Abstract

We propose and numerically demonstrate a new scheme for key distribution on the physical layer based on the chaos synchronization and physical random bit generation. In this scheme, two chaotic semiconductor lasers are commonly driven by a third semiconductor laser, their output chaotic signals are employed as the physical sources of the random bit generators (RBGs). Under symmetry operation scenario, the two RBGs are well synchronized and the random bits generated by them are used to generate identical secret keys for Alice and Bob by the way of a dynamic post-processing technology. The feasibility and security of the proposed scheme are investigated by testing the parameters mismatch tolerance and the sensitivity to the systematic noise. The numerical results indicate that the dynamic and unpredictable post-processing can provide a great enhancement for the security of the secret key distribution. The security of the proposed scheme mainly determined by the post-processing, not confidential source, which provides a new potential way for implementing high-speed secure secret key distribution.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

T. Yamazaki and A. Uchida, “Performance of random number generators using noise-based super-luminescent diode and chaos-based semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 0600309 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

T. Harayama, S. Sunada, K. Yoshimura, P. Davis, K. Tsuzuki, and A. Uchida, “Fast nondeterministic random-bit generation using on-chip chaos lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031803 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

I. Kanter, M. Butkovski, Y. Peleg, M. Zigzag, Y. Aviad, I. Reidler, M. Rosenbluh, and W. Kinzel, “Synchronization of random bit generators based on coupled chaotic lasers and application to cryptography,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18292–18302 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161102 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Kanter, Y. Aviad, I. Reidler, E. Cohen, and M. Rosenbluh, “An optical ultrafast random bit generator,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 58–61 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

A. Bogris, P. Rizomiliotis, K. E. Chlouverakis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, “Feedback phase in optically generated chaos: a secret key for cryptographic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(2), 119–124 (2008).
[Crossref]

O. Buskila, A. Eyal, and M. Shtaif, “Secure communication in fiber optic systems via transmission of broad-band optical noise,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3383–3396 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Giant Fiber Lasers: A New Paradigm for Secure Key Distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 140502 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. J. Gordon, V. Fernandez, P. D. Townsend, and G. S. Buller, “A short wavelength gigahertz clocked fiber-optic quantum key distribution system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(7), 900–908 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, “Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(10), 1301–1311 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati, and A. Scire, “Synchronization of chaotic injected-laser systems and its application to optical cryptography,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 953–959 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

U. M. Maurer, “Secret key agreement by public discussion from common information,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 39(3), 733–742 (1993).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[Crossref]

Abarbanel, H. D. I.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, “Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(10), 1301–1311 (2001).
[Crossref]

Aida, H.

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Annovazzi-Lodi, V.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati, and A. Scire, “Synchronization of chaotic injected-laser systems and its application to optical cryptography,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 953–959 (1996).
[Crossref]

Argyris, A.

A. Bogris, P. Rizomiliotis, K. E. Chlouverakis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, “Feedback phase in optically generated chaos: a secret key for cryptographic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(2), 119–124 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ariizumi, H.

Aviad, Y.

Banwell, T. C.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Blake, J.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bloch, M.

Bogris, A.

A. Bogris, P. Rizomiliotis, K. E. Chlouverakis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, “Feedback phase in optically generated chaos: a secret key for cryptographic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(2), 119–124 (2008).
[Crossref]

Buller, G. S.

K. J. Gordon, V. Fernandez, P. D. Townsend, and G. S. Buller, “A short wavelength gigahertz clocked fiber-optic quantum key distribution system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(7), 900–908 (2004).
[Crossref]

Buskila, O.

Butkovski, M.

Chapuran, T. E.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. F.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, “Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(10), 1301–1311 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chizhevsky, V. N.

Chlouverakis, K. E.

A. Bogris, P. Rizomiliotis, K. E. Chlouverakis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, “Feedback phase in optically generated chaos: a secret key for cryptographic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(2), 119–124 (2008).
[Crossref]

Citrin, D. S.

Cohen, E.

I. Kanter, Y. Aviad, I. Reidler, E. Cohen, and M. Rosenbluh, “An optical ultrafast random bit generator,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 58–61 (2010).
[Crossref]

Colet, P.

Davis, P.

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harayama, S. Sunada, K. Yoshimura, P. Davis, K. Tsuzuki, and A. Uchida, “Fast nondeterministic random-bit generation using on-chip chaos lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031803 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Oowada, H. Ariizumi, M. Li, S. Yoshimori, A. Uchida, K. Yoshimura, and P. Davis, “Synchronization by injection of common chaotic signal in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10025–10034 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Derkacs, D.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dixon, A. R.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Donati, S.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati, and A. Scire, “Synchronization of chaotic injected-laser systems and its application to optical cryptography,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 953–959 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dynes, J. F.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Eyal, A.

Fernandez, V.

K. J. Gordon, V. Fernandez, P. D. Townsend, and G. S. Buller, “A short wavelength gigahertz clocked fiber-optic quantum key distribution system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(7), 900–908 (2004).
[Crossref]

Goldman, A.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Goodman, M. S.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gordon, K. J.

K. J. Gordon, V. Fernandez, P. D. Townsend, and G. S. Buller, “A short wavelength gigahertz clocked fiber-optic quantum key distribution system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(7), 900–908 (2004).
[Crossref]

Harayama, T.

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Harayama, S. Sunada, K. Yoshimura, P. Davis, K. Tsuzuki, and A. Uchida, “Fast nondeterministic random-bit generation using on-chip chaos lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hughes, R. J.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Illing, L.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, “Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(10), 1301–1311 (2001).
[Crossref]

Iwakawa, K.

Jackel, J. L.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kanno, K.

Kanter, I.

Kennel, M. B.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, “Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(10), 1301–1311 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.

Kinzel, W.

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[Crossref]

Lang, R.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, “External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16(3), 347–355 (1980).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Li, N.

Liu, J. M.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, “Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(10), 1301–1311 (2001).
[Crossref]

Locquet, A.

Maurer, U. M.

U. M. Maurer, “Secret key agreement by public discussion from common information,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 39(3), 733–742 (1993).
[Crossref]

McNown, S.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mercer, L.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Morikatsu, S.

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muramatsu, J.

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordholt, J. E.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Okumura, H.

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oowada, I.

Pan, W.

Peleg, Y.

Peterson, C. G.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Reidler, I.

Rizomiliotis, P.

A. Bogris, P. Rizomiliotis, K. E. Chlouverakis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, “Feedback phase in optically generated chaos: a secret key for cryptographic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(2), 119–124 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rosenbluh, M.

Roy, R.

Runser, R. J.

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sakuraba, R.

Scheuer, J.

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Giant Fiber Lasers: A New Paradigm for Secure Key Distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 140502 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scire, A.

V. Annovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati, and A. Scire, “Synchronization of chaotic injected-laser systems and its application to optical cryptography,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 953–959 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sharpe, A. W.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shields, A. J.

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shtaif, M.

Sunada, S.

T. Harayama, S. Sunada, K. Yoshimura, P. Davis, K. Tsuzuki, and A. Uchida, “Fast nondeterministic random-bit generation using on-chip chaos lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Syvridis, D.

A. Bogris, P. Rizomiliotis, K. E. Chlouverakis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, “Feedback phase in optically generated chaos: a secret key for cryptographic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(2), 119–124 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, “Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(10), 1301–1311 (2001).
[Crossref]

Toliver, P.

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[Crossref]

Townsend, P. D.

K. J. Gordon, V. Fernandez, P. D. Townsend, and G. S. Buller, “A short wavelength gigahertz clocked fiber-optic quantum key distribution system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(7), 900–908 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsuzuki, K.

T. Harayama, S. Sunada, K. Yoshimura, P. Davis, K. Tsuzuki, and A. Uchida, “Fast nondeterministic random-bit generation using on-chip chaos lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031803 (2011).
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Uchida, A.

R. Sakuraba, K. Iwakawa, K. Kanno, and A. Uchida, “Tb/s physical random bit generation with bandwidth-enhanced chaos in three-cascaded semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1470–1490 (2015).
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T. Harayama, S. Sunada, K. Yoshimura, P. Davis, K. Tsuzuki, and A. Uchida, “Fast nondeterministic random-bit generation using on-chip chaos lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031803 (2011).
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I. Oowada, H. Ariizumi, M. Li, S. Yoshimori, A. Uchida, K. Yoshimura, and P. Davis, “Synchronization by injection of common chaotic signal in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10025–10034 (2009).
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J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Giant Fiber Lasers: A New Paradigm for Secure Key Distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 140502 (2006).
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Yoshimura, K.

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
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A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynes, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Continuous operation of high bit rate quantum key distribution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(16), 161102 (2010).
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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Yamazaki and A. Uchida, “Performance of random number generators using noise-based super-luminescent diode and chaos-based semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 0600309 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Toliver, R. J. Runser, T. E. Chapuran, J. L. Jackel, T. C. Banwell, M. S. Goodman, R. J. Hughes, C. G. Peterson, D. Derkacs, J. E. Nordholt, L. Mercer, S. McNown, A. Goldman, and J. Blake, “Experimental investigation of quantum key distribution through transparent optical switch elements,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1669–1671 (2003).
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Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. Harayama, S. Sunada, K. Yoshimura, P. Davis, K. Tsuzuki, and A. Uchida, “Fast nondeterministic random-bit generation using on-chip chaos lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 031803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. Yoshimura, J. Muramatsu, P. Davis, T. Harayama, H. Okumura, S. Morikatsu, H. Aida, and A. Uchida, “Secure key distribution using correlated randomness in lasers driven by common random light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 070602 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Giant Fiber Lasers: A New Paradigm for Secure Key Distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(14), 140502 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the proposed key distribution scheme, R: reflector, OC: optical coupler, ISO: isolator, CIR: circulator PD: photodetector, CN: control number, DFDL: dynamic fiber delay line.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The performance of the physical random source. (a, b) for the intensity spectra of DSL and SL1, (c) for the PDF of SL1, with γ=0.6 , I 0 = I min +0.0875( I max I min ) , I 1 = I min +0.27( I max I min ). .
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 BER of secret key and synchronization quality between SL1 and SL2 as functions of the intrinsic parameters mismatch. The blue-triangle and red-square curves denote the BER performance of the single threshold sampling and dual thresholds sampling with γ = 0.6, respectively. The black-dotted curve represents the cross-correlation between SL1 and SL2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Influences of the ADC noise on the BER of secret key, (a, b) BER the secret key with different levels of parameters mismatch as a function of CSE and CJ, respectively, γ = 0.6; (c, d) BER of the secret key with different intervals between the thresholds as a function of CSE and CJ, μ = −15%.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BER performance of the eavesdropper with parameters mismatch in the post-processing to the legal partners. R = 2 Gb/s, Td = 1.25 ns, Tw = 2 ns. (a) BER as a function of idle time mismatch, (b) BER as a function of - delay time mismatch.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Retained-bit-ratio of the key generation with different levels of parameters mismatch as a function of the value of γ.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The parameters for the lasers and DPP

Equations (6)

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0 I 0 ρ(I) dI= I 1 ρ(I) dI
γ=1- I 0 I 1 ρ(I) dI
E D (t) t = 1 2 (1+iα)(G 1 τ p ) E D (t)+ k D E D (t τ D )exp(i ω D τ D )+ 2β N D χ D
E S (t) t = 1 2 (1+iα)( G S 1 τ p ) E S (t)+ k S E S (t τ S )exp(i ω S τ S ) + k i E D (t τ i )exp(i ω D τ i )exp(2πΔft)+ 2β N S χ S
N D,S (t) t = I D,S q 1 τ e N D,S (t) G D,S | E D,S (t) | 2
G D,S ( t )= g( N D,S (t) N 0 ) 1+ε E D,S (t) 2

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