Abstract

We report on the first Tm-doped double tungstate microchip laser Q-switched with graphene using a Tm:KLu(WO4)2 crystal cut along the Ng dielectric axis. This laser generates a maximum average output power of 310 mW with a slope efficiency of 13%. At a repetition rate of 190 kHz the shortest pulses with 285 ns duration and 1.6 µJ energy are achieved.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  21. C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  24. U. Griebner, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene saturable absorber Q-switched Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser emitting at 2 μm,” Advanced Solid-State Lasers (ASSL) 2014, paper ATh2A.16.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. D. Yoon, Y. W. Son, and H. Cheong, “Negative thermal expansion coefficient of graphene measured by Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3227–3231 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2015 (1)

F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Dependence of the saturable absorption of graphene upon excitation photon energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(9), 091102 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

T. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and D. Shen, “Graphene passively Q-switched Ho:YAG ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 947–950 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

T. L. Feng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, J. Hou, Y. Yang, J. L. He, L. H. Zheng, Q. G. Wang, X. D. Xu, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave tunable and graphene Q-switched Tm:LSO lasers,” Opt. Express 21(21), 24665–24673 (2013).
[PubMed]

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “High-efficiency 5% Tm:KLu(WO4)2Nm-cut minislab laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(11), 765–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, H. Teng, Y. Zou, Z. Zhang, D. Li, R. Wang, C. Gao, J. Lin, L. Guo, and Z. Wei, “Graphene on SiC as a Q-switcher for a 2 μm laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 395–397 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(6), 878–883 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

D. Yoon, Y. W. Son, and H. Cheong, “Negative thermal expansion coefficient of graphene measured by Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3227–3231 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. N. Bagaev, S. M. Vatnik, A. P. Maiorov, A. A. Pavlyuk, and D. V. Plakushchev, “The spectroscopy and lasing of monoclinic Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 30(4), 310–314 (2000).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

Aguilo, M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bagaev, S. N.

S. N. Bagaev, S. M. Vatnik, A. P. Maiorov, A. A. Pavlyuk, and D. V. Plakushchev, “The spectroscopy and lasing of monoclinic Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 30(4), 310–314 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bai, J. T.

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bai, Y.

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Balandin, A. A.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bao, W.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, C. T. A.

Calizo, I.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calvez, S.

Carvajal, J. J.

Chen, H.

T. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and D. Shen, “Graphene passively Q-switched Ho:YAG ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 947–950 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. M.

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheong, H.

D. Yoon, Y. W. Son, and H. Cheong, “Negative thermal expansion coefficient of graphene measured by Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3227–3231 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S. Y.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cui, Z.

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M. D.

Denisov, I. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

Diaz, F.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

Du, Y.

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, Y. Q.

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Duan, X.

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Duan, X. M.

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dunina, E. B.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

Esterowitz, L.

Feng, T. L.

Galan, M.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gao, C.

Gao, W. L.

Gaponenko, M. S.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

Geim, A. K.

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghosh, S.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Güell, F.

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

Guo, L.

Gupta, J. A.

Gusakova, N. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

Han, S.

F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Dependence of the saturable absorption of graphene upon excitation photon energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(9), 091102 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, J. L.

Hou, J.

Huan, C. H. A.

Il Yeom, D.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jin, C. J.

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kadankov, M.

Kisel, V. E.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kornienko, A. A.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N.

Kuleshov, N. V.

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lau, C. N.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, D.

Li, D. C.

Li, G. Q.

Li, L. F.

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

Liu, J.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. H.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Dependence of the saturable absorption of graphene upon excitation photon energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(9), 091102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Loh, K. P.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Loiko, P.

Loiko, P. A.

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lv, P.

Ma, J.

Maiorov, A. P.

S. N. Bagaev, S. M. Vatnik, A. P. Maiorov, A. A. Pavlyuk, and D. V. Plakushchev, “The spectroscopy and lasing of monoclinic Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 30(4), 310–314 (2000).
[Crossref]

Malyarevich, A. M.

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miao, F.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mooradian, A.

Ni, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Novoselov, K. S.

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Onushchenko, A. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pavlyuk, A. A.

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “High-efficiency 5% Tm:KLu(WO4)2Nm-cut minislab laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(11), 765–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. N. Bagaev, S. M. Vatnik, A. P. Maiorov, A. A. Pavlyuk, and D. V. Plakushchev, “The spectroscopy and lasing of monoclinic Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 30(4), 310–314 (2000).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Plakushchev, D. V.

S. N. Bagaev, S. M. Vatnik, A. P. Maiorov, A. A. Pavlyuk, and D. V. Plakushchev, “The spectroscopy and lasing of monoclinic Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 30(4), 310–314 (2000).
[Crossref]

Polavarapu, L.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pujol, M. C.

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Qi, M.

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qian, L. J.

Qiao, W. C.

Ren, Z. Y.

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rico, M.

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rivier, S.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, A.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

Segura, M.

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Segura, M. Kadankov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Passive Q-switching of the diode pumped Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2 laser near 2-μm with Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3394–3400 (2012).
[PubMed]

Serres, J. M.

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

T. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and D. Shen, “Graphene passively Q-switched Ho:YAG ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 947–950 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. J.

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z. X.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

Silvestre, O.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sole, R. M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Son, Y. W.

D. Yoon, Y. W. Son, and H. Cheong, “Negative thermal expansion coefficient of graphene measured by Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3227–3231 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoneman, R. C.

Su, L. B.

Sum, T. C.

Tang, D. Y.

G. Q. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(6), 878–883 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Teng, H.

Teweldebrhan, D.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Troshin, A. E.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, S. M.

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “High-efficiency 5% Tm:KLu(WO4)2Nm-cut minislab laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(11), 765–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. N. Bagaev, S. M. Vatnik, A. P. Maiorov, A. A. Pavlyuk, and D. V. Plakushchev, “The spectroscopy and lasing of monoclinic Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 30(4), 310–314 (2000).
[Crossref]

Vedin, I. A.

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “High-efficiency 5% Tm:KLu(WO4)2Nm-cut minislab laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(11), 765–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Viera, G.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q.

Wang, Q. G.

Wang, R.

Wang, Y.

T. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and D. Shen, “Graphene passively Q-switched Ho:YAG ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 947–950 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Dependence of the saturable absorption of graphene upon excitation photon energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(9), 091102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z.

Xie, G. Q.

Xing, G.

Xu, J.

Xu, Q. H.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Dependence of the saturable absorption of graphene upon excitation photon energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(9), 091102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. D.

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. J.

Yang, Y.

Yao, B.

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yao, B. Q.

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yasukevich, A. S.

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoon, D.

D. Yoon, Y. W. Son, and H. Cheong, “Negative thermal expansion coefficient of graphene measured by Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3227–3231 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H. H.

Yuan, P.

Yumashev, K.

Yumashev, K. V.

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Dependence of the saturable absorption of graphene upon excitation photon energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(9), 091102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, S. Z.

Zhao, T.

T. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and D. Shen, “Graphene passively Q-switched Ho:YAG ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 947–950 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

Zhilin, A. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (5)

T. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Chen, and D. Shen, “Graphene passively Q-switched Ho:YAG ceramic laser,” Appl. Phys. B 116(4), 947–950 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(2), 287–292 (2007).
[Crossref]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, F. Güell, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Thulium doped monoclinic KLu(WO4)2 single crystals: growth and spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 707–716 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, I. A. Denisov, V. E. Kisel, A. M. Malyarevich, A. A. Zhilin, A. A. Onushchenko, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser passively Q-switched with PbS-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 93(4), 787–791 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

A. Schmidt, S. Y. Choi, D. Il Yeom, F. Rotermund, X. Mateos, M. Segura, F. Diaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Femtosecond pulses near 2 μm from a Tm:KLuW laser mode-locked by a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(9), 092704 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, and X. Xu, “Dependence of the saturable absorption of graphene upon excitation photon energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(9), 091102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Q. Yao, Z. Cui, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Shen, J. Wang, and Y. Q. Du, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 31(7), 074204 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguilo, R. M. Sole, J. H. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Diaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

C. J. Jin, X. M. Chen, L. F. Li, M. Qi, Y. Bai, Z. Y. Ren, and J. T. Bai, “A graphene-based passively Q-switched Ho:YAG laser in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YLF solid-state laser,” Laser Phys. 24(3), 035801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

P. A. Loiko, S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, A. A. Pavlyuk, K. V. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Thermal lensing in Nm-cut monoclinic Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125005 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. M. Vatnik, I. A. Vedin, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “High-efficiency 5% Tm:KLu(WO4)2Nm-cut minislab laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(11), 765–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Characterization of thermal lens in Tm:KLu(WO4)2 and microchip laser operation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yoon, Y. W. Son, and H. Cheong, “Negative thermal expansion coefficient of graphene measured by Raman spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3227–3231 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Res. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as saturable absorber in mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Z. Cui, B. Yao, X. Duan, Y. Du, S. Xu, and Y. Wang, “Stable passively Q-switched Ho:LuAG laser with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 53(12), 126112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Quantum Electron. (1)

S. N. Bagaev, S. M. Vatnik, A. P. Maiorov, A. A. Pavlyuk, and D. V. Plakushchev, “The spectroscopy and lasing of monoclinic Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 30(4), 310–314 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

U. Griebner, J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Graphene saturable absorber Q-switched Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser emitting at 2 μm,” Advanced Solid-State Lasers (ASSL) 2014, paper ATh2A.16.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Set-up of the graphene SA passively Q-switched Tm:KLuW microchip laser; (b) Transmission of the graphene SA as compared with a pure fused silica substrate.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Graphene SA passively Q-switched Tm:KLuW microchip laser, (a) Input-output dependence and (b) pulse duration and pulse repetition frequency (PRF) versus absorbed pump power; inset: typical emission spectrum for Pabs = 3.3 W.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Single pulse (a) and pulse train (b) records of the graphene SA passively Q-switched Tm:KLuW microchip laser; Pabs = 3.3 W. A fast InGaAs photodiode (rise time: 200 ps) and a 2 GHz digital oscilloscope were used for such measurements.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Oscilloscope trace of the graphene SA passively Q-switched Tm:KLuW microchip laser at Pabs = 1.8 W. The total time window is 20 ms.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Graphene SA passively Q-switched Tm:KLuW microchip laser: pulse energy (a) and peak power (b) versus absorbed pump power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of graphene Q-switched bulk lasers around ~2 μm reported so far.

Metrics