Abstract

Due to the capacity in simultaneously down-converting and receiving ultra-wideband, multi-carrier radio frequency (RF) or microwave signals, the photonic bandpass sampling has found more and more applications in multi-carrier communication, frequency-agile coherent radar, compressive sensing, etc. The nonlinear transfer during the electronics-to-optics conversion results in distortions, which are bandpass sampled and frequency-folded within the first Nyquist zone, together with the target signals. Because of the multi-octave-span operation, all nonlinearities must be considered besides the usually-concerned third-order inter-modulation distortion (IMD3). We show theoretically that a photonic bandpass sampling link is equivalent to a baseband digital nonlinear link, and then propose a corresponding linearization scheme for the output signal. Such digital linearization is capable of suppressing all types of distortions. Both numerical and experimental examples are demonstrated, where all of the 3rd-order nonlinearities, including the internal and external IMD3, the cross modulation, and 3rd-order harmonics, are well eliminated.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2015 (1)

2014 (5)

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, Q. Lv, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Enhanced spurious free dynamic range in intensity modulated analog photonic link using digital postprocessing,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7900608 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Liang, Y. Dai, F. Yin, X. Liang, J. Li, and K. Xu, “Digital suppression of both cross and inter-modulation distortion in multi-carrier RF photonic link with down-conversion,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28247–28255 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cao, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “Bandpass sampling based digital coherent receiver with free-running local oscillator laser for phase-modulated radio-over-fiber links,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27007–27018 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, Y. Cui, X. Liang, F. Yin, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Performance improvement in analog photonics link incorporating digital post-compensation and low-noise electrical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 5500807 (2014).

2013 (2)

2012 (4)

G. Zhang, S. Li, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, B. K. Zhou, and P. Xiang, “Dynamic range improvement strategy for Mach-Zehnder modulators in microwave/millimeterwave ROF links,” Opt. Express 20(15), 17214–17219 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and F. X. Kärtner, “3 GHz, fundamentally mode-locked, femtosecond Yb-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3522–3524 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

2010 (3)

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, “A phase-modulation I/Q-demodulation microwave-to-digital photonic link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3039–3058 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Fleyer, M. Horowitz, A. Feldtser, and V. Smulakovsky, “Multi-rate synchronous optical undersampling of several bandwidth-limited signals,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16929–16945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalathas, “Multichannel digitized RF-over-fiber transmission based on bandpass sampling and FPGA,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3181–3188 (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

G. H. Tseng and S. C. Chou, “Direct downconversion of multiband RF signals using bandpass sampling,” Trans. Wireless Commun. 5(1), 72–76 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry–Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. 54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

1993 (1)

Agarwal, A.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Austin, M. W.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry–Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. 54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[Crossref]

Banwell, T.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Berizzi, F.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bogoni, A.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buckley, B.

Buckley, J.

Canning, J.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry–Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. 54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cao, M.

Capria, A.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, G.

Chen, H. W.

Chou, S. C.

G. H. Tseng and S. C. Chou, “Direct downconversion of multiband RF signals using bandpass sampling,” Trans. Wireless Commun. 5(1), 72–76 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, “A phase-modulation I/Q-demodulation microwave-to-digital photonic link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3039–3058 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, Q. Lv, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Enhanced spurious free dynamic range in intensity modulated analog photonic link using digital postprocessing,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7900608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Dai, Y. Cui, X. Liang, F. Yin, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Performance improvement in analog photonics link incorporating digital post-compensation and low-noise electrical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 5500807 (2014).

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, J. Dai, K. Xu, J. Li, and J. Lin, “Intermodulation distortion suppression for intensity-modulated analog fiber-optic link incorporating optical carrier band processing,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23433–23440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, J.

Dai, Y.

F. Yin, D. Tu, X. Liang, Y. Dai, J. Zhang, J. Li, and K. Xu, “Dynamic range improvement in analog photonic link by intermodulation-compensation receiver,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11242–11249 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liang, Y. Dai, F. Yin, X. Liang, J. Li, and K. Xu, “Digital suppression of both cross and inter-modulation distortion in multi-carrier RF photonic link with down-conversion,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28247–28255 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cao, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “Bandpass sampling based digital coherent receiver with free-running local oscillator laser for phase-modulated radio-over-fiber links,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27007–27018 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, Y. Cui, X. Liang, F. Yin, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Performance improvement in analog photonics link incorporating digital post-compensation and low-noise electrical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 5500807 (2014).

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, Q. Lv, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Enhanced spurious free dynamic range in intensity modulated analog photonic link using digital postprocessing,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7900608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, J. Dai, K. Xu, J. Li, and J. Lin, “Intermodulation distortion suppression for intensity-modulated analog fiber-optic link incorporating optical carrier band processing,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23433–23440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dennis, M. L.

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, “A phase-modulation I/Q-demodulation microwave-to-digital photonic link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3039–3058 (2010).
[Crossref]

Devenport, J.

A. Karim and J. Devenport, “Low noise figure microwave photonic link,” in IEEE/MMT-S International Microwave Symposium (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1519–1522.

Fard, A.

Fard, A. M.

Feldtser, A.

Fleyer, M.

Ghelfi, P.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gupta, S.

Haus, H. A.

Horowitz, M.

Ilday, F.

Ippen, E. P.

Jalali, B.

Ji, Y.

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jung, K.

Karim, A.

A. Karim and J. Devenport, “Low noise figure microwave photonic link,” in IEEE/MMT-S International Microwave Symposium (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1519–1522.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, C.

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kim, T. K.

Kuznetsova, L.

Laghezza, F.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lam, D.

Lazzeri, E.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

Li, S.

Li, Y.

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, X.

Lim, C.

Y. Yang, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalathas, “Multichannel digitized RF-over-fiber transmission based on bandpass sampling and FPGA,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3181–3188 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

Y. Dai, Y. Cui, X. Liang, F. Yin, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Performance improvement in analog photonics link incorporating digital post-compensation and low-noise electrical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 5500807 (2014).

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, Q. Lv, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Enhanced spurious free dynamic range in intensity modulated analog photonic link using digital postprocessing,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7900608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, J. Dai, K. Xu, J. Li, and J. Lin, “Intermodulation distortion suppression for intensity-modulated analog fiber-optic link incorporating optical carrier band processing,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23433–23440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindsay, A. C.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry–Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. 54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lv, Q.

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, Q. Lv, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Enhanced spurious free dynamic range in intensity modulated analog photonic link using digital postprocessing,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7900608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malacarne, A.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitchell, A.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry–Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. 54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nam, C. H.

Nelson, L. E.

Nirmalathas, A.

Y. Yang, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalathas, “Multichannel digitized RF-over-fiber transmission based on bandpass sampling and FPGA,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3181–3188 (2010).
[Crossref]

Niu, J.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

O’Connor, S. R.

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, “A phase-modulation I/Q-demodulation microwave-to-digital photonic link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3039–3058 (2010).
[Crossref]

Onori, D.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pinna, S.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Porzi, C.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scaffardi, M.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scotti, F.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serafino, G.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smulakovsky, V.

Song, Y.

Tamura, K.

Toliver, P.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tseng, G. H.

G. H. Tseng and S. C. Chou, “Direct downconversion of multiband RF signals using bandpass sampling,” Trans. Wireless Commun. 5(1), 72–76 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tu, D.

Vercesi, V.

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, R.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Winnall, S. T.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry–Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. 54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wise, F.

Woodward, T. K.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiang, P.

Xie, X.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

F. Yin, D. Tu, X. Liang, Y. Dai, J. Zhang, J. Li, and K. Xu, “Dynamic range improvement in analog photonic link by intermodulation-compensation receiver,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11242–11249 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liang, Y. Dai, F. Yin, X. Liang, J. Li, and K. Xu, “Digital suppression of both cross and inter-modulation distortion in multi-carrier RF photonic link with down-conversion,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28247–28255 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cao, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “Bandpass sampling based digital coherent receiver with free-running local oscillator laser for phase-modulated radio-over-fiber links,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27007–27018 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, Q. Lv, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Enhanced spurious free dynamic range in intensity modulated analog photonic link using digital postprocessing,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7900608 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Dai, Y. Cui, X. Liang, F. Yin, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Performance improvement in analog photonics link incorporating digital post-compensation and low-noise electrical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 5500807 (2014).

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, J. Dai, K. Xu, J. Li, and J. Lin, “Intermodulation distortion suppression for intensity-modulated analog fiber-optic link incorporating optical carrier band processing,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23433–23440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

Yan, L.

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalathas, “Multichannel digitized RF-over-fiber transmission based on bandpass sampling and FPGA,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3181–3188 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yin, F.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zheng, X.

Zhou, B. K.

IEEE Photonics J. (4)

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, Q. Lv, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Enhanced spurious free dynamic range in intensity modulated analog photonic link using digital postprocessing,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(2), 7900608 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Yan, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Y. Ji, and J. Lin, “Integrated multifrequency recognition and down-conversion based on photonics-assisted compressive sampling,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(3), 664–670 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Dai, Y. Cui, X. Liang, F. Yin, J. Li, K. Xu, and J. Lin, “Performance improvement in analog photonics link incorporating digital post-compensation and low-noise electrical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 5500807 (2014).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

T. R. Clark, S. R. O’Connor, and M. L. Dennis, “A phase-modulation I/Q-demodulation microwave-to-digital photonic link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3039–3058 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalathas, “Multichannel digitized RF-over-fiber transmission based on bandpass sampling and FPGA,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3181–3188 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. (1)

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry–Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Technol. 54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

P. Ghelfi, F. Laghezza, F. Scotti, G. Serafino, A. Capria, S. Pinna, D. Onori, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, A. Malacarne, V. Vercesi, E. Lazzeri, F. Berizzi, and A. Bogoni, “A fully photonics-based coherent radar system,” Nature 507(7492), 341–345 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (7)

M. Cao, J. Li, Y. Dai, F. Yin, and K. Xu, “Bandpass sampling based digital coherent receiver with free-running local oscillator laser for phase-modulated radio-over-fiber links,” Opt. Express 22(22), 27007–27018 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ilday, J. Buckley, L. Kuznetsova, and F. Wise, “Generation of 36-femtosecond pulses from a ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11(26), 3550–3554 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Fleyer, M. Horowitz, A. Feldtser, and V. Smulakovsky, “Multi-rate synchronous optical undersampling of several bandwidth-limited signals,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16929–16945 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Yin, D. Tu, X. Liang, Y. Dai, J. Zhang, J. Li, and K. Xu, “Dynamic range improvement in analog photonic link by intermodulation-compensation receiver,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11242–11249 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liang, Y. Dai, F. Yin, X. Liang, J. Li, and K. Xu, “Digital suppression of both cross and inter-modulation distortion in multi-carrier RF photonic link with down-conversion,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28247–28255 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, Y. Dai, F. Yin, J. Dai, K. Xu, J. Li, and J. Lin, “Intermodulation distortion suppression for intensity-modulated analog fiber-optic link incorporating optical carrier band processing,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23433–23440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, S. Li, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, B. K. Zhou, and P. Xiang, “Dynamic range improvement strategy for Mach-Zehnder modulators in microwave/millimeterwave ROF links,” Opt. Express 20(15), 17214–17219 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

G. H. Tseng and S. C. Chou, “Direct downconversion of multiband RF signals using bandpass sampling,” Trans. Wireless Commun. 5(1), 72–76 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “ Compensation of cross-gain modulation in filtered multi-channel optical signal processing applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2010), paper OWW5.

A. Karim and J. Devenport, “Low noise figure microwave photonic link,” in IEEE/MMT-S International Microwave Symposium (IEEE, 2007), pp. 1519–1522.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the photonic bandpass sampling link. (b) The equivalent digital bandpass link. δ(t): the impulse function; PD: photo detector.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The output of the photonic bandpass sampling link. (b) The result after the proposed linearization.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The output of the photonic bandpass sampling link (a) before and (b) after the proposed linearization. The blue points represent fundamental signals, the pink points are XMDs, and the black points are internal IMD3s.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The ratios of the received fundamental SB to XMD sidebands with the varying powers of (a) SB and (b) SA, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured down-converted target IF and inter-modulation components versus the input SA power without and with the proposed digital linearization.

Equations (3)

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y = k s ( t k / f ) T ( x )
y k = s ( t k / f ) T ( x ) d t T ( x k ) , where x k = x ( t k / f )
y k = 2 y k T E ( y k / G )

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