Abstract

Enhanced ~3.0 μm emission corresponding to Er3+:4I11/24I13/2 was achieved in Nd3+/Er3+ co-doped Lu0.15Y2.85Sc2Ga3O12 (abbr. as Nd,Er:LuYSGG) crystal under 808nm pumping. As compared with Er:YSGG crystal, the absorption pump efficiency of Nd,Er:LuYSGG crystal is greatly improved and thus ~3.0 μm emission is enhanced by 2.2 times owing to the sensitization of Nd3+, at the same time, Nd3+ as deactivator quenches ~1.5 μm emission from Er3+:4I13/2 level and thus inhibit the self-termination effect successfully. The energy transfer efficiencies of Nd: 4F3/2→Er: 4I11/2 and Er: 4I13/2→Nd:4I15/2 are estimated to be 91.6% and nearly 100%, respectively. These results indicate that the introduction of Nd3+ is very helpful for achieving ~3.0 μm laser in Nd,Er:LuYSGG crystal.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, S. Cao, J. Xiao, H. Kang, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Performances of a diode end-pumped GYSGG/Er,Pr:GYSGG composite laser crystal operated at 2.79 μm,” Opt. Express 22(20), 23795–23800 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (8)

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, H. Kang, H. Zhang, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Spectroscopic, diode-pumped laser properties and gamma irradiation effect on Yb, Er, Ho:GYSGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1218–1220 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, R. Dou, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Spectroscopic properties and diode end-pumped 2.79 μm laser performance of Er,Pr:GYSGG crystal,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23425–23432 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. K. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, R. Dou, and Q. Zhang, “Er3+ doped GYSGG crystal as a new laser material resistant to ionizing radiation,” Opt. Commun. 301–302, 84–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. T. Sorokina, “Solid-State mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 255–351 (2013).

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic analyses of Yb,Er:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal as a novel candidate of LD pumped ~3.0 μm laser,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(8), 2969–2972 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Liu, H. Kang, and S. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

J. Su, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Research progress in crystals and lasers of YSGG series,” J. Synthetic Crystals 34(4), 709–713 (2005).

1999 (1)

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1974 (1)

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, “Quantum efficiency of diffusion limited energy transfer in La1-x-yCexTbyPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(1), 34–39 (1974).
[Crossref]

Amrania, H.

Arbabzadah, E.

Arbabzadah, E. A.

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arcangeli, A.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bigotta, S.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bourcett, J. C.

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, “Quantum efficiency of diffusion limited energy transfer in La1-x-yCexTbyPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(1), 34–39 (1974).
[Crossref]

Cao, S.

Chard, S.

Chen, B.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, J. K.

J. K. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, R. Dou, and Q. Zhang, “Er3+ doped GYSGG crystal as a new laser material resistant to ionizing radiation,” Opt. Commun. 301–302, 84–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, M.

Damzen, M.

Damzen, M. J.

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dinerman, B. J.

Dong, C.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dou, R.

J. K. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, R. Dou, and Q. Zhang, “Er3+ doped GYSGG crystal as a new laser material resistant to ionizing radiation,” Opt. Commun. 301–302, 84–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, R. Dou, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Spectroscopic properties and diode end-pumped 2.79 μm laser performance of Er,Pr:GYSGG crystal,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23425–23432 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esterowitz, L.

Fong, F. K.

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, “Quantum efficiency of diffusion limited energy transfer in La1-x-yCexTbyPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(1), 34–39 (1974).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

Kang, H. X.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic analyses of Yb,Er:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal as a novel candidate of LD pumped ~3.0 μm laser,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(8), 2969–2972 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Liu, H. Kang, and S. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

Lv, S.

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, E.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moulton, P. F.

Peng, J.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phillips, C.

Phillips, C. C.

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shen, B. J.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, “Solid-State mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 255–351 (2013).

Stoneman, R. C.

Su, J.

J. Su, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Research progress in crystals and lasers of YSGG series,” J. Synthetic Crystals 34(4), 709–713 (2005).

Sun, D.

Sun, D. L.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tao, X.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tu, C.

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic analyses of Yb,Er:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal as a novel candidate of LD pumped ~3.0 μm laser,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(8), 2969–2972 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wang, H.

Wang, P.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic analyses of Yb,Er:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal as a novel candidate of LD pumped ~3.0 μm laser,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(8), 2969–2972 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

Xu, J.

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, S.

Yin, S. T.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

You, Z.

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic analyses of Yb,Er:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal as a novel candidate of LD pumped ~3.0 μm laser,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(8), 2969–2972 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Q.

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, S. Cao, J. Xiao, H. Kang, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Performances of a diode end-pumped GYSGG/Er,Pr:GYSGG composite laser crystal operated at 2.79 μm,” Opt. Express 22(20), 23795–23800 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, H. Zhang, R. Dou, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Spectroscopic properties and diode end-pumped 2.79 μm laser performance of Er,Pr:GYSGG crystal,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23425–23432 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, H. Kang, H. Zhang, M. Cheng, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Spectroscopic, diode-pumped laser properties and gamma irradiation effect on Yb, Er, Ho:GYSGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1218–1220 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, R. Dou, and Q. Zhang, “Er3+ doped GYSGG crystal as a new laser material resistant to ionizing radiation,” Opt. Commun. 301–302, 84–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Liu, H. Kang, and S. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Su, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Research progress in crystals and lasers of YSGG series,” J. Synthetic Crystals 34(4), 709–713 (2005).

Zhang, Q. L.

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic analyses of Yb,Er:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal as a novel candidate of LD pumped ~3.0 μm laser,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(8), 2969–2972 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, Z. You, Y. Wang, S. Lv, E. Ma, J. Xu, H. Wang, and C. Tu, “Benefit of Pr3+ ions to the spectral properties of Pr3+/Er3+:CaGdAlO4 crystal for a 2.7 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4838–4840 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, X.

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. A. Arbabzadah, C. C. Phillips, and M. J. Damzen, “Free-running and Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Er:YSGG laser at the 3 μm transition,” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 333–339 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, M. Jiang, A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, and M. Tonelli, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+ doped (Lux+ Gd1−x)3Ga5O12 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 485–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, Q. Zhang, J. Chen, W. Liu, H. Kang, and S. Yin, “Luminescence and thermal properties of Er:GSGG and Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(5), 054209 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. C. Bourcett and F. K. Fong, “Quantum efficiency of diffusion limited energy transfer in La1-x-yCexTbyPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 60(1), 34–39 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (2)

S. Lv, Z. Zhu, Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of Ho3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 and Eu3+/Er3+:CaYAlO4 crystal for 2.7 μm emission,” J. Lumin. 144, 117–121 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic characterization of single crystals Cr,Er,Re:GGG (Re=Tm,Ho,Eu) as ~3.0 µm laser materials,” J. Lumin. 132, 693–696 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, E. Ma, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic investigations of highly doped Er3+:GGG and Er3+/Pr3+:GGG crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(21), 215406 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

Y. Wang, J. Li, Z. You, Z. Zhu, J. Xu, and C. Tu, “Enhanced 2.7 μm emission and its origin in Nd3+/Er3+ codoped SrGdGa3O7 crystal,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 149, 253–257 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Synthetic Crystals (1)

J. Su, Q. Zhang, and S. Yin, “Research progress in crystals and lasers of YSGG series,” J. Synthetic Crystals 34(4), 709–713 (2005).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

B. J. Shen, H. X. Kang, D. L. Sun, Q. L. Zhang, S. T. Yin, P. Chen, and J. Liang, “Investigation of laser diode end pumped Er:YSGG/YSGG composite crystal lasers at 2.79 µm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(1), 015002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

Y. Wang, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, and C. Tu, “Spectroscopic analyses of Yb,Er:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal as a novel candidate of LD pumped ~3.0 μm laser,” Mater. Res. Bull. 48(8), 2969–2972 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

X. Zhuang, H. Xia, H. Hu, J. Hu, P. Wang, J. Peng, Y. Zhang, H. Jiang, and B. Chen, “Enhanced emission of 2.7 µm from Er3+/Nd3+-codoped LiYF4 single crystals,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 178(5), 326–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. K. Chen, D. Sun, J. Luo, J. Xiao, R. Dou, and Q. Zhang, “Er3+ doped GYSGG crystal as a new laser material resistant to ionizing radiation,” Opt. Commun. 301–302, 84–87 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Top. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. T. Sorokina, “Solid-State mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 255–351 (2013).

Other (2)

I. T. Sorokina and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Pulsed Mid-IR Optical Parametric Oscillators,” in Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, 2nd ed., vol. 4 (Springer, 2003).

B. J. Dinerman, “Spectroscopic characterization and 3-μm CW laser operation of Er3+:Gd3Ga5O12 and Er3+:Y3Sc2Ga3O12,” Ph.D. dissertation, Boston College Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Boston, 1994.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The XRD pattern of Nd,Er:LuYSGG single crystal.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectra of Nd,Er:LuYSGG and Er:YSGG crystals at RT.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 NIR emission spectra of Er:YSGG and Nd,Er:LuYSGG crystals excited by 808 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 MIR emission spectra of Er: YSGG and Nd, Er: LuYSGG crystals under 808 nm pumping.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The energy level diagram of Nd3+ and Er3+ ions for Nd,Er:LuYSGG crystal.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fluorescence decay curves of Er3+:4I11/2, 4I13/2 and Nd3+:4F3/2 levels in Nd,Er:LuYSGG and Er:YSGG crystals.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The spectral parameters of several erbium activated garnet crystals

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ a = α N c = A N c L×lge .
( Nd 3+ : 4 F 5/2 , 2 H 9/2 + Er 3+ : 4 I 15/2 )( Nd 3+ : 4 I 9/2 + Er 3+ : 4 I 9/2 ), ( Nd 3+ : 4 F 5/2 , 2 H 9/2 + Er 3+ : 4 I 15/2 )( Nd 3+ : 4 I 9/2 + Er 3+ : 4 I 11/2 ), and ( Nd 3+ : 4 F 3/2 + Er 3+ : 4 I 15/2 )( Nd 3+ : 4 I 9/2 + Er 3+ : 4 I 11/2 ).
η T =1 τ NdEr τ Nd .
σ em (λ)= β λ 5 8πc n 2 τ r I(λ) λI(λ)dλ .

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