Abstract

Plasmonic metallic nanostructures have been demonstrated an effective way to enhance the light emission efficiency in LEDs. Here, we propose a design of white LEDs that combining dielectric silicon nanopillar array in the color-converting layer. By investigating theoretically the guided mode caused by the nanopillar array-waveguide system, we demonstrate that the silicon nanopillar arrays enable larger near-field enhancement and more efficient photons emission property than the plasmonic counterparts. These performances make the silicon nanopillar arrays have potential application in light converter for efficient white LEDs. We also show that the guided mode can be controlled by changing the period of nanopillar grating and the thickness of polymer layer. More significant performance can be achieved by further optimizing the shape and size of the silicon nanoparticles. Compared with the square nanoparticle arrays, the hexagonal nanopillar arrays are demonstrated to have larger field enhancement and emission enhancement. Our research is expected to give insights into the design and optimization of the solid-state lighting systems by using silicon nanostructures, and the all-dielectric metamaterials for gaining or lasing devices.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (6)

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yu, A. Y. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. H. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. I. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 412–418 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, V. V. Khardikov, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Shaping photoluminescence spectra with magnetoelectric resonances in all-dielectric nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 172–177 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Tang, W. Zhu, L. Sun, J. Yu, B. Qian, and T. Xiao, “Localized surface plasmons enhanced color conversion efficiency in organic light-emitting device with surface color conversion layer,” Synth. Met. 199, 69–73 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Pelton, “Modified spontaneous emission in nanophotonic structures,” Nat. Photonics 9(7), 427–435 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Ding, J. He, J. Wang, C. Fan, and E. Liang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in all-dielectric metamaterial-waveguide system,” Appl. Opt. 54(12), 3708–3714 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (10)

G. Lozano, T. Barten, G. Grzela, and J. G. Rivas, “Directional absorption by phased arrays of plasmonic nanoantennae probed with time-reversed Fourier microscopy,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013040 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C.-G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H.-S. Chen, P.-Y. Shih, C.-H. Liao, Y.-W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C.-H. Lai, G.-R. He, J.-H. Yeh, and T.-C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kanamori, T. Ozaki, and K. Hane, “Reflection color filters of the three primary colors with wide viewing angles using common-thickness silicon subwavelength gratings,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25663–25672 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Albella, R. Alcaraz de la Osa, F. Moreno, and S. A. Maier, “Electric and magnetic field enhancement with ultra-low heat radiation dielectric nanoantennas: considerations for surface enhanced spectroscopies,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Lozano, G. Grzela, M. A. Verschuuren, M. Ramezani, and J. G. Rivas, “Tailor-made directional emission in nanoimprinted plasmonic-based light-emitting devices,” Nanoscale 6(15), 9223–9229 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance towards terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Moitra, B. A. Slovick, Z. G. Yu, S. Krishnamurthy, and J. Valentine, “Experimental demonstration of a broadband all-dielectric metamaterial perfect reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(17), 171102 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, N. Arju, G. Kelp, J. A. Fan, J. Dominguez, E. Gonzales, E. Tutuc, I. Brener, and G. Shvets, “Spectrally selective chiral silicon metasurfaces based on infrared Fano resonances,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3892 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Lozano, D. J. Louwers, S. R. Rodríguez, S. Murai, O. T. A. Jansen, M. A. Verschuuren, and J. G. Rivas, “Plasmonics for solid-state lighting: enhanced excitation and directional emission of highly efficient light sources,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(5), e66 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. V. Khardikov and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in all-dielectric metamaterial,” Radio Phys. Radio Astron. 18, 331–340 (2013).

2012 (9)

J. H. Son, J. U. Kim, Y. H. Song, B. J. Kim, C. J. Ryu, and J.-L. Lee, “Design rule of nanostructures in light-emitting diodes for complete elimination of total internal reflection,” Adv. Mater. 24(17), 2259–2262 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci. Rep. 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Wells, I. A. Merkulov, I. I. Kravchenko, N. V. Lavrik, and M. J. Sepaniak, “Silicon nanopillars for field-enhanced surface spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(4), 2948–2959 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Miroshnichenko and Y. S. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in all-dielectric oligomers,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6459–6463 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci. Rep. 2, 492 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(9), 097402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Toma, K. Toma, P. Adam, J. Homola, W. Knoll, and J. Dostálek, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission on plasmonic Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14042–14053 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rolly, B. Stout, and N. Bonod, “Boosting the directivity of optical antennas with magnetic and electric dipolar resonant particles,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20376–20386 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

X. Gu, T. Qiu, W. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Light-emitting diodes enhanced by localized surface plasmon resonance,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 199 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-H. Lu, C.-C. Lan, Y.-L. Lai, Y.-L. Li, and C.-P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two-dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Pellegrini, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, “Nanoantenna arrays for large-area emission enhancement,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(50), 24662–24665 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

E. Matioli and C. Weisbuch, “Impact of photonic crystals on LED light extraction efficiency: approaches and limits to vertical structure designs,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(35), 354005 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Sainidou, J. Renger, T. V. Teperik, M. U. González, R. Quidant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Extraordinary all-dielectric light enhancement over large volumes,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4450–4455 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, A. Seidel, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, and B. N. Chichkov, “Optical response features of Si-nanoparticle arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 82(4), 045404 (2010).
[Crossref]

S.-K. Kim, J. W. Lee, H.-S. Ee, Y.-T. Moon, S.-H. Kwon, H. Kwon, and H.-G. Park, “High-efficiency vertical GaN slab light-emitting diodes using self-coherent directional emitters,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11025–11032 (2010).
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J. Zhang, L. Cai, W. Bai, and G. Song, “Hybrid waveguide-plasmon resonances in gold pillar arrays on top of a dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3408–3410 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. B. Yuan, S. Li, Z. Wang, H. T. Xu, and X. Zhou, “White organic light-emitting diodes combining vacuum deposited blue electrophosphorescent devices with red surface color conversion layers,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1577–1582 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Wierer, A. David, and M. M. Megens, “III-nitride photonic-crystal light-emitting diodes with high extraction efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 163–169 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Pellegrini, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, “Light extraction with dielectric nanoantenna arrays,” ACS Nano 3(9), 2715–2721 (2009).
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S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

B. C. Krummacher, V.-E. Choong, M. K. Mathai, S. A. Choulis, F. So, F. Jermann, T. Fiedler, and M. Zachau, “Highly efficient white organic light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(11), 113506 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Blanco and F. J. García de Abajo, “Spontaneous emission enhancement near nanoparticles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 89(1-4), 37–42 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. R. Duggal, J. J. Shiang, C. M. Heller, and D. F. Foust, “Organic light-emitting devices for illumination quality white light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(19), 3470–3472 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. Linden, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between light and gold nanoparticles: selective suppression of extinction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4688–4691 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abbott, D.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance towards terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adam, P.

Akselrod, G. M.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Albella, P.

P. Albella, R. Alcaraz de la Osa, F. Moreno, and S. A. Maier, “Electric and magnetic field enhancement with ultra-low heat radiation dielectric nanoantennas: considerations for surface enhanced spectroscopies,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alcaraz de la Osa, R.

P. Albella, R. Alcaraz de la Osa, F. Moreno, and S. A. Maier, “Electric and magnetic field enhancement with ultra-low heat radiation dielectric nanoantennas: considerations for surface enhanced spectroscopies,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 524–529 (2014).
[Crossref]

Anderson, Z.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Argyropoulos, C.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arju, N.

C. Wu, N. Arju, G. Kelp, J. A. Fan, J. Dominguez, E. Gonzales, E. Tutuc, I. Brener, and G. Shvets, “Spectrally selective chiral silicon metasurfaces based on infrared Fano resonances,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3892 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, W.

Barten, T.

G. Lozano, T. Barten, G. Grzela, and J. G. Rivas, “Directional absorption by phased arrays of plasmonic nanoantennae probed with time-reversed Fourier microscopy,” New J. Phys. 16(1), 013040 (2014).
[Crossref]

Basilio, L. I.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(9), 097402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhaskaran, M.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance towards terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Blanco, L. A.

L. A. Blanco and F. J. García de Abajo, “Spontaneous emission enhancement near nanoparticles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 89(1-4), 37–42 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bonod, N.

Brener, I.

I. Staude, V. V. Khardikov, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Shaping photoluminescence spectra with magnetoelectric resonances in all-dielectric nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 172–177 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, N. Arju, G. Kelp, J. A. Fan, J. Dominguez, E. Gonzales, E. Tutuc, I. Brener, and G. Shvets, “Spectrally selective chiral silicon metasurfaces based on infrared Fano resonances,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3892 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(9), 097402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, D. P.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byeon, C. C.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cai, L.

Chen, H.-S.

Chichkov, B. N.

A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, A. Seidel, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, and B. N. Chichkov, “Optical response features of Si-nanoparticle arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 82(4), 045404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cho, C.-Y.

M.-K. Kwon, J.-Y. Kim, B.-H. Kim, I.-K. Park, C.-Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S.-J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choong, V.-E.

B. C. Krummacher, V.-E. Choong, M. K. Mathai, S. A. Choulis, F. So, F. Jermann, T. Fiedler, and M. Zachau, “Highly efficient white organic light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(11), 113506 (2006).
[Crossref]

Choulis, S. A.

B. C. Krummacher, V.-E. Choong, M. K. Mathai, S. A. Choulis, F. So, F. Jermann, T. Fiedler, and M. Zachau, “Highly efficient white organic light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(11), 113506 (2006).
[Crossref]

Christ, A.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chu, P. K.

X. Gu, T. Qiu, W. Zhang, and P. K. Chu, “Light-emitting diodes enhanced by localized surface plasmon resonance,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 199 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciracì, C.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Clem, P. G.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(9), 097402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

David, A.

J. J. Wierer, A. David, and M. M. Megens, “III-nitride photonic-crystal light-emitting diodes with high extraction efficiency,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 163–169 (2009).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

I. Staude, V. V. Khardikov, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Shaping photoluminescence spectra with magnetoelectric resonances in all-dielectric nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 172–177 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Demir, H. V.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, P.

Dominguez, J.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, N. Arju, G. Kelp, J. A. Fan, J. Dominguez, E. Gonzales, E. Tutuc, I. Brener, and G. Shvets, “Spectrally selective chiral silicon metasurfaces based on infrared Fano resonances,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3892 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dostálek, J.

Duggal, A. R.

A. R. Duggal, J. J. Shiang, C. M. Heller, and D. F. Foust, “Organic light-emitting devices for illumination quality white light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(19), 3470–3472 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ee, H.-S.

Erdem, T.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

Evlyukhin, A. B.

A. B. Evlyukhin, C. Reinhardt, A. Seidel, B. S. Luk’yanchuk, and B. N. Chichkov, “Optical response features of Si-nanoparticle arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 82(4), 045404 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eychmüller, A.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eyraud, C.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Falkner, M.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens’ surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, C.

Fan, J. A.

C. Wu, N. Arju, G. Kelp, J. A. Fan, J. Dominguez, E. Gonzales, E. Tutuc, I. Brener, and G. Shvets, “Spectrally selective chiral silicon metasurfaces based on infrared Fano resonances,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3892 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, P.

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

P. Fan, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical Fano resonance of an individual semiconductor nanostructure,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 471–475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, C.

G. M. Akselrod, C. Argyropoulos, T. B. Hoang, C. Ciracì, C. Fang, J. Huang, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Probing the mechanisms of large Purcell enhancement in plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 835–840 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feldmann, J.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fiedler, T.

B. C. Krummacher, V.-E. Choong, M. K. Mathai, S. A. Choulis, F. So, F. Jermann, T. Fiedler, and M. Zachau, “Highly efficient white organic light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(11), 113506 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fofang, N. T.

I. Staude, V. V. Khardikov, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, T. S. Luk, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Shaping photoluminescence spectra with magnetoelectric resonances in all-dielectric nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 172–177 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foust, D. F.

A. R. Duggal, J. J. Shiang, C. M. Heller, and D. F. Foust, “Organic light-emitting devices for illumination quality white light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(19), 3470–3472 (2002).
[Crossref]

Froufe-Pérez, L. S.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Y. H.

Y. F. Yu, A. Y. Zhu, R. Paniagua-Domínguez, Y. H. Fu, B. Luk’yanchuk, and A. I. Kuznetsov, “High-transmission dielectric metasurface with 2π phase control at visible wavelengths,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 412–418 (2015).
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Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
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A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. H. Fu, J. Zhang, and B. Luk’yanchuk, “Magnetic light,” Sci. Rep. 2, 492 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fumeaux, C.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic resonance towards terahertz perfect absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gao, N.

N. Gao, K. Huang, J. Li, S. Li, X. Yang, and J. Kang, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced deep-UV light emitting diodes based on AlGaN multi-quantum wells,” Sci. Rep. 2, 816 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaponik, N.

H. V. Demir, S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, E. Mutlugun, N. Gaponik, and A. Eychmüller, “Quantum dot integrated LEDs using photonic and excitonic color conversion,” Nano Today 6(6), 632–647 (2011).
[Crossref]

García de Abajo, F. J.

R. Sainidou, J. Renger, T. V. Teperik, M. U. González, R. Quidant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Extraordinary all-dielectric light enhancement over large volumes,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4450–4455 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Blanco and F. J. García de Abajo, “Spontaneous emission enhancement near nanoparticles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 89(1-4), 37–42 (2004).
[Crossref]

García-Cámara, B.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geffrin, J. M.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Linden, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between light and gold nanoparticles: selective suppression of extinction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(20), 4688–4691 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ginn, J. C.

J. C. Ginn, I. Brener, D. W. Peters, J. R. Wendt, J. O. Stevens, P. F. Hines, L. I. Basilio, L. K. Warne, J. F. Ihlefeld, P. G. Clem, and M. B. Sinclair, “Realizing optical magnetism from dielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(9), 097402 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gippius, N. A.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gómez-Medina, R.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonzales, E.

C. Wu, N. Arju, G. Kelp, J. A. Fan, J. Dominguez, E. Gonzales, E. Tutuc, I. Brener, and G. Shvets, “Spectrally selective chiral silicon metasurfaces based on infrared Fano resonances,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3892 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the Si nanopillar array that deposited on a silica substrate and covered by a polymer layer, where the structural parameters and the incident polarization are defined. (b) Top view of the square array of Si nanopillars.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Normalized extinction, scattering and absorption cross section of an isolate (a) Si and (b) Al nanopillar with diameter of d = 160 nm and height of h = 125 nm in a homogeneous medium of n = 1.525. Their three-dimensional far-field radiation patterns at the wavelength of 620 nm are displayed in the inset.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Calculated extinction spectra of the square arrays of Si and Al nanoparticles that covered by a polymer layer and deposited on a silica substrate. The structural parameters are p = 425 nm, t = 525 nm, d = 160 nm and h = 125 nm. (b) Calculated factors of E-field enhancement (f) in the polymer layer as a function of the wavelength for the square arrays of Si and Al nanoparticles. The spectral position of the guided mode induced by nanoparticle grating is highlight by the yellow shadows.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Distribution of | E | / | E 0 | in a unit cell of the square array under the excitation of guided TE mode. (a)-(b) Si nanopillar array at λ= 621 nm; (c)-(d) Al nanopillar array at λ= 623 nm. (a) and (c) are the | E | / | E 0 | distribution in the middle of polymer layer, whose positions are indicated in (b) and (d) by the white dotted lines.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 E-field enhancement spectra of the square arrays of Si nanoparticles (d = 160 nm and h = 125 nm) with different lattice constant (p) or polymer-layer thickness (t). (a) t = 525 nm, and p changes from 385 nm to 445 nm at a step of 10 nm; (b) p = 425 nm, and t changes from 425 nm to 1025 nm at a step of 100 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 E-field enhancement spectra of the square arrays of Si nanopillar (p = 425 nm and t = 525 nm) with different diameter (d) or height (h). (a) h = 125 nm, d changes from 140 nm to 200 nm at a step of 20 nm; (b) d = 160 nm, h changes from 105 nm to 165 nm at a step of 20 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 E-field enhancement spectra of the square arrays of Al or Ag nanopillar with different diameter (d) and height (h), when the lattice constant and polymer-layer thickness are fixed at p = 425 nm and t = 525 nm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Calculated extinction spectra of the hexagonal arrays of Si and Al nanopillars with structural parameters of p = 485 nm, t = 525 nm, d = 160 nm and h = 125 nm. (b) Corresponding E-field enhancement (f) in the polymer layer as a function of the wavelength. Top view of the hexagonal Si or Al nanopillar array is shown in the inset of (b). The spectral position of the guided mode induced by hexagonal nanoparticle grating is highlight by yellow shadows.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Distribution of | E | / | E 0 | in a unit cell of the hexagonal array under the excitation of guided mode. (a)-(b) Si nanopillar array at λ= 615 nm; (c)-(d) Al nanopillar array at λ= 617 nm. (a) and (c) present the | E | / | E 0 | distribution in the middle of the polymer layer, whose positions are indicated in (b) and (d) by the white dotted lines.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Emission enhancement spectra of the x- and z-oriented emitter in the presence of square or hexagonal Si or Al nanopillar arrays. The emitter’ position and dipole moment orientation are highlighted by the red arrow in the unit cell model. (a) x-oriented emitter, square nanopillar array; (b) x-oriented emitter, hexagonal nanopillar array; (c) z-oriented emitter, square nanopillar array; (d) z-oriented emitter, hexagonal nanopillar array.

Equations (2)

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n eff k 0 = k xy +m 2π p x x+n 2π p y y ,
PLE λ ex , Ω ex ,λ,Ω = V η( r ,λ,Ω) | E( r , λ ex , Ω ex ) | 2 dV V η ref ( r ,λ,Ω) | E ref ( r , λ ex , Ω ex ) | 2 dV ,

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