Abstract

The optical radiation and radiation transfer characteristics of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in mining area of northwest China were simulated and analyzed in this paper. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was adopted to simulate the distribution of PM considering the local desertification and mining activities. The 1-D radiative transfer equation was solved using discrete ordinates method combined with Mie scattering model based on the CFD simulation results. The spectral aerosol optical depth and transmission characteristics of PM polluted atmosphere in the wavelength of 1-25μm under different intensity of dust releases, wind speeds and dust compositions were obtained and analyzed. The simulation results show that: the transmission characteristics are obviously enhanced with the increase of wind speed and sand particles’ proportion but greatly decreased with the increase of the intensity of dust release.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

W. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Shi, and D. Wang, “Numerical study on infrared optical property of diffuse coal particles in mine fully mechanized working combined with CFD method,” Math. Probl. Eng. 2015, 501401 (2015).

E. Ahmed, K. Kim, Z. Shon, and S. Song, “Long-term trend of airborne particulate matter in Seoul, Korea from 2004 to 2013,” Atmos. Environ. 101, 125–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, D. Liu, Y. Duan, and X. Wang, “Calculation and experimental validation of spectral properties of microsize grains surrounded by nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7925–7930 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhuang, T. Wang, S. Li, J. Liu, R. Talbot, H. T. Mao, X. Q. Yang, C. B. Fu, C. Q. Yin, J. L. Zhu, H. Z. Che, and X. Y. Zhang, “Optical properties and radiative forcing of urban aerosols in Nanjing, China,” Atmos. Environ. 83, 43–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Rai, B. Chutia, and S. Patil, “Monitoring of spatial variations of particulate matter (PM) pollution through bio-magnetic aspects of roadside plant leaves in an Indo-Burma hot spot region,” Urban For. Urban Green. 13(4), 761–770 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

S. Segura, V. Estellés, A. R. Esteve, M. P. Utrillas, and J. A. Martínez-Lozano, “Analysis of a severe pollution episode in Valencia (Spain) and its effect on ground level particulate matter,” J. Aerosol Sci. 56, 41–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Engel-Cox, N. T. Kim Oanh, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, and E. Zell, “Toward the next generation of air quality monitoring: Particulate Matter,” Atmos. Environ. 80, 584–590 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, Y. Shuai, H. Tan, X. Zhang, and Q. Mao, “Heat transfer analyses of porous media receiver with multi-dish collector by coupling MCRT and FVM method,” Sol. Energy 93, 158–168 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

Y. Yuan, S. Liu, R. Castro, and X. Pan, “PM2.5 monitoring and mitigation in the cities of China,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(7), 3627–3628 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Péré, A. Colette, P. Dubuisson, B. Bessagnet, M. Mallet, and V. Pont, “Impacts of future air pollution mitigation strategies on the aerosol direct radiative forcing over Europe,” Atmos. Environ. 62, 451–460 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Y. Yuan, H. Yi, Y. Shuai, B. Liu, and H. Tan, “Inverse problem for aerosol particle size distribution using SPSO associated with multi-lognormal distribution model,” Atmos. Environ. 45(28), 4892–4897 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

H. Zuo, Q. Liu, J. Wang, L. Yang, and S. Luo, “Selecting appropriate wavelengths to improve the precision of retrieving the aerosol size- distribution,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(1), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, H. Yi, Y. Shuai, F. Wang, and H. Tan, “Inverse problem for particle size distributions of atmospheric aerosols using stochastic particle swarm optimization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(14), 2106–2114 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Tian and D. Chen, “A semi-empirical model for predicting hourly ground-level fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentration in southern Ontario from satellite remote sensing and ground-based meteorological measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(2), 221–229 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Emili, C. Popp, M. Petitta, M. Riffler, S. Wunderle, and M. Zebisch, “PM10 remote sensing from geostationary SEVIRI and polar-orbiting MODIS sensors over the complex terrain of the European Alpine region,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(11), 2485–2499 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

S. Su, H. Chen, P. Teakle, and S. Xue, “Characteristics of coal mine ventilation air flows,” J. Environ. Manage. 86(1), 44–62 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. C. Chu, Y. Chen, S. Lu, Z. Li, and Y. Lu, “Particulate air pollution in Lanzhou China,” Environ. Int. 34(5), 698–713 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Y. Zhuang, Y. Wang, Y. Sun, H. Yuan, G. Zhuang, and Z. Hao, “Long-term monitoring and source apportionment of PM2.5/PM10 in Beijing, China,” J. Environ. Sci. (China) 20(11), 1323–1327 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Tecer, P. Süren, O. Alagha, F. Karaca, and G. Tuncel, “Effect of meteorological parameters on fine and coarse particulate matter mass concentration in a coal-mining area in Zonguldak, Turkey,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 58(4), 543–552 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Y. Wang, S. Fan, and X. Feng, “Retrieval of the aerosol particle size distribution function by incorporating a priori information,” J. Aerosol Sci. 38(8), 885–901 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. Shuai, S. Dong, and H. Tan, “Simulation of the infrared radiation characteristics of high-temperature exhaust plume including particles using the backward Monte Carlo method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 95(2), 231–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. K. Chaulya, “Assessment and management of air quality for an opencast coal mining area,” J. Environ. Manage. 70(1), 1–14 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

Z. Guo and S. Kumar, ““Three-dimensional discrete ordinates method in transient radiative transfer,” J. Thermophys,” Heat Tr. 16(3), 289–296 (2002).

2001 (1)

Y. Shao, “A model for mineral dust emission,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(D17), 20239–20254 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

Z. Guo and S. Maruyama, ““Radiative heat transfer in inhomogeneous, nongray, and anisotropically scattering media,” Int,” J. Heat Mass Tran. 43(13), 2325–2336 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Ruppin, “Evaluation of extended Maxwell-Garnett theories,” Opt. Commun. 182(4-6), 273–279 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

Y. Zhou, Z. Liu, L. Ruan, and B. Shao, “The derivation of the complex refractive index and radiative properties of combustible particles,” J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Tech. 25(s1), 74–75 (1997).

1988 (1)

D. A. Gillette and R. Passi, “Modeling dust emission caused by wind erosion,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D11), 14233–14242 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, E.

E. Ahmed, K. Kim, Z. Shon, and S. Song, “Long-term trend of airborne particulate matter in Seoul, Korea from 2004 to 2013,” Atmos. Environ. 101, 125–133 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alagha, O.

L. H. Tecer, P. Süren, O. Alagha, F. Karaca, and G. Tuncel, “Effect of meteorological parameters on fine and coarse particulate matter mass concentration in a coal-mining area in Zonguldak, Turkey,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 58(4), 543–552 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bessagnet, B.

J. Péré, A. Colette, P. Dubuisson, B. Bessagnet, M. Mallet, and V. Pont, “Impacts of future air pollution mitigation strategies on the aerosol direct radiative forcing over Europe,” Atmos. Environ. 62, 451–460 (2012).
[Crossref]

Castro, R.

Y. Yuan, S. Liu, R. Castro, and X. Pan, “PM2.5 monitoring and mitigation in the cities of China,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(7), 3627–3628 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chanel, O.

N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaulya, S. K.

S. K. Chaulya, “Assessment and management of air quality for an opencast coal mining area,” J. Environ. Manage. 70(1), 1–14 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Che, H. Z.

B. Zhuang, T. Wang, S. Li, J. Liu, R. Talbot, H. T. Mao, X. Q. Yang, C. B. Fu, C. Q. Yin, J. L. Zhu, H. Z. Che, and X. Y. Zhang, “Optical properties and radiative forcing of urban aerosols in Nanjing, China,” Atmos. Environ. 83, 43–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

J. Tian and D. Chen, “A semi-empirical model for predicting hourly ground-level fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentration in southern Ontario from satellite remote sensing and ground-based meteorological measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(2), 221–229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Su, H. Chen, P. Teakle, and S. Xue, “Characteristics of coal mine ventilation air flows,” J. Environ. Manage. 86(1), 44–62 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. C. Chu, Y. Chen, S. Lu, Z. Li, and Y. Lu, “Particulate air pollution in Lanzhou China,” Environ. Int. 34(5), 698–713 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, P. C.

P. C. Chu, Y. Chen, S. Lu, Z. Li, and Y. Lu, “Particulate air pollution in Lanzhou China,” Environ. Int. 34(5), 698–713 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chutia, B.

P. Rai, B. Chutia, and S. Patil, “Monitoring of spatial variations of particulate matter (PM) pollution through bio-magnetic aspects of roadside plant leaves in an Indo-Burma hot spot region,” Urban For. Urban Green. 13(4), 761–770 (2014).
[Crossref]

Colette, A.

J. Péré, A. Colette, P. Dubuisson, B. Bessagnet, M. Mallet, and V. Pont, “Impacts of future air pollution mitigation strategies on the aerosol direct radiative forcing over Europe,” Atmos. Environ. 62, 451–460 (2012).
[Crossref]

Coveney, R. M.

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, S.

Y. Shuai, S. Dong, and H. Tan, “Simulation of the infrared radiation characteristics of high-temperature exhaust plume including particles using the backward Monte Carlo method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 95(2), 231–240 (2005).
[Crossref]

Duan, Y.

Dubuisson, P.

J. Péré, A. Colette, P. Dubuisson, B. Bessagnet, M. Mallet, and V. Pont, “Impacts of future air pollution mitigation strategies on the aerosol direct radiative forcing over Europe,” Atmos. Environ. 62, 451–460 (2012).
[Crossref]

Emili, E.

E. Emili, C. Popp, M. Petitta, M. Riffler, S. Wunderle, and M. Zebisch, “PM10 remote sensing from geostationary SEVIRI and polar-orbiting MODIS sensors over the complex terrain of the European Alpine region,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(11), 2485–2499 (2010).
[Crossref]

Engel-Cox, J.

J. Engel-Cox, N. T. Kim Oanh, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, and E. Zell, “Toward the next generation of air quality monitoring: Particulate Matter,” Atmos. Environ. 80, 584–590 (2013).
[Crossref]

Estellés, V.

S. Segura, V. Estellés, A. R. Esteve, M. P. Utrillas, and J. A. Martínez-Lozano, “Analysis of a severe pollution episode in Valencia (Spain) and its effect on ground level particulate matter,” J. Aerosol Sci. 56, 41–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

Esteve, A. R.

S. Segura, V. Estellés, A. R. Esteve, M. P. Utrillas, and J. A. Martínez-Lozano, “Analysis of a severe pollution episode in Valencia (Spain) and its effect on ground level particulate matter,” J. Aerosol Sci. 56, 41–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

Y. Wang, S. Fan, and X. Feng, “Retrieval of the aerosol particle size distribution function by incorporating a priori information,” J. Aerosol Sci. 38(8), 885–901 (2007).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

Y. Wang, S. Fan, and X. Feng, “Retrieval of the aerosol particle size distribution function by incorporating a priori information,” J. Aerosol Sci. 38(8), 885–901 (2007).
[Crossref]

Filliger, P.

N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, C. B.

B. Zhuang, T. Wang, S. Li, J. Liu, R. Talbot, H. T. Mao, X. Q. Yang, C. B. Fu, C. Q. Yin, J. L. Zhu, H. Z. Che, and X. Y. Zhang, “Optical properties and radiative forcing of urban aerosols in Nanjing, China,” Atmos. Environ. 83, 43–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gillette, D. A.

D. A. Gillette and R. Passi, “Modeling dust emission caused by wind erosion,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D11), 14233–14242 (1988).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

Z. Guo and S. Kumar, ““Three-dimensional discrete ordinates method in transient radiative transfer,” J. Thermophys,” Heat Tr. 16(3), 289–296 (2002).

Z. Guo and S. Maruyama, ““Radiative heat transfer in inhomogeneous, nongray, and anisotropically scattering media,” Int,” J. Heat Mass Tran. 43(13), 2325–2336 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z.

H. Wang, Y. Zhuang, Y. Wang, Y. Sun, H. Yuan, G. Zhuang, and Z. Hao, “Long-term monitoring and source apportionment of PM2.5/PM10 in Beijing, China,” J. Environ. Sci. (China) 20(11), 1323–1327 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herry, M.

N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horak, F.

N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Liu, J.

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Y. Yuan, S. Liu, R. Castro, and X. Pan, “PM2.5 monitoring and mitigation in the cities of China,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(7), 3627–3628 (2012).
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P. C. Chu, Y. Chen, S. Lu, Z. Li, and Y. Lu, “Particulate air pollution in Lanzhou China,” Environ. Int. 34(5), 698–713 (2008).
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H. Zuo, Q. Liu, J. Wang, L. Yang, and S. Luo, “Selecting appropriate wavelengths to improve the precision of retrieving the aerosol size- distribution,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(1), 205–213 (2010).
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F. Wang, Y. Shuai, H. Tan, X. Zhang, and Q. Mao, “Heat transfer analyses of porous media receiver with multi-dish collector by coupling MCRT and FVM method,” Sol. Energy 93, 158–168 (2013).
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S. Segura, V. Estellés, A. R. Esteve, M. P. Utrillas, and J. A. Martínez-Lozano, “Analysis of a severe pollution episode in Valencia (Spain) and its effect on ground level particulate matter,” J. Aerosol Sci. 56, 41–52 (2013).
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Oron, D.

Pan, X.

Y. Yuan, S. Liu, R. Castro, and X. Pan, “PM2.5 monitoring and mitigation in the cities of China,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(7), 3627–3628 (2012).
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J. Péré, A. Colette, P. Dubuisson, B. Bessagnet, M. Mallet, and V. Pont, “Impacts of future air pollution mitigation strategies on the aerosol direct radiative forcing over Europe,” Atmos. Environ. 62, 451–460 (2012).
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E. Emili, C. Popp, M. Petitta, M. Riffler, S. Wunderle, and M. Zebisch, “PM10 remote sensing from geostationary SEVIRI and polar-orbiting MODIS sensors over the complex terrain of the European Alpine region,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(11), 2485–2499 (2010).
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J. Péré, A. Colette, P. Dubuisson, B. Bessagnet, M. Mallet, and V. Pont, “Impacts of future air pollution mitigation strategies on the aerosol direct radiative forcing over Europe,” Atmos. Environ. 62, 451–460 (2012).
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E. Emili, C. Popp, M. Petitta, M. Riffler, S. Wunderle, and M. Zebisch, “PM10 remote sensing from geostationary SEVIRI and polar-orbiting MODIS sensors over the complex terrain of the European Alpine region,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(11), 2485–2499 (2010).
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N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
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N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
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P. Rai, B. Chutia, and S. Patil, “Monitoring of spatial variations of particulate matter (PM) pollution through bio-magnetic aspects of roadside plant leaves in an Indo-Burma hot spot region,” Urban For. Urban Green. 13(4), 761–770 (2014).
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E. Emili, C. Popp, M. Petitta, M. Riffler, S. Wunderle, and M. Zebisch, “PM10 remote sensing from geostationary SEVIRI and polar-orbiting MODIS sensors over the complex terrain of the European Alpine region,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(11), 2485–2499 (2010).
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Y. Zhou, Z. Liu, L. Ruan, and B. Shao, “The derivation of the complex refractive index and radiative properties of combustible particles,” J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Tech. 25(s1), 74–75 (1997).

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N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
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N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
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S. Segura, V. Estellés, A. R. Esteve, M. P. Utrillas, and J. A. Martínez-Lozano, “Analysis of a severe pollution episode in Valencia (Spain) and its effect on ground level particulate matter,” J. Aerosol Sci. 56, 41–52 (2013).
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Y. Zhou, Z. Liu, L. Ruan, and B. Shao, “The derivation of the complex refractive index and radiative properties of combustible particles,” J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Tech. 25(s1), 74–75 (1997).

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W. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Shi, and D. Wang, “Numerical study on infrared optical property of diffuse coal particles in mine fully mechanized working combined with CFD method,” Math. Probl. Eng. 2015, 501401 (2015).

Shon, Z.

E. Ahmed, K. Kim, Z. Shon, and S. Song, “Long-term trend of airborne particulate matter in Seoul, Korea from 2004 to 2013,” Atmos. Environ. 101, 125–133 (2015).
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F. Wang, Y. Shuai, H. Tan, X. Zhang, and Q. Mao, “Heat transfer analyses of porous media receiver with multi-dish collector by coupling MCRT and FVM method,” Sol. Energy 93, 158–168 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, H. Yi, Y. Shuai, B. Liu, and H. Tan, “Inverse problem for aerosol particle size distribution using SPSO associated with multi-lognormal distribution model,” Atmos. Environ. 45(28), 4892–4897 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, H. Yi, Y. Shuai, F. Wang, and H. Tan, “Inverse problem for particle size distributions of atmospheric aerosols using stochastic particle swarm optimization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(14), 2106–2114 (2010).
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Sommer, H.

N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
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E. Ahmed, K. Kim, Z. Shon, and S. Song, “Long-term trend of airborne particulate matter in Seoul, Korea from 2004 to 2013,” Atmos. Environ. 101, 125–133 (2015).
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N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
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L. H. Tecer, P. Süren, O. Alagha, F. Karaca, and G. Tuncel, “Effect of meteorological parameters on fine and coarse particulate matter mass concentration in a coal-mining area in Zonguldak, Turkey,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 58(4), 543–552 (2008).
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B. Zhuang, T. Wang, S. Li, J. Liu, R. Talbot, H. T. Mao, X. Q. Yang, C. B. Fu, C. Q. Yin, J. L. Zhu, H. Z. Che, and X. Y. Zhang, “Optical properties and radiative forcing of urban aerosols in Nanjing, China,” Atmos. Environ. 83, 43–52 (2014).
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Tan, H.

F. Wang, Y. Shuai, H. Tan, X. Zhang, and Q. Mao, “Heat transfer analyses of porous media receiver with multi-dish collector by coupling MCRT and FVM method,” Sol. Energy 93, 158–168 (2013).
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Y. Yuan, H. Yi, Y. Shuai, B. Liu, and H. Tan, “Inverse problem for aerosol particle size distribution using SPSO associated with multi-lognormal distribution model,” Atmos. Environ. 45(28), 4892–4897 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, H. Yi, Y. Shuai, F. Wang, and H. Tan, “Inverse problem for particle size distributions of atmospheric aerosols using stochastic particle swarm optimization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(14), 2106–2114 (2010).
[Crossref]

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W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
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W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
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S. Su, H. Chen, P. Teakle, and S. Xue, “Characteristics of coal mine ventilation air flows,” J. Environ. Manage. 86(1), 44–62 (2008).
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Tecer, L. H.

L. H. Tecer, P. Süren, O. Alagha, F. Karaca, and G. Tuncel, “Effect of meteorological parameters on fine and coarse particulate matter mass concentration in a coal-mining area in Zonguldak, Turkey,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 58(4), 543–552 (2008).
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Tian, J.

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L. H. Tecer, P. Süren, O. Alagha, F. Karaca, and G. Tuncel, “Effect of meteorological parameters on fine and coarse particulate matter mass concentration in a coal-mining area in Zonguldak, Turkey,” J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 58(4), 543–552 (2008).
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S. Segura, V. Estellés, A. R. Esteve, M. P. Utrillas, and J. A. Martínez-Lozano, “Analysis of a severe pollution episode in Valencia (Spain) and its effect on ground level particulate matter,” J. Aerosol Sci. 56, 41–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

van Donkelaar, A.

J. Engel-Cox, N. T. Kim Oanh, A. van Donkelaar, R. V. Martin, and E. Zell, “Toward the next generation of air quality monitoring: Particulate Matter,” Atmos. Environ. 80, 584–590 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vergnaud, J. C.

N. Künzli, R. Kaiser, S. Medina, M. Studnicka, O. Chanel, P. Filliger, M. Herry, F. Horak, V. Puybonnieux-Texier, P. Quénel, J. Schneider, R. Seethaler, J. C. Vergnaud, and H. Sommer, “Public-health impact of outdoor and traffic-related air pollution: a European assessment,” Lancet 356(9232), 795–801 (2000).
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W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
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W. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Shi, and D. Wang, “Numerical study on infrared optical property of diffuse coal particles in mine fully mechanized working combined with CFD method,” Math. Probl. Eng. 2015, 501401 (2015).

Wang, F.

F. Wang, Y. Shuai, H. Tan, X. Zhang, and Q. Mao, “Heat transfer analyses of porous media receiver with multi-dish collector by coupling MCRT and FVM method,” Sol. Energy 93, 158–168 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, H. Yi, Y. Shuai, F. Wang, and H. Tan, “Inverse problem for particle size distributions of atmospheric aerosols using stochastic particle swarm optimization,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(14), 2106–2114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Y. Zhuang, Y. Wang, Y. Sun, H. Yuan, G. Zhuang, and Z. Hao, “Long-term monitoring and source apportionment of PM2.5/PM10 in Beijing, China,” J. Environ. Sci. (China) 20(11), 1323–1327 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

H. Zuo, Q. Liu, J. Wang, L. Yang, and S. Luo, “Selecting appropriate wavelengths to improve the precision of retrieving the aerosol size- distribution,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(1), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

B. Zhuang, T. Wang, S. Li, J. Liu, R. Talbot, H. T. Mao, X. Q. Yang, C. B. Fu, C. Q. Yin, J. L. Zhu, H. Z. Che, and X. Y. Zhang, “Optical properties and radiative forcing of urban aerosols in Nanjing, China,” Atmos. Environ. 83, 43–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Shi, and D. Wang, “Numerical study on infrared optical property of diffuse coal particles in mine fully mechanized working combined with CFD method,” Math. Probl. Eng. 2015, 501401 (2015).

W. Li, C. Wang, H. Wang, J. Chen, C. Yuan, T. Li, W. Wang, H. Shen, Y. Huang, R. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Tang, X. Wang, J. Liu, R. M. Coveney, and S. Tao, “Distribution of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in rural field, rural village and urban areas of northern China,” Environ. Pollut. 185, 134–140 (2014).
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E. Emili, C. Popp, M. Petitta, M. Riffler, S. Wunderle, and M. Zebisch, “PM10 remote sensing from geostationary SEVIRI and polar-orbiting MODIS sensors over the complex terrain of the European Alpine region,” Remote Sens. Environ. 114(11), 2485–2499 (2010).
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H. Zuo, Q. Liu, J. Wang, L. Yang, and S. Luo, “Selecting appropriate wavelengths to improve the precision of retrieving the aerosol size- distribution,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(1), 205–213 (2010).
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Y. Yuan, S. Liu, R. Castro, and X. Pan, “PM2.5 monitoring and mitigation in the cities of China,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 46(7), 3627–3628 (2012).
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H. Wang, Y. Zhuang, Y. Wang, Y. Sun, H. Yuan, G. Zhuang, and Z. Hao, “Long-term monitoring and source apportionment of PM2.5/PM10 in Beijing, China,” J. Environ. Sci. (China) 20(11), 1323–1327 (2008).
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J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (3)

H. Zuo, Q. Liu, J. Wang, L. Yang, and S. Luo, “Selecting appropriate wavelengths to improve the precision of retrieving the aerosol size- distribution,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 111(1), 205–213 (2010).
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W. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Shi, and D. Wang, “Numerical study on infrared optical property of diffuse coal particles in mine fully mechanized working combined with CFD method,” Math. Probl. Eng. 2015, 501401 (2015).

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Y. Yuan, Atmospheric radiation transfer and retrieval for typical aerosol particles (Harbin Institute of Technology, 2012). (In Chinese)

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of dust dispersion simulation field.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Diagram of velocity vector.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Diagram of dust concentration distribution.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Complex refractive index of coal and sand particles: (a) The n value of the complex refractive index; (b) The k value of the complex refractive index.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Spectral attenuation factor of hybrid particles.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Complex refractive index of hybrid particles.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Attenuation coefficient variation of dust particles in the vertical direction: (a) 200 m from the dust source; (b) 400 m from the dust source; (c) 600 m from the dust source.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD) versus wind speed: (a) 200 m from the dust source; (b) 400 m from the dust source; (c) 600 m from the dust source.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Spectral transmittance versus dust source intensity:(a) 200 m from the dust source; (b) 400 m from the dust source; (c) 600 m from the dust source.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Spectral transmittance versus composition of hybrid particles: (a) 200 m from the dust source; (b) 400 m from the dust source; (c) 600 m from the dust source.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Boundary conditions and parameter settings of dust source

Tables Icon

Table 2 Concentration distribution of dust particles in the vertical direction

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Table 3 Dust concentration distribution under different wind speeds at the point 200 m

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

· ρ U = 0
ρ U · U = · σ + ρ g
u i x i = 0
( ρ u i u j ) x j = p x i + x j [ μ ( u j x j + u j x i 2 3 δ i j u i x i ) ] + x j ( ρ u i ¯ u j ¯ )
x i ( ρ k u i ) = x i [ ( μ + μ t σ k ) k x j ] + G k ρ ε
x i ( ρ ε u i ) = x j [ ( μ + μ t σ ε ) ε x j ] + ρ C 1 S ε ρ C 2 ε 2 k + υ ε
d u p d t = F D ( u u p ) + g x ( ρ p ρ ) ρ p + F x
Q e ( m , χ ) = C e G = 2 χ 2 n = 1 ( 2 n + 1 ) Re ( a n + b n ) = 4 χ 2 Re { S 0 }
Q s ( m , χ ) = C s G = 2 χ 2 n = 1 ( 2 n + 1 ) [ | a n | 2 + | b n | 2 ]
Φ ( θ ) = 1 Q s χ 2 [ | S 1 | 2 + | S 2 | 2 ]
β = Q e · N · G
( Ω · ) I ( r , Ω ) = ( κ a + κ s ) I ( r , Ω ) + κ a I b ( r ) + κ s 4 π Ω = 4 π Φ ( Ω , Ω ) I ( r , Ω ) d Ω
I ( r , Ω ) = ε I b ( r ) + ρ π n · Ω < 0 | n · Ω | I ( r , Ω ) d Ω
μ m I m x + ξ m I m y + η m I m z = ( κ a + κ s ) I m + κ a I b + κ s 4 π m = 1 M Φ ( m , m ) I m ω m
Φ ( θ ) = n = 0 N ( 2 n + 1 ) a n P n ( cos ψ )
cos ψ = μ μ + ξ ξ + η η
γ λ = I λ ( L ) / I λ ( 0 )
A O D = 0 L β ( x ) d x

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