Abstract

Photoinduced reduction of absorption (photobleaching) in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers irradiated with 532-nm laser has been observed for the first time. It was demonstrated that bismuth-related active centers having the absorption bands at wavelengths of 1400 and 1700 nm degrade under photoexcitation at 532 nm. The photobleaching process rate was estimated using conventional stretched exponential technique. It was found that the photobleaching rate in bismuth-doped germanosilicate fibers does not depend on type of bismuth-related active center. The possible underlying mechanism of photobleaching process in bismuth-doped fibers is discussed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using Bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 681–688 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).
  3. A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakasuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2-3B), L279–L281 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi2O3–GeO2 and Bi2O3–SiO2 glasses: first-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(1), 163–168 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1059–1074 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Gallagher and U. Osterberg, “Spectroscopy of defects in germanium-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 74(4), 2771–2778 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).
  16. L. Skuja, “Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 16–48 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  17. F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, and R. Kashyap, “Spectral, temporal, and spatial study of UV-induced luminescence in Ge-doped fiber preform,” Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi2O3–GeO2 and Bi2O3–SiO2 glasses: first-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(1), 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakasuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2-3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

L. Skuja, “Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 16–48 (1998).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, and R. Kashyap, “Spectral, temporal, and spatial study of UV-induced luminescence in Ge-doped fiber preform,” Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. Gallagher and U. Osterberg, “Spectroscopy of defects in germanium-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 74(4), 2771–2778 (1993).
[Crossref]

Alyshev, S.

Archambault, J. L.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Bufetov, I. A.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bufetova, G. A.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Campbell, R. S.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, and R. Kashyap, “Spectral, temporal, and spatial study of UV-induced luminescence in Ge-doped fiber preform,” Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[Crossref]

Denisov, L. K.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of near-IR luminescence in Bi2O3–GeO2 and Bi2O3–SiO2 glasses: first-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(1), 163–168 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “The origin of near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped silica and germania glasses free of other dopants: First-principle study,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1059–1074 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using Bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, G.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dvoretskii, D. A.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Firstov, S.

Firstov, S. V.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Firstova, E. G.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakasuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2-3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, M.

M. Gallagher and U. Osterberg, “Spectroscopy of defects in germanium-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 74(4), 2771–2778 (1993).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffman, H. J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Iskhakova, L. D.

Karatun, N. M.

Kashyap, R.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, and R. Kashyap, “Spectral, temporal, and spatial study of UV-induced luminescence in Ge-doped fiber preform,” Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[Crossref]

Khopin, V. F.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kliner, D.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Koltashev, V. V.

Koplow, J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Koponen, J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M.

Melkumov, M. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

Nakasuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakasuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2-3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Neustruev, V. B.

Nishchev, K. N.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Osterberg, U.

M. Gallagher and U. Osterberg, “Spectroscopy of defects in germanium-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 74(4), 2771–2778 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, and R. Kashyap, “Spectral, temporal, and spatial study of UV-induced luminescence in Ge-doped fiber preform,” Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Peng, M.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Reekie, L.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Riumkin, K.

Riumkin, K. E.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

Russell, P. St. J.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Salgansky, M. Y.

Semjonov, S. L.

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shubin, A.

Shubin, A. V.

Skuja, L.

L. Skuja, “Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 16–48 (1998).
[Crossref]

Söderlund, M.

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Sokolov, V. O.

Vasiliev, S. A.

Vel’miskin, V. V.

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

Velmiskin, V. V.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Williams, D. L.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, and R. Kashyap, “Spectral, temporal, and spatial study of UV-induced luminescence in Ge-doped fiber preform,” Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zlenko, A. S.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

M. Gallagher and U. Osterberg, “Spectroscopy of defects in germanium-doped silica glass,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 74(4), 2771–2778 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Skuja, “Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1–3), 16–48 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakasuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2-3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, and R. Kashyap, “Spectral, temporal, and spatial study of UV-induced luminescence in Ge-doped fiber preform,” Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Koponen, M. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, D. Kliner, J. Koplow, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, “Photodarkening measurements in large mode area fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6553-50, 783–789 (2007).

Quantum Electron. (3)

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Velmiskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300 — 1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. G. Firstova, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, K. N. Nishchev, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence properties of IR-emitting bismuth centres in SiO2-based glasses in the UV to near-IR spectral region,” Quantum Electron. 45(1), 59–65 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup for photobleaching measurements in bismuth-doped fibers. Configurations 1 and 2 were applied for transmission spectra measurements and the laser irradiation of the tested fiber correspondingly.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 a) Absorption spectra of fibers #1 and #2. b) Representative emission (1, 2) and excitation (1*, 2*) spectra of BAC-Ge and BAC-Si, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Photoinduced changes in transmission spectrum of fibers #1 and #2 under 532-nm irradiation with the power density of 1 MW/cm2. The duration of the irradiation process was equal to 1 h.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) Spectral changes in transmission versus time exposition. b) The temporal dependence of photoinduced bleaching effect at 1400 (rhombus) and 1600 nm (circle). Solid line is the fitting curve of the stretched exponential function with indicated parameters. Experimental sample is fiber #2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Photobleaching rates versus the pump power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Change in transmission in spectral region of 1150-1700 nm under pumping at 532 nm and (532 + 1555) nm simultaneously.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Schematic representation of photoionization of ODC(II) under 532 nm excitation. Conduction and valence bands are designated by CB and VB, correspondingly.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Loss spectra of pristine and long-time irradiated fiber #3.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristics of developed Bi-doped fibers

Equations (2)

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ΔT( t )= 10 L ×log( T( t ) T 0 )
ΔT( t )=A( 1exp( ( t τ ) β ) )

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