Abstract

The operation of an integrated silicon-photonics multi-microring network-on-chip (NoC) is experimentally demonstrated in terms of transmission spectra and bit error rates at 10 Gb/s. The integrated NoC consists of 8 thermally tuned microrings coupled to a central ring. The switching functionalities are tested with concurrent transmissions at both the same and different wavelengths. Experimental results validate the analytical model based on the transfer matrix method. BER measurements show performance up to 10−9 at 10 Gb/s with limited crosstalk and penalty (below 0.5 dB) induced by an interfering transmission.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (3)

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, and K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “Optical 4x4 hitless slicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16(20), 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

P. P. Pande, C. Grecu, M. Jones, A. Ivanov, and R. Saleh, “Performance evaluation and design trade-offs for network-on-chip interconnect architectures,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 54(8), 1025–1040 (2005).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Albonesi, D. H.

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

Andriolli, N.

Annoni, A.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Apsel, A. B.

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

Asanovic, K.

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Batten, C.

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

Bauters, J. F.

Beamer, S.

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R. G.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Bellanca, G.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, D. Calhoun, Q. Li, R. Hendry, P. Samadi, and K. Bergman, “Scaling silicon photonic switch fabrics for data center interconnection networks,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1159–1175 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, and K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “Optical 4x4 hitless slicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16(20), 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biberman, A.

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, and K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “Optical 4x4 hitless slicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16(20), 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Binkert, N.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

Bramerie, L.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buhl, L.

P. Dong, Y. Chen, T. Gu, L. Buhl, D. Neilson, and J. Sinsky, “Reconfigurable 100 Gb/s silicon photonic network-on-chip [Invited],” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A37–A43 (2015).
[Crossref]

Calhoun, D.

Carloni, L. P.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cerutti, I.

Chan, J.

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, and K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, R. T.

Chen, Y.

P. Dong, Y. Chen, T. Gu, L. Buhl, D. Neilson, and J. Sinsky, “Reconfigurable 100 Gb/s silicon photonic network-on-chip [Invited],” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A37–A43 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chrostowski, L.

Y. Wang, J. Flueckiger, C. Lin, and L. Chrostowski, “Universal grating coupler design,” in Proc. SPIE Photonics North (2013).

Claes, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cocorullo, G.

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338 (1999).
[Crossref]

Contu, P.

Davis, A.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

De Heyn, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

De Vos, K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Della Corte, F. G.

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dokania, R. K.

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dong, P.

P. Dong, Y. Chen, T. Gu, L. Buhl, D. Neilson, and J. Sinsky, “Reconfigurable 100 Gb/s silicon photonic network-on-chip [Invited],” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A37–A43 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fattal, D.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Fiorentino, M.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Flueckiger, J.

Y. Wang, J. Flueckiger, C. Lin, and L. Chrostowski, “Universal grating coupler design,” in Proc. SPIE Photonics North (2013).

Gay, M.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grecu, C.

P. P. Pande, C. Grecu, M. Jones, A. Ivanov, and R. Saleh, “Performance evaluation and design trade-offs for network-on-chip interconnect architectures,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 54(8), 1025–1040 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gu, T.

P. Dong, Y. Chen, T. Gu, L. Buhl, D. Neilson, and J. Sinsky, “Reconfigurable 100 Gb/s silicon photonic network-on-chip [Invited],” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A37–A43 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heck, M. J. R.

Hendry, R.

Hosseini, A.

Ivanov, A.

P. P. Pande, C. Grecu, M. Jones, A. Ivanov, and R. Saleh, “Performance evaluation and design trade-offs for network-on-chip interconnect architectures,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 54(8), 1025–1040 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jones, M.

P. P. Pande, C. Grecu, M. Jones, A. Ivanov, and R. Saleh, “Performance evaluation and design trade-offs for network-on-chip interconnect architectures,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 54(8), 1025–1040 (2005).
[Crossref]

Joshi, A.

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

Jouppi, N. P.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Kirman, M.

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kirman, N.

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kumar Selvaraja, S.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kwon, Y.-J.

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

Kwong, D.

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, and K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “Optical 4x4 hitless slicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16(20), 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Lin, C.

Y. Wang, J. Flueckiger, C. Lin, and L. Chrostowski, “Universal grating coupler design,” in Proc. SPIE Photonics North (2013).

Lipson, M.

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and M. Lipson, “Optical 4x4 hitless slicon router for optical networks-on-chip (NoC),” Opt. Express 16(20), 15915–15922 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lira, H. L. R.

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

Martinez, J. F.

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

McLaren, M.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Melloni, A.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morichetti, F.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Neilson, D.

P. Dong, Y. Chen, T. Gu, L. Buhl, D. Neilson, and J. Sinsky, “Reconfigurable 100 Gb/s silicon photonic network-on-chip [Invited],” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A37–A43 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nikolova, D.

Ophir, N.

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

Padmaraju, K.

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pande, P. P.

P. P. Pande, C. Grecu, M. Jones, A. Ivanov, and R. Saleh, “Performance evaluation and design trade-offs for network-on-chip interconnect architectures,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 54(8), 1025–1040 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pareige, C.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Parini, A.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pintus, P.

Raponi, P. G.

Rendina, I.

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rumley, S.

Saleh, R.

P. P. Pande, C. Grecu, M. Jones, A. Ivanov, and R. Saleh, “Performance evaluation and design trade-offs for network-on-chip interconnect architectures,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 54(8), 1025–1040 (2005).
[Crossref]

Samadi, P.

Santori, C. M.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Schreiber, R. S.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Shacham, A.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shamim, I.

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

Sherwood-Droz, N.

Sinsky, J.

P. Dong, Y. Chen, T. Gu, L. Buhl, D. Neilson, and J. Sinsky, “Reconfigurable 100 Gb/s silicon photonic network-on-chip [Invited],” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A37–A43 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sorel, M.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Spencer, D. T.

Spillane, S. M.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Stojanovic, V.

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

Strain, M. J.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Subbaraman, H.

Thual, M.

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Vaerenbergh, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vantrease, D.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Wang, H.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Flueckiger, C. Lin, and L. Chrostowski, “Universal grating coupler design,” in Proc. SPIE Photonics North (2013).

Watkins, M. A.

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

Xu, X.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Cocorullo, F. G. Della Corte, and I. Rendina, “Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in crystalline silicon between room temperature and 550 K at the wavelength of 1523 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(22), 3338 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

P. Dong, Y. Chen, T. Gu, L. Buhl, D. Neilson, and J. Sinsky, “Reconfigurable 100 Gb/s silicon photonic network-on-chip [Invited],” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A37–A43 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, and K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Micro (1)

N. Kirman, M. Kirman, R. K. Dokania, J. F. Martinez, A. B. Apsel, M. A. Watkins, and D. H. Albonesi, “On-Chip optical technology in future bus-based multicore designs,” IEEE Micro 27(1), 56–66 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, “Broadband silicon photonic electrooptic switch for photonic interconnection networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 504–506 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Parini, G. Bellanca, A. Annoni, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, M. Gay, C. Pareige, L. Bramerie, and M. Thual, “BER evaluation of a passive SOI WDM router,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(23), 2285–2288 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Comput. (2)

P. P. Pande, C. Grecu, M. Jones, A. Ivanov, and R. Saleh, “Performance evaluation and design trade-offs for network-on-chip interconnect architectures,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 54(8), 1025–1040 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. De Vos, S. Kumar Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (1)

Other (7)

Y. Wang, J. Flueckiger, C. Lin, and L. Chrostowski, “Universal grating coupler design,” in Proc. SPIE Photonics North (2013).

COMSOL, Multiphysics, www.comsol.com

R. G. Beausoleil, J. Ahn, N. Binkert, A. Davis, D. Fattal, M. Fiorentino, N. P. Jouppi, M. McLaren, C. M. Santori, R. S. Schreiber, S. M. Spillane, D. Vantrease, and Q. Xu, “A nanophotonic interconnect for high-performance many-core computation,” in Proc. IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 182–189 (2008).

A. Joshi, C. Batten, Y.-J. Kwon, S. Beamer, I. Shamim, K. Asanovic, and V. Stojanovic, “Silicon-photonic clos networks for global on-chip communication,” in Proc. NoCS (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Gambini, P. Pintus, S. Faralli, N. Andriolli, and I. Cerutti, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated network-on-chip with multi microring,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications (OFC) conference (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Faralli, F. Gambini, P. Pintus, I. Cerutti, and N. Andriolli, “Ring Versus Bus: A BER Comparison of Photonic Integrated Networks-on-Chip,” in Proc. Optical Interconnects (2015).

M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, G. N. Nielson, D. L. Luck, and R. W. Young, “Adiabatic resonant microrings (ARMs) with directly integrated thermal microphotonics,” in Proc. CLEO/QELS (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscopy photo of the realized MMR NoC architecture (with the port names) (a), device cross section scheme (b), and microscopy photo of a local ring in which the coupling regions and the silicon doped slab are clearly visible (c). For display purposes, the devices in the pictures do not include the metal layer and the contact pads.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for spectrum characterizations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral response of a 10-μm radius local ring (a), and wavelength shift as a function of the electrical dissipated power for simulated (solid blue line) and measured data (red squares) (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for BER measurements in single-wavelength and two-wavelength configurations.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

MMR in single-wavelength configuration: simulated and measured transmission spectra normalized to the grating coupler insertion loss for transmissions T1→R2 (signal) and T4→R2 (interference) (a), the corresponding BER vs. received power curves at 10 Gb/s (b), and eye diagram for transmission T1→R2 with the concurrent interfering transmission T4→R1 at the same wavelength, at BER of 10−8 (c).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

MMR in single-wavelength configuration: simulated (top) and measured (bottom) transmission spectra normalized to the grating coupler insertion loss for transmissions T1→R2 (signal) and T3→R2 (interference) (a), the related BER vs. received power curves at 10 Gb/s (b), and eye diagram for 10 Gb/s for transmission T1→R2 with the concurrent interfering transmission T3→R4 at the same wavelength, at a BER of 10−8 (c).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

MMR in two-wavelength configuration: simulated (top) and measured (bottom) transmission spectra normalized to the grating coupler insertion loss for transmissions T4→R2 and T1→R3 (signals) with the interference contributions T1→R2 and T4→R3, respectively (a), the corresponding BER vs. received power curves at 10 Gb/s (b). In (c) and (d) the eye diagrams to for transmission T4→R2 and T1→R3 (in presence of their interfering transmission), respectively, at BER of 10−8.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Simulated and measured 3-dB bandwidth and crosstalk levels for two-wavelength configurationa.

Equations (1)

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Δλ λ = 1 n g ( n eff n core n core T + n eff n clad n clad T )ΔT,

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