Abstract

A novel mode-selective optical packet switching, based on mode-multiplexers/demultiplexers and multi-port optical micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) switches, has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The experimental demonstration was performed using the LP01, LP11a and LP11b modes of a 30-km long mode-division multiplexed few-mode fiber link, utilizing 40 Gb/s, 16-QAM signals.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  2. N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. Calabretta, “FPGA-based label processor for low latency and large port count optical packet switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3173–3181 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC 2015), paper Th5C.1 (Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015).
  6. M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. F. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “ROADM system for space division multiplexing with spatial superchannels,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), paper PDP5B.8 (Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013).
  7. K. Kitayama, A. Maruta, Y. Yoshida, N. P. Diamantopoulos, Y.-C. Huang, M. Nakazawa, and T. Isoda, “Mode division multiplexing network: a deployment scenario in metro area network,” in Proc. IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2014), ONS-4, 2154–2159 (Austin, TX, USA, 2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. Takenaga, H. Uemura, Y. Sasaki, S. Nishimoto, T. Uematsu, K. Omichi, R. Goto, S. Matsuo, and K. Saitoh, “Multicore fibre-based mode multiplexer/demultiplexer for three-mode operation of LP01, LP11a, and LP11b,” in Proc. 40th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2014), paper Tu.4.1.4 (Cannes, France, 2014).
  9. M. Mizukami, J. Yamaguchi, N. Nemoto, Y. Kawajiri, H. Hirata, S. Uchiyama, M. Makihara, T. Sakata, N. Shimoyama, and K. Oda, “128×128 three-dimensional MEMS optical switch module with simultaneous optical path connection for optical cross-connect systems,” Appl. Opt. 50(21), 4037–4041 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, and M. Ohashi, “Two mode optical fibers with low and flattened differential modal delay suitable for WDM-MIMO combined system,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14311–14321 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. ITU-T, “Forrward error correction for high bit-rate DWDM submarine systems,” Rec. G.975.1, Appendix I.9 (2014).
  12. D. Boivin, M. Bigot-Astruc, M. Travagnin, and P. Sillard, “Weakly-coupled few-mode fibers for single-mode and mode-division-multiplexed transmissions,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), paper OTh3K.6 (Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

Blumenthal, D. J.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

Calabretta, N.

N. Calabretta, “FPGA-based label processor for low latency and large port count optical packet switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3173–3181 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Waardt, H.

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ditewig, T.

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dorren, H. J. S.

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gaudino, R.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gomez Agis, F.

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, S.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hirata, H.

Kawajiri, Y.

Kitayama, K.

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kuwaki, N.

Laskar, J.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

Makihara, M.

Maruyama, R.

Matsuo, S.

Mizukami, M.

Nemoto, N.

Oda, K.

Ohashi, M.

Raz, O.

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sakata, T.

Shell, M. D.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shimoyama, N.

Uchiyama, S.

Vaughn, M. D.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wada, N.

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, J.

Zhang, S.

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. Calabretta, W. Wang, T. Ditewig, O. Raz, F. Gomez Agis, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Scalable optical packet switches for multiple data formats and data rates packets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 483–485 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell, and M. D. Vaughn, “Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45(8), 1443–1452 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (6)

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC 2015), paper Th5C.1 (Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2015).

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, K. Abedin, X. Zhou, T. F. Taunay, J. F. Fini, B. Zhu, R. Isaac, R. Harel, G. Cohen, and D. M. Marom, “ROADM system for space division multiplexing with spatial superchannels,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), paper PDP5B.8 (Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013).

K. Kitayama, A. Maruta, Y. Yoshida, N. P. Diamantopoulos, Y.-C. Huang, M. Nakazawa, and T. Isoda, “Mode division multiplexing network: a deployment scenario in metro area network,” in Proc. IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2014), ONS-4, 2154–2159 (Austin, TX, USA, 2014).
[Crossref]

K. Takenaga, H. Uemura, Y. Sasaki, S. Nishimoto, T. Uematsu, K. Omichi, R. Goto, S. Matsuo, and K. Saitoh, “Multicore fibre-based mode multiplexer/demultiplexer for three-mode operation of LP01, LP11a, and LP11b,” in Proc. 40th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2014), paper Tu.4.1.4 (Cannes, France, 2014).

ITU-T, “Forrward error correction for high bit-rate DWDM submarine systems,” Rec. G.975.1, Appendix I.9 (2014).

D. Boivin, M. Bigot-Astruc, M. Travagnin, and P. Sillard, “Weakly-coupled few-mode fibers for single-mode and mode-division-multiplexed transmissions,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), paper OTh3K.6 (Anaheim, CA, USA, 2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Mode-selective transmitter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Mode-selective switching in the case of LP01/LP11 modes. (a) 2 × 2 configuration without contention using 4 × 2 optical switch. (b) With contention; for simplicity the buffer is neglected.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Reconfigurability of mode-selective switching. The ports are swapped from those in Fig. 2(a).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental results: (a) OSNR vs BER for configuration A, (b) constellations at OSNR = 16 dB for configuration A, (c) OSNR vs BER for configuration B, (d) constellations at OSNR = 16 dB for configuration B.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Crosstalk problem: (a) explanation, and waveforms captured by 40 GSps real-time oscilloscope for packets switched based on (b) LP01 and (c) LP11.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Routing table of 2 × 2 switch using two modes

Metrics