Abstract

We present evidence for self-stabilization of the relative spectral phase of high-order harmonic emission against intensity variations of the driving field. Our results demonstrate that, near the laser focus, phase matching of the harmonic field from a macroscopic target can compensate for the intensity dependence of the intrinsic phase of the harmonics emitted by a single radiator. As a consequence, we show experimentally and theoretically the insensitivity of the harmonic spectra produced at the laser focus against variations of the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of a sub-two-cycle driving field. In addition, the associated attosecond pulse trains exhibit phase locking against CEP changes of the few-cycle driver.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Silva, M. Miranda, B. Alonso, J. Rauschenberger, V. Pervak, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression, characterization and phase stabilization of GW-level 1.4 cycle VIS-NIR femtosecond pulses using a single dispersion-scan setup,” Opt. Express 22, 10181 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, V. Pervak, J. Rauschenberger, J. San Román, I. J. Sola, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a hollow-core fiber compressor in the spatiotemporal and spatiospectral domains,” Appl. Phys. B 112, 105–114 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Hernández-García, I.J. Sola, and L. Plaja, “Signature of the transversal coherence length in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 043848 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Hernández-García, J.A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, C. A. Arrell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Sub-4-fs laser pulse characterization by spatially resolved spectral shearing interferometry and attosecond streaking,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074014 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nature Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jin Cheng and C. D. Lin, “Comparison of high-order harmonic generation of Ar using truncated Bessel and Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 033423 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, Th. Fordell, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. LHuillier, and Helder Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express 20 (17), 18732–18743, (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, K. S. Kim, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Quantum path control in harmonic generation by temporal shaping of few-optical-cycle pulses in ionizing media,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041802 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

T. Popmintchev, M.C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent x-ray generation,” Nature Photon. 4, 822–832 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, E. Conejero Jarque, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “High-order harmonic propagation in gases within the discrete dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 022432 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 132001 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “General theory of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 220406 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. S. Sandhu, E. Gagnon, A. Paul, I. Thomann, A. Lytle, T. Keep, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of sub-optical-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-insensitive, extreme-uv pulses via nonlinear stabilization in a waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 061803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

R. López-Martens and et al., “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

D. Jones, Scott A. Diddams, Jinendra K. Ranka, Andrew Stentz, Robert S. Windeler, John L. Hall, and Steven T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, and A. LHuillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, and A. LHuillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

B.L. Henke, E.M. Gullikson, and J.C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50–30000 eV, Z=1–92,” Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables 54 (2), 181–342 (1993).
[Crossref]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X.F. Li, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21, L31 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahmad, I.

Ahrens, J.

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Altucci, C.

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
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T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, C. A. Arrell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Sub-4-fs laser pulse characterization by spatially resolved spectral shearing interferometry and attosecond streaking,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074014 (2012).
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M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
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C. Hernández-García, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, L. Plaja, A. Becker, and A. Jaron-Becker, “Group velocity matching in high-order harmonic generation,” submitted.

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S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
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Breger, P.

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T. Popmintchev, M.C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent x-ray generation,” Nature Photon. 4, 822–832 (2010).
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A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nature Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
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A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
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W. Holgado, C. Hernández-García, B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, L. Plaja, H. Crespo, and I. J. Sola, “Continuous spectra obtained from high harmonic generation driven by multicycle laser pulses,” submitted.

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P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
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A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
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C. Hernández-García, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, L. Plaja, A. Becker, and A. Jaron-Becker, “Group velocity matching in high-order harmonic generation,” submitted.

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M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
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C. Hernández-García, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, L. Plaja, A. Becker, and A. Jaron-Becker, “Group velocity matching in high-order harmonic generation,” submitted.

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M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
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C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
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LHuillier, A.

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
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M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, Th. Fordell, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. LHuillier, and Helder Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express 20 (17), 18732–18743, (2012).
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M. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, and A. LHuillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
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M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, and A. LHuillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
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Li, X.F.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X.F. Li, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21, L31 (1988).
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Jin Cheng and C. D. Lin, “Comparison of high-order harmonic generation of Ar using truncated Bessel and Gaussian beams,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 033423 (2012).
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Liu, X.

Lompre, L.A.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X.F. Li, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21, L31 (1988).
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Lopez-Martens, R.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nature Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
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R. López-Martens and et al., “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
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Lorek, E.

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
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Lucchini, M.

F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, K. S. Kim, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Quantum path control in harmonic generation by temporal shaping of few-optical-cycle pulses in ionizing media,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041802 (2011).
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Luk, T. S.

Lytle, A.

A. S. Sandhu, E. Gagnon, A. Paul, I. Thomann, A. Lytle, T. Keep, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of sub-optical-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-insensitive, extreme-uv pulses via nonlinear stabilization in a waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 061803(R) (2006).
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Mainfray, G.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X.F. Li, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21, L31 (1988).
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Malvache, A.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nature Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
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Mancuso, C.

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
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Manus, C.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X.F. Li, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21, L31 (1988).
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Marangos, J. P.

T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, C. A. Arrell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Sub-4-fs laser pulse characterization by spatially resolved spectral shearing interferometry and attosecond streaking,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074014 (2012).
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Mauritsson, J.

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
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McIntyre, I. A.

McPherson, A.

Meyer, K.

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
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Miranda, M.

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
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F. Silva, M. Miranda, B. Alonso, J. Rauschenberger, V. Pervak, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression, characterization and phase stabilization of GW-level 1.4 cycle VIS-NIR femtosecond pulses using a single dispersion-scan setup,” Opt. Express 22, 10181 (2014).
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B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, V. Pervak, J. Rauschenberger, J. San Román, I. J. Sola, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a hollow-core fiber compressor in the spatiotemporal and spatiospectral domains,” Appl. Phys. B 112, 105–114 (2013).
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M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, Th. Fordell, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. LHuillier, and Helder Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express 20 (17), 18732–18743, (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Holgado, C. Hernández-García, B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, L. Plaja, H. Crespo, and I. J. Sola, “Continuous spectra obtained from high harmonic generation driven by multicycle laser pulses,” submitted.

Mondes, V.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nature Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mücke, O.

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent x-ray generation,” Nature Photon. 4, 822–832 (2010).
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I. Thomann, A. Bahabad, X. Liu, R. Trebino, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses from hollow-core waveguides using multi-cycle driving pulses,” Opt. Express,  17, 4611–4633 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Sandhu, E. Gagnon, A. Paul, I. Thomann, A. Lytle, T. Keep, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of sub-optical-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-insensitive, extreme-uv pulses via nonlinear stabilization in a waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 061803(R) (2006).
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I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ‘single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
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C. Hernández-García, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, L. Plaja, A. Becker, and A. Jaron-Becker, “Group velocity matching in high-order harmonic generation,” submitted.

Murnane, M.M.

C. Hernández-García, J.A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, K. S. Kim, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Quantum path control in harmonic generation by temporal shaping of few-optical-cycle pulses in ionizing media,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041802 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okell, W. A.

T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, C. A. Arrell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Sub-4-fs laser pulse characterization by spatially resolved spectral shearing interferometry and attosecond streaking,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074014 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ott, C.

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pascolini, M.

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patil, Y.

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
[Crossref]

Paul, A.

A. S. Sandhu, E. Gagnon, A. Paul, I. Thomann, A. Lytle, T. Keep, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of sub-optical-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-insensitive, extreme-uv pulses via nonlinear stabilization in a waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 061803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peltz, C.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pérez-Hernández, J. A.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, E. Conejero Jarque, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “High-order harmonic propagation in gases within the discrete dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 022432 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pérez-Hernández, J.A.

C. Hernández-García, J.A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.A. Pérez-Hernández, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the Strong-Field Approximation: the physics behind the short-wave-infrared scaling laws,” Opt. Express 17, 9891–9903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

Pfeifer, T.

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
[Crossref]

Plaja, L.

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hernández-García, J.A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hernández-García, I.J. Sola, and L. Plaja, “Signature of the transversal coherence length in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 043848 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, E. Conejero Jarque, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “High-order harmonic propagation in gases within the discrete dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 022432 (2010).
[Crossref]

J.A. Pérez-Hernández, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the Strong-Field Approximation: the physics behind the short-wave-infrared scaling laws,” Opt. Express 17, 9891–9903 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hernández-García, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, L. Plaja, A. Becker, and A. Jaron-Becker, “Group velocity matching in high-order harmonic generation,” submitted.

W. Holgado, C. Hernández-García, B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, L. Plaja, H. Crespo, and I. J. Sola, “Continuous spectra obtained from high harmonic generation driven by multicycle laser pulses,” submitted.

Plenge, J.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, D.

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, T.

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hernández-García, J.A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent x-ray generation,” Nature Photon. 4, 822–832 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Hernández-García, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, L. Plaja, A. Becker, and A. Jaron-Becker, “Group velocity matching in high-order harmonic generation,” submitted.

Priori, E.

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prochnow, O.

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pugzlys, A.

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quéré, F.

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nature Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
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Raith, P.

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
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Ramos, J.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, E. Conejero Jarque, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “High-order harmonic propagation in gases within the discrete dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 022432 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ranka, Jinendra K.

D. Jones, Scott A. Diddams, Jinendra K. Ranka, Andrew Stentz, Robert S. Windeler, John L. Hall, and Steven T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rauschenberger, J.

F. Silva, M. Miranda, B. Alonso, J. Rauschenberger, V. Pervak, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression, characterization and phase stabilization of GW-level 1.4 cycle VIS-NIR femtosecond pulses using a single dispersion-scan setup,” Opt. Express 22, 10181 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, V. Pervak, J. Rauschenberger, J. San Román, I. J. Sola, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a hollow-core fiber compressor in the spatiotemporal and spatiospectral domains,” Appl. Phys. B 112, 105–114 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rhodes, C. K.

Roso, L.

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, E. Conejero Jarque, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “High-order harmonic propagation in gases within the discrete dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 022432 (2010).
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J.A. Pérez-Hernández, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the Strong-Field Approximation: the physics behind the short-wave-infrared scaling laws,” Opt. Express 17, 9891–9903 (2009).
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V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “General theory of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 220406 (2007).
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Rudawski, P.

P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
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Rühl, E.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
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Salieres, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Salieres, and A. LHuillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
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Salin, F.

M. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, and A. LHuillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
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San Román, J.

B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, V. Pervak, J. Rauschenberger, J. San Román, I. J. Sola, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a hollow-core fiber compressor in the spatiotemporal and spatiospectral domains,” Appl. Phys. B 112, 105–114 (2013).
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Sandhu, A. S.

A. S. Sandhu, E. Gagnon, A. Paul, I. Thomann, A. Lytle, T. Keep, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of sub-optical-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-insensitive, extreme-uv pulses via nonlinear stabilization in a waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 061803(R) (2006).
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Sansone, G.

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, K. S. Kim, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Quantum path control in harmonic generation by temporal shaping of few-optical-cycle pulses in ionizing media,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041802 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 132001 (2008).
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M. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, and A. LHuillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
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K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599–1602 (1993).
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Schonwald, M.

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
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A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shim, B.

T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silva, F.

F. Silva, M. Miranda, B. Alonso, J. Rauschenberger, V. Pervak, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression, characterization and phase stabilization of GW-level 1.4 cycle VIS-NIR femtosecond pulses using a single dispersion-scan setup,” Opt. Express 22, 10181 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, V. Pervak, J. Rauschenberger, J. San Román, I. J. Sola, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a hollow-core fiber compressor in the spatiotemporal and spatiospectral domains,” Appl. Phys. B 112, 105–114 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, Th. Fordell, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. LHuillier, and Helder Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express 20 (17), 18732–18743, (2012).
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W. Holgado, C. Hernández-García, B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, L. Plaja, H. Crespo, and I. J. Sola, “Continuous spectra obtained from high harmonic generation driven by multicycle laser pulses,” submitted.

Sola, I. J.

B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, V. Pervak, J. Rauschenberger, J. San Román, I. J. Sola, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a hollow-core fiber compressor in the spatiotemporal and spatiospectral domains,” Appl. Phys. B 112, 105–114 (2013).
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W. Holgado, C. Hernández-García, B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, L. Plaja, H. Crespo, and I. J. Sola, “Continuous spectra obtained from high harmonic generation driven by multicycle laser pulses,” submitted.

Sola, I.J.

C. Hernández-García, I.J. Sola, and L. Plaja, “Signature of the transversal coherence length in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 043848 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, K. S. Kim, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Quantum path control in harmonic generation by temporal shaping of few-optical-cycle pulses in ionizing media,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041802 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stentz, Andrew

D. Jones, Scott A. Diddams, Jinendra K. Ranka, Andrew Stentz, Robert S. Windeler, John L. Hall, and Steven T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Süßmann, F.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tate, J. L.

M. B. Gaarde, J. L. Tate, and K. J. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 132001 (2008).
[Crossref]

Thomann, I.

I. Thomann, A. Bahabad, X. Liu, R. Trebino, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses from hollow-core waveguides using multi-cycle driving pulses,” Opt. Express,  17, 4611–4633 (2009).
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A. S. Sandhu, E. Gagnon, A. Paul, I. Thomann, A. Lytle, T. Keep, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of sub-optical-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-insensitive, extreme-uv pulses via nonlinear stabilization in a waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 061803(R) (2006).
[Crossref]

Tikhonravov, a V

Tisch, J. W. G.

T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, C. A. Arrell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Sub-4-fs laser pulse characterization by spatially resolved spectral shearing interferometry and attosecond streaking,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074014 (2012).
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Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
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Tondello, G.

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

Trubetskov, M. K.

Trushin, S. A.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Udem, Th.

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, K. S. Kim, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Quantum path control in harmonic generation by temporal shaping of few-optical-cycle pulses in ionizing media,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041802 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
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Walker, B.

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
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Walther, H.

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
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Weigand, R.

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R. Kienberger, Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
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Windeler, Robert S.

D. Jones, Scott A. Diddams, Jinendra K. Ranka, Andrew Stentz, Robert S. Windeler, John L. Hall, and Steven T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
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Witting, T.

T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, C. A. Arrell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Sub-4-fs laser pulse characterization by spatially resolved spectral shearing interferometry and attosecond streaking,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074014 (2012).
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Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
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Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
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A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
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S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
[Crossref]

Znakovskaya, I.

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
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Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, V. Pervak, J. Rauschenberger, J. San Román, I. J. Sola, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a hollow-core fiber compressor in the spatiotemporal and spatiospectral domains,” Appl. Phys. B 112, 105–114 (2013).
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B.L. Henke, E.M. Gullikson, and J.C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E=50–30000 eV, Z=1–92,” Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables 54 (2), 181–342 (1993).
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P. Rudawski, A. Harth, C. Guo, E. Lorek, M. Miranda, C. M. Heyl, E. W. Larsen, J. Ahrens, O. Prochnow, T. Binhammer, U. Morgner, J. Mauritsson, A. LHuillier, and C. L. Arnold, “Carrier-envelope phase dependent high-order harmonic generation with a high-repetition rate OPCPA-system,” Eur. Phys. J. D 69, 70 (2015).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X.F. Li, L.A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21, L31 (1988).
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T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, C. A. Arrell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Sub-4-fs laser pulse characterization by spatially resolved spectral shearing interferometry and attosecond streaking,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 074014 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

G. G. Paulus, F. Grasbon, H. Walther, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, E. Priori, and S. De Silvestri, “Absolute-phase phenomena in photoionization with few-cycle laser pulses,” Nature 414, 182–184 (2001).
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A. Baltuška, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611–615 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Kienberger, Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature Photon. (1)

T. Popmintchev, M.C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent x-ray generation,” Nature Photon. 4, 822–832 (2010).
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Nature Phys. (1)

A. Borot, A. Malvache, X. Chen, A. Jullien, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Mourou, F. Quéré, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Attosecond control of collective electron motion in plasmas,” Nature Phys. 8, 416–421 (2012).
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New J. of Phys. (1)

C. Ott, M. Schonwald, P. Raith, A. Kaldun, G. Sansone, M. Krüger, P. Hommelhoff, Y. Patil, Y. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Laux, and T. Pfeifer, “Strong-field spectral interferometry using the carrier-envelope phase,” New J. of Phys. 15, 073031 (2013).
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New J. Phys. (1)

S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A. S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf, S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel, and M. F. Kling, “Carrier-envelope phase-tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle laser fields,” New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012).
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Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. A (7)

C. Hernández-García, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, E. Conejero Jarque, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “High-order harmonic propagation in gases within the discrete dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 022432 (2010).
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A. S. Sandhu, E. Gagnon, A. Paul, I. Thomann, A. Lytle, T. Keep, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of sub-optical-cycle, carrier-envelope-phase-insensitive, extreme-uv pulses via nonlinear stabilization in a waveguide,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 061803(R) (2006).
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C. Hernández-García, I.J. Sola, and L. Plaja, “Signature of the transversal coherence length in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 043848 (2013).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

C. Hernández-García, J.A. Pérez-Hernández, T. Popmintchev, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, and L. Plaja, “Zeptosecond high harmonic keV x-ray waveforms driven by midinfrared laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 033002 (2013).
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M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 033902 (2002).
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G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, G. Tondello, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Observation of carrier-envelope phase phenomena in the multi-optical-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113904 (2004).
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M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213905 (2003).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

M.-C. Chen, C. Mancuso, C. Hernández-García, F. Dollar, B. Galloway, D. Popmintchev, P. C. Huang, B. Walker, L. Plaja, A. A. Jaroń-Becker, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and T. Popmintchev, “Generation of bright isolated attosecond soft X-ray pulses driven by multicycle midinfrared lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E2361–E2367 (2014).
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Science (4)

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
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T. Popmintchev, M. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaroń-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336, 1287–1291 (2012).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Jones, Scott A. Diddams, Jinendra K. Ranka, Andrew Stentz, Robert S. Windeler, John L. Hall, and Steven T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Z. Chang, Fundamental of Attosecond Optics (Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, 2011).
[Crossref]

W. Holgado, C. Hernández-García, B. Alonso, M. Miranda, F. Silva, L. Plaja, H. Crespo, and I. J. Sola, “Continuous spectra obtained from high harmonic generation driven by multicycle laser pulses,” submitted.

C. Hernández-García, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, L. Plaja, A. Becker, and A. Jaron-Becker, “Group velocity matching in high-order harmonic generation,” submitted.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 D-scan traces measured (a) and retrieved (b) using d-scan technique [19]. In (c) the spectral intensity (grey) together with the spectral phase (red) is shown, while in (d) the pulse reconstructed, with a duration of 4.1 femtoseconds (fs) is presented.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 CEP scans of on-axis HHG spectra for different relative positions of the gas jet and the beam focus. Each panel shows XUV spectrum intensity, versus harmonic order (x-axis) and CEP variation in π units (y-axis). The first column presents the experimental data; the second, simulations of HHG for the macroscopic target (including propagation); in the third column, results for a single-atom are presented. We show five relative positions of the gas jet and the beam focus, from z=−3 mm, where the gas jet is placed 3 mm before the focus, towards, z=1 mm, i.e., gas jet placed 1 mm after the focus position. The HHG spectra are sensitive to CEP variations when the gas jet is placed far from the focus, and becomes more insensitive near the focus.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated CEP-scans where the longitudinal phase-matching is neglected by considering 1 μm thick targets. As depicted in the top scheme, we show different simulations where the target is clipped at different radii R. The argon gas jet is placed 2 mm before the focus position (first column) at the focus position (second column), and 2 mm after the focus position (third column). While in the first row the target is not clipped transversely, in the second and third rows it is clipped so that only radiation arising from R < 20 μm, and R < 10 μm, respectively, is considered. Note that the beam waist at focus is of 38 μm (Rayleigh range 5.67 mm). The yield is normalized in each panel.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Real (red line) and imaginary (green line) components of the radius of the ring fulfilling the stationary phase condition, Eq. (5), for the 17th harmonic, for different positions of the target, zt, plotted in beam width units, W (zt). (b) Phase shift of the 17th harmonic field as a function of the target location, when the driving field intensity is decreased from the maximal value I0(zt, ϕCEP = 0) to I0(zt, ϕCEP) = 0.25 × I0(zt, ϕCEP = 0) (red line), 0.5 × I0(zt, ϕCEP = 0) (green line) and 0.75 × I0(zt, ϕCEP = 0) (blue line). The driving laser Rayleigh length is zR = 6 mm, intensity at the focus 1.7 × 1014 W/cm2 and wavelength 760 nm, as in Fig. 2. The strong-field parameter α = 1.45 × 10−14 cm2/W is found from the action of classical trajectories with recollision energies leading to the harmonic order considered [9].
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Insensitivity of the attosecond pulse train phase to CEP variations of the driving field, when the gas jet is placed (a) at the focus (z = 0 mm) and (b) 2 mm before the focus (z = −2 mm). The attosecond pulse train obtained for two CEP values (0.95 and 1.19 rad/π) is presented in panels (a1)(a2) and (b1)(b2) respectively. In panels (a3) and (b3) we present the phase difference between the two main attosecond pulses (red and green lines) for different CEP variations (BK7 insertion) for the 13rd (solid light blue), 15th (dashed light blue), 17th (solid dark blue) and 19th (dashed dark blue) harmonics. When the gas jet is placed at the focus (a3) the phase difference between consecutive attosecond pulses is near zero for the different CEP, while out of focus (b3), the phase difference is larger and sensitive to CEP variations.

Equations (8)

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E j ( r d , t ) = q j s d c 2 | r d r j | × [ s d × a j ( t | r d r j | c ) ]
E q e i k ( z z t ) n ( r ) A q ( r , ϕ CEP ) e i q ϕ 0 ( r , t ) e i α I 0 ( r , ϕ CEP ) d r
E q ( z t , ϕ CEP ) n ( ρ , z t ) A q ( ρ , z t , ϕ CEP ) e i q ϕ 0 ( ρ , z t , , t ) e i α I 0 ( ρ , z t , , ϕ CEP ) ρ d ρ
ρ [ q k ρ 2 2 R ( z t ) + α I 0 ( ρ , z t , ϕ CEP ) ] = 0
[ ρ st r ] 2 = W 2 ( z t ) 2 ln [ q 2 α I 0 ( z t , ϕ CEP ) z t z R ]
α I 0 ( ρ st r , z t , ϕ CEP ) = q z t 2 z R
E q c ( z t , ϕ CEP ) exp [ i α I 0 ( 0 , z t , ϕ CEP ) ]
E q r ( z t , ϕ CEP ) exp [ i q k ρ r 2 2 R ( z t ) i q z t 2 z R ]

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