Abstract

While terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is a well-established technique, polarization sensitive measurements are challenging due to the need of broadband polarization devices. Here, we characterize our recently introduced multi-contact photoconductive detector antenna with a response matrix analysis. We show that the lead lines attached to electrodes reduce the antenna symmetry and thereby influence the properties of the response matrices. With a wire grid polarizer, we simulate a sample influencing the polarization angle and the intensity of the incident THz pulse. Evaluating the measurements with the response matrix analysis, our results show a well agreement of the adjusted and measured polarization angles and intensities over a frequency range from 0.25 to 0.8 THz.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. D. S. Bulgarevich, M. Watanabe, M. Shiwa, G. Niehues, S. Nishizawa, and M. Tani, “A polarization-sensitive 4-contact detector for terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 22, 10332–10340 (2014).
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2015 (1)

2014 (6)

D. S. Bulgarevich, M. Watanabe, M. Shiwa, G. Niehues, S. Nishizawa, and M. Tani, “A polarization-sensitive 4-contact detector for terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 22, 10332–10340 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yasumatsu, A. Kasatani, K. Oguchi, and S. Watanabe, “High-speed terahertz time-domain polarimeter based on an electro-optic modulation technique,” Appl. Phys. Express 7, 092401 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Funkner, G. Niehues, D. A. Schmidt, and E. Bründermann, “Terahertz absorption of chemicals in water: ideal and real solutions and mixtures,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 35, 38–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Nagashima, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Polarization-sensitive THz-TDS and its application to anisotropy sensing,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 740–775 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wiesauer and C. Jördens, “Recent advances in birefringence studies at THz frequencies,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 663–681 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Arikawa, Q. Zhang, L. Ren, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Review of anisotropic terahertz material response,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 724–739 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Castro-Camus, “Polarization-resolved terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 33, 418–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Krüger, S. Funkner, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Uncertainty and ambiguity in terahertz parameter extraction and data analysis,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 32, 699–715 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. Hussain and S. R. Andrews, “Ultrabroadband polarization analysis of terahertz pulses,” Opt. Express 16, 7251–7257 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2005 (3)

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hangyo, M. Tani, and T. Nagashima, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of solids: a review,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 26, 1661–1690 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

E. Hendry, J. M. Schins, L. P. Candeias, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and M. Bonn, “Efficiency of exciton and charge carrier photogeneration in a semiconducting polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 196601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

1941 (1)

Aldersley, M.

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Allen, S. J.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Andrews, S. R.

Arikawa, T.

T. Arikawa, Q. Zhang, L. Ren, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Review of anisotropic terahertz material response,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 724–739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Aschaffenburg, D. J.

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Belyanin, A.

T. Arikawa, Q. Zhang, L. Ren, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Review of anisotropic terahertz material response,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 724–739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Birge, R. R.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Bonn, M.

E. Hendry, J. M. Schins, L. P. Candeias, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and M. Bonn, “Efficiency of exciton and charge carrier photogeneration in a semiconducting polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 196601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Born, B.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bründermann, E.

S. Funkner, G. Niehues, D. A. Schmidt, and E. Bründermann, “Terahertz absorption of chemicals in water: ideal and real solutions and mixtures,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 35, 38–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Krüger, S. Funkner, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Uncertainty and ambiguity in terahertz parameter extraction and data analysis,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 32, 699–715 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bulgarevich, D. S.

Candeias, L. P.

E. Hendry, J. M. Schins, L. P. Candeias, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and M. Bonn, “Efficiency of exciton and charge carrier photogeneration in a semiconducting polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 196601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castro-Camus, E.

E. Castro-Camus, “Polarization-resolved terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 33, 418–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chandrashekhar, M.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Conti Nibali, V.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dawlaty, J.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dielmann-Gessner, J.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elezzabi, A. Y.

Estacio, E.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ferris, J.

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fields, G. B.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fraser, M. D.

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Funkner, S.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Funkner, G. Niehues, D. A. Schmidt, and E. Bründermann, “Terahertz absorption of chemicals in water: ideal and real solutions and mixtures,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 35, 38–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Krüger, S. Funkner, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Uncertainty and ambiguity in terahertz parameter extraction and data analysis,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 32, 699–715 (2011).
[Crossref]

Galan, J.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

George, D. K.

D. K. George and A. G. Markelz, “Terahertz spectroscopy of liquids and biomolecules,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 229–250.

George, P. A.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Grossman, M.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Q.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, Q.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hangyo, M.

T. Nagashima, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Polarization-sensitive THz-TDS and its application to anisotropy sensing,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 740–775 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Makabe, Y. Hirota, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Polarization state measurement of terahertz electromagnetic radiation by three-contact photoconductive antenna,” Opt. Express 15, 11650–11657 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hangyo, M. Tani, and T. Nagashima, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of solids: a review,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 26, 1661–1690 (2005).
[Crossref]

Havenith, M.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Krüger, S. Funkner, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Uncertainty and ambiguity in terahertz parameter extraction and data analysis,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 32, 699–715 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hendry, E.

E. Hendry, J. M. Schins, L. P. Candeias, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and M. Bonn, “Efficiency of exciton and charge carrier photogeneration in a semiconducting polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 196601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirota, Y.

Hussain, A.

Jagadish, C.

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jansen, C.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy of polymers,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 327–353.

Jepsen, P. U.

Johnston, M. B.

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jones, R. C.

Jördens, C.

K. Wiesauer and C. Jördens, “Recent advances in birefringence studies at THz frequencies,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 663–681 (2013).
[Crossref]

Joshi, P. C.

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kasatani, A.

N. Yasumatsu, A. Kasatani, K. Oguchi, and S. Watanabe, “High-speed terahertz time-domain polarimeter based on an electro-optic modulation technique,” Appl. Phys. Express 7, 092401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy of polymers,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 327–353.

Kono, J.

T. Arikawa, Q. Zhang, L. Ren, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Review of anisotropic terahertz material response,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 724–739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krüger, M.

M. Krüger, S. Funkner, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Uncertainty and ambiguity in terahertz parameter extraction and data analysis,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 32, 699–715 (2011).
[Crossref]

LaChance, J.

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lloyd-Hughes, J.

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Makabe, H.

Markelz, A. G.

D. K. George and A. G. Markelz, “Terahertz spectroscopy of liquids and biomolecules,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 229–250.

Merbold, H.

Møller, U.

Murakami, H.

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagashima, T.

T. Nagashima, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Polarization-sensitive THz-TDS and its application to anisotropy sensing,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 740–775 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Hangyo, M. Tani, and T. Nagashima, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of solids: a review,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 26, 1661–1690 (2005).
[Crossref]

Niehues, G.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. S. Bulgarevich, M. Watanabe, M. Shiwa, G. Niehues, S. Nishizawa, and M. Tani, “A polarization-sensitive 4-contact detector for terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 22, 10332–10340 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Funkner, G. Niehues, D. A. Schmidt, and E. Bründermann, “Terahertz absorption of chemicals in water: ideal and real solutions and mixtures,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 35, 38–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nishizawa, S.

Oguchi, K.

N. Yasumatsu, A. Kasatani, K. Oguchi, and S. Watanabe, “High-speed terahertz time-domain polarimeter based on an electro-optic modulation technique,” Appl. Phys. Express 7, 092401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohtake, H.

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parrott, E. P.

Plaxco, K.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Prober, D. E.

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ramanathan, V.

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ramian, G.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Rana, F.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ren, L.

T. Arikawa, Q. Zhang, L. Ren, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Review of anisotropic terahertz material response,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 724–739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sagi, I.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santavicca, D. F.

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sarukura, N.

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasakawa, H.

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savvidis, P.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Schins, J. M.

E. Hendry, J. M. Schins, L. P. Candeias, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and M. Bonn, “Efficiency of exciton and charge carrier photogeneration in a semiconducting polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 196601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, D. A.

S. Funkner, G. Niehues, D. A. Schmidt, and E. Bründermann, “Terahertz absorption of chemicals in water: ideal and real solutions and mixtures,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 35, 38–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Scopatz, A.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Sederberg, S.

Shi, W.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shivaraman, S.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shiwa, M.

Siebbeles, L. D. A.

E. Hendry, J. M. Schins, L. P. Candeias, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and M. Bonn, “Efficiency of exciton and charge carrier photogeneration in a semiconducting polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 196601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solomonov, I.

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spencer, M. G.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Strait, J.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tachizaki, T.

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takeda, M.

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talbayev, D.

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tamalonis, A.

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tamura, A.

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, H. H.

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tani, M.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. S. Bulgarevich, M. Watanabe, M. Shiwa, G. Niehues, S. Nishizawa, and M. Tani, “A polarization-sensitive 4-contact detector for terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 22, 10332–10340 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Nagashima, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Polarization-sensitive THz-TDS and its application to anisotropy sensing,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 740–775 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Makabe, Y. Hirota, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Polarization state measurement of terahertz electromagnetic radiation by three-contact photoconductive antenna,” Opt. Express 15, 11650–11657 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hangyo, M. Tani, and T. Nagashima, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of solids: a review,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 26, 1661–1690 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tominaga, K.

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, M.

Watanabe, S.

N. Yasumatsu, A. Kasatani, K. Oguchi, and S. Watanabe, “High-speed terahertz time-domain polarimeter based on an electro-optic modulation technique,” Appl. Phys. Express 7, 092401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiesauer, K.

K. Wiesauer and C. Jördens, “Recent advances in birefringence studies at THz frequencies,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 663–681 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wietzke, S.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy of polymers,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 327–353.

Wilke, I.

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Williams, M. R. C.

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Yamamoto, K.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yasumatsu, N.

N. Yasumatsu, A. Kasatani, K. Oguchi, and S. Watanabe, “High-speed terahertz time-domain polarimeter based on an electro-optic modulation technique,” Appl. Phys. Express 7, 092401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeitler, J. A.

Zhang, J.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

T. Arikawa, Q. Zhang, L. Ren, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Review of anisotropic terahertz material response,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 724–739 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Clay Sci. (1)

I. Wilke, V. Ramanathan, J. LaChance, A. Tamalonis, M. Aldersley, P. C. Joshi, and J. Ferris, “Characterization of the terahertz frequency optical constants of montmorillonite,” Appl. Clay Sci. 87, 61–65 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

N. Yasumatsu, A. Kasatani, K. Oguchi, and S. Watanabe, “High-speed terahertz time-domain polarimeter based on an electro-optic modulation technique,” Appl. Phys. Express 7, 092401 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. Castro-Camus, J. Lloyd-Hughes, M. B. Johnston, M. D. Fraser, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Polarization-sensitive terahertz detection by multicontact photoconductive receivers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 254102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, G. Niehues, S. Funkner, E. Estacio, Q. Han, K. Yamamoto, J. Zhang, W. Shi, Q. Guo, and M. Tani, “Terahertz surface emission from Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film photovoltaic material excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 231104 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. J. Aschaffenburg, M. R. C. Williams, D. Talbayev, D. F. Santavicca, D. E. Prober, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Efficient measurement of broadband terahertz optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 241114 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Biophys. J. (1)

K. Yamamoto, K. Tominaga, H. Sasakawa, A. Tamura, H. Murakami, H. Ohtake, and N. Sarukura, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of amino acids and polypeptides,” Biophys. J. 89, L22–L24 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves (7)

S. Funkner, G. Niehues, D. A. Schmidt, and E. Bründermann, “Terahertz absorption of chemicals in water: ideal and real solutions and mixtures,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 35, 38–52 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Krüger, S. Funkner, E. Bründermann, and M. Havenith, “Uncertainty and ambiguity in terahertz parameter extraction and data analysis,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 32, 699–715 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Hangyo, M. Tani, and T. Nagashima, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of solids: a review,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 26, 1661–1690 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Castro-Camus, “Polarization-resolved terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 33, 418–430 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Nagashima, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Polarization-sensitive THz-TDS and its application to anisotropy sensing,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 740–775 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wiesauer and C. Jördens, “Recent advances in birefringence studies at THz frequencies,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 663–681 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Arikawa, Q. Zhang, L. Ren, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Review of anisotropic terahertz material response,” J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves 34, 724–739 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8, 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. Hendry, J. M. Schins, L. P. Candeias, L. D. A. Siebbeles, and M. Bonn, “Efficiency of exciton and charge carrier photogeneration in a semiconducting polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 196601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. (1)

J. Dielmann-Gessner, M. Grossman, V. Conti Nibali, B. Born, I. Solomonov, G. B. Fields, M. Havenith, and I. Sagi, “Enzymatic turnover of macromolecules generates long-lasting proteinwater-coupled motions beyond reaction steady state,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111, 17857–17862 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Xu, J. Galan, G. Ramian, P. Savvidis, A. Scopatz, R. R. Birge, S. J. Allen, and K. Plaxco, “Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Proc. SPIE 5268, 19–26 (2004).

Sensors (1)

S. Watanabe, N. Yasumatsu, K. Oguchi, M. Takeda, T. Suzuki, and T. Tachizaki, “A real-time terahertz time-domain polarization analyzer with 80-MHz repetition-rate femtosecond laser pulses,” Sensors 13, 3299–3312 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

D. K. George and A. G. Markelz, “Terahertz spectroscopy of liquids and biomolecules,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 229–250.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy of polymers,” in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 327–353.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of the experimental setup (PBS indicates a polarizing beam splitter). The lower left inset shows a sketch of the center of the 4-contact PCA. The photoconductive signals from contacts A and B were analyzed with a lock-in amplifier, while the opposing contacts were grounded.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of the 4-contact PCA together with the electric field vectors at +45° and −45° orientations. a) Ideal case: basic antenna layout with D4 symmetry, b) our antenna: basic antenna layout with C4 symmetry.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plotted are the THz time domain pulses for a) channel A with WGP2 at −45° and channel B with WGP2 at +45° and b) channel B with WGP2 at −45° and pulse of channel A with WGP2 +45° multiplied by −1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Shown are the calculated detector response matrix elements di,j depending on the frequency: a) real part of the diagonal elements (l), b) real part of the off-diagonal elements (m and −m), c) imaginary part of the diagonal elements (l), and d) imaginary part of the off-diagonal elements (m and −m).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plotted are the FFT power spectra for channel A and B with WGP2 at angles of +45° and −45°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

a) Plotted are the measured (blue) and adjusted (gray) angles of WGP2 frequency dependent (0.25 to 0.8 THz). The red lines display the gauge measurements with WGP2 at −45° and −45°. b) The deduced angles are averaged over the considered frequency range (0.25 to 0.8 THz with exception of 0.54 THz and 0.58 THz) and plotted against the adjusted polarizer angles. The error bars display the standard deviations. The red squares display the values for the gauge measurements.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

a) Displayed are the determined relative intensities depending on the frequency for five exemplary incident electric fields (for WGP2 angles of 0°, −20°, 60°, 75° and 90°). The red line shows the relative intensity assigned to the gauge measurements. b) The averaged relative intensities (averaged between 0.25 and 0.8 THz with exception of values between 0.54 THz and 0.58 THz) depending on the measured polarization angles are displayed. The error bars illustrate the standard deviations. The red squares give the values for the gauge measurements. The gray line shows the dependence of the relative intensity on the polarizer angle according to Malus’ law I/I0 = cos2(α).

Equations (19)

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( S A ( ω ) S B ( ω ) ) = D ( ω ) ( E x ( ω ) E y ( ω ) ) .
D = ( d 11 d 12 d 21 d 22 ) .
M Pol ( γ ) = M Rot ( γ ) M Trans , x M Rot ( γ ) .
M Rot ( γ ) = ( cos ( γ ) sin ( γ ) sin ( γ ) cos ( γ ) )
M Trans , x = ( 1 0 0 0 ) .
M Pol ( γ ) = ( cos 2 ( γ ) cos ( γ ) sin ( γ ) cos ( γ ) sin ( γ ) sin 2 ( γ ) ) .
( S A , α S B , α ) = D M Pol ( α ) M Pol ( 0 ) ( E 0 , x E 0 , y ) ,
( S A , α S B , α ) = ( d 11 d 12 d 21 d 22 ) ( cos 2 ( α ) cos ( α ) sin ( α ) cos ( α ) sin ( α ) sin 2 ( α ) ) ( 1 0 0 0 ) ( E 0 , x E 0 , y ) .
( S A , + 45 S B , + 45 ) = E 0 , x 2 ( d 11 + d 12 d 21 + d 22 )
( S A , 45 S B , 45 ) = E 0 , x 2 ( d 11 d 12 d 21 d 22 ) .
D = 1 E 0 , x ( S A , + 45 + S A , 45 S A , + 45 S A , 45 S B , + 45 + S B , 45 S B , + 45 S B , 45 ) .
( E x E y ) = D 1 ( S A S B ) .
1 E 0 , x ( E x E y ) = D ˜ 1 ( S A S B ) ,
tan ( α ) = E y E x = E y / E 0 , x E x / E 0 , x .
I E x E x * + E y E y * ,
I rel = E x E x * + E y E y * E 0 , x E 0 , x * .
D D 4 = ( k 0 0 k ) ,
D C 4 = ( l m m l ) ,
( S ˜ A , α S ˜ B , α ) = D D 4 M Rot ( Δ γ ) M Pol ( α ) M Pol ( 0 ) ( E 0 , x E 0 , y ) ,

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