Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel approach for controlling the temporal position of the biphoton correlation function using pump frequency tuning and dispersion cancellation; precise waveguide engineering enables biphoton generation at different pump frequencies while the idea of nonlocal dispersion cancellation is used to create the relative signal-idler delay and simultaneously prevents broadening of their correlation. Experimental results for delay shifts up to ±15 times the correlation width are shown along with discussions of the performance metrics of this approach.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (4)

H.-K. Lo, M. Curty, and K. Tamaki, “Secure quantum key distribution,” Nat. Photon. 8, 595–604 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Lukens, A. Dezfooliyan, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Orthogonal spectral coding of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 133602 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Y. Sun, L. Zhao, S. Zhang, M. M. T. Loy, and S. Du, “Efficiently loading a single photon into a single-sided Fabry-Perot cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 133601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Lukens, O. Odele, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Generation of biphoton correlation trains through spectral filtering,” Opt. Express 22, 9585–9596 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

J. M. Lukens, A. Dezfooliyan, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Biphoton manipulation with a fiber-based pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett. 38, 4652–4655 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Bernhard, B. Bessire, T. Feurer, and A. Stefanov, “Shaping frequency-entangled qudits,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 032322 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. M. Lukens, A. Dezfooliyan, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Demonstration of high-order dispersion cancellation with an ultrahigh-efficiency sum-frequency correlator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 193603 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

J. Yin, J.-G. Ren, H. Lu, Y. Cao, H.-L. Yong, Y.-P. Wu, C. Liu, S.-K. Liao, F. Zhou, Y. Jiang, X.-D. Cai, P. Xu, G.-S. Pan, J.-J. Jia, Y.-M. Huang, H. Yin, J.-Y. Wang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Quantum teleportation and entanglement distribution over 100-kilometre free-space channels,” Nature 488, 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone, “Advances in quantum metrology,” Nat. Photon. 5, 222–229 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. A. O’Donnell, “Observations of dispersion cancellation of entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 063601 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Prevedel, K. M. Schreiter, J. Lavoie, and K. J. Resch, “Classical analog for dispersion cancellation of entangled photons with local detection,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 051803 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

C. Belthangady, C.-S. Chuu, I. A. Yu, G. Y. Yin, J. M. Kahn, and S. E. Harris, “Hiding single photons with spread spectrum technology,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 223601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. D. Ladd, F. Jelezko, R. Laflamme, Y. Nakamura, C. Monroe, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum computers,” Nature 464, 45–53 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

C. Belthangady, S. Du, C.-S. Chuu, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Modulation and measurement of time-energy entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 031803 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Sensarn, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of nonlocal modulation with entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 163601 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Avenhaus, A. Eckstein, P. J. Mosley, and C. Silberhorn, “Fiber-assisted single-photon spectrograph,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2873–2875 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Baek, Y.-W. Cho, and Y.-H. Kim, “Nonlocal dispersion cancellation using entangled photons,” Opt. Express 17, 19241–19252 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (6)

O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Time-resolved single-photon detection by femtosecond upconversion,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2257–2259 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zäh, M. Halder, and T. Feurer, “Amplitude and phase modulation of time-energy entangled two-photon states,” Opt. Express 16, 16452–16458 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, S. Du, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Electro-optic modulation of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Joint temporal density measurements for two-photon state characterization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153602 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Baek, O. Kwon, and Y.-H. Kim, “Nonlocal dispersion control of a single-photon waveform,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 013816 (2008).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Baek, O. Kwon, and Y.-H. Kim, “Temporal shaping of a heralded single-photon wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013829 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

B. Dayan, Y. Bromberg, I. Afek, and Y. Silberberg, “Spectral polarization and spectral phase control of time-energy entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043804 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Dayan, “Theory of two-photon interactions with broadband down-converted light and entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043813 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861–863 (2007).
[Crossref]

T.-J. Ahn, Y. Park, and J. Azaña, “Fast and accurate group delay ripple measurement technique for ultralong chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2674–2676 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

2004 (1)

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, and Y. Shih, “Distant clock synchronization using entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2655–2657 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

Y. J. Lu, R. L. Campbell, and Z. Y. Ou, “Mode-locked two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163602 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, “Multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 wavelength converter with a continuously phase-modulated domain structure,” Opt. Lett. 28, 558–560 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shih, “Entangled biphoton source - property and preparation,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1009 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

K. R. Parameswaran, R. K. Route, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, M. M. Fejer, and M. Fujimura, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in buried waveguides formed by annealed and reverse proton exchange in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 27, 179–181 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Valencia, M. V. Chekhova, A. Trifonov, and Y. Shih, “Entangled two-photon wave packet in a dispersive medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

V. Giovannetti, S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone, “Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization,” Nature 412, 417–419 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

C. H. Bennett and D. P. DiVincenzo, “Quantum information and computation,” Nature 404, 247–255 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

J. D. Franson, “Nonlocal cancellation of dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 3126–3132 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

Afek, I.

B. Dayan, Y. Bromberg, I. Afek, and Y. Silberberg, “Spectral polarization and spectral phase control of time-energy entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043804 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ahn, T.-J.

Andrés, P.

V. Torres-Company, J. Lancis, and P. Andrés, “Space-time analogies in optics,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, 2011), vol. 56, pp. 1–80.
[Crossref]

Anisimova, E.

X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asobe, M.

Avenhaus, M.

Azaña, J.

Baek, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Baek, Y.-W. Cho, and Y.-H. Kim, “Nonlocal dispersion cancellation using entangled photons,” Opt. Express 17, 19241–19252 (2009).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Baek, O. Kwon, and Y.-H. Kim, “Nonlocal dispersion control of a single-photon waveform,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 013816 (2008).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Baek, O. Kwon, and Y.-H. Kim, “Temporal shaping of a heralded single-photon wave packet,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013829 (2008).
[Crossref]

Belthangady, C.

C. Belthangady, C.-S. Chuu, I. A. Yu, G. Y. Yin, J. M. Kahn, and S. E. Harris, “Hiding single photons with spread spectrum technology,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 223601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Belthangady, S. Du, C.-S. Chuu, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Modulation and measurement of time-energy entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 031803 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, S. Du, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Electro-optic modulation of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett and D. P. DiVincenzo, “Quantum information and computation,” Nature 404, 247–255 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernhard, C.

C. Bernhard, B. Bessire, T. Feurer, and A. Stefanov, “Shaping frequency-entangled qudits,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 032322 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bessire, B.

C. Bernhard, B. Bessire, T. Feurer, and A. Stefanov, “Shaping frequency-entangled qudits,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 032322 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brassard, G.

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bromberg, Y.

B. Dayan, Y. Bromberg, I. Afek, and Y. Silberberg, “Spectral polarization and spectral phase control of time-energy entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043804 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cai, X.-D.

J. Yin, J.-G. Ren, H. Lu, Y. Cao, H.-L. Yong, Y.-P. Wu, C. Liu, S.-K. Liao, F. Zhou, Y. Jiang, X.-D. Cai, P. Xu, G.-S. Pan, J.-J. Jia, Y.-M. Huang, H. Yin, J.-Y. Wang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Quantum teleportation and entanglement distribution over 100-kilometre free-space channels,” Nature 488, 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campbell, R. L.

Y. J. Lu, R. L. Campbell, and Z. Y. Ou, “Mode-locked two-photon states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 163602 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

J. Yin, J.-G. Ren, H. Lu, Y. Cao, H.-L. Yong, Y.-P. Wu, C. Liu, S.-K. Liao, F. Zhou, Y. Jiang, X.-D. Cai, P. Xu, G.-S. Pan, J.-J. Jia, Y.-M. Huang, H. Yin, J.-Y. Wang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Quantum teleportation and entanglement distribution over 100-kilometre free-space channels,” Nature 488, 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chekhova, M. V.

A. Valencia, M. V. Chekhova, A. Trifonov, and Y. Shih, “Entangled two-photon wave packet in a dispersive medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 183601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-A.

J. Yin, J.-G. Ren, H. Lu, Y. Cao, H.-L. Yong, Y.-P. Wu, C. Liu, S.-K. Liao, F. Zhou, Y. Jiang, X.-D. Cai, P. Xu, G.-S. Pan, J.-J. Jia, Y.-M. Huang, H. Yin, J.-Y. Wang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Quantum teleportation and entanglement distribution over 100-kilometre free-space channels,” Nature 488, 185–188 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, Y.-W.

Chuu, C.-S.

C. Belthangady, C.-S. Chuu, I. A. Yu, G. Y. Yin, J. M. Kahn, and S. E. Harris, “Hiding single photons with spread spectrum technology,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 223601 (2010).
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R. Prevedel, K. M. Schreiter, J. Lavoie, and K. J. Resch, “Classical analog for dispersion cancellation of entangled photons with local detection,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 051803 (2011).
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R. Prevedel, K. M. Schreiter, J. Lavoie, and K. J. Resch, “Classical analog for dispersion cancellation of entangled photons with local detection,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 051803 (2011).
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Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861–863 (2007).
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O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Joint temporal density measurements for two-photon state characterization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 153602 (2008).
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C. Belthangady, C.-S. Chuu, I. A. Yu, G. Y. Yin, J. M. Kahn, and S. E. Harris, “Hiding single photons with spread spectrum technology,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 223601 (2010).
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J. Yin, J.-G. Ren, H. Lu, Y. Cao, H.-L. Yong, Y.-P. Wu, C. Liu, S.-K. Liao, F. Zhou, Y. Jiang, X.-D. Cai, P. Xu, G.-S. Pan, J.-J. Jia, Y.-M. Huang, H. Yin, J.-Y. Wang, Y.-A. Chen, C.-Z. Peng, and J.-W. Pan, “Quantum teleportation and entanglement distribution over 100-kilometre free-space channels,” Nature 488, 185–188 (2012).
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Y. Wang, C. Yu, L. Yan, A. E. Willner, R. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, “44-ns continuously tunable dispersionless optical delay element using a PPLN waveguide with two-pump configuration, DCF, and a dispersion compensator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 861–863 (2007).
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C. Belthangady, C.-S. Chuu, I. A. Yu, G. Y. Yin, J. M. Kahn, and S. E. Harris, “Hiding single photons with spread spectrum technology,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 223601 (2010).
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Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
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X.-S. Ma, T. Herbst, T. Scheidl, D. Wang, S. Kropatschek, W. Naylor, B. Wittmann, A. Mech, J. Kofler, E. Anisimova, V. Makarov, T. Jennewein, R. Ursin, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum teleportation over 143 kilometres using active feed-forward,” Nature 489, 269–273 (2012).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, and Y. Shih, “Distant clock synchronization using entangled photon pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2655–2657 (2004).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (12)

J. M. Lukens, A. Dezfooliyan, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Demonstration of high-order dispersion cancellation with an ultrahigh-efficiency sum-frequency correlator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 193603 (2013).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Belthangady, C.-S. Chuu, I. A. Yu, G. Y. Yin, J. M. Kahn, and S. E. Harris, “Hiding single photons with spread spectrum technology,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 223601 (2010).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Classical delay control scheme based on wavelength conversion and dispersion. (b) General scheme for delay control of time-frequency entangled photons through pump frequency tuning and propagation in dispersive media.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup. Pump photons decay into signal and idler photons in a PPLN waveguide. The pulse shaper is used to apply antisymmetric dispersion to the filtered signal and idler photons, and then they recombine in another PPLN waveguide through SFG. The coincidence rate is measured using a single-photon counter while the delay steps are determined by applying linear spectral phase on the pulse shaper.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experiments with fixed pump. (a) Schematic of a fixed pump with shifts in the antisymmetric dispersion curve displayed over 3 THz of the 5 THz pulse shaper window. (b) Phase-matching curve for PPLN waveguide with a uniform poling pattern. (c) Theoretical and (d) experimental results showing delay control of the biphoton correlation function. The numbers [−2 −1 0 1 2] correspond to the amount the dispersion curve is shifted in each case, in units of 250 GHz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experiments with fixed dispersion. (a) Schematic of a fixed antisymmetric dispersion curve with shifts in pump frequency displayed over 3 THz of the 5 THz pulse shaper window. (b) Phase-matching curve for PPLN waveguide with a non-uniform poling pattern. (c) Theoretical and (d) experimental results showing delay control of the biphoton correlation function. The numbers [−2 −1 0 1 2] correspond to the amount the center frequency of the biphoton is shifted in each case, in units of 250 GHz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Fractional delay and normalized peak count rate vs. shift in center frequency for (a) the case of a fixed pump with shifts in the antisymmetric dispersion curve and (b) the case of a fixed antisymmetric dispersion curve and shifts in pump frequency. The markers denote experimental results; the curves, simulation.

Equations (4)

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ψ ( τ ) = vac | E ^ i ( + ) ( t ) E ^ s ( + ) ( t + τ ) | Ψ ,
ψ ( τ ) d Ω ϕ ( Ω ) H s ( ω 0 + Ω ) H i ( ω 0 Ω ) e i Ω τ ,
ψ ( τ ) d Ω ϕ ( Ω ) e i Ω τ ,
ψ ( τ ) d Ω ϕ ( Ω ) e i Ω ( τ 2 A δ ω ) .

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