Abstract

Ultra-short wavelength operation of a thulium fibre laser is investigated. Through use of core pumping and high feedback efficiency wavelength selection, a continuously-tunable fibre laser source operating from 1660 nm to 1720 nm is demonstrated in a silica host. We discuss the range of applications within this important wavelength band such as polymer materials processing and medical applications targeting characteristic C-H bond resonance peaks. As a demonstration of the power scalability of thulium fibre lasers in this band, fixed wavelength operation at 1726 nm with output power up 12.6 W and with slope efficiency > 60% is also shown.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (5)

2012 (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2006 (2)

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely tunable Tm:fibre lasers pumped by an Er,Yb co-doped fibre laser at 1.6 µm,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6084–6090 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; Spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9um,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, “Highly tunable and efficient diode pumped operation of Tm3+ doped fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26(11), 746–747 (1990).
[Crossref]

Alam, S. U.

Alexander, V. V.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anderson, R. R.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aozasa, S.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baddela, N. K.

Barnes, N. P.

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; Spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9um,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090 nm,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1989–1991 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, “Highly tunable and efficient diode pumped operation of Tm3+ doped fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26(11), 746–747 (1990).
[Crossref]

Becker, M.

Benson, S. V.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butler, S.

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chandler, W.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clarkson, W. A.

Daniel, J. M. O.

Douglas, D. R.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dylla, H. F.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellis, A. D.

Farinelli, W.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freeman, M. J.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goh, C.

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gray, D. R.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Gubeli, J.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gunning, F. C. G.

Hanna, D. C.

Hayes, J. R.

Heidt, A. M.

Ibsen, M.

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

Islam, M. N.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jordan, K.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, Y.

Kadwani, P.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “High-power widely tunable thulium fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(32), 6236–6242 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanamori, T.

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ke, K.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelly, B.

Kikuchi, K.

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

Koyama, O.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laubach, H.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

MacSuibhne, N.

Maeda, Y.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Manstein, D.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McComb, T. S.

Mingareev, I.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mokhtar, M.

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

Neil, G. R.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nilsson, J.

Numkam, E.

O’Carroll, J.

Ohishi, Y.

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Olowinsky, A.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ono, H.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ono, J.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Orringer, J. S.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ota, K.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pálsdóttir, B.

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Petrovich, M. N.

Phelan, R.

Pitt, B.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poletti, F.

Quimby, R. S.

R. S. Quimby and M. Saad, “Dy:fluoroindate fiber laser at 4.5 μm with cascade lasing,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress (OSA, 2013), pp. AM2A.7.

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, M.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “High-power widely tunable thulium fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(32), 6236–6242 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saad, M.

R. S. Quimby and M. Saad, “Dy:fluoroindate fiber laser at 4.5 μm with cascade lasing,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress (OSA, 2013), pp. AM2A.7.

Sahu, J. K.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Senda, K.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Set, S. Y.

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shah, L.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “High-power widely tunable thulium fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(32), 6236–6242 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, D. Y.

Shimizu, M.

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Shinn, M.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simakov, N.

Sims, R. A.

Slavík, R.

Sudesh, V.

Sudo, S.

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, T.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Terunuma, Y.

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tokurakawa, M.

J. M. O. Daniel, M. Tokurakawa, and W. A. Clarkson, “Power-scalable wavelength-agile fibre laser source at two-microns,” in 5th EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference, ThB.3 (2012).

Townsend, J. E.

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, “Highly tunable and efficient diode pumped operation of Tm3+ doped fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26(11), 746–747 (1990).
[Crossref]

Turner, P. W.

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; Spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9um,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

Weirauch, F.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Welsh, M. J.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wheeler, N. V.

Williams, G. P.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willis, C. C. C.

Wooler, J. P.

Xu, Z.

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamada, M.

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yaroslavsky, A. N.

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. M. Walsh and N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; Spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9um,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

W. L. Barnes and J. E. Townsend, “Highly tunable and efficient diode pumped operation of Tm3+ doped fibre lasers,” Electron. Lett. 26(11), 746–747 (1990).
[Crossref]

K. Ota, K. Senda, O. Koyama, T. Tanaka, S. Aozasa, Y. Maeda, H. Ono, M. Yamada, and J. Ono, “Tm3+–Tb3+-doped tunable fibre ring laser for 1700 nm wavelength region,” Electron. Lett. 49(20), 1287–1288 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “Fibre Bragg grating compression-tuned over 110 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(6), 509 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Sakamoto, M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, and S. Sudo, “35-dB gain Tm-doped ZBLYAN fiber amplifier operating at 1.65 μm,” IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(3), 349–351 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (2)

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, “Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study,” Lasers Surg. Med. 38(10), 913–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Alexander, K. Ke, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, M. J. Freeman, B. Pitt, M. J. Welsh, and J. S. Orringer, “Photothermolysis of sebaceous glands in human skin ex vivo with a 1,708 nm Raman fiber laser and contact cooling,” Lasers Surg. Med. 43(6), 470–480 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (8)

J. W. Jr and L. Weyer, Practical Guide and Spectral Atlas for Interpretive Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (CRC, 2012).

S. Y. Set, B. Dabarsyah, C. S. Goh, K. Katoh, Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, Y. Okabe, and N. Takeda, “A widely tunable fiber Bragg grating with a wavelength tunability over 40 nm,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, (OFC, 2001), paper MC4.

T. Hoult, “Progress in lasers improves polymer joining,” Plast. Decor. (2013).

R. S. Quimby and M. Saad, “Dy:fluoroindate fiber laser at 4.5 μm with cascade lasing,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress (OSA, 2013), pp. AM2A.7.

P. F. Moulton, “High power Tm: silica fiber lasers: current status, prospects and challenges (Invited),” Eur. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics, TF2.3 (2011).

Z. Li, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, N. Simakov, P. C. Shardlow, A. M. Heidt, A. Clarkson, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Extreme Short Wavelength Operation (1.65 - 1.7 µm) of Silica-Based Thulium-Doped Fiber Amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (OSA, 2015), paper Tu2C.1.

J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and K. Hsu, “All-fiber Tm-doped wavelength-swept laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (OSA, 2012), paper JW2A.63.
[Crossref]

J. M. O. Daniel, M. Tokurakawa, and W. A. Clarkson, “Power-scalable wavelength-agile fibre laser source at two-microns,” in 5th EPS-QEOD Europhoton Conference, ThB.3 (2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Calculated net gain cross sections of Tm:silica over a range of fractional inversion levels. Successive lines represent increasing fractional inversion levels F in 0.1 increments from 0 (lower curve) to 1 (upper curve). Absorption and emission data taken from [11,12].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental layout for compression-tuned short wavelength thulium fibre laser. FBG: fibre Bragg grating, WDM: wavelength division multiplexor. TDF: thulium doped fibre. P1 & P2: thermal power meters 1 & 2. OSA: optical spectrum analyser. PD: photodiode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Pump threshold (left axis) and maximum output power (right axis) as a function of operating wavelength.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Laser output power versus launched pump power for laser operation at 1720 nm (blue triangles), 1700 nm (red circles) and 1679 nm (black squares). (b) Laser output spectrum when tuned to 1669 nm demonstrating a >40 dB height above ASE background (measured with a 2 nm spectral resolution).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental layout of monolithic all-fibre Tm laser. FBG: fibre Bragg grating. TDF: thulium doped fibre. P1 & P2: thermal power meters 1 & 2. OSA: optical spectrum analyser.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Fixed wavelength laser performance at 1726.4 nm with slope efficiency of 63% with respect to launched pump power and 67% with respect to absorbed pump power. (b) Output spectrum of source with a central wavelength of 1726.4 nm and 0.07 nm (FWHM) spectral linewidth (measured with a 0.05 nm spectral resolution).

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