Abstract

Persistent phosphors are a specific type of luminescent materials having the unique ability to emit light long after the excitation has ended. They are commonly used as emergency signage in near ideal, isothermal indoor situations. Recently, their energy storage capacity was relied on for outdoor situations, e.g. for glow-in-the-dark road marks and in combination with solar cells and photo catalytic processes. In this work the influence of temperature, illumination intensity and the duration of the night is critically evaluated on the performance of afterglow phosphors. The persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy green emitting phosphors is studied under realistic and idealized conditions. It is found that the light output profile is hardly influenced by the ambient temperature in a wide range. This is due to the presence of a broad trap depth distribution, which is beneficial to cover the longer and colder winter nights. Temperature drops during the night are however detrimental. For traffic applications, the total light output of glow-in-the-dark road marks at the end of the night is not sufficient for the studied compound, although re-charging by the car’s headlamps partially alleviates this. For energy storage applications, the trap density should be improved and tunneling recombination processes might be needed to overcome overnight temperature drops.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Near infrared photostimulated persistent luminescence and information storage of SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+ phosphor

Haibo Liu, Baoluo Feng, Li Luo, Chunlong Han, and Peter A. Tanner
Opt. Mater. Express 6(11) 3375-3385 (2016)

Optically stimulated detrapping during charging of persistent phosphors

Claude Tydtgat, Katrien W. Meert, Dirk Poelman, and Philippe F. Smet
Opt. Mater. Express 6(3) 844-858 (2016)

Extending the afterglow in CaAl2O4:Eu,Nd persistent phosphors by electron beam annealing

Philippe F. Smet, Nursen Avci, Koen Van den Eeckhout, and Dirk Poelman
Opt. Mater. Express 2(10) 1306-1313 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A671–A678 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. Zhang and C. Jiang, “Photoluminescence properties of emission-tunable Ca8MgLa(PO4)7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2102–2107 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Žukauskas, R. Vaicekauskas, P. Vitta, A. Zabiliūtė, A. Petrulis, and M. Shur, “Color rendition engineering of phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26642–26656 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P. Leblans, D. Vandenbroucke, and P. Willems, “Storage phosphors for medical imaging,” Materials (Basel) 4(12), 1034–1086 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Poelman and P. F. Smet, “Photometry in the dark: time dependent visibility of low intensity light sources,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26293–26299 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in rare-earth codoped Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1140–1143 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, and S. Tanabe, “Deep-red persistent luminescence in Cr3+-doped LaAlO3 perovskite phosphor for in vivo imaging,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(1), 012102 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. X. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  23. Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  26. H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, T. Laamanen, M. Lastusaari, M. Malkamaki, and L. C. V. Rodrigues, “Persistent luminescence mechanisms: human imagination at work,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(4), 371–381 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. Botterman, J. J. Joos, and P. F. Smet, “Trapping and detrapping in SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy persistent phosphors: Influence of excitation wavelength and temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085147 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. D. Poelman, N. Avci, and P. F. Smet, “Measured luminance and visual appearance of multi-color persistent phosphors,” Opt. Express 17(1), 358–364 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  31. C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  32. N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  33. C. A. Gueymard, “Interdisciplinary applications of a versatile spectral solar irradiance model: A review,” Energy 30(9), 1551–1576 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  34. “CIE report. CIE191:2010 - Recommended System for Mesopic Photometry Based on Visual Performance (ISBN: 978 3 901906 88 6).”
  35. A. Stockman and L. T. Sharpe, “Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiency,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 26(3), 225–239 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. J. Ueda, K. Kuroishi, and S. Tanabe, “Bright persistent ceramic phosphors of Ce3+-Cr3+-codoped garnet able to store by blue light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101904 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  37. P. Dorenbos, “Mechanism of persistent luminescence in Eu2+ and Dy3+ codoped aluminate and silicate compounds,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(7), H107–H110 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  38. K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Revealing trap depth distributions in persistent phosphors,” Phys. Rev. B 87(4), 045126 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  39. X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  40. X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  42. A. Dobrowolska, A. J. J. Bos, and P. Dorenbos, “Electron tunnelling phenomena in YPO4: Ce, Ln (Ln = Er, Ho, Nd, Dy),” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(33), 335301 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  43. J. H. Oh, S. J. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e141 (2014).
  44. Y. X. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1-xAlx)2O4:Cr,Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  45. A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).
  46. P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

Y. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, and S. Tanabe, “Deep-red persistent luminescence in Cr3+-doped LaAlO3 perovskite phosphor for in vivo imaging,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(1), 012102 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (11)

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Botterman, J. J. Joos, and P. F. Smet, “Trapping and detrapping in SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy persistent phosphors: Influence of excitation wavelength and temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085147 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dobrowolska, A. J. J. Bos, and P. Dorenbos, “Electron tunnelling phenomena in YPO4: Ce, Ln (Ln = Er, Ho, Nd, Dy),” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(33), 335301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. H. Oh, S. J. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e141 (2014).

Y. X. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, K. Kuroishi, and S. Tanabe, “Bright persistent ceramic phosphors of Ce3+-Cr3+-codoped garnet able to store by blue light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101904 (2014).
[Crossref]

L.-Y. Chen, W.-C. Cheng, C.-C. Tsai, J.-K. Chang, Y.-C. Huang, J.-C. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A671–A678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang and C. Jiang, “Photoluminescence properties of emission-tunable Ca8MgLa(PO4)7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2102–2107 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (7)

J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Žukauskas, R. Vaicekauskas, P. Vitta, A. Zabiliūtė, A. Petrulis, and M. Shur, “Color rendition engineering of phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26642–26656 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1-xAlx)2O4:Cr,Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Revealing trap depth distributions in persistent phosphors,” Phys. Rev. B 87(4), 045126 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, T. Laamanen, M. Lastusaari, M. Malkamaki, and L. C. V. Rodrigues, “Persistent luminescence mechanisms: human imagination at work,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(4), 371–381 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Leblans, D. Vandenbroucke, and P. Willems, “Storage phosphors for medical imaging,” Materials (Basel) 4(12), 1034–1086 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Poelman and P. F. Smet, “Photometry in the dark: time dependent visibility of low intensity light sources,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26293–26299 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in rare-earth codoped Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1140–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Poelman, N. Avci, and P. F. Smet, “Measured luminance and visual appearance of multi-color persistent phosphors,” Opt. Express 17(1), 358–364 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

2007 (2)

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. Stockman and L. T. Sharpe, “Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiency,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 26(3), 225–239 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

C. A. Gueymard, “Interdisciplinary applications of a versatile spectral solar irradiance model: A review,” Energy 30(9), 1551–1576 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. Dorenbos, “Mechanism of persistent luminescence in Eu2+ and Dy3+ codoped aluminate and silicate compounds,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(7), H107–H110 (2005).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Aoki, Y.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Avci, A.

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

Avci, N.

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Poelman, N. Avci, and P. F. Smet, “Measured luminance and visual appearance of multi-color persistent phosphors,” Opt. Express 17(1), 358–364 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bessiere, A.

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bessière, A.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bessodes, M.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bettinelli, M.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bos, A. J. J.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dobrowolska, A. J. J. Bos, and P. Dorenbos, “Electron tunnelling phenomena in YPO4: Ce, Ln (Ln = Er, Ho, Nd, Dy),” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(33), 335301 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Revealing trap depth distributions in persistent phosphors,” Phys. Rev. B 87(4), 045126 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

Botterman, J.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Botterman, J. J. Joos, and P. F. Smet, “Trapping and detrapping in SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy persistent phosphors: Influence of excitation wavelength and temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085147 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brito, H. F.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, T. Laamanen, M. Lastusaari, M. Malkamaki, and L. C. V. Rodrigues, “Persistent luminescence mechanisms: human imagination at work,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(4), 371–381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carlson, S.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chanéac, C.

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, J.-K.

Chen, L.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.-Y.

Cheng, W.-C.

Cheng, W.-H.

Chuang, Y.-J.

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ci, Z.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Detavernier, C.

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

Do, Y. R.

J. H. Oh, S. J. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e141 (2014).

Dobrowolska, A.

A. Dobrowolska, A. J. J. Bos, and P. Dorenbos, “Electron tunnelling phenomena in YPO4: Ce, Ln (Ln = Er, Ho, Nd, Dy),” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(33), 335301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dombardt, A.

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Dorenbos, P.

A. Dobrowolska, A. J. J. Bos, and P. Dorenbos, “Electron tunnelling phenomena in YPO4: Ce, Ln (Ln = Er, Ho, Nd, Dy),” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(33), 335301 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Dorenbos, “Mechanism of persistent luminescence in Eu2+ and Dy3+ codoped aluminate and silicate compounds,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(7), H107–H110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Drozdowski, W.

A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duan, B.

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duan, M.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Eggert, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eskola, K. O.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fang, L.

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gourier, D.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gueymard, C. A.

C. A. Gueymard, “Interdisciplinary applications of a versatile spectral solar irradiance model: A review,” Energy 30(9), 1551–1576 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hanke, T.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, J.

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Holsa, J.

Hölsä, J.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Honna, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hou, J.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.-C.

Huang, Y.-C.

Huber, R.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jacquart, S.

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, C.

Jiang, L.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jolivet, J.-P.

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joos, J. J.

J. Botterman, J. J. Joos, and P. F. Smet, “Trapping and detrapping in SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy persistent phosphors: Influence of excitation wavelength and temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085147 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jungner, H.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Katayama, Y.

Y. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, and S. Tanabe, “Deep-red persistent luminescence in Cr3+-doped LaAlO3 perovskite phosphor for in vivo imaging,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(1), 012102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kato, H.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
[Crossref]

Klinger, K.

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Kobayashi, H.

Y. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, and S. Tanabe, “Deep-red persistent luminescence in Cr3+-doped LaAlO3 perovskite phosphor for in vivo imaging,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(1), 012102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kooss, D.

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Korthout, K.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kotlov, A.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Krauss, G.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuroishi, K.

J. Ueda, K. Kuroishi, and S. Tanabe, “Bright persistent ceramic phosphors of Ce3+-Cr3+-codoped garnet able to store by blue light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laamanen, T.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, T. Laamanen, M. Lastusaari, M. Malkamaki, and L. C. V. Rodrigues, “Persistent luminescence mechanisms: human imagination at work,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(4), 371–381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lastusaari, M.

H. F. Brito, J. Holsa, T. Laamanen, M. Lastusaari, M. Malkamaki, and L. C. V. Rodrigues, “Persistent luminescence mechanisms: human imagination at work,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(4), 371–381 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

le Masne de Chermont, Q.

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leblans, P.

P. Leblans, D. Vandenbroucke, and P. Willems, “Storage phosphors for medical imaging,” Materials (Basel) 4(12), 1034–1086 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lecointre, A.

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lemmer, U.

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Li, H.

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lohss, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Long, X.

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.-Y.

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luan, L.

C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lv, Y.

C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maîtrejean, S.

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maldiney, T.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

Malkamaki, M.

Malkamäki, M.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Manz, K.

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Matsuzawa, T.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mei, Y.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
[Crossref]

Murayama, Y.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Musschoot, J.

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nikitenko, S.

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

Oh, J. H.

J. H. Oh, S. J. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e141 (2014).

Ohmi, K.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pan, L.

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, Z.

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parmentier, A. B.

P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pellé, F.

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, S.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Petrulis, A.

Piao, X.

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poelman, D.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Revealing trap depth distributions in persistent phosphors,” Phys. Rev. B 87(4), 045126 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Poelman and P. F. Smet, “Photometry in the dark: time dependent visibility of low intensity light sources,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26293–26299 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Poelman, N. Avci, and P. F. Smet, “Measured luminance and visual appearance of multi-color persistent phosphors,” Opt. Express 17(1), 358–364 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in rare-earth codoped Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1140–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

Que, M.

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ren, F.

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Richard, C.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues, L. C. V.

Rohlfing, U.

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Scherman, D.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seguin, J.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sell, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sharma, S. K.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharpe, L. T.

A. Stockman and L. T. Sharpe, “Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiency,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 26(3), 225–239 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, W.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, L.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, X.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shinoda, T.

Shur, M.

Smet, P. F.

J. Botterman, J. J. Joos, and P. F. Smet, “Trapping and detrapping in SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy persistent phosphors: Influence of excitation wavelength and temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085147 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Revealing trap depth distributions in persistent phosphors,” Phys. Rev. B 87(4), 045126 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Poelman and P. F. Smet, “Photometry in the dark: time dependent visibility of low intensity light sources,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26293–26299 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Poelman, N. Avci, and P. F. Smet, “Measured luminance and visual appearance of multi-color persistent phosphors,” Opt. Express 17(1), 358–364 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in rare-earth codoped Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1140–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sraiki, G.

Stockman, A.

A. Stockman and L. T. Sharpe, “Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiency,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 26(3), 225–239 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, Q.

C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takeuchi, N.

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, S.

Y. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, and S. Tanabe, “Deep-red persistent luminescence in Cr3+-doped LaAlO3 perovskite phosphor for in vivo imaging,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(1), 012102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, K. Kuroishi, and S. Tanabe, “Bright persistent ceramic phosphors of Ce3+-Cr3+-codoped garnet able to store by blue light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101904 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1-xAlx)2O4:Cr,Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

Teston, E.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, W.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tsai, C.-C.

Ueda, J.

J. Ueda, K. Kuroishi, and S. Tanabe, “Bright persistent ceramic phosphors of Ce3+-Cr3+-codoped garnet able to store by blue light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1-xAlx)2O4:Cr,Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ueda, T. Shinoda, and S. Tanabe, “Photochromism and near-infrared persistent luminescence in Eu2+-Nd3+-co-doped CaAl2O4 ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 787–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vaicekauskas, R.

Van den Eeckhout, K.

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Revealing trap depth distributions in persistent phosphors,” Phys. Rev. B 87(4), 045126 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in rare-earth codoped Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1140–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

van der Kolk, E.

P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

van Duijvenvoorde, R. M.

A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vandenbroucke, D.

P. Leblans, D. Vandenbroucke, and P. Willems, “Storage phosphors for medical imaging,” Materials (Basel) 4(12), 1034–1086 (2011).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, G. Sraiki, B. Viana, D. Gourier, C. Richard, D. Scherman, M. Bessodes, K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “In vivo optical imaging with rare earth doped Ca2Si5N8 persistent luminescence nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 261–268 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vitta, P.

Wang, Y.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weingaertner, S.

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Welter, E.

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

Willems, P.

P. Leblans, D. Vandenbroucke, and P. Willems, “Storage phosphors for medical imaging,” Materials (Basel) 4(12), 1034–1086 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xie, J.

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, H.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, W.

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S. J.

J. H. Oh, S. J. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e141 (2014).

Ye, C.

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zabiliute, A.

Zhang, J.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang and C. Jiang, “Photoluminescence properties of emission-tunable Ca8MgLa(PO4)7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white LEDs,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2102–2107 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhen, Z.

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhuang, Y. X.

Y. X. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1-xAlx)2O4:Cr,Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

Žukauskas, A.

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

X. Shi, L. Shi, M. Li, J. Hou, L. Chen, C. Ye, W. Shen, L. Jiang, and Y. Song, “Efficient luminescence of long persistent phosphor combined with photonic crystal,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(9), 6317–6321 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, and S. Tanabe, “Deep-red persistent luminescence in Cr3+-doped LaAlO3 perovskite phosphor for in vivo imaging,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(1), 012102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Ueda, K. Kuroishi, and S. Tanabe, “Bright persistent ceramic phosphors of Ce3+-Cr3+-codoped garnet able to store by blue light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 101904 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dalton Trans. (1)

H. Sun, L. Pan, G. Zhu, X. Piao, L. Zhang, and Z. Sun, “Long afterglow Sr4Al14O25:Eu,Dy phosphors as both scattering and down converting layer for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells,” Dalton Trans. 43(40), 14936–14941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Energy (1)

C. A. Gueymard, “Interdisciplinary applications of a versatile spectral solar irradiance model: A review,” Energy 30(9), 1551–1576 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eur. J. Mineral. (1)

M. Lastusaari, T. Laamanen, M. Malkamäki, K. O. Eskola, A. Kotlov, S. Carlson, E. Welter, H. F. Brito, M. Bettinelli, H. Jungner, and J. Hölsä, “The Bologna Stone: history's first persistent luminescent material,” Eur. J. Mineral. 24(5), 885–890 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (2)

X. Ma, J. Zhang, H. Li, B. Duan, L. Guo, M. Que, and Y. Wang, “Violet blue long-lasting phosphorescence properties of Mg-doped BaZrO3 and its ability to assist photocatalysis,” J. Alloys Compd. 580, 564–569 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Mei, H. Xu, J. Zhang, Z. Ci, M. Duan, S. Peng, Z. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Design and spectral control of a novel ultraviolet emitting long lasting phosphor for assisting TiO2 photocatalysis: Zn2SiO4:Ga3+, Bi3+,” J. Alloys Compd. 622, 908–912 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (5)

N. Avci, J. Musschoot, P. F. Smet, K. Korthout, A. Avci, C. Detavernier, and D. Poelman, “Microencapsulation of moisture-sensitive CaS:Eu2+ particles with aluminum oxide,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(11), J333–J337 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Matsuzawa, Y. Aoki, N. Takeuchi, and Y. Murayama, “A new long phosphorescent phosphor with high brightness, SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 143(8), 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, H. Kato, Y. Honna, H. Yamamoto, and K. Ohmi, “An orange-emitting, long-persistent phosphor, Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,Tm3+,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 156(9), J235–J241 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Dorenbos, “Mechanism of persistent luminescence in Eu2+ and Dy3+ codoped aluminate and silicate compounds,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152(7), H107–H110 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (3)

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in rare-earth codoped Ca2Si5N8:Eu2+,” J. Lumin. 129(10), 1140–1143 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, E. van der Kolk, and P. Dorenbos, “Temperature and wavelength dependent trap filling in M2Si5N8:Eu (M=Ca, Sr, Ba) persistent phosphors,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 682–689 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. J. Bos, R. M. van Duijvenvoorde, E. van der Kolk, W. Drozdowski, and P. Dorenbos, “Thermoluminescence excitation spectroscopy: A versatile technique to study persistent luminescence phosphors,” J. Lumin. 131(7), 1465–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

Y. X. Zhuang, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “Tunable trap depth in Zn(Ga1-xAlx)2O4:Cr,Bi red persistent phosphors: considerations of high-temperature persistent luminescence and photostimulated persistent luminescence,” J. Mater. Chem. C 1(47), 7849–7855 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

A. Lecointre, A. Bessiere, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, B. Viana, and S. Jacquart, “Designing a Red Persistent Luminescence Phosphor: The Example of YPO4:Pr3+,Ln3+ (Ln = Nd, Er, Ho, Dy),” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(10), 4217–4227 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Dobrowolska, A. J. J. Bos, and P. Dorenbos, “Electron tunnelling phenomena in YPO4: Ce, Ln (Ln = Er, Ho, Nd, Dy),” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47(33), 335301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

J. H. Oh, S. J. Yang, and Y. R. Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light: Sci. Appl. 3, e141 (2014).

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

C. Guo, L. Luan, D. Huang, Q. Su, and Y. Lv, “Study on the stability of phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ in water and method to improve its moisture resistance,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 106(2-3), 268–272 (2007).
[Crossref]

Materials (Basel) (3)

K. Van den Eeckhout, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Persistent luminescence in non-Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 6(7), 2789–2818 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Van den Eeckhout, P. F. Smet, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in Eu2+-doped compounds: a review,” Materials (Basel) 3(4), 2536–2566 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Leblans, D. Vandenbroucke, and P. Willems, “Storage phosphors for medical imaging,” Materials (Basel) 4(12), 1034–1086 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (2)

Z. Pan, Y.-Y. Lu, and F. Liu, “Sunlight-activated long-persistent luminescence in the near-infrared from Cr(3+)-doped zinc gallogermanates,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 58–63 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Maldiney, A. Bessière, J. Seguin, E. Teston, S. K. Sharma, B. Viana, A. J. J. Bos, P. Dorenbos, M. Bessodes, D. Gourier, D. Scherman, and C. Richard, “The in vivo activation of persistent nanophosphors for optical imaging of vascularization, tumours and grafted cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(4), 418–426 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. (1)

A. Stockman and L. T. Sharpe, “Into the twilight zone: the complexities of mesopic vision and luminous efficiency,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 26(3), 225–239 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Mater. (2)

P. F. Smet, J. Botterman, K. Van den Eeckhout, K. Korthout, and D. Poelman, “Persistent luminescence in nitride and oxynitride phosphors: A review,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1913–1919 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Zhuang, Y. Katayama, J. Ueda, and S. Tanabe, “A brief review on red to near-infrared persistent luminescence in transition-metal-activated phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 36(11), 1907–1912 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

A. Dombardt, U. Rohlfing, S. Weingaertner, K. Klinger, D. Kooss, K. Manz, and U. Lemmer, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Optical Sensors 2008 - SPIE, Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 7003, 70032C (2008).

Phys. Rev. B (3)

K. Van den Eeckhout, A. J. J. Bos, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Revealing trap depth distributions in persistent phosphors,” Phys. Rev. B 87(4), 045126 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Korthout, K. Van den Eeckhout, J. Botterman, S. Nikitenko, D. Poelman, and P. F. Smet, “Luminescence and x-ray absorption measurements of persistent SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy powders: Evidence for valence state changes,” Phys. Rev. B 84(8), 085140 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Botterman, J. J. Joos, and P. F. Smet, “Trapping and detrapping in SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy persistent phosphors: Influence of excitation wavelength and temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085147 (2014).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

Q. le Masne de Chermont, C. Chanéac, J. Seguin, F. Pellé, S. Maîtrejean, J.-P. Jolivet, D. Gourier, M. Bessodes, and D. Scherman, “Nanoprobes with near-infrared persistent luminescence for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22), 9266–9271 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. (1)

X. Long, J. He, J. Zhou, L. Fang, X. Zhou, F. Ren, and T. Xu, “A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 41, 29–41 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

F. Liu, W. Yan, Y.-J. Chuang, Z. Zhen, J. Xie, and Z. Pan, “Photostimulated near-infrared persistent luminescence as a new optical read-out from Cr3+-doped LiGa5O8,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1554 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

“CIE report. CIE191:2010 - Recommended System for Mesopic Photometry Based on Visual Performance (ISBN: 978 3 901906 88 6).”

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (left) Simulated afterglow decay curves for a single, discrete trap depth of 0.85eV as function of the temperature, in the case of first order kinetics. Solid lines are for a fixed temperature (263K, 283K, 303K), dashed lines correspond to a linear temperature drop ΔT of 20K in 12h. (right) Fraction of the traps emptied during the first half hour (blue), between 0.5h and 4h (green) and between 4h and 12h (red) after ending the excitation, as function of the initial temperature T0 and the temperature drop ΔT.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (black trace) Extraterrestrial solar spectral irradiance (AM0) [33]. The sun emits light with wavelengths ranging from 270 to 4000nm, with about 14% of the irradiated solar power originating from light with λ < 450nm (blue area). The emission spectrum of SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy is shown as the green overlay.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Solar irradiance data (orange) and temperature data (red) on July 6, 2012 (a) and on January 16, 2013 (b).The data, obtained from a weather station in Knokke-Heist (Belgium), have been shifted such that the moment of highest solar elevation is at 12:00. The data were used as input to mimic real day and night conditions in our setup. Luminance profiles (c) and (d) for the luminescence of the SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+ phosphor corresponding to the irradiance and temperature profiles (a) and (b), respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Afterglow intensity of SrAl2O4:Eu2+,Dy3+ as a function of time during the `idealized' nights. The red, green and blue curves show the results for nights with temperature drops ΔT = 0K, 10K and 20K, respectively. Time t = 0h corresponds to sunset (i.e. the end of the excitation).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 TL glow curves measured after 7h of afterglow for T0 = 303K with ΔT = 0K (red dotted curve) and ΔT = 20K (red dashed curve). TL glow curve measured immediately after ending the excitation at T0 = 303K (solid red curve). Similarly for T0 = 273K (blue curves).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Comparison of the afterglow intensity of SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy without (black curve) and with (red curve) additional charging by cars headlamps during the night. (a) T0 = 293K and ΔT = 0K. (b) T0 = 293K and ΔT = 20K.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Effect of atmospheric absorption and scattering on the extraterrestrial solar spectrum. The upper image shows a direct horizontal irradiance (DHI) spectrum, the lower image shows a global horizontal irradiance spectrum (GHI). Both spectra are generated using SMARTS for a summer's day at 16:30 at a latitude of 45°N. Fraction of the direct horizontal irradiance (DHI) and the global horizontal irradiance (GHI) corresponding to light with λ < 450nm calculated with SMARTS for June 21 (b) and December 21 (c) in Ghent, Belgium (latitude 51°N) . The red dotted line in (b) and (c) indicates a constant fraction of 12% (see text).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Projection of a typical illuminance profile of headlamps onto the road surface.

Metrics