Abstract

We introduce a cross plasmonic antenna (CPA) for the system of multiple quantum emitters (QEs) with different emission wavelengths, where the excitation light scattering and emission fluorescence of different QEs are spatially separated in four different directions. By considering the CPA as oscillating dipoles, this phenomenon is attributed to the phase differences between them. The enhancement for QEs are very strong in correponding directions. In addition, the fluorescence is strongly polarized. By adding a silver plate as substrate, the directivity can be further tuned in the whole upper half space. Our result shows that the CPA is promising for realization of an efficient, directional and strongly polarized nano-scale light source, which will have potential application in Nano-Optics.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (3)

2013 (2)

Z. Xi, Y. Lu, W. Yu, P. Yao, P. Wang, and H. Ming, “Tailoring the directivity of both excitation and emission of dipole simultaneously with two-colored plasmonic antenna,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29365–29373 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

M. Wang, M. Yang, J. Cheng, J. Dai, M. Yang, and D. N. Wang, “Femtosecond laser fabricated micro Mach-Zehnder interferometer with Pd film as sensing materials for hydrogen sensing,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1940–1942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Harutyunyan, G. Volpe, R. Quidant, and L. Novotny, “Enhancing the nonlinear optical response using multifrequency gold-nanowire antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 217403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. W. Chen, M. Agio, and V. Sandoghdar, “Metallodielectric Hybrid Antennas for Ultrastrong Enhancement of Spontaneous Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 233001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (9)

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Rolly, B. Stout, S. Bidault, and N. Bonod, “Crucial role of the emitter-particle distance on the directivity of optical antennas,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3368–3370 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jacob and V. M. Shalaev, “Physics. Plasmonics Goes Quantum,” Science 334(6055), 463–464 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Labidi, J. B. Tahar, and F. Choubani, “Meta-materials applications in thin- film sensing and sensing liquids properties,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A733–A739 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, W. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon Resonant Enhancement of Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Visible Illumination,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. C. Jun, K. C. Y. Huang, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonic beaming and active control over fluorescent emission,” Nat. Commun. 2, 283 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Trapping and Sensing 10 nm Metal Nanoparticles Using Plasmonic Dipole Antennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1006–1011 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Pakizeh and M. Käll, “Unidirectional ultracompact optical nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 9(6), 2343–2349 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

T. Taminiau, F. Stefani, F. Segerink, and N. Van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 017402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agio, M.

X. W. Chen, M. Agio, and V. Sandoghdar, “Metallodielectric Hybrid Antennas for Ultrastrong Enhancement of Spontaneous Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 233001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akimov, A. V.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Albella, P.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aouani, H.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Avlasevich, Y.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aykol, M.

Z. Liu, W. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon Resonant Enhancement of Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Visible Illumination,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernal Arango, F.

T. Coenen, F. Bernal Arango, A. Femius Koenderink, and A. Polman, “Directional emission from a single plasmonic scatterer,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bidault, S.

Bigourdan, F.

Bonod, N.

B. Rolly, B. Stout, S. Bidault, and N. Bonod, “Crucial role of the emitter-particle distance on the directivity of optical antennas,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3368–3370 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

Y. C. Jun, K. C. Y. Huang, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonic beaming and active control over fluorescent emission,” Nat. Commun. 2, 283 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, D. E.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X. W.

X. W. Chen, M. Agio, and V. Sandoghdar, “Metallodielectric Hybrid Antennas for Ultrastrong Enhancement of Spontaneous Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 233001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, J.

Choubani, F.

Coenen, T.

T. Coenen, F. Bernal Arango, A. Femius Koenderink, and A. Polman, “Directional emission from a single plasmonic scatterer,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cronin, S. B.

Z. Liu, W. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon Resonant Enhancement of Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Visible Illumination,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Czaplicki, R.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, J.

Devaux, E.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eftekhari, F.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eyraud, C.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

Femius Koenderink, A.

T. Coenen, F. Bernal Arango, A. Femius Koenderink, and A. Polman, “Directional emission from a single plasmonic scatterer,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Froufe-Pérez, L. S.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujita, M.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

García-Cámara, B.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geffrin, J. M.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gómez-Medina, R.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

González, F.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, R.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greffet, J. J.

Håkanson, U.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 017402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harutyunyan, H.

H. Harutyunyan, G. Volpe, R. Quidant, and L. Novotny, “Enhancing the nonlinear optical response using multifrequency gold-nanowire antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 217403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofmann, H. F.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hou, W.

Z. Liu, W. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon Resonant Enhancement of Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Visible Illumination,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, K. C. Y.

Y. C. Jun, K. C. Y. Huang, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonic beaming and active control over fluorescent emission,” Nat. Commun. 2, 283 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Trapping and Sensing 10 nm Metal Nanoparticles Using Plasmonic Dipole Antennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1006–1011 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hugonin, J.-P.

Husu, H.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacob, Z.

Z. Jacob and V. M. Shalaev, “Physics. Plasmonics Goes Quantum,” Science 334(6055), 463–464 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johansson, P.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juan, M. L.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jun, Y. C.

Y. C. Jun, K. C. Y. Huang, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonic beaming and active control over fluorescent emission,” Nat. Commun. 2, 283 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kadoya, Y.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Käll, M.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Pakizeh and M. Käll, “Unidirectional ultracompact optical nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 9(6), 2343–2349 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kauranen, M.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kinkhabwala, A.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kosako, T.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kühn, S.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 017402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuittinen, M.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Labidi, M.

Laukkanen, J.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lehtolahti, J.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Litman, A.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, W. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon Resonant Enhancement of Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Visible Illumination,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

Lukin, M. D.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahboub, O.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mäkitalo, J.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marquier, F.

Martin, O. J. F.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Trapping and Sensing 10 nm Metal Nanoparticles Using Plasmonic Dipole Antennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1006–1011 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miljkovic, V. D.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ming, H.

Moerner, W.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moreno, F.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, A.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mullen, K.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noda, S.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

Novotny, L.

H. Harutyunyan, G. Volpe, R. Quidant, and L. Novotny, “Enhancing the nonlinear optical response using multifrequency gold-nanowire antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 217403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pakizeh, T.

T. Pakizeh and M. Käll, “Unidirectional ultracompact optical nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 9(6), 2343–2349 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, Y.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pavaskar, P.

Z. Liu, W. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon Resonant Enhancement of Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Visible Illumination,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

T. Coenen, F. Bernal Arango, A. Femius Koenderink, and A. Polman, “Directional emission from a single plasmonic scatterer,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popov, E.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

H. Harutyunyan, G. Volpe, R. Quidant, and L. Novotny, “Enhancing the nonlinear optical response using multifrequency gold-nanowire antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 217403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rigneault, H.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rogobete, L.

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 017402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rolly, B.

Sáenz, J. J.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandoghdar, V.

X. W. Chen, M. Agio, and V. Sandoghdar, “Metallodielectric Hybrid Antennas for Ultrastrong Enhancement of Spontaneous Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 233001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 017402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santschi, C.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Trapping and Sensing 10 nm Metal Nanoparticles Using Plasmonic Dipole Antennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1006–1011 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segerink, F.

T. Taminiau, F. Stefani, F. Segerink, and N. Van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V. M.

Z. Jacob and V. M. Shalaev, “Physics. Plasmonics Goes Quantum,” Science 334(6055), 463–464 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shegai, T.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siikanen, R.

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stefani, F.

T. Taminiau, F. Stefani, F. Segerink, and N. Van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stout, B.

Tahar, J. B.

Taminiau, T.

T. Taminiau, F. Stefani, F. Segerink, and N. Van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Taminiau, T. H.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vaillon, R.

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Taminiau, F. Stefani, F. Segerink, and N. Van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

van Hulst, N. F.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Volpe, G.

H. Harutyunyan, G. Volpe, R. Quidant, and L. Novotny, “Enhancing the nonlinear optical response using multifrequency gold-nanowire antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 217403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, M.

Wang, P.

Wenger, J.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xi, Z.

Yang, M.

Yao, P.

Yu, C. L.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, W.

Yu, Z.

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

Zengin, G.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Trapping and Sensing 10 nm Metal Nanoparticles Using Plasmonic Dipole Antennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1006–1011 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (5)

Z. Liu, W. Hou, P. Pavaskar, M. Aykol, and S. B. Cronin, “Plasmon Resonant Enhancement of Photocatalytic Water Splitting Under Visible Illumination,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1111–1116 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Trapping and Sensing 10 nm Metal Nanoparticles Using Plasmonic Dipole Antennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1006–1011 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, E. Popov, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Bright unidirectional fluorescence emission of molecules in a nanoaperture with plasmonic corrugations,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 637–644 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic Antennas for Directional Sorting of Fluorescence Emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Pakizeh and M. Käll, “Unidirectional ultracompact optical nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 9(6), 2343–2349 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (4)

Y. C. Jun, K. C. Y. Huang, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonic beaming and active control over fluorescent emission,” Nat. Commun. 2, 283 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Coenen, F. Bernal Arango, A. Femius Koenderink, and A. Polman, “Directional emission from a single plasmonic scatterer,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Geffrin, B. García-Cámara, R. Gómez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Pérez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, and F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (5)

A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Mullen, and W. Moerner, “Large single-molecule fluorescence enhancements produced by a bowtie nanoantenna,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 654–657 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, “Spontaneous-emission control by photonic crystals and nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 449–458 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, and H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by a nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Taminiau, F. Stefani, F. Segerink, and N. Van Hulst, “Optical antennas direct single-molecule emission,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 234–237 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, “Self-induced back-action optical trapping of dielectric nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys. 5(12), 915–919 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

S. Kühn, U. Håkanson, L. Rogobete, and V. Sandoghdar, “Enhancement of single-molecule fluorescence using a gold nanoparticle as an optical nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(1), 017402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Harutyunyan, G. Volpe, R. Quidant, and L. Novotny, “Enhancing the nonlinear optical response using multifrequency gold-nanowire antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(21), 217403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Czaplicki, H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, M. Kauranen, J. Laukkanen, J. Lehtolahti, and M. Kuittinen, “Enhancement of Second-Harmonic Generation from Metal Nanoparticles by Passive Elements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(9), 093902 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. W. Chen, M. Agio, and V. Sandoghdar, “Metallodielectric Hybrid Antennas for Ultrastrong Enhancement of Spontaneous Emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(23), 233001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional Emission of a Quantum Dot Coupled to a Nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jacob and V. M. Shalaev, “Physics. Plasmonics Goes Quantum,” Science 334(6055), 463–464 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

K. H. Drexhage, Progress in Optics (North-Holland, 1974), Vol. XII, p. 165–232.

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P. R. Berman, Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics (Academic Press, 1994).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The structure of the CPA with a = 40nm, L = 100nm, g1 = 46nm, g2 = 50nm, g3 = 56nm, g4 = 68nm, h = 10nm. The CPA is immersed in air. (b) The excitation field and coordinate axis. (c) Resonance of the antenna by measuring the magnetic field Hz in the middle of space between nanorods 0 and 1, 0 and 2, and Hx in the middle of space between nanorods 0 and 3, 0 and 4 of the antenna. (d) The magnetic field and electric field distribution at four resonances.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The far-field pattern plot at excitation and emission wavelengths of the QEs in presence of CPA (a,c,e,g) and of that in vacuum (b,d,f,h). The size of the CPA is a = 40nm, L = 100nm, g1 = 46nm, g2 = 50nm, g3 = 56nm, g4 = 68nm, h = 10nm. The scale bar of power is shown in the figure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The influence of changing the position and orientation of the dipole. The emission pattern when the dipole is in the middle of nanorod 0 and nanorod 1 in (a), above the center of nanorod 0 and nanorod 1 in (b), when its orientation is 45 degree to the y-axis in (c), and 60 degree to the y-axis in (d). The scale bar of power is shown in the figure.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The influence of changing the size of the structure on the far-field power pattern at excitation and emission wavelengths. The width of the nanorods is changed to a = 37nm in (a) and to 43nm in (b). The gap g4 between nanorod 0 and nanorod 4 is changed to g4 = 26nm in (c) and g4 = 30nm in (d). (e) The nanorods are smoothed at both the lateral and top rectangular edges, the blending radius is r = 2nm. The scale bar is shown in the figure.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Tuning the directivity of emission and excitation by adding a silver plate as substrate. (a) The structure of the antenna, with g1 = 44nm, g2 = 46nm, g3 = 52nm, g4 = 59nm, L = 100nm, a = 40nm, the size of the silver plate is 600nm × 40nm × 600nm. (b) The resonance of the structure at λ1 = 1764nm, λ2 = 1352nm, λ3 = 1127nm and λ4 = 1045nm. (c) The far-field pattern of excitation and emission. (d) The electric field of the structure in (a) at λ = 1389nm and the electric field of the structure in Fig. 1(a) at λ = 670nm.

Equations (4)

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S( θ,φ )= P( θ,φ, λ em ) Max( P 0 ( θ,φ, λ em ) ) × | E y, λ ex | 2 | E 0, λ ex | 2 ,
E tot = d=i j ( ω c ) 2 1 4π ε 0 e ik( r x d ) ( e r × p d )× e r ,
ΔP z = P +z + P z = ω 3 k| p i || p j | 8 π 2 ε 0 c 2 r 2 sin( φ ij )sin(kd) z ,
ΔP x = P +x + P x = ω 3 k| p i || p j | 8 π 2 ε 0 c 2 r 2 sin( φ ij )sin(kd) x ,

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