Abstract

A kind of reflective all-fiber magnetic field sensor based on a non-adiabatically tapered microfiber with magnetic fluid is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The modal interference effect is caused by the abrupt tapers, which result in an approximately sinusoidal spectral response. The reflection spectra of the proposed sensor under different magnetic field strengths have been measured and theoretically analyzed. The maximum sensitivity of 174.4 pm/Oe is achieved at wavelength of around 1511 nm. Besides, an intensity tunability of −0.02 dB/Oe is also achieved. Comparing with the traditional sensors operating at transmission mode, the presented sensor in this work owns the advantages of smaller size and higher sensitivity and resolution due to the enhanced extinction ratio. The proposed structure is also promising for designing other tunable all-in-fiber photonic devices.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (4)

S. Brojabasi, T. Muthukumaran, J. Laskar, and J. Philip, “The effect of suspended Fe3O4 nanoparticle size on magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids,” Opt. Commun. 336, 278–285 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Lin, H. Zhang, B. Song, Y. Miao, B. Liu, D. Yan, and Y. Liu, “Magnetically controllable wavelength-division-multiplexing fiber coupler,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11123–11134 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng, X. Dong, C. C. Chan, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid and microfiber mode interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 336, 5–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (8)

T. Liu, Y. Chen, Q. Han, and X. Lu, “Magnetic field sensor based on U-bent single-mode fiber and magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–7 (2014).

S. Dong, S. Pu, and H. Wang, “Magnetic field sensing based on magnetic-fluid-clad fiber-optic structure with taper-like and lateral-offset fusion splicing,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19108–19116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Brojabasi, B. Lahiri, and J. Philip, “External magnetic field dependent light transmission and scattered speckle pattern in a magnetically polarizable oil-in-water nanoemulsion,” Physica B 454, 272–278 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Layeghi, H. Latifi, and O. Frazao, “Magnetic field sensor based on non-adiabatic tapered optical fiber with magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1904–1907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, S. C. Yan, X. Zheng, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “A miniature reflective micro-force sensor based on a microfiber coupler,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2443–2450 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Luo, Q. Sun, Z. Xu, D. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using multimode microfiber-based dual Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 4049–4052 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (3)

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, P. Wang, and G. Brambilla, “A microfiber coupler tip thermometer,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5402–5408 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

Z. Chen, V. K. Hsiao, X. Li, Z. Li, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optically tunable microfiber-knot resonator,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14217–14222 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, X. Li, H. Liu, and X. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(3), 210–213 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Patel and R. V. Mehta, “Ferrodispersion: a promising candidate for an optical capacitor,” Appl. Opt. 50(31), G17–G22 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-H. Xia, J. Wang, Z.-X. Lu, and F. Zhang, “Birefringence and magneto-optical properties in oleic acid coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles: application for optical switch,” Int. J. Nanosci. 10(03), 515–520 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Y. Li, L. Chen, E. Harris, and X. Bao, “Double-pass in-line fiber taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1750–1752 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

F. Xu, P. Horak, and G. Brambilla, “Optical microfiber coil resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7888–7893 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. E. Horng, J. J. Chieh, Y. H. Chao, S. Y. Yang, C.-Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Designing optical-fiber modulators by using magnetic fluids,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 543–545 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

Bao, X.

Y. Li, L. Chen, E. Harris, and X. Bao, “Double-pass in-line fiber taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1750–1752 (2010).
[Crossref]

Black, R. J.

Brambilla, G.

Brojabasi, S.

S. Brojabasi, T. Muthukumaran, J. Laskar, and J. Philip, “The effect of suspended Fe3O4 nanoparticle size on magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids,” Opt. Commun. 336, 278–285 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Brojabasi, B. Lahiri, and J. Philip, “External magnetic field dependent light transmission and scattered speckle pattern in a magnetically polarizable oil-in-water nanoemulsion,” Physica B 454, 272–278 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bures, J.

Cassidy, D. T.

Chan, C. C.

Y. Zheng, X. Dong, C. C. Chan, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid and microfiber mode interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 336, 5–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chao, Y. H.

Chen, J.

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Y. Li, L. Chen, E. Harris, and X. Bao, “Double-pass in-line fiber taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1750–1752 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. H.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

T. Liu, Y. Chen, Q. Han, and X. Lu, “Magnetic field sensor based on U-bent single-mode fiber and magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–7 (2014).

Y. Chen, S. C. Yan, X. Zheng, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “A miniature reflective micro-force sensor based on a microfiber coupler,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2443–2450 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, Q. Han, T. Liu, X. Lan, and H. Xiao, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on single-mode-multimode-single-mode structure and magnetic fluid,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 3999–4001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Chieh, J. J.

Chow, K. K.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dai, J.

J. Dai, M. Yang, X. Li, H. Liu, and X. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(3), 210–213 (2011).
[Crossref]

Deng, M.

Di, Z.

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ding, M.

Dong, S.

Dong, X.

Y. Zheng, X. Dong, C. C. Chan, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid and microfiber mode interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 336, 5–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Frazao, O.

A. Layeghi, H. Latifi, and O. Frazao, “Magnetic field sensor based on non-adiabatic tapered optical fiber with magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1904–1907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gonthier, F.

Han, M.

Han, Q.

T. Liu, Y. Chen, Q. Han, and X. Lu, “Magnetic field sensor based on U-bent single-mode fiber and magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–7 (2014).

Y. Chen, Q. Han, T. Liu, X. Lan, and H. Xiao, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on single-mode-multimode-single-mode structure and magnetic fluid,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 3999–4001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harris, E.

Y. Li, L. Chen, E. Harris, and X. Bao, “Double-pass in-line fiber taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1750–1752 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hill, K. O.

Hong, C.-Y.

Horak, P.

Horng, H. E.

Hsiao, V. K.

Hu, L.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

Ji, W. B.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Johnson, D. C.

Koh, G. W.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lacroix, S.

Lahiri, B.

S. Brojabasi, B. Lahiri, and J. Philip, “External magnetic field dependent light transmission and scattered speckle pattern in a magnetically polarizable oil-in-water nanoemulsion,” Physica B 454, 272–278 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lan, X.

Laskar, J.

S. Brojabasi, T. Muthukumaran, J. Laskar, and J. Philip, “The effect of suspended Fe3O4 nanoparticle size on magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids,” Opt. Commun. 336, 278–285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Latifi, H.

A. Layeghi, H. Latifi, and O. Frazao, “Magnetic field sensor based on non-adiabatic tapered optical fiber with magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1904–1907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Layeghi, A.

A. Layeghi, H. Latifi, and O. Frazao, “Magnetic field sensor based on non-adiabatic tapered optical fiber with magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1904–1907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lew, W. S.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, X.

Z. Chen, V. K. Hsiao, X. Li, Z. Li, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optically tunable microfiber-knot resonator,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14217–14222 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dai, M. Yang, X. Li, H. Liu, and X. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(3), 210–213 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, L. Chen, E. Harris, and X. Bao, “Double-pass in-line fiber taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1750–1752 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Liao, W.

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liew, H. F.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lim, A.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

Liu, B.

Liu, D.

Liu, H.

J. Dai, M. Yang, X. Li, H. Liu, and X. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(3), 210–213 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. H.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

T. Liu, Y. Chen, Q. Han, and X. Lu, “Magnetic field sensor based on U-bent single-mode fiber and magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–7 (2014).

Y. Chen, Q. Han, T. Liu, X. Lan, and H. Xiao, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on single-mode-multimode-single-mode structure and magnetic fluid,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 3999–4001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Lu, X.

T. Liu, Y. Chen, Q. Han, and X. Lu, “Magnetic field sensor based on U-bent single-mode fiber and magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–7 (2014).

Lu, Y. Q.

Lu, Z.-X.

S.-H. Xia, J. Wang, Z.-X. Lu, and F. Zhang, “Birefringence and magneto-optical properties in oleic acid coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles: application for optical switch,” Int. J. Nanosci. 10(03), 515–520 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

Mehta, R. V.

Miao, Y.

Muthukumaran, T.

S. Brojabasi, T. Muthukumaran, J. Laskar, and J. Philip, “The effect of suspended Fe3O4 nanoparticle size on magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids,” Opt. Commun. 336, 278–285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Patel, R.

Philip, J.

S. Brojabasi, T. Muthukumaran, J. Laskar, and J. Philip, “The effect of suspended Fe3O4 nanoparticle size on magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids,” Opt. Commun. 336, 278–285 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Brojabasi, B. Lahiri, and J. Philip, “External magnetic field dependent light transmission and scattered speckle pattern in a magnetically polarizable oil-in-water nanoemulsion,” Physica B 454, 272–278 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pu, S.

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Dong, S. Pu, and H. Wang, “Magnetic field sensing based on magnetic-fluid-clad fiber-optic structure with taper-like and lateral-offset fusion splicing,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19108–19116 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, S. Pu, N. Wang, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Magnetic field sensing based on singlemode-multimode-singlemode fiber structures using magnetic fluids as cladding,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3765–3768 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shum, P. P.

Y. Zheng, X. Dong, C. C. Chan, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid and microfiber mode interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 336, 5–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, B.

Su, H.

Y. Zheng, X. Dong, C. C. Chan, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid and microfiber mode interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 336, 5–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, Q.

Sun, X.

Tjin, S. C.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tong, X.

J. Dai, M. Yang, X. Li, H. Liu, and X. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(3), 210–213 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

S.-H. Xia, J. Wang, Z.-X. Lu, and F. Zhang, “Birefringence and magneto-optical properties in oleic acid coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles: application for optical switch,” Int. J. Nanosci. 10(03), 515–520 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, N.

Wang, P.

Wong, W. C.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Xia, S.-H.

S.-H. Xia, J. Wang, Z.-X. Lu, and F. Zhang, “Birefringence and magneto-optical properties in oleic acid coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles: application for optical switch,” Int. J. Nanosci. 10(03), 515–520 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

Xu, F.

Xu, Z.

Yan, D.

Yan, S. C.

Yang, H. C.

Yang, M.

J. Dai, M. Yang, X. Li, H. Liu, and X. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(3), 210–213 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. Y.

Yao, J.

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, J. Wu, W. Lin, K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Magnetic field tunability of optical microfiber taper integrated with ferrofluid,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29914–29920 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

Yuan, Y.

Zhang, F.

S.-H. Xia, J. Wang, Z.-X. Lu, and F. Zhang, “Birefringence and magneto-optical properties in oleic acid coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles: application for optical switch,” Int. J. Nanosci. 10(03), 515–520 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Z. Chen, V. K. Hsiao, X. Li, Z. Li, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optically tunable microfiber-knot resonator,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14217–14222 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Miao, J. Wu, W. Lin, K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, B. Song, H. Zhang, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Magnetic field tunability of optical microfiber taper integrated with ferrofluid,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29914–29920 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

Zheng, X.

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng, X. Dong, C. C. Chan, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid and microfiber mode interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 336, 5–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zu, P.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Miao, H. Zhang, J. Lin, B. Song, K. Zhang, W. Lin, B. Liu, and J. Yao, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and magnetic field based on a long period grating concatenated with multimode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 132410 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Pu, X. Chen, L. Chen, W. Liao, Y. Chen, and Y. Xia, “Tunable magnetic fluid grating by applying a magnetic field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(2), 021901 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Liu, X. Chen, Z. Di, J. Zhang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(12), 121116 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

T. Liu, Y. Chen, Q. Han, and X. Lu, “Magnetic field sensor based on U-bent single-mode fiber and magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1–7 (2014).

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, L. Hu, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Temperature-insensitive magnetic field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(2), 491–498 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

A. Layeghi, H. Latifi, and O. Frazao, “Magnetic field sensor based on non-adiabatic tapered optical fiber with magnetic fluid,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1904–1907 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, L. Chen, E. Harris, and X. Bao, “Double-pass in-line fiber taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1750–1752 (2010).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Nanosci. (1)

S.-H. Xia, J. Wang, Z.-X. Lu, and F. Zhang, “Birefringence and magneto-optical properties in oleic acid coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles: application for optical switch,” Int. J. Nanosci. 10(03), 515–520 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

S. Pu, S. Dong, and J. Huang, “Tunable slow light based on magnetic-fluid-infiltrated photonic crystal waveguides,” J. Opt. 16(4), 045102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Brojabasi, T. Muthukumaran, J. Laskar, and J. Philip, “The effect of suspended Fe3O4 nanoparticle size on magneto-optical properties of ferrofluids,” Opt. Commun. 336, 278–285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, X. Dong, C. C. Chan, P. P. Shum, and H. Su, “Optical fiber magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid and microfiber mode interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 336, 5–8 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Dai, M. Yang, X. Li, H. Liu, and X. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 17(3), 210–213 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Physica B (1)

S. Brojabasi, B. Lahiri, and J. Philip, “External magnetic field dependent light transmission and scattered speckle pattern in a magnetically polarizable oil-in-water nanoemulsion,” Physica B 454, 272–278 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (1)

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, G. W. Koh, W. S. Lew, Y. Jin, H. F. Liew, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, “Enhancement of the sensitivity of magneto-optical fiber sensor by magnifying the birefringence of magnetic fluid film with Loyt-Sagnac interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Microscope image of NATMF and (b) NATMF waist.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of the NATMF-based magnetic field sensor with MF as the surrounding.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic of the experimental measurement setup.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Reflection spectra of the NATMF immersed in air and MF, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Reflection spectral response to the magnetic field strength.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Spatial frequency spectrum of the interference patterns shown in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Dip wavelength shift as a function of magnetic field strength.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Sensitivity as a function of dip wavelength.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Fringe visibility as a function of magnetic field for dip wavelength around 1309 nm.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I t = I 1 + I 2 +2 I 1 I 2 cosφ,
Δβ= λ[ ( U 2 ) 2 ( U 1 ) 2 ] 4π n 1 r 2 exp( 2 V ),
FSR( λ )= 2π φ/λ = 8 π 2 r 2 n 1 L[ ( U 2 ) 2 ( U 1 ) 2 ]( 1 2 V )exp( 2 V ) ,
dλ d n 0 = φ/ n 0 φ/λ = 2λ n 0 ( V2 )( n 1 2 n 0 2 ) ,
P=10 log 10 [ ( I 1 + I 2 )/( I 1 I 2 ) ] 2 ,

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