Abstract

Methods for multiplexing surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) have been attracting much attention due to their potentials for plasmonic integrated systems, plasmonic holography, and optical tweezing. Here, using closely-distanced distributed nanoslits, we propose a method for generating polarization-multiplexed SPP phase profiles which can be applied for implementing general SPP phase distributions. Two independent types of SPP phase generation mechanisms – polarization-independent and polarization-reversible ones – are combined to generate fully arbitrary phase profiles for each optical handedness. As a simple verification of the proposed scheme, we experimentally demonstrate that the location of plasmonic focus can be arbitrary designed, and switched by the change of optical handedness.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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2015 (4)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lee, K. Kim, S.-J. Kim, H. Park, K.-Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic meta-slit: shaping and controlling near-field focus,” Optica 2(1), 6–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(7), 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

J. Kim, S.-Y. Lee, Y. Lee, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Tunable asymmetric mode conversion using the dark-mode of three-mode waveguide system,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28683–28696 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Tailoring the dispersion of plasmonic nanorods to realize broadband optical meta-waveplates,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 1086–1091 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “Plasmonic Airy beam generated by in-plane diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 126804 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lee, J. Park, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Highly efficient plasmonic interconnector based on the asymmetric junction between metal-dielectric-metal and dielectric slab waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9562–9574 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast active plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 55–58 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

2006 (2)

J. B. Khurgin, “Optical isolating action in surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251115 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Tailoring the dispersion of plasmonic nanorods to realize broadband optical meta-waveplates,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 1086–1091 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antoniou, N.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. T.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chiang, I.-D.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, S.-W.

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crozier, K. B.

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellenbogen, T.

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hsu, W.-L.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.-W.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishii, S.

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jin, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ju, J. J.

Kang, M.

S.-Y. Lee, J. Park, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Highly efficient plasmonic interconnector based on the asymmetric junction between metal-dielectric-metal and dielectric slab waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9562–9574 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kato, J.

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kenney, M.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khurgin, J. B.

J. B. Khurgin, “Optical isolating action in surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kildishev, A. V.

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kim, J. T.

Kim, K.

Kim, K.-Y.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, S.-J.

S.-Y. Lee, K. Kim, S.-J. Kim, H. Park, K.-Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic meta-slit: shaping and controlling near-field focus,” Optica 2(1), 6–13 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.-Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(7), 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kleiner, V.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kwon, H.

S.-Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(7), 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Lee, M.-H.

Lee, S.-Y.

Lee, Y.

Li, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “Plasmonic Airy beam generated by in-plane diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 126804 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, T.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “Plasmonic Airy beam generated by in-plane diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 126804 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, C. Y.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H. T.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, A. Q.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacDonald, K. F.

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast active plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 55–58 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maguid, E.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mueller, J. P. B.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mühlenbernd, H.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, X.

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozeri, D.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

Park, J.

S.-Y. Lee, J. Park, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Highly efficient plasmonic interconnector based on the asymmetric junction between metal-dielectric-metal and dielectric slab waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9562–9574 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S.

Park, S. K.

Sámson, Z. L.

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast active plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 55–58 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seo, K.

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shitrit, N.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Stockman, M. I.

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast active plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 55–58 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, G.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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Sun, S.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veksler, D.

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Veronis, G.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.-M.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S. M.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “Plasmonic Airy beam generated by in-plane diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 126804 (2011).
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W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
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Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
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J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
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J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
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Zentgraf, T.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
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L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “Plasmonic Airy beam generated by in-plane diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 126804 (2011).
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Zhang, S.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
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Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Tailoring the dispersion of plasmonic nanorods to realize broadband optical meta-waveplates,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 1086–1091 (2013).
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K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast active plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 55–58 (2009).
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Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
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Zhou, L.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. N.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “Plasmonic Airy beam generated by in-plane diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 126804 (2011).
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ACS Photonics (1)

D. Veksler, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Ozeri, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Multiple wavefront shaping by metasurface based on mixed random antenna groups,” ACS Photonics 2(5), 662–667 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. B. Khurgin, “Optical isolating action in surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251115 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S.-Y. Lee, S.-J. Kim, H. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Spin-direction control of high-order plasmonic vortex with double-ring distributed nanoslits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27(7), 705–708 (2015).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polaritons excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
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Nano Lett. (4)

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
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T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
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Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Tailoring the dispersion of plasmonic nanorods to realize broadband optical meta-waveplates,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 1086–1091 (2013).
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H. Kim, J. Park, S.-W. Cho, S.-Y. Lee, M. Kang, and B. Lee, “Synthesis and dynamic switching of surface plasmon vortices with plasmonic vortex lens,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 529–536 (2010).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast active plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 55–58 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
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Opt. Express (4)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “Plasmonic Airy beam generated by in-plane diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(12), 126804 (2011).
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Science (3)

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M. Ozaki, J. Kato, and S. Kawata, “Surface-plasmon holography with white-light illumination,” Science 332(6026), 218–220 (2011).
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J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 340(6130), 331–334 (2013).
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L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principle of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University, 2006).

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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Distributed nanoslits structure proposed for polarization-multiplexed SPP phase generation. (b) Schematics for explaining two different mechanisms: Φs(y) is obtained from the shift of nanoslits, whereas Φa(y) is obtained by rotating the slit orientation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Tuning the location of plasmonic focus by using the proposed distributed nanoslits with the change of optical handedness. (b) Recorded phase profiles for designed focus locations (xL, yL) = (9 µm, –2 µm) and (xR, yR) = (18 µm, 10 µm), respectively. Solid lines are theoretical phase profiles, and circular markers denote the sampled phase profiles which will be used for calculating geometrical profiles of the proposed structure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Numerically calculated Ez field distribution from the proposed distributed nanoslits which are designed for (xL, yL) = (9 µm, –2 µm) and (xR, yR) = (18 µm, 10 µm). Incident polarization of each figure is set to (a) LCP, (b) RCP, (c) (ALCP, ARCP) = ( 3 /2 , 1/2 ), (d) (ALCP, ARCP) = ( 1/ 2 , 1/ 2 ), and (e) (ALCP, ARCP) = ( 1/2 , 3 /2 ), respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Characteristics of the maximum peak amplitude and FWHM of the focus depend on the total length of the nanoslit array varying with (a) focal length and (b) lateral shift of the focus. (c) Characteristics of the maximum peak amplitude and FWHM depend on the sampling distance and focal length. Incident polarization is set to RCP. Solid lines are related to FWHM and dash-dotted lines are related to the normalized peak amplitude.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) SEM image of the fabricated distributed nanoslit structure. Inset shown in the lower-left side is an expanded SEM image of the proposed structure. SPP signals generated from the proposed structure measured by NSOM are shown for (b) LCP and (c) RCP incidences, respectively.

Equations (6)

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Φ s (y)=( Φ L (y)+ Φ R (y) )/2, Φ a (y)=( Φ L (y) Φ R (y) )/2.
d(y)= Φ s (y) λ 0 2π n SPP ,
θ r (y)= Φ a (y) 2 .
a r (y)=cos( θ r (y) ) e ±j θ r (y) ,
a l (y)=cos( θ l (y) ) e ±j θ l (y) e j k SPP w =cos( θ r (y)+ π 2 ) e ±j( θ r (y)+ π 2 ) e j k SPP λ SPP 2 =±jsin( θ r (y) ) e ±j θ r (y) .
a r (y)+ a l (y)=[ cos( θ r (y) )±jsin( θ r (y) ) ] e ±j θ r (y) = e ±j2 θ r (y) .

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