesel, N. Kajumba, J. Marangos, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Baker, J. Robinson, M. Lein, C. Chirila, R. Torres, H. Bandulet, D. Comtios, and J. Kieffer, “Dynamic two-center interference in high-order harmonic generation from molecules with attosecond nuclear motion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, E. J. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawwa, “Destructive interference during high harmonic generation in mixed gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 153904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. He, S. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu and K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, “Origin of unexpected low energy structure in photoelectron spectra induced by midinfrared strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 113003 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhou, R. Lock, W. Li, N. Wagner, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Molecular recollision interferometry in high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 CEP-dependent harmonic spectra of H 2 + driven by few-cycle Gaussian mid-infrared laser pulses with a central wavelength of 2.2 μm, FWHM of 7.34 fs, and peak intensity of 5.0 × 1014W/cm2. The dashed vertical line indicates the position of the spectral minima. The Born-Oppenheimer approximation is performed, the internuclear separation R is fixed in the equilibrium distance of 2.63 a.u..
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) CEP-dependent harmonic spectra of H 2 + driven by few-cycle Gaussian mid-infrared laser pulses. The laser parameters are the same with those in Fig. 1. Eight CEPs are considered and five spectra are shown in this figure. Inset are the spectra between harmonic 40th and 80th around the minima with shifts along the vertical direction magnified for a clearer view. The black arrows indicate the spectral minima. (b) The Gaussian laser field with case of CEP=0 and the corresponding time-dependent internuclear separation R(t). The other laser parameters are the same with those in Fig. 2(a). The pulse sub-sub-peak during rising time is indicated with A.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Four representative CEP-dependent harmonic spectra of H 2 + with short-range potential driven by Gaussian mid-infrared laser pulses. The laser peak intensity is 2.0 × 1015W/cm2, other parameters are the same with those in Fig. 1. The red solid lines give the smoothed spectra, and the blue arrows point to where the SMPs are located.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The time-frequency analysis of the harmonics around the minima order for CEP=0.250π. (b) The temporal intensity profile of minima harmonic for CEP=0.250π. tdi, the time corresponds to the peak value, is the destructive interference time.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Four CEP-dependent physical quantities and their fitting curves from zero to 2π (one laser optical period), (a) the internuclear separation R(tdi) and (b) the electron de Broglie wavelength λ0 at time when the destructive interference occurs, (c) the SMP in order and (d) the effective potential I P eff .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The CEP-dependent physical quantities, including the SMP in order, the corresponding internuclear separation R(tdi), the corresponding electron de Broglie wavelength λ0 and the effective potential I P eff .

Equations (13)

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H 0 ( z , R ) = 1 m e 2 R 2 ( 2 m p + m e 4 m p m e ) 2 z 2 + V ( z , R ) .
V ( z , R ) = 1 R 1 1 + ( z R / 2 ) 2 1 1 + ( z + R / 2 ) 2
i t ψ ( z , R , t ) = [ H 0 ( z , R ) + V I ( z , t ) ] ψ ( z , R , t ) ,
V I = ( 1 + m e 2 m p + m e ) z E ( t ) = ( 1 + m e 2 m p + m e ) z E 0 f ( t ) cos ( ω L t + φ ) .
d A ( t ) = ψ ( t ) | V ( z , R ) z | ψ ( t ) ,
P ( ω ) | d A ( t ) e i ω t d t | 2 .
R ( t ) = R | ψ ( z , R , t ) | 2 d z d R / | ψ ( z , R , t ) | 2 d z d R .
V ( z , R ) = 1 R β exp ( α | z R / 2 | ) 1 + ( z R / 2 ) 2 β exp ( α | z + R / 2 | ) 1 + ( z + R / 2 ) 2 .
P smooth ( ω ) = P ( ω ˜ ) exp [ ( ω ˜ ω ) 2 / σ 2 ] d ω ˜ ,
A ( t , ω ) = d A ( t ) ω W [ ω ( t t ) ] d t .
W ( x ) = 1 τ w e i x e x 2 / 2 τ w 2 ,
f ( x ) = y 0 + A 0 sin ( 2 x + x 0 ) ,
f ( x ) = { y 0 + A 0 sin ( x + x 0 ) 0 < x π , y 0 A 0 sin ( x + x 0 ) π < x 2 π ,

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