Abstract

We report energy transfer efficiency from Cr3+ to Nd3+ in Nd (1.0 at.%)/Cr (0.4 at.%) co-doped Y3Al5O12 (YAG) transparent ceramics in the laser oscillation states. The laser oscillation has performed using two pumping lasers operating at 808 nm and 561 nm; the former pumps Nd3+ directly to create the 1064 nm laser oscillation, whereas the latter assists the performance via Cr3+ absorption and sequential energy transfer to Nd3+. From the laser output power properties and laser mode analysis, the energy transfer efficiency was determined to be around 65%, which is close to that obtained from the spontaneous Nd3+ emission.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. G. Young, “A sun-pumped cw one-watt laser,” Appl. Opt. 5(6), 993–997 (1966).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, “Cross-pumped Cr3+-Nd3+:YAG laser system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(10), 200 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. Liang and J. Almeida, “Solar-Pumped TEM00 mode Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25107–25112 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Synthesis of Nd3+,Cr3+-codoped YAG ceramics for high-efficiency solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(9), 2545–2547 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuo, “A solar-pumped micro-rod laser for energy conversion”, IEEE Photonics Conference (PHO), 2011 Arlington, VA, 907 – 908, 9–13 Oct. 2011.
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    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2014 (2)

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Synthesis of Nd3+,Cr3+-codoped YAG ceramics for high-efficiency solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(9), 2545–2547 (1995).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

1964 (1)

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, “Cross-pumped Cr3+-Nd3+:YAG laser system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(10), 200 (1964).
[Crossref]

Almeida, J.

Baasandash, C.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bagheri, B.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Daito, K.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Duncan, R. C.

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, “Cross-pumped Cr3+-Nd3+:YAG laser system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(10), 200 (1964).
[Crossref]

Fujioka, K.

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fujita, H.

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Funahashi, K.

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Funatsu, T.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, K.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hashimoto, T.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Higuchi, M.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Honda, Y.

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ichikawa, T.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ichiki, A.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iizuka, H.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Synthesis of Nd3+,Cr3+-codoped YAG ceramics for high-efficiency solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(9), 2545–2547 (1995).
[Crossref]

Imasaki, K.

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ishioka, M.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jitsuno, T.

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kajino, T.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Synthesis of Nd3+,Cr3+-codoped YAG ceramics for high-efficiency solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(9), 2545–2547 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kiss, Z. J.

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, “Cross-pumped Cr3+-Nd3+:YAG laser system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(10), 200 (1964).
[Crossref]

Leong, C.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, Ch.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liang, D.

Lu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Miyanaga, N.

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mizuno, S.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Morikawa, J.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Motohiro, T.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Motokoshi, S.

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Oda, Y.

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ogawa, T.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ohkubo, T.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Oishi, T.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, Y.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prabhu, M.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Saiki, T.

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sato, Y.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shwartz, J.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, J.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Takeda, Y.

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

Uchida, S.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Uno, H.

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Urata, Y.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wada, S.

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weksler, M.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yabe, T.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yagi, H.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yamaga, M.

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, C.

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yanagitani, K.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yasunaga, N.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Synthesis of Nd3+,Cr3+-codoped YAG ceramics for high-efficiency solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(9), 2545–2547 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, M.

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Young, C. G.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, Ch. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 469–473 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, M. Higuchi, J. Takahashi, C. Leong, J. Morikawa, T. Hashimoto, and S. Wada, “Optical and thermal characteristics of Nd:LuVO4 grown by floating zone method,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(1), 012501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, “Cross-pumped Cr3+-Nd3+:YAG laser system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(10), 200 (1964).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Synthesis of Nd3+,Cr3+-codoped YAG ceramics for high-efficiency solid-state lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(9), 2545–2547 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

M. Yamaga, Y. Oda, H. Uno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuno, “Formation probability of Cr-Nd pair and energy transfer from Cr to Nd in Y3Al5O12 ceramics codoped with Nd and Cr,” J. Appl. Phys. 112(6), 063508 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Takeda, H. Iizuka, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, T. Ichikawa, H. Ito, T. Kajino, A. Ichiki, and T. Motohiro, “Silicon photovoltaic cells coupled with solar-pumped fiber lasers emitting at 1064 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(1), 014501 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

Y. Honda, S. Motokoshi, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, K. Fujioka, M. Nakatsuka, and M. Yoshida, “Temperature dependence of optical properties in Nd/Cr:YAG materials,” J. Lumin. 148, 342–346 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Saiki, K. Funahashi, S. Motokoshi, K. Imasaki, K. Fujioka, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and C. Yamanaka, “Temperature characteristics of small signal gain for Nd/Cr:YAG ceramic lasers,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 614–616 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (2)

K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and S. Mizuo, “A solar-pumped micro-rod laser for energy conversion”, IEEE Photonics Conference (PHO), 2011 Arlington, VA, 907 – 908, 9–13 Oct. 2011.
[Crossref]

K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, S. Mizuno, Y. Takeda, T. Ichikawa, T. Motohiro, M. Yamaga, Y. Ohishi, and T. Suzuki, “Solar-pumped laser and its application to energy conversion”, OSA Optics for Solar Energy, (Canberra Australia, December 2–5 2014) Paper RTh2B.1.
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental set-up of the Nd/Cr:YAG pumped by 808nm and 561nm lasers.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectra of the Nd/Cr co-deoped YAG transparent ceramics.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Laser output power pumped by 808nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Laser output power property by two-wavelength pumping with ROC = 95%.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Laser oscillation threshold vs. the 561nm pumping power with ROC = 95%.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Mode profiles of the 1064 nm output beam and 561 nm pumping beam, (b) mode overlap efficiency between the 1064 nm output beam and 561nm pumping beam (red), and relative intensity of the 561 nm beam (green).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Laser output properties

Equations (4)

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P laser =( 1 R oc α c ln( R oc × R hr ) )× η 808/1064 × η QE × η OVR,abs,808 ×( P pump P th ),
η slope = P laser P pump P th =( 1 R oc α c ln( R oc × R hr ) )× η 808/1064 × η QE × η OVR,abs,808
η 561,808 = η 561pump × η OVR,α,561 × η Cr,Nd × η 561/808
η 561,1064 = η 561,808 × η slope

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