Abstract

We introduce and experimentally validate a pulse picking technique based on a travelling-wave-type acousto-optic modulator (AOM) having the AOM carrier frequency synchronized to the repetition rate of the original pulse train. As a consequence, the phase noise characteristic of the original pulse train is largely preserved, rendering this technique suitable for applications requiring carrier-envelope phase stabilization. In a proof-of-principle experiment, the 1030-nm spectral part of an 74-MHz, carrier-envelope phase stable Ti:sapphire oscillator is amplified and reduced in pulse repetition frequency by a factor of two, maintaining an unprecedentedly low carrier-envelope phase noise spectral density of below 68 mrad. Furthermore, a comparative analysis reveals that the pulse-picking-induced additional amplitude noise is minimized, when the AOM is operated under synchronicity. The proposed scheme is particularly suitable when the down-picked repetition rate is still in the multi-MHz-range, where Pockels cells cannot be applied due to piezoelectric ringing.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

2014 (3)

2013 (1)

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, “Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1436–1438 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

Z. Huang and R. Ruth, “Laser-Electron Storage Ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 976–979 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki, “Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61(8), 1073–1092 (1973).
[Crossref]

Abdolvand, A.

Adhav, R. S.

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Adhav, S. R.

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Allison, T. K.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andersen, T. V.

Anderson, A.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 462–465 (2010).
[Crossref]

Apolonski, A.

Assion, A.

F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase-stable few-cycle pulses by use of the feed-forward method,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2076–2078 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 462–465 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borchers, B.

Carstens, H.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chambaret, J. P.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chériaux, G.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cingöz, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

Demmler, S.

Eidam, T.

Esser, D.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Faure, J.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferré, S.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fill, E.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T. M.

Frei, H.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 462–465 (2010).
[Crossref]

Frosz, M. H.

Fuji, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gabler, T.

Gauduel, Y. A.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

Goodno, G. D.

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Gotschall, T.

Grebing, C.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 462–465 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hädrich, S.

Hanf, S.

Hänsch, T. W.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Higbie, J. M.

W. J. Schwenger and J. M. Higbie, “High-speed acousto-optic shutter with no optical frequency shift,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(8), 083110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, A.

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, H. D.

Holzberger, S.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

Z. Huang and R. Ruth, “Laser-Electron Storage Ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 976–979 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Jones, D. J.

Kienberger, R.

Killi, A.

Kleineberg, U.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Klenke, A.

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kling, M. F.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koke, S.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 462–465 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

Krebs, M.

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lefebvre, E.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Octave-spanning OPCPA system delivering CEP-stable few-cycle pulses and 22 W of average power at 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10870–10878 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lücking, F.

Mak, K. F.

Malka, V.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mans, T.

Metzger, T.

Miller, I. J.

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. J. D.

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Montgomery, J. W.

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Niizeki, N.

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki, “Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61(8), 1073–1092 (1973).
[Crossref]

Notebaert, L.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pervak, V.

K. F. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. H. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Compressing μJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238 (2015).

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phuoc, K. T.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pittman, M.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Poprawe, R.

Pronin, O.

K. F. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. H. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Compressing μJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238 (2015).

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pupeza, I.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rauschenberger, J.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, J.

Rousse, A.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rousseau, J. P.

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ruehl, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russbueldt, P.

Rußbüldt, P.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. S. J.

Ruth, R.

Z. Huang and R. Ruth, “Laser-Electron Storage Ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 976–979 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, T.

Schwarz, A.

Schwenger, W. J.

W. J. Schwenger and J. M. Higbie, “High-speed acousto-optic shutter with no optical frequency shift,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(8), 083110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seidel, M.

Seise, E.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stutzki, F.

Sutter, D.

Teisset, C. Y.

Travers, J. C.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Octave-spanning OPCPA system delivering CEP-stable few-cycle pulses and 22 W of average power at 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10870–10878 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uchida, N.

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki, “Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61(8), 1073–1092 (1973).
[Crossref]

Udem, T.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weitenberg, J.

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4169–4171 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

Wirth, C.

Ye, J.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, “Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1436–1438 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yost, D. C.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J. P. Chambaret, and G. Chériaux, “Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 74(6), 529–535 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. D. Goodno, Z. Guo, R. J. D. Miller, I. J. Miller, J. W. Montgomery, S. R. Adhav, and R. S. Adhav, “Investigation of β-BaB2O4 as a Q-switch for high power applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(13), 1575–1577 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

I. Pupeza, S. Holzberger, T. Eidam, H. Carstens, D. Esser, J. Weitenberg, P. Rußbüldt, J. Rauschenberger, J. Limpert, T. Udem, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and E. Fill, “Compact high-repetition-rate source of coherent 100 eV radiation,” Nat. Photonics 7(8), 608–612 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, A. Hoffmann, O. Pronin, V. Pervak, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High photon flux table-top coherent extreme ultraviolet source,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 779–783 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 539–544 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, “Direct frequency comb synthesis with arbitrary offset and shot-noise-limited phase noise,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 462–465 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (8)

F. Lücking, A. Assion, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase-stable few-cycle pulses by use of the feed-forward method,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2076–2078 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Borchers, F. Lücking, and G. Steinmeyer, “Acoustic frequency combs for carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Lett. 39(3), 544–547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, A. Klenke, S. Demmler, A. Hoffmann, T. Gotschall, T. Eidam, M. Krebs, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “53 W average power few-cycle fiber laser system generating soft x rays up to the water window,” Opt. Lett. 39(17), 5224–5227 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. H. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Compressing μJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238 (2015).

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, “Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1436–1438 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Metzger, A. Schwarz, C. Y. Teisset, D. Sutter, A. Killi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “High-repetition-rate picosecond pump laser based on a Yb:YAG disk amplifier for optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2123–2125 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4169–4171 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Z. Huang and R. Ruth, “Laser-Electron Storage Ring,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 976–979 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(13), 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

N. Uchida and N. Niizeki, “Acoustooptic deflection materials and techniques,” Proc. IEEE 61(8), 1073–1092 (1973).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

W. J. Schwenger and J. M. Higbie, “High-speed acousto-optic shutter with no optical frequency shift,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(8), 083110 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the AOM pulse picking electronics showing the origin of pulse peak power fluctuations caused by a non-synchronized AOM carrier signal (AOM, acousto-optic modulator; Δφ , phase difference between two adjacent wave packets).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic experimental setup of the Yb-doped fiber amplifier with implemented AOM pulse picking scheme (PM, power meter; PD, photodiode; DO, digital oscilloscope; RFA, radio frequency analyzer; BS, beam splitter; DM, dichroic mirror; AOFS, acousto-optic frequency shifter; AOM, acousto-optic modulator).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic experimental setup of the beat note detection for CE phase noise measurement (PLM, path-length matching; DM, dichroic mirror; BS, beam splitter; LF, optical long-wave pass filter (>1020 nm); PBS, polarization beam splitter; PD, photodiode; FG, function generator; MI, electronical mixer; BP, band pass filter ( f REP 10MHz ); LP, low-pass filter (1.9 MHz); AOFS, acousto-optic frequency shifter; DO, digital oscilloscope).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Noise spectral density (grey) and integrated phase noise (black) extracted from the beat note between the 800-nm and the 1030-nm signal arm. Frequency components <1 kHz correspond to mechanical and acoustic noise, high-frequency noise is mainly due to the detection limit (PSD, power spectral density; RMS, root mean square).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Left side: Zoom on photodiode signal of picked pulse train using a synchronized (grey) versus a non-synchronized (black) AOM carrier frequency in a phasing-sensitive AOM regime. Right side: Analysis of 5000 adjacent pulse peak intensities showing a significant reduction of the standard deviation when using a synchronized AOM carrier.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Left side: RF spectra around the factor p=2 reduced pulse repetition frequency at ~37 MHz. The 2-MHz sidebands disappear when a synchronized AOM carrier is used (grey). Right side: Measured AOM driver signals comparing non-synchronized (black) and synchronized (grey) AOM carrier when mixed with the gating signal.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f m =m f REP + f CEO ,
f m =m f REP +( f CEO ± f RF ).
f RF = u p f REP ,
f * m =( m±u ) f REP p + f CEO =( m±u ) f * REP + f CEO .
Δ ϕ * CEO =2π f CEO f * REP ,mod 2π.
Δ ϕ * CEO =2π p a ,mod 2π.
Δ f RF = f RF u p f REP ,
Δφ=( 2π f RF Δt )( 2π u p f REP Δt )=2π( p Δ f RF f REP )mod 2π,

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