Abstract

Using a fully classical model, we have studied sequential double ionization (SDI) of argon driven by elliptically polarized laser pulses at intensities well in the over-barrier ionization region. The results show that ion momentum distributions evolve from the two-band structure to the four-band, six-band structure and finally to the previously obtained four-band structure as the pulse duration increases. Our analysis shows that the evolution of these band structures originates from the pulse-duration-dependent multiple ionization bursts of the second electron. These band structures unambiguously indicate the subcycle electron emission in SDI.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express 18, 632–638 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 14, 013001 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Baier and A. Becker, “Nonsequential double ionization of the hydrogen molecule: Dependence on molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 013409 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. V. V. Suran and I. P. Zapesochnyi, “Observation of Sr2+ in multiple-photon ionization of strontium,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 1, 420 (1975)
  9. A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nature Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1042 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023412 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 011404(R) (2000).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Tong, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamics of molecular double ionization by circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 139, 074308 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Classical description of strong-field double ionization by elliptical laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043427 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  25. X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Classical theory of high-field atomic ionization using elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 013421 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  26. P. Wustelt, M. Möller, T. Rathje, A. M. Sayler, T. Stöhlker, and G. G. Paulus, “Momentum-resolved study of the saturation intensity in multiple ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 031401 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. C. L. Kirschbaum and L. Wilets, “Classical many-body model for atomic collisions incorporating the Heisenberg and Pauli principles,” Phys. Rev. A 21, 834–841 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  29. D. Zajfman and D. Maor, “Heisenberg core in classical-trajectory monte carlo calculations of ionization and charge exchange,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 320–323 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. J. S. Cohen, “Quasiclassical-trajectory Monte Carlo methods for collisions with two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 573–586 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. W. A. Beck and L. Wilets, “Semiclassical description of proton stopping by atomic and molecular targets,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 2821–2829 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  32. P. B. Lerner, K. J. LaGattuta, and J. S. Cohen, “Ionization of helium by a short pulse of radiation: A Fermi molecular-dynamics calculation,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R12–R15 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. E. Lötstedt, T. Kato, and K. Yamanouchi, “Classical dynamics of laser-driven D3+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203001 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  34. C. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Zhou, Q. Tang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations of electron emissions from H2+ by circularly polarized laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 11700 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Revealing the multi-electron effects in sequential double ionization using classical simulations,” Opt. Express 20, 20201 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382–11390 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

2015 (1)

P. Wustelt, M. Möller, T. Rathje, A. M. Sayler, T. Stöhlker, and G. G. Paulus, “Momentum-resolved study of the saturation intensity in multiple ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 031401 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamics of molecular double ionization by circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 139, 074308 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382–11390 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (8)

C. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Zhou, Q. Tang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations of electron emissions from H2+ by circularly polarized laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 11700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Revealing the multi-electron effects in sequential double ionization using classical simulations,” Opt. Express 20, 20201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Classical description of strong-field double ionization by elliptical laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043427 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Classical theory of high-field atomic ionization using elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 013421 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 14, 013001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1042 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nature Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Lötstedt, T. Kato, and K. Yamanouchi, “Classical dynamics of laser-driven D3+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express 18, 632–638 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023412 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Baier and A. Becker, “Nonsequential double ionization of the hydrogen molecule: Dependence on molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 013409 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 011404(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

W. A. Beck and L. Wilets, “Semiclassical description of proton stopping by atomic and molecular targets,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 2821–2829 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. S. Cohen, “Quasiclassical-trajectory Monte Carlo methods for collisions with two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 573–586 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Lerner, K. J. LaGattuta, and J. S. Cohen, “Ionization of helium by a short pulse of radiation: A Fermi molecular-dynamics calculation,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R12–R15 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

D. Zajfman and D. Maor, “Heisenberg core in classical-trajectory monte carlo calculations of ionization and charge exchange,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 320–323 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

C. L. Kirschbaum and L. Wilets, “Classical many-body model for atomic collisions incorporating the Heisenberg and Pauli principles,” Phys. Rev. A 21, 834–841 (1980).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

V. V. Suran and I. P. Zapesochnyi, “Observation of Sr2+ in multiple-photon ionization of strontium,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 1, 420 (1975)

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alnaser, A. S.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
[Crossref]

Baier, S.

S. Baier and A. Becker, “Nonsequential double ionization of the hydrogen molecule: Dependence on molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 013409 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baltuska, A.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

Beck, W. A.

W. A. Beck and L. Wilets, “Semiclassical description of proton stopping by atomic and molecular targets,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 2821–2829 (1997).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

S. Baier and A. Becker, “Nonsequential double ionization of the hydrogen molecule: Dependence on molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 013409 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Becker, W.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1042 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergues, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Betsch, K. J.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blaga, C. I.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breen, L.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camus, N.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
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Chen, J.

J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 011404(R) (2000).
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A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nature Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
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A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
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Cocke, C. L.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
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J. S. Cohen, “Quasiclassical-trajectory Monte Carlo methods for collisions with two-electron atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 573–586 (1996).
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Corkum, P. B.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
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A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
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M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
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J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
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Doherty, B. J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Döner, R.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
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A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nature Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
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Dorn, A.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Dörner, R.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
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M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
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Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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Dürr, M.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
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Eberly, J. H.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1042 (2012).
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X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Classical theory of high-field atomic ionization using elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 013421 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
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Feuerstein, B.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Fischer, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, L. B.

J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 011404(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

Ghimire, S.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haan, S. L.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herrwerth, O.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, P. J.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1042 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ho, Phay J.

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, K.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, W.

Huang, C.

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382–11390 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamics of molecular double ionization by circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 139, 074308 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Classical description of strong-field double ionization by elliptical laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 14, 013001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Revealing the multi-electron effects in sequential double ionization using classical simulations,” Opt. Express 20, 20201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Zhou, Q. Tang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations of electron emissions from H2+ by circularly polarized laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 11700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jagutzki, O.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, N. G.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, R. R.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kammer, S.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karim, A.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kartashov, D.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kato, T.

E. Lötstedt, T. Kato, and K. Yamanouchi, “Classical dynamics of laser-driven D3+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203001 (2011).
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Kbel, M.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nature Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kirschbaum, C. L.

C. L. Kirschbaum and L. Wilets, “Classical many-body model for atomic collisions incorporating the Heisenberg and Pauli principles,” Phys. Rev. A 21, 834–841 (1980).
[Crossref]

Kitzler, M.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kling, M. F.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

LaGattuta, K. J.

P. B. Lerner, K. J. LaGattuta, and J. S. Cohen, “Ionization of helium by a short pulse of radiation: A Fermi molecular-dynamics calculation,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R12–R15 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lerner, P. B.

P. B. Lerner, K. J. LaGattuta, and J. S. Cohen, “Ionization of helium by a short pulse of radiation: A Fermi molecular-dynamics calculation,” Phys. Rev. A 49, R12–R15 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Liao, Q.

C. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Zhou, Q. Tang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations of electron emissions from H2+ by circularly polarized laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 11700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 14, 013001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express 18, 632–638 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023412 (2009).
[Crossref]

Litvinyuk, I. V.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 011404(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1042 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lompre, L. A.

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lötstedt, E.

E. Lötstedt, T. Kato, and K. Yamanouchi, “Classical dynamics of laser-driven D3+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamics of molecular double ionization by circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 139, 074308 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382–11390 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Z. Li, Y. Zhou, Q. Tang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations of electron emissions from H2+ by circularly polarized laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20, 11700 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Revealing the multi-electron effects in sequential double ionization using classical simulations,” Opt. Express 20, 20201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Classical description of strong-field double ionization by elliptical laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 043427 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 14, 013001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express 18, 632–638 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023412 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maharjan, C. M.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
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Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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P. Wustelt, M. Möller, T. Rathje, A. M. Sayler, T. Stöhlker, and G. G. Paulus, “Momentum-resolved study of the saturation intensity in multiple ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 031401 (2015).
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Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
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Moshammer, R.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
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R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
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J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Paulus, G. G.

P. Wustelt, M. Möller, T. Rathje, A. M. Sayler, T. Stöhlker, and G. G. Paulus, “Momentum-resolved study of the saturation intensity in multiple ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 031401 (2015).
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B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
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A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nature Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
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Ranitovic, P.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
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Rathje, T.

P. Wustelt, M. Möller, T. Rathje, A. M. Sayler, T. Stöhlker, and G. G. Paulus, “Momentum-resolved study of the saturation intensity in multiple ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 031401 (2015).
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B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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Rayner, D. M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roither, S.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
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M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

Rottke, H.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Rudenko, A.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
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Ruiz, C.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sandner, W.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Sayler, A. M.

P. Wustelt, M. Möller, T. Rathje, A. M. Sayler, T. Stöhlker, and G. G. Paulus, “Momentum-resolved study of the saturation intensity in multiple ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 031401 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
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Schmitt, W.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Schöffler, M.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schöffler, M. S.

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

Schössler, S.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
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Schröter, C. D.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Schultz, K. D.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Senftleben, A.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
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Shafir, D.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
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Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
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Siegel, M.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
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Smolarski, M.

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Timing the release in sequential double ionization,” Nature Phys. 7, 428–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
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M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
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Spielberger, L.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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Staudte, A.

L. Zhang, X. Xie, S. Roither, Y. Zhou, P. Lu, D. Kartashov, M. Schöffler, D. Shafir, P. B. Corkum, A. Baltuska, A. Staudte, and M. Kitzler, “Subcycle control of electron-electron correlation in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 193002 (2014).
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A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
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M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
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Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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Stöhlker, T.

P. Wustelt, M. Möller, T. Rathje, A. M. Sayler, T. Stöhlker, and G. G. Paulus, “Momentum-resolved study of the saturation intensity in multiple ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 91, 031401 (2015).
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V. V. Suran and I. P. Zapesochnyi, “Observation of Sr2+ in multiple-photon ionization of strontium,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 1, 420 (1975)

Tang, Q.

Taylor, K. T.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
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Tong, A.

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamics of molecular double ionization by circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 139, 074308 (2013).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express 19, 2301–2308 (2011).
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Tong, X. M.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
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Trump, C.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Tschuch, S.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

B. Bergues, M. Kbel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Ulrich, B.

C. M. Maharjan, A. S. Alnaser, X. M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, S. Ghimire, Z. Chang, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Momentum imaging of doubly charged ions of Ne and Ar in the sequential ionization region,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041403(R) (2005).
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Urbasch, G.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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Villeneuve, D. M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
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Vollmer, M.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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Walker, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227–1230 (1994).
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Wang, X.

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Classical theory of high-field atomic ionization using elliptical polarization,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 013421 (2012).
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A. N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, M. Smolarski, X. Wang, J. H. Eberly, R. Döner, and U. Keller, “Breakdown of the independent electron approximation in sequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 13, 093008 (2011).
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Weber, Th.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of Helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
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M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
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Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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Weckenbrock, M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213002 (2004).
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Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405, 658–661 (2000).
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Wittmann, M.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, “Momentum distributions of Nen+ ions created by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447–450 (2000).
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Zeidler, D.

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J. Phys: Conf. Ser. (1)

M. S. Schöffler, X. Xie, S. Roither, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuska, and M. Kitzler, “Strong field double ionization of Helium with ultra-short phase stabilized circularly polarized laser pulses,” J. Phys: Conf. Ser. 488, 032010 (2014).

Nat. Commun. (1)

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Nature (1)

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V. V. Suran and I. P. Zapesochnyi, “Observation of Sr2+ in multiple-photon ionization of strontium,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 1, 420 (1975)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Ion momentum distributions in the laser polarization plane for different pulse durations. The intensity of the laser pulses is 6.0 PW/cm2, the wavelength is 800 nm, and the ellipticity is ε=0.75. The CEP is randomly chosen for each trajectory. The ensembles are 400000.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Ion momentum distributions along the minor elliptical axis (ŷ axis) for different pulse durations. The laser parameters are the same as those in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Ion momentum distributions in the laser polarization plane for different pulse durations with ϕ = 0. Other parameters are the same as those in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (Left) The procedure of extracting ionization time from electron momentum spectrum. The brown and blue curves in left side are the scaled radial momentum distributions of the first and the second electrons, respectively. The grey curves show the vector potential A(t) where A(t) = [Ax(t)2 + Ay(t)2]1/2. The magenta curves denote the scaled vector potential A′(t). The dashed lines are added to guide eyes and show the relation between the electron final momentum and ionization times. (Right) The electron correlation spectra for the scaled radial momentum with ϕ = 0.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Distributions of the ionization time for the first electron(ti1) [the first column] and the second electron(ti2) [the second column]. The third column shows the distribution for the time delay between the second and the first ionizations (ti2ti1). The green dashed lines in the third column represent delay time of integer multiples of half laser cycle, which are added to guide eyes. The CEP is ϕ = 0 and the pulse durations are denoted in the each plot.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Three sample SDI trajectories for pulse duration N=10. The first, second and third columns display the trajectories in the laser polarization plane, the time evolution of the energy and the time evolution of the momentum py, respectively. The ionization time of the two electrons are indicated by the arrows in the second column.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H = 1 | r 1 r 2 | + i = 1 , 2 [ 1 r i + p i 2 2 + V H ( r i , p i ) ] + ( r 1 + r 2 ) E ( t ) ,
E ( t ) = f ( t ) [ 1 ε 2 + 1 cos ( ω t + ϕ ) x ^ + ε ε 2 + 1 sin ( ω t + ϕ ) y ^ ] ,
V H ( r i , p i ) = ξ 2 4 α r i 2 exp { α [ 1 ( r i p i ξ ) 4 ] } ,
d r i d t = H p i , d p i d t = H r i .
p r , i = [ ( ε 2 + 1 ) p x , i 2 + ( ( ε 2 + 1 ) / ε 2 ) p y , i 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
A ( t ) = [ ( ε 2 + 1 ) A x ( t ) 2 + ( ( ε 2 + 1 ) / ε 2 ) A y ( t ) 2 ] 1 / 2 ,

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