Abstract

Two kinds of hundred-watt-level random distributed feedback Raman fiber have been demonstrated. The optical efficiency can reach to as high as 84.8%. The reported power and efficiency of the random laser is the highest one as we know. We have also demonstrated that the developed random laser can be further used to pump a Ho-doped fiber laser for mid-infrared laser generation. Finally, 23 W 2050 nm laser is achieved. The presented laser can obtain high power output efficiently and conveniently and opens a new direction for high power laser sources at designed wavelength.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. M. R. Pinto, M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “Suspended-core fiber Sagnac combined dual-random mirror Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11906–11915 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, and S. I. Kablukov, “Random fiber laser directly pumped by a high-power laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3301–3303 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, “Power optimization of random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28033–28038 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).
  13. I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. A. Fotiadi, “Random lasers: An incoherent fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 204–205 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. V. Smirnov and D. V. Churkin, “Modeling of spectral and statistical properties of a random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 21236–21241 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  20. S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, N. Simakov, A. Davidson, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “High power operation of cladding pumped holmium-doped silica fibre lasers,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4560–4566 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “Raman fiber laser-pumped high-power, efficient Ho-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(10), 2476–2479 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. I. Kablukov, E. A. Zlobina, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Output spectrum of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2508–2510 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Turbulence-induced square-root broadening of the Raman fiber laser output spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 633–635 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “Raman fiber laser-pumped high-power, efficient Ho-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(10), 2476–2479 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

2012 (4)

2011 (3)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. M. R. Pinto, M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, J. Kobelke, and K. Schuster, “Suspended-core fiber Sagnac combined dual-random mirror Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11906–11915 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. A. Fotiadi, “Random lasers: An incoherent fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 204–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, and S. I. Kablukov, “Random fiber laser directly pumped by a high-power laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3301–3303 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Kablukov, E. A. Zlobina, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Output spectrum of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2508–2510 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, “Power optimization of random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28033–28038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Turbulence-induced square-root broadening of the Raman fiber laser output spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 633–635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Babinb, S. A.

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bennetts, S.

Bravo, M.

Bugge, F.

Carter, A.

Churkin, D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Smirnov and D. V. Churkin, “Modeling of spectral and statistical properties of a random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 21236–21241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, “Power optimization of random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28033–28038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Turbulence-induced square-root broadening of the Raman fiber laser output spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 633–635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davidson, A.

Dontsova, E. I.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Erbert, G.

Falkovich, G.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, M.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

Fernandez-Vallejo, M.

Fotiadi, A. A.

A. A. Fotiadi, “Random lasers: An incoherent fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 204–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

Harper, P.

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haub, J.

Hemming, A.

Ismagulov, A. E.

Jackson, S. D.

Jia, X.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

Jia, X. H.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. A. Babin, E. I. Dontsova, and S. I. Kablukov, “Random fiber laser directly pumped by a high-power laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(17), 3301–3303 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Kablukov, E. A. Zlobina, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Output spectrum of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2508–2510 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Turbulence-induced square-root broadening of the Raman fiber laser output spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 633–635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamynin, V.

Karalekas, V.

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kobelke, J.

Kolokolov, I. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kosolapov, A. F.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kurkov, A. S.

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lebedev, V. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Lopez-Amo, M.

Marakulin, A. V.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Medvedkov, O. I.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miao, Y.

Minashina, L. A.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nikulin, M. A.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikulinc, M.

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pinto, A. M. R.

Podivilov, E. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. I. Kablukov, E. A. Zlobina, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Output spectrum of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2508–2510 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “Turbulence-induced square-root broadening of the Raman fiber laser output spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 633–635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rao, Y.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y. J.

Schuster, K.

Sholokhov, E. M.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shu, X.

Simakov, N.

Smirnov, S. V.

Sugavanam, S.

Tang, H.

H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tarasov, N.

Terekhov, I. S.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsvetkov, V. B.

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turitsyna, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, and S. A. Babin, “Power optimization of random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28033–28038 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vatnikc, I. D.

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vergeles, S. S.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. N.

Wu, H.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

Xiao, H.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “Raman fiber laser-pumped high-power, efficient Ho-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(10), 2476–2479 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Yang, Z. X.

Zhang, H.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “Raman fiber laser-pumped high-power, efficient Ho-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(10), 2476–2479 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

S. Sugavanam, Z. Yan, V. Kamynin, A. S. Kurkov, L. Zhang, and D. V. Churkin, “Multiwavelength generation in a random distributed feedback fiber laser using an all fiber Lyot filter,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2839–2844 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. L.

Zhou, P.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “Raman fiber laser-pumped high-power, efficient Ho-doped fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(10), 2476–2479 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. M.

Zhu, Y.

H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zlobina, E. A.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jia, “High Power Random Fiber Laser With Short Cavity Length: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 900506 (2015).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. A. Fotiadi, “Random lasers: An incoherent fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 204–205 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

H. Tang, W. Zhang, Y. Rao, Y. Zhu, and Z. Wang, “Spectrum-adjustable random lasing in single-mode fiber controlled by a FBG,” Opt. Laser Technol. 57, 100–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. K. Turitsyna, S. A. Babinb, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnikc, M. Nikulinc, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. S. Kurkov, E. M. Sholokhov, V. B. Tsvetkov, A. V. Marakulin, L. A. Minashina, O. I. Medvedkov, and A. F. Kosolapov, “Holmium fibre laser with record quantum efficiency,” Quantum Electron. 41(6), 492–494 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The (a) open and (b) half cavity setup of the random DFB Raman fiber laser. YDFL: Ytterbium-doped fiber laser; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; FBG: fiber Bragg grating.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Residual pump and generated Stokes wave power in the forward and backward direction as a function of 1090 nm pump power.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The forward and backward spectra at threshold and maximal power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The frequency spectrum of the random laser in backward direction when the output power is 40 W; inset: the temporal trace of the RFL. Detected by Thorlabs InGaAs detector with bandwidth of 1 GHz and Tektronix oscilloscope with bandwidth of 1.5 GHz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The output Stokes wave power and residual pump power changed with pump power; insets: spectra at different power level.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The spectra of the half cavity at pump power of 54 W and 132 W; (b) the frequency of the output at the maximal power, inset is the temporal behaviors.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experimental setup of the random laser pumped Ho-doped laser source. HDF: Ho-doped fiber; FBG: fiber Bragg grating; DM: dichroic mirror.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The (a) power figure and (b) spectra of the HDFL at pump of the half-cavity RFL.

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