Abstract

This paper is devoted to the application of the optical Fourier transform (OFT) for the study and evaluation of optical scattering in the latest generation of calomel single crystals ready for application in several possible devices such as IR polarizers and acoustooptic tunable filters (AOTF). There are numerous effects that are responsible for the scattering of optical wave passing through the crystal sample volume and surface layers because they affect the optical crystal quality. The scattering level is a crucial and limiting parameter in many technical applications of the evaluated crystal. The proposed approach is based upon the high dynamic range optical FT configuration, creating the amplitude spectrum in the focal plane and its spatial angular distribution analysis based on the spectrum sectorization. The optical scattering pattern was tested in nine locations within each crystal sample volume and on numerous crystal samples. The experimental results are presented and discussed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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OSA Recommended Articles
Fabrication and characterization of mercurous chloride acoustooptic devices

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References

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2015 (1)

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

N. Gupta, V. B. Voloshinov, G. A. Knyazev, and L. A. Kulakova, “Tunable wide-angle acousto-optic filter in single-crystal tellurium,” J. Opt. 14(3), 035502 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Remes, P. Bohacek, and M. Nikl, “Laser profiling of defects in BaWO4 crystals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(8), 087001 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Maksimenka and P. Tournois, “Mid-infrared high-frequency high-resolution reflective acousto-optic filters in mercury halides,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 715–719 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

N. B. Singh, D. Suhre, N. Gupta, W. Rosch, and M. Gottlieb, “Performance of TAS crystal for AOTF imaging,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 124–128 (2001).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

C. Barta, “Growth, properties and technical applications of mercurous halide crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 65(1-3), 351–352 (1983).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

Č. Barta, “Preparation of mercurous chloride monocrystals,” Krist. Tech. 5(4), 541–549 (1970).
[Crossref]

Aben, I.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barta, C.

R. Maksimenka, P. Nuernberger, K. F. Lee, A. Bonvalet, J. Milkiewicz, C. Barta, M. Klima, T. Oksenhendler, P. Tournois, D. Kaplan, and M. Joffre, “Direct mid-infrared femtosecond pulse shaping with a calomel acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3565–3567 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Barta, “Growth, properties and technical applications of mercurous halide crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 65(1-3), 351–352 (1983).
[Crossref]

Č. Barta, “Preparation of mercurous chloride monocrystals,” Krist. Tech. 5(4), 541–549 (1970).
[Crossref]

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

Bohacek, P.

Z. Remes, P. Bohacek, and M. Nikl, “Laser profiling of defects in BaWO4 crystals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(8), 087001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bonvalet, A.

Breon, F.-M.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cacciari, A.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Carboni, E.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Castano, R.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chatel, B.

D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, B. Chatel, and A. Monmayrant, “Tunable wavelength pulse shaping of visible NOPA outputs with an Acousto-Optic Programmable Dispersive Filter,” in 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (OSA, 2004), p. TuE40.

Chien, S. A.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Claas, J.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Haan, J. F.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Vries, J.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Di Nicolantonio, W.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Diner, D.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Eskes, H. J.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Foget, N.

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

Förster, H.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gottlieb, M.

N. B. Singh, D. Suhre, N. Gupta, W. Rosch, and M. Gottlieb, “Performance of TAS crystal for AOTF imaging,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 124–128 (2001).
[Crossref]

Grainger, R. G.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Green, R. O.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grey, W. M. F.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gupta, N.

N. Gupta, V. B. Voloshinov, G. A. Knyazev, and L. A. Kulakova, “Tunable wide-angle acousto-optic filter in single-crystal tellurium,” J. Opt. 14(3), 035502 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. B. Singh, D. Suhre, N. Gupta, W. Rosch, and M. Gottlieb, “Performance of TAS crystal for AOTF imaging,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 124–128 (2001).
[Crossref]

Haïdar, R.

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

Hasal, R.

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

Hasekamp, O.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Höller, R.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hoogeveen, R.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ingmann, P.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jaeck, J.

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

Joffre, M.

Kaplan, D.

R. Maksimenka, P. Nuernberger, K. F. Lee, A. Bonvalet, J. Milkiewicz, C. Barta, M. Klima, T. Oksenhendler, P. Tournois, D. Kaplan, and M. Joffre, “Direct mid-infrared femtosecond pulse shaping with a calomel acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3565–3567 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, B. Chatel, and A. Monmayrant, “Tunable wavelength pulse shaping of visible NOPA outputs with an Acousto-Optic Programmable Dispersive Filter,” in 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (OSA, 2004), p. TuE40.

Keymeulen, D.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kleipool, Q.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Klima, M.

Knyazev, G. A.

N. Gupta, V. B. Voloshinov, G. A. Knyazev, and L. A. Kulakova, “Tunable wide-angle acousto-optic filter in single-crystal tellurium,” J. Opt. 14(3), 035502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kokhanovsky, A. A.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kruizinga, B.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kulakova, L. A.

N. Gupta, V. B. Voloshinov, G. A. Knyazev, and L. A. Kulakova, “Tunable wide-angle acousto-optic filter in single-crystal tellurium,” J. Opt. 14(3), 035502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Landgraf, J.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. F.

Lee, K.-H.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Levelt, P. F.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lundeen, S. K.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maksimenka, R.

R. Maksimenka and P. Tournois, “Mid-infrared high-frequency high-resolution reflective acousto-optic filters in mercury halides,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 715–719 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Maksimenka, P. Nuernberger, K. F. Lee, A. Bonvalet, J. Milkiewicz, C. Barta, M. Klima, T. Oksenhendler, P. Tournois, D. Kaplan, and M. Joffre, “Direct mid-infrared femtosecond pulse shaping with a calomel acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3565–3567 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

McMullan, K.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Milkiewicz, J.

Monmayrant, A.

D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, B. Chatel, and A. Monmayrant, “Tunable wavelength pulse shaping of visible NOPA outputs with an Acousto-Optic Programmable Dispersive Filter,” in 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (OSA, 2004), p. TuE40.

Mouradi, Y.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nikl, M.

Z. Remes, P. Bohacek, and M. Nikl, “Laser profiling of defects in BaWO4 crystals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(8), 087001 (2012).
[Crossref]

North, P. R. J.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nuernberger, P.

Nunes, D. C.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oksenhendler, T.

Otter, G.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pata, P.

P. Pata and J. Schindler, “Astronomical context coder for image compression,” Exp. Astron.1–18 (2015), in press.

Remes, Z.

Z. Remes, P. Bohacek, and M. Nikl, “Laser profiling of defects in BaWO4 crystals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(8), 087001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rosch, W.

N. B. Singh, D. Suhre, N. Gupta, W. Rosch, and M. Gottlieb, “Performance of TAS crystal for AOTF imaging,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 124–128 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sayer, A. M.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schindler, J.

P. Pata and J. Schindler, “Astronomical context coder for image compression,” Exp. Astron.1–18 (2015), in press.

Singh, N. B.

N. B. Singh, D. Suhre, N. Gupta, W. Rosch, and M. Gottlieb, “Performance of TAS crystal for AOTF imaging,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 124–128 (2001).
[Crossref]

Snel, R.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Suhre, D.

N. B. Singh, D. Suhre, N. Gupta, W. Rosch, and M. Gottlieb, “Performance of TAS crystal for AOTF imaging,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 124–128 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sun, P.

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thomas, G. E.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Thompson, D. R.

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tol, P.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tournois, P.

R. Maksimenka and P. Tournois, “Mid-infrared high-frequency high-resolution reflective acousto-optic filters in mercury halides,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 715–719 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Maksimenka, P. Nuernberger, K. F. Lee, A. Bonvalet, J. Milkiewicz, C. Barta, M. Klima, T. Oksenhendler, P. Tournois, D. Kaplan, and M. Joffre, “Direct mid-infrared femtosecond pulse shaping with a calomel acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3565–3567 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, B. Chatel, and A. Monmayrant, “Tunable wavelength pulse shaping of visible NOPA outputs with an Acousto-Optic Programmable Dispersive Filter,” in 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (OSA, 2004), p. TuE40.

van Weele, M.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Veefkind, J. P.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vink, R.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Visser, H.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Voloshinov, V. B.

N. Gupta, V. B. Voloshinov, G. A. Knyazev, and L. A. Kulakova, “Tunable wide-angle acousto-optic filter in single-crystal tellurium,” J. Opt. 14(3), 035502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Von Hoyningen-Huene, W.

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

Voors, R.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Res. (1)

A. A. Kokhanovsky, F.-M. Breon, A. Cacciari, E. Carboni, D. Diner, W. Di Nicolantonio, R. G. Grainger, W. M. F. Grey, R. Höller, K.-H. Lee, Z. Li, P. R. J. North, A. M. Sayer, G. E. Thomas, and W. Von Hoyningen-Huene, “Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments,” Atmos. Res. 85(3-4), 372–394 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

D. R. Thompson, R. O. Green, D. Keymeulen, S. K. Lundeen, Y. Mouradi, D. C. Nunes, R. Castano, and S. A. Chien, “Rapid Spectral Cloud Screening Onboard Aircraft and Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 52(11), 6779–6792 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

N. B. Singh, D. Suhre, N. Gupta, W. Rosch, and M. Gottlieb, “Performance of TAS crystal for AOTF imaging,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2-4), 124–128 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Barta, “Growth, properties and technical applications of mercurous halide crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 65(1-3), 351–352 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

N. Gupta, V. B. Voloshinov, G. A. Knyazev, and L. A. Kulakova, “Tunable wide-angle acousto-optic filter in single-crystal tellurium,” J. Opt. 14(3), 035502 (2012).
[Crossref]

Krist. Tech. (1)

Č. Barta, “Preparation of mercurous chloride monocrystals,” Krist. Tech. 5(4), 541–549 (1970).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

Z. Remes, P. Bohacek, and M. Nikl, “Laser profiling of defects in BaWO4 crystals,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23(8), 087001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Maksimenka and P. Tournois, “Mid-infrared high-frequency high-resolution reflective acousto-optic filters in mercury halides,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 715–719 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

R. Zhao, X. Li, and P. Sun, “An improved windowed Fourier transform filter algorithm,” Opt. Laser Technol. 74, 103–107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. McMullan, H. Förster, J. de Vries, G. Otter, J. Claas, H. J. Eskes, J. F. de Haan, Q. Kleipool, M. van Weele, O. Hasekamp, R. Hoogeveen, J. Landgraf, R. Snel, P. Tol, P. Ingmann, R. Voors, B. Kruizinga, R. Vink, H. Visser, and P. F. Levelt, “TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications,” Remote Sens. Environ. 120, 70–83 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (8)

R. Maksimenka, N. Foget, D. Kaplan, R. Hasal, C. Barta, J. Jaeck, and R. Haïdar, “High spectral resolution aotf-based hyperspectral imaging system for thermal infrared,” in (ESA Conference Bureau, 2014).

D. Kaplan, P. Tournois, B. Chatel, and A. Monmayrant, “Tunable wavelength pulse shaping of visible NOPA outputs with an Acousto-Optic Programmable Dispersive Filter,” in 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (OSA, 2004), p. TuE40.

N. Gupta, “Acousto-optic tunable filters for infrared imaging,” in (2005), Vol. 5953, p. 59530O–59530O–10.

L. Krasula, K. Fliegel, P. Le Callet, and M. Klíma, “Objective evaluation of naturalness, contrast, and colorfulness of tone-mapped images,” in (2014), Vol. 9217, p. 92172D–92172D–10.

P. Pata and J. Schindler, “Astronomical context coder for image compression,” Exp. Astron.1–18 (2015), in press.

P. Pata, K. Fliegel, M. Klíma, M. Blažek, and M. Řeřábek, “Utilization of consumer level digital cameras in astronomy,” in SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2010), p. 77982H–77982H.

C. Barta, “BBT-Materials Processing, Ltd.,”, http://calomel.cz , (2015).

H. Stark, Application of Optical Fourier Transforms (Elsevier, 2012).

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Hg2Cl2 refractive index for ordinary and extraordinary beam for VIS and NIR wavelengths [4].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calomel boule growing (left) and final calomel sample (right bottom).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Tyndall scattering in the Hg2Cl2 (calomel) sample. The sample is glued on the glass block.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 HDR image calibration of the optical Fourier spectrum of the mesh with 40 microns wire pitch.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Diffraction of the wavefront on the aperture A.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Sectors in the back focal plane of the OFT lens.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experimental setup (xy sample translation stage is omitted).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Tested sample orientation.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Real FT spectrum of a calomel sample for three exposures 1/4000 s, 1/500 s, 1/15 s.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Final HDR image - FT spectrum of calomel sample DEMON002.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Sectorial analysis – mask: equiangular and equiareal, example of sectorial analysis.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Equiareal radial analysis.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Combined sectorial-radial analysis - polar representation and Cartesian representation, annulus No.1, annulus No.3.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 Recorded HDR FT spectra of scattered light (sample S0002.2013).
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 Recorded HDR FT spectra of scattered light (sample S0041.2012).
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 The map of the ICQ parameter in 3x3 positions (sample S0002.2013).
Fig. 17
Fig. 17 The map of the ICQ parameter in 3x3 positions (sample S0041.2012).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Physical properties of mercurous chloride [19].

Tables Icon

Table 2 Acousto-optical properties of mercurous chloride [19].

Equations (25)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A (x,y,z)= 1 2π A A(x,y,z) e jkr r (jk 1 r )cosθd x 1 d y 1 ,
r D 2 λ
A ( x,y )=  j λ( f+l ) e jkR( x,y ) A A( x,y ) e 2πj( u x 1 +v y 1 ) d x 1 d y 1
R( x,y )= f 2 + x 2 + y 2 +lf ( f 2 + x 2 + y 2 )
A ( x,y )=  j λ( f+l ) e jkR( x,y ) F( u,v )
F( u,v )= A A( x,y ) e 2πj( u x 1 +v y 1 ) d x 1 d y 1 .
u= x λ ( f 2 + x 2 + y 2 ) v= y λ ( f 2 + x 2 + y 2 )
I( x,y )= A ( x,y ) A * ( x,y ).
I( x,y )=[ j λ( f+l ) e jkR( x,y ) F( u,v ) ][ j λ( f+l ) e jkR( x,y ) F * ( u,v ) ]
I( x,y )= 1 λ 2 ( f+l ) 2 F( u,v ) F * ( u,v ).
I( x,y )= | F( u,v ) | 2 λ 2 ( f+l ) 2 .
u=ρcosφ v=ρsinφ.
M(ρ,φ)={ 1for ρ min ρ ρ max φ min φ φ max 0elsewhere.
I( ρ,φ )=M(ρ,φ) | F( ρ,φ ) | 2 λ 2 ( f+l ) 2 .
I = 1 λ 2 ( f+l ) 2 ρ min ρ max φ min φ max M(ρ,φ) | F( ρ,φ ) | 2 ρdρd φ.
P C = ρ min ρ max φ min φ max P ( ρ,φ ) ρdρdφ
P 0 = ρ min ρ max φ min φ max P ( ρ,φ ) ρdρdφ.
ICQ= P C P L 1 IC Q 0
IC Q 0 = P C P L ( 1R ) 2 .
u i ( x,y )= πτγ 4 L( x,y ) ( D f ) 2 T i cos 4 θ,
u i ( x,y ) ¯ = u i ( x,y ) T 0 ( x,y ) T i ( x,y ) i .
u HDR ( x,y )=  1 N HDR i=1 N { u i ( x,y ) ¯           if  A u i ( x,y )B  0                               other case .
d = 1 2 λfF
F= 1 Λ .
R= ( n 1 n 2 n 1 + n 2 ) 2 = ( 1.961.0 1.96+1.0 ) 2 =0.105

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