Abstract

We demonstrate high-speed data transmission with a commercial high power GaN laser diode at 450 nm. 2.6 GHz bandwidth was achieved at an injection current of 500 mA using a high-speed visible light communication setup. Record high 4 Gbps free-space data transmission rate was achieved at room temperature.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, and T. Mukai, “P-GaN/N-InGaN/N-GaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(2), L8–L11 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).
  10. D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. E. Bowers, “High speed semiconductor laser design and performance,” Solid-State Electron. 30(1), 1–11 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  14. L. A. Coldren, S. W. Corzine, and M. L. Mashanovitch, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2012).

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

2013 (5)

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, and T. Mukai, “P-GaN/N-InGaN/N-GaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(2), L8–L11 (1993).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. E. Bowers, “High speed semiconductor laser design and performance,” Solid-State Electron. 30(1), 1–11 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

J. E. Bowers, “High speed semiconductor laser design and performance,” Solid-State Electron. 30(1), 1–11 (1987).
[Crossref]

Cantore, M.

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chun, H.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cogman, A.

Dawson, M. D.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Denault, K. A.

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Faulkner, G.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Gong, Z.

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Green, R. P.

J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grobe, L.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grzanka, S.

Gu, E.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guilhabert, B.

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haas, H.

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Haji, M.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hartlieb, F.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Henderson, R. K.

Hilt, J.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jungnickel, V.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kelly, A. E.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kottke, C.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Langer, K.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lassak, F.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leszczynski, M.

Manousiadis, P.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Massoubre, D.

McKendry, J.

McKendry, J. D.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mukai, T.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, and T. Mukai, “P-GaN/N-InGaN/N-GaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(2), L8–L11 (1993).
[Crossref]

Najda, S. P.

Nakamura, S.

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, and T. Mukai, “P-GaN/N-InGaN/N-GaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(2), L8–L11 (1993).
[Crossref]

O’Brian, D.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Paraskevopoulos, A.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Perlin, P.

Pimputkar, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rae, B. R.

Rajbhandari, S.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Samuel, I. D.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Schulz, D.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Senoh, M.

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, and T. Mukai, “P-GaN/N-InGaN/N-GaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(2), L8–L11 (1993).
[Crossref]

Seshadri, R.

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Speck, J. S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tan, M.

Targowski, G.

Tsonev, D.

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Turnbull, G. A.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Videv, S.

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vithanage, D. A.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Watson, S.

Xie, E.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

Zhang, S.

AIP Adv. (1)

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brian, “3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. Samuel, and D. O’Brian, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(20), 1041–1135 (2014).

J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, and T. Mukai, “P-GaN/N-InGaN/N-GaN double-heterostructure blue-light-emitting diodes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(2), L8–L11 (1993).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Solid-State Electron. (1)

J. E. Bowers, “High speed semiconductor laser design and performance,” Solid-State Electron. 30(1), 1–11 (1987).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

L. A. Coldren, S. W. Corzine, and M. L. Mashanovitch, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2012).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Illustration of the edge emitting laser design. (b) Schematic block diagram of the VLC setup for determining frequency response. (c) Diagram of the data transmission testing setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) LIV characteristics and (b) optical spectra of the 450 nm laser diode at room temperature.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Small signal frequency response of the laser diode in the VLC system at varying drive currents. The symbols are measured data points and the solid curves are a 6th-order polynomial approximation fit to the data.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The dependence of relaxation resonance frequency on the drive current and (b) the dependence of the −3 dB bandwidth limit on the drive current.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Eye diagrams of the digital modulation with 2 Gbit/s (left) and 4 Gbit/s (right).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Bandwidth limits of VLC components

Equations (4)

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| H(ω) |= ω r 2 ( ω r 2 ω 2 ) 2 + γ 2 ω 2
f R = 1 2π [ Γ v g a qV η i (I I th ) ] 1 2
Q= I 1 I 0 σ 1 σ 0
BERerfc[ Q 2 ]

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